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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Sep 1984
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Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1984, Pages 1~7
방부제 용해도의 교차점에 대하여
Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1984, Pages 8~12
Increasing the oil volume in the oil : water mixtures using isopropyl myristate, oleic acid as oils, the solubilities of methyl, propyl and butyl parabens and the MICs (minimum hibitory concentrations) to E. coli were increased. But in liquid paraffin, the solubility was reversed. The relation between MIC and solubility of parabens had constant factor of 0.7 as saturation fraction percent. The solubility of methyl paraben was crossed over in those of propyl and butyl parabens, when the oil volume was increased. When the oil was used over the cross-over point, methyl paraven was useful to preserve the systems, and below the cross-over point the more lipophilic propyl and/or butyl parabens were effective.
MICELLAR SHAPES AND SOLUBILIZATION PROPERTIES OF DETERGENT SOLUTIONS
Kim, Ji-Seon ; Kim, Chang-Gyu ; Song, Pil-Sun ;
Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1984, Pages 13~23
The fluorescence intensity rations (F2.F1) of excimer (F2) to monomer (F1) of pyrene were measured as a function of the concentration of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). It was found that there were not gross changes in size and shape of sphere-shape micelles in the first micelle concentration, while at concentrations above the second critical micelle concentration (CMC) the micelles grew in size with increasing concentration. Fluorescence intensities of 8-anilinonaphthalene 1-sulfonate (ANS) were also monitored as a micellar probe with varying concentrations of SDS. Results suggested that a phase transition from sphere-shaped micelles to hemicapped rod-like micelles occurred at the second CMC (17). A general formula for the axial ratio of ellip-soil-shaped micelle in the first micelle concentration was suggested. According to this general formula, the axial ratio of SDS, sodium lauryl ether sulfate and sodium laurate were 1:1, 5:2, and 5:3, respectively. The electrolyte-induced phase transition from spherical to hemicapped rod-like micelles occurred and the size of hemicapped rod-like micelles grew with increasing electrolyte concentrations. The maximum concentrations of solubilzed benzene in sphere-shaped micelles and hemicapped rod-like micelles were measured by differential spectrohpotometry. The hemicapped rod-like micelles in the presence of electrolytes grew in size with increasing amount of benzene solubilized.
계면활성제를 이용한 우지지방산을 포화지방산과 불포화 지방산의 분리
Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1984, Pages 24~41
Tallow fatty acid consists of mixtures of fatty acids differing in chain length and saturation. In separation of tallow fatty acid, the effects of the type and concentration of detergents and electrolytes were studied. And the changes of acid composition of particular fractions were determined by gas-chromatography. Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES) and sodium lauryl benzene sulfonate (SLBS) were used as detergents and NaCl, Na2SO4 and MgSO4 were used as electrolytes. At low concentration of detergent, the tallow fatty acid was not fully wetted, and at high concentration, the emulsion was so stable that the tallow fatty acid was not well separated. The addition of proper amount of electrolyte increased the separation efficiency by the decrease of interfacial tension and by the increase of the amount of adsorbed detergent on the surface of solid fatty acid crystals. The optimum range of detergent was 0.4-0.6% (wt.) in SLS, 0.2-0.4% in SLES and 2.0-) .0% in SLBS. And the optimum range of electrolyte was 2.0-2.5% in NaCl, 3.0-4.0% In Na2SO4 and 0.5-1.0% in MgSO4 respectively.
STUDIES ON THE I LABELLING OF CASTOR OIL, AND THE DETERGENCY OF SODIUM DODECYL SULFATE
Heo, Yong-Cheol ; Mun, Byeong-Yeol ; Kim, Yeong-Guk ;
Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1984, Pages 42~48
The comparative detergency of Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) solution near the first critical micelle concentration (CMC) was measured by means of a 131 I-labelled castor oil as a soil. More than 95% radiochemical purity of 131 I-labelled castor oil was obtained using potassium lidide as a carrier. Polyester test fabric was soiled with 131 I-labelled castor oil, and washed in a conventional washing apparatus mounted on appropriate devices. Fabric radioactivities were measured before and after washing by a scintilation counter. Near the first CMC, the detergency of SDS was increased with decreasing of surface tension of SDS. It was also shown that 131 I-labelled castor oil was useful for studying the detergency of SDS.
유기 Hectorite Gel의 Rheology에 미치는 극성연가제에 관한 연구
Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1984, Pages 49~74
Rheology of gels prepared with stearyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium hectorite (SDBAH) and various polar additives in n-butyl acetate was investigated by measuring the viscosity and rheogram. Including generally recognized polar additives, additional studies on the rheogram and viscosity were made with ether-type methyl cellosolve and carbitol, with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) having sulfonyl group, and furthermore with above-mentioned polar additives containing small quantity of water, It was observed that molecular size, dipole moments and dielectric constants of polar additives had a great influence on viscosity increase and rheology of SDBAH gel, and the increase of SDBAH interlayer spacing was important factor in gel formation and viscosity change. It was also shown that thixotropy effect was increased with the increase of polar additive concentration, finally changed to rheopexy from thixotropy as the concentration of polar additives was increased more than about 40% of SDBAH weight. In addition thixotropy changed to rheopexy as the increase of shear rate. It was further found that the aqueous solutions of polar additives (water content, 5-25%) had more effects on rheology than additives without water, and particularly 95clo DMSO solution was the most effective. And the optimum concentration of polar additives showing maximum viscosity in the same SDBAH concentration system was examined.
Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1984, Pages 75~89
quenching abilities of several carotenoids which contain hydroxy, carbonyl and ester groups were compared quantitatively with
-carotene, and the capacity of the quenching was interpreted in the light of electronic effects. The rate constans of
quenching of lutein diester and astaxanthin diester in MeOH solution were shown to be
respectively. Under the experimental conditions, and within the carotenoid tested results, the larger the resonance energy is, the larger becomes the rate constant and consequently the lower the transition energy is, the better becomes the quencher.