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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 7 - Dec 2008
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Oct 2008
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Aug 2008
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Jun 2008
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Apr 2008
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
A Parametric Study for Estimating the Side Performance of Drilled Piers Socketed in Smeared Rock
Kim, Hong-Taek ; Nam,Yel-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 9, issue 4, 2008, Pages 5~13
Just as infill material can reduce the shear strength of a rock joint, a layer of soft material between concrete and the surrounding rock socket can reduce pile shaft resistance of drilled shafts socketed in rocks. This can also result from construction methods that leave smeared or remoulded rock or drilling fluid residue on the sides of the rock sockets after concrete placement. The nature of the interface between the concrete pile shaft and the surrounding rock is critically important to the performance of the pile, and is heavily influenced by construction practice. Characteristics of the concrete-rock interface, such as roughness and the presence of the soft materials deposited during or after construction can significantly affect the shaft resistance response of the pile. In this study, we conducted the parametric study to examine the performance characteristics of drilled shafts socketed in smeared rock under the vertical load with the code of finite difference method of FLAC 2D. As the results of the current research, the parameters that affect the settlement of the pile head and the ultimate unit shaft resistance could be identified.
A Study on Behavior Characteristics of Segmental Retaining Wall
Lee, Jun-Dae ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 9, issue 4, 2008, Pages 15~21
From the practical point of view, general retaining wall systems, such as gravity wall, cantilever wall and reinforced wall, have several problems. As a countermeasure, precast block type retaining wall systems have been developed and used for the various purposes of construction. The retaining wall systems can be applied not only for mechanical purpose but environmentally friendly aspects by changing the shapes of surface plates and planting on the surface plates. On the other hand, the bulging failure was dominant near the center of wall height. Therefore, an individual block has to be estimated for the stability problem related to turnover and the for design of gravity block type wall. On the basis of this result, the optimum section of the wall has to be determined.
Behavior Analysis of Assembling Soil Nailed Walls through Large Scaled Load Test
Kang, In-Kyu ; Kwon, Young-Ho ; Park, Shin-Young ; Ki, Min-Ju ; Kim, Hong-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 9, issue 4, 2008, Pages 23~36
Soil nailing system can be mentioned to a method of supporting as the shear strength of in-situ soils is increased by passive inclusions. In the general soil nailing system, facing walls are used in two kind of a lattice concrete block or a cast in placed concrete wall. A case of lattice concrete blocks is used in slow slopes greater than 1(V):0.7(H). Also, a case of a cast in placed concrete wall is used in steep slopes less than 1(V):0.5(H). The cast in placed concrete walls are constructed to 30 cm thick together with a shotcrete facing. In this study, the assembling soil nailing method as a new soil nailing system will be proposed. This method is assembly construction using precast concrete panels with 20 cm thick. So, the ability of construction and the quality of facings can be improved more than a conventional soil nailing system. This method can be obtained the effects that a global slope stability increase, as precast concrete panels are immediately put on cutting face after excavating a slope. In this study, confining effects of concrete panels using the assembling soil nailing system were found out by large scaled load tests. In the tests, the load-settlement relationship to an assembling soil nailing system due to the stiff facings as concrete panels appeared to be better than a typical soil nailing system with shotcrete facings.
Analysis on the Relationship of Soil Parameters of Marine Clay
Heo, Yol ; Yun, Seok-Hyun ; Jung, Keun-Chae ; Oh, Seung-Tak ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 9, issue 4, 2008, Pages 37~45
Normally consolidated and slightly overconsolidated soft clay layer is widely distributed in the south coast of Korea. To ensure the efficient and economical construction design of any structure to be built on this soft soil, exhaustive studies are required related to geotechnical engineering properties. In this study, the relationship of the physical properties of southern marine clay in the Korea Peninsula were examined, including natural water content, specific gravity, total unit weight, initial void ratio, liquid limit, plastic limit, and physical properties of activity and soil parameters. For the parameter relationship analysis, the latest relatively reliable data on the large harbor construction work were used, optimum values were deducted with linear regression and non-linear regression between soil parameters, water content or initial void ratio appears to be very large. Moreover, in the linear and involution pattern regression, equal coefficient of determination appeared. The relationship of the different parameters was shown to be excellent in the non-linear regression of involution equation and exponential equation pattern compared with the findings of linear regression analysis.
Soil Components and Elution Characteristics of Heavy Metals in Sediments of Andong and Imha Reservoir
Seo, Eul-Won ; Kim, Youn-Jung ; Baek, Seung-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 9, issue 4, 2008, Pages 47~52
In this study, it was analyzed the soil components and elution characteristics of heavy metal ions in sediment samples to examine the effect of sediments embedded in Andong and Imha reservoirs on water quality. Major elements of sediments were shown to be Al, Si, K, and Fe by EDS analysis and major soil components of the collected 6 different sediments were illite (I), kaolinite (Ka), quartz (Q) and feldspar (F). And especially quartz took up a considerable part of sediments by XRD analysis. The total concentrations of Zn, As, Cr, Cu and Pb in sediments of Andong reservoir were relatively higher than those of Imha reservoir. The elution property of heavy metal from sediments had various aspects according to pH. Among the heavy metals in Andong reservoir sediments, As and Zn were significantly eluted at pH 6 compared with the other heavy metals. In the case of the adsorption tests using the sediments, the adsorptive capacities of Zn, Cd and Cu were very weak, on the while those of Pb and Cr were high.
Prediction of Tunnel Response by Spatially Variable Ground Motion
Kim, In-Tai ; Han, Jung-Woo ; Yun, Se-Ung ; Park, Du-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 9, issue 4, 2008, Pages 53~61
Various components including wave scattering, wave passage, and site amplification effects cause the ground motion to vary spatially. The spatially varying ground motion can significantly influence the dynamic response of longitudinal structures such as bridges and tunnels. While its effect on bridges has been extensively studied, there is a lack of study on its effect on underground tunnels. This paper develops a new procedure for simulating the tunnel response under spatially varying ground motion. The procedure utilizes the longitudinal displacement profile, which is developed from spatially variable ground motion time histories. The longitudinal displacement profile is used to perform a series of pseudo-static three dimensional finite element analyses. Results of the analyses show that the spatially variable ground motion cause longitudinal bending of the tunnel and can induce substantial axial stress on the tunnel lining. The effect can be significant at boundaries at which the material properties of the ground change in the longitudinal direction.
Investigation of Earth Pressure on Vertical Shaft by Field Monitoring
Shin, Young-Wan ; Moon, Kyoung-Sun ; Kang, Hyu-Taek ; Lee, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 9, issue 4, 2008, Pages 63~76
This research was carried in order to improve design technique for the vertical shaft of which design guide has not been proposed clearly. The deformation tendency of vertical shaft and distribution of the earth pressure around shaft were reviewed with both of theoretical earth pressure distribution suggested in design criteria and measured data which had been gained from 2 constructing shaft. The distribution of earth pressure applied on the vertical shaft was similar with the result of previous theory for the earth pressure proposed by Shin (2007). Moreover it was observed that asymmetric deformation and earth pressure around vertical shaft were caused by inhomogeneity and anisotropy of the ground. The asymmetric earth pressure ratio (
) in soil and weathered rock were divergent according to the shape ratio. In addition, it is more reasonable that the value of asymmetric earth pressure ratio (
) is considered less than 0.35 in the case of constructing shaft under rock.
The Application of the Sewage, Sanitary Sewage and Wastewater Processing by Soil Purification Theory
Chun, Byung-Sik ; Yoo, Jun-Hee ; Kim, Jung-Yong ; Kumar, S. ; Shin, Sang-Uok ; Shin, Bang-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 9, issue 4, 2008, Pages 77~84
Soil purification theory is the method using the soil micro-organism like aerobic and anaerobic for treatment of wastewater. The soil has many kinds of micro-organism and it multiply as change of the environment. Unlikely other methods, the soil purification theory is adaptable to inflow water change; moreover, it can process the T-N, T-P without any special method and management. The top is covered with the improved soil which can remove the bad smell and is used for resting place according to planting the lawn. This study is focused on analysis of the treatment processing of wastewater comparing inflow with outflow water. As a results, removal rate of the processing the BOD, COD and SS is almost 90~100% and it is 60~80% in T-N, T-P.