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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Dec 1995
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Nov 1995
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Aug 1995
Volume 11, Issue 2 - May 1995
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 1995
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Influence of Carrageenan and Pectin addition on the rheological properties of Omiia Extract Jelly
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 443~445
This study attempted to examine the effect on sensory characteristcs and physiochemical properties of Omija jelly in various volume of adding carrageenan and pectin. The viscosity and the turbidity were decreased according to the increase concentration Omija jelly with pectin. The sensory evaluation of Omija jelly was the best with the ratio 0.5％ carrageenan.
Nutritional Properties of ChOl-PyOn Preparation by Adding Mugwort and Pine leaves
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 446~455
The nutritional properties of the Chol-Pyon were investigated with changing the materials (mugwort and pine leaves). In proximate composition, rice powder added mugwort and pine leaves showed the lligher con-tents of crude protein, crude lipid and crude ash than in rice powder. Ihe pH of rice powder, mugwort and pine leaves was 6.4, 6.8 and 3.5, respectively. The rice powder added pine leaves showed the lowest pH value. The content of the free sugar in raw materials for ChOl-PyOn preparation was 0.9% in rice powder, 0.3% in mugwort and 2.7％ in pine leaves. Eighteen kinds of amino acids were determined in raw materials for ChOl-fyOn preparation and their contents were 4.8% in mugwort, 4.2% in rice powder and 2.8% in pine leaves. The major minerals of raw materials for ChOl-PyOn preparation was 0.9％ increased in the order of K> Na > Mg > Ca in rice powder, Mg > K > Ca > Na in mugwort, and K > Ca > Mg > Na in pine leaves. Both of mugwort and pine leaves additives showed the higher contents of 8 kinds of minerals (Ca, Mg, K, Na, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn) than in rice powder. In relation to changes in the texture of ChOl-PyOn, hardness, fracturability and adhesiveness at 25
were measured to be highest in white ChOl-PyOn. Cohesiveness was shown to be highest at 15％ in case of mugwort and 2.5％ in case of pine leaves. Elasticity was measured to be highest at 0.99 in case that 7.5% mugwort was added to raw materials for ChOl-PyOn. As a result of estimating the sensory qualities of the ChOl-PyOn prepared to which the additives were added in differing amounts, immediately after its preparation the mugwort additive of 7.5％ showed the superior sensory qualities Chol-PyOn (p < 0,01).
The Assessment of Work Environment in Dishwashing Areas of 20 Hospital Foodservice Systems
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 456~462
The work environment and 20 influencing variables in 20 conventional hospital foodservice systems were examined. Twenty hospitals with more than 500 beds in Seoul were surveyed to obtain data for study variables. The work environment index was measured by five objective measurements including noise (dB), light(Lux), temperature (
), humidity (％) and ventilation (mι/sec). Statistical methods used in this study were descriptive analysis and Pearson product moment correlation analysis. The number of beds, space of foodservice system, the proportion of dishwashing area space in foodservice system area, noise, humidity, and ventilation were significantly correlated to the work environment of the dishwashing area.
Sensory and Mechanical Characteristics of Ssuck-injulmi Supplemented by Mugworts
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 463~471
"Suck-injulmi" is one of the Korean traditional rice cake made from glutinous rice and mugworts. The optimun conditions for the preparation of "Ssuck-injulmi" were investigated. The best recipe of "Ssuck-injulmi" was 1) adding 240 g (80%) glutinous rice flour and 60 g (20%) raw or boiled mugworts by hand milling, or boiled mugworts after steaming glutinous rice by hand milling. 2) adding 210 g (70%) glutinous rice and 90 g (30%) boiled mugworts by mechanical method. The Moisture of "Ssuck-injulmi" was 43.39%-51.33%. The Hardness of "Ssuck-injulmi" was high in the order of 54,53, 52, 51 and The Cohesiveness was 53, 54,51,52 and The Elasticity was 51,53,54,52 and The Gumminess and The Chewiness were 54, 53, 51, 52 and The Adhesiveness was 52, 53, 51, 54. The value of ′L′ was high in the 52, the value of ′a′ was 54 and the value of ′b′ was 53.
Comparison of Chemical Composition and Gelatinization Property of Mungbean Flour and Starch
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 472~478
A Study on Rheological and General Baking Properties of Breads and Their Rusks Prepared of Various Cereal Flours (I)
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 479~486
The reological properties of doughs blended with cereal flours were investigated in the study. The doughs were prepared of wheat flours mixed with 10％, 20%, 30% and 40% ratio of rice flour, waxy-rice flour, brown-rice flour and soybean flour. Amylogram, farinogram, extensogram and SEM were used to measured thier special properties with graphs and photos. The results were obtained as followes; 1. Wheat dough formation after fermantation, showed "stringing" structure of small starch granules on the SEM photo. But the large starch granules contributed little to the structure formation in rice flours dough, and played relatively a little role in the structure formation of blended doughs of waxy-rice, brown-rice and soy- bean flours. 2. The absorption of flour composited rice and brown-rice, was lower than that of the control by Farinograph. It was decreased the farinograph absorption with the increase of replacement ratio of cereal flours. Dough development time of cereal blended flours decreased, but that time of waxy-rice and brown-rice were very similiar. Farinograph stability of rice, waxy-rice, brown-rice and soybean blended flours, had shorter than that of wheat-flour. 3. The results showed that cereal blended flours decreased the resistance to extention (elasticity) without affecting the extensibility in fermented dough by Extensograph. 4. The gelatinization temperature of wheat, rice, waxy-rice, and brown-rice were 55.0
. But that of all cereal blended flours showed 58.0
except 20% or 30% soybean blended flours. According to the amylogram, each maximum viscosity of rice flour and wheat flour was 1760 B.U.,760 B.U.. Soybean composite flours had significantly lowe. amylograph peak viscosity (300 B.U.) than that of the other composite flours (450 B.U.-1100 B.U.).
A Study on the Material Ratio of Kimchi Products of Seoul and Chung Cheong Area and Chemical Properties of the Fermented Kimchis
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 487~493
The material ratio for preparation of Kimchi in Seoul and Chung Cheong area and the pH, total acidity and NaCl concentration of properly fermented Kimchi were investigated. The kinds of Kimch prepared for the Winter were cabbage Kimchi, Kakdugi, Chonggak Kimchi, Nabak Kimchi, Dongchimi, Bossam Kimchi, and Paek Kimchi. The materials used for chbbage Kimchi were 20 to 25 of ingredients including salted fish and dhellfish. The material ratio of Kimchi was 71.9% of cabbage, 11％ of radish, 2.3-2.6% of green onion, 1.3-1.6% of garlic, 2.7-3.2% of powdered red pepper and 3.9-4.2% of salted fish. The kinds of Kimchi for Spring were cabbage Kimchi, Kakdugi, Chonggak Kimchi, Yulmu Kimchi and cucumber Kimchi. The amount of salted fish and shellfish used were decreased in Spring while vegetables of the season increased. The properly fermented cabbage Kimchi were measured of pH 4.2-4.5 and total acidity of 0.5-0.8%. The favorite concentrations of NaCl were found to be 2.3-2.7% in Winter Kimchi and 1.8-2.4% in Spring Kimchi and in watering Kimchi was shown low as 1.3-1.7%.
Effect of Cooking, Reheating Methods and Storage Conditions on the Quality Characteristics of ′Nuhbiani′
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 494~502
The study was conducted to evaluate the characteristics of Nuhbiani qualities with the different cooking, reheating methods and storage conditions. Cooking and reheating methods were used with pan, microwave and their combinations. Precooked samples were stored for 0, 1, 4, 7, 15 days in the refrigerator and for 15, 30 days in the freezer. TBA value, shear value by rheometer and sensory attributes in rancidity, hardness, juiciness and overall acceptability were measured. There was no significant difference between cooking, reheating methods in TBA values. Lower values in TBA were noted in the Nuhbiani of frozen storage as compared with that of refrigerated storage. There is a tendency that TBA values were increased as the storage time extended during the refrigeration. Shear values were more increased by microwave cooking and microwave reheating than other methods showing harder texture. Results from sensory evaluation of rancidity, hardness, juiciness and overall acceptability show that there were no significant differences between storage methods, among storage periods and cooking, reheating methods.
A Study on The degree of Satisfaction with Food Preferences and Foodservice of Students in Rural Kyongbuk
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 503~510
To investigate food preferences and the degree of satisfaction with foodservice, 298 students in Gunwe of Kyongbuk Province were studied by questionnaires.
Effects of Kimchi Minor Ingredients on the Growth of Lactic Acid Bacteria
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 511~520
The growth extent of Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum in the medium which contain sterilized extract of each kimchi minor ingredient (green onion, garlic, ginger, raw red pepper, and red pepper powder) was examined. All minor ingredients decreased the growth of Lac. plantarum, and this effect of garlic is the most distinctive, ginger had the positive effect on the growth of Leu. mesenteroides, and garlic had the negative effect on the growth of Leu. mesenteroides. When the growth extent of two bacteria in the medium which contain sterilized successive extracts of each of garlic, ginger and red pepper powder was examined, the butanol fraction of garlic was reprsented the negative effect on the growth of Leu mesenteroides and Lac. plantarum, and the water fraction of ginger and red pepper powder were represented the positive effect on the growth of Leu. mesenteroides.
Consumption Pattern of Korean Traditional Soy Sauce and Consumer Sensory Evaluation
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 521~526
The survey on consumption pattern of consumer for Korean traditional soy sauce and sensory evaluation of seaweed soups cooked with soy sauce were summarized as follows:1) 83.5％ of the subjects used Korean traditional soy sauce to cook at home and the old subjects used it more than the young. 60.5％ of soy sauce users made it at home and the old users showed the trend making it at home more than the young. 19.1% of the users were given it by relatives and 18.4％ of the users bought it at the market and purchasing rate is higher in the young. 88.0% of the users consumed Korean traditional soysauce for the reason of umami taste and flavor. 27.5％ and 27.5％ of the users purchased it for the reasons of convenience and confidence respectively. 2) The most important characteristics of the Korean traditional soy sauce were responded to umami taste and flavor. The food having highest frequency to use Korean traditional soy sauce was seaweed soup (84.5%). 3) According to consumer sensory evaluation test of the seaweed soups cooked with soy sauce, preference was somewhat different with the age. It seemed that the old consumers prefered the seaweed soup cooked with Korean traditional soy sauce more than the young.
Effect of Cooking Condition on the Eating Quality of Cooked Brown Rice
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 527~535
The sensory and instrumental characteristics of different water to brown rice ratio with pressure and electric cookers were examined. The result of sensory evaluation revealed more significant differences in most of taste, texture, appearance, overall eating quality. The difference of sensory characteristics according to the types of cookers and the difference water to brown rice ratio showed the highest preference nonwaxy brown rice 1.4 and waxy brown rice with pressure cooker The instrumental measurement of cooked brown rice using instron showed that the difference between different water to brown rice ratio and pressure cooker. Especially hardness in instrumental characteristics revealed highly significant difference.
Antioxidative Effect of Aloe (Aloe arborescences) Extracts on Linoleic Acid and Soybean Oil
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 536~541
The antioxidative effect of Aloe extracts on 0.1 M-linoleic acid was compared with some commercial antioxidants during storage at 50
for 20 hours, and on soybean oils at 60
for 30 days. In the oxidation of linoleic acid, antioxidative effects of various Aloe extracts and other antioxidants were shown as following orders: 3％ Aloe methanol extract > 1％ Aloe methanol extract > 0.02% BHT > 3％ Aloe ethyl acetate extract > 0.5％ Aloe methanol extract > 0.02%-Tocopherol>Aloe methanol extract, 0.1, 0.02％ > Aloe ethylacetate extract, 1, 0.5, 0.1, 0.02％ > control, while in the oxidation of soybean oil, l％ Aloe methanol extract > 0.02％ BHT > 3％ Aloe methanol extract > 0.02%-Tocopherol>control.
The Preparation of Low Methoxyl Pectin Gel and LMP Apple Jelly with Pectinesterase Isolated from Aspergillus Japonicus
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 542~547
Pectinesterase was isolated from the culture medium of Aspergillus japonicus and partially purified by DEAE-Sephadex batchwise, Sephadex G-75 gel filtration and ion exchange chromatography. The purified enzyme solution was completely free from polygalacturonase which depolymerizes pectin molecule. The ability of the pectinesterase to demethylate high methoxyl pectin was investigated. On 20 minute of incubation methoxyl content of low methoxyl pectin decreased from 88％ to 6.93%. In general gel prepared with the pectin containing lower methoxyl content showed the lower value of percent sag, and showed the hieher Bel strength. Textural characteristics of pectin gel determined by Rheometer showed that as the methoxyl content was lowered, hardness and resilience of the gel were increased and cohesiveness was decreased. Apple juice containing HMP and organic acids can be converted into low methoxyl pectin apple jelly by the action of pectinesterase and addition of calcium ion. The strength of low methoxyl pectin apple jelly increased when it stored at room temperature.
Changes in the Rheological Characteristics of Korean White Gruel by the Addition of Sucrose, Sodium Chloride and Minor Food Materials
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 548~551
The effects of sucrose, sodium chloride, and minor food materials on the rheological properties of Korean white gruel were investigated. As concentrations of sucrose and sodium chloride was increased, the yield stress was increased from 0.562 to 0.841, respectively. The pumpkin and snail drastically increased yield stress, but red bean showed no significant effect.
Changes in the Rheological Characteristics by Various Concentrations and Temperatures of Korean white Gruel
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 552~556
The rheological properties of Korean white gruel at various concentrations (4-7%) and temperatures (30-60
) were investigated. The rheological behavior of Korean white gruel was evaluated by Herschel-Bulkley equation and showed typical Bingham psedoplastic behavior with yield stress. Flow behavior index was increased at over 5％ of rice content. Consistency index was increased by the increase of concentration of rice. But, measuring temperature was not effected in the flow behavior index and consistency index. Yield stress was increased by the incerase of concentration of rice and the decrease of measuring temperature. The activation energy of flow of Korean gruel increased from 7.646 to 32.949
10/Sup 6/ J/Kg
mole by increasing concentration from 4％ to 7％. As the temperature increased from 30
, B-value decresed from 1.214 to 0.947 Flow behavior index and consistency index was reduced during storage.
Standardization of the Preparation Methods of Korean Foods (III) - For the focus on Pibimbab (Mixed Rice) -
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 11, issue 5, 1995, Pages 557~564
This study was attempted to standardize preparation methods of Korean foods; Pibimbab (mixed rice) and Kongnamul Pibimbab (sprout mixed rice with soybean). We followed cooking method by using cookbooks, food service operation recipes , materials distributed by commercial food restaurants from their own experimental kitchens, and home recipes. Before those recipes were standardized, we thoroughly analyzed and modified. The total yield and portions were determined together with weights and procedures. And we evaluated food made by standardized recipes for acceptability by taste panels from Sookmyung Women's University. It concluded that yield volume for Pibimbab and Kongnamul Pibimbab after cooking for 10 persons was 6.5 kg, optimum service temperature was 7
, preparation time was 6 hours, service volumes by one person was 650 g. This presentation for above on food materials and material weights, preparation methodsas well as cautions and references are attached in this research paper.