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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Dec 1998
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Nov 1998
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Aug 1998
Volume 14, Issue 2 - May 1998
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Quality Attributes of Gukhwa-Byung at Different Storage Temperatures and Times
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 313~326
The quality of physical characteristics were measured, using sensory evaluation and mechanical characteristics where different storing temperature and period on Gukhwa-Byung, which is made of different percentages of Gukhwa (0%, Gukhwa powder：1%, 3% and 5%, and Gukhwa flower：1%, 3% and 5%) were added to rice flour, to promote the use of and liking for rice cakes that are a kind of korean traditional foods. The sensory evaluation showed that it is generally fine right after being made. Especially group F3 was evaluated the best for color, feeling after-swallow and overall-quality. As for color alone, it fumed out to be most distinctive in group F3 after storing 24 hours at 4
, in group F1 after 24 hours at 10
, in group F1 and F3 after 24 hours at 30
and in group F1 after 48 hours at 30
, Gukhwa-Byung added with Gukhwa flower takes the higher degree of preference than the one with Gukhwa powder. Moisture decreased and overall-quality deteriorated as the storing time passed. The value of lightness in the color of Gukhwa-Byung, reduced as Gukhwa content increased and storing temperature rose. The values of red color and yellow color increased as Gukhwa content increased. In a mechanical texture measurement, springiness was high in group P5 right after being made. And it was high after storing 72 hours at 4
and after 96 hours at 10
, and there was a significant difference according to Gukhwa content (p＜.05). Springiness remained unchanged after storing, 24 hours at 30
. Cohesiveness was high in every group of P1, P3 and P5, in which Gukhwa powder was added, right after being made, but as temperature rose and time passed, it heightened in group F3, in which 3% of Gukhwa flower was added. In all the samples, hardness gradually increased as the storing time at each temperature passed, and decreased as Gukhwa content increased. Chewiness was getting high as the storing time passed and temperature lowered. Color in sensory evaluation and the value of lightness in mechanical measurement showed a positive correlation at storing temperature 4
(p<.01). Softness and the value of lightness showed a negative correlation (p<.05). In sensory evaluation, softness and moisture showed a negative correlation with the value of lightness when storing at 30
Fermentation Properties of Yulmoo Mulkimchi According to the Ratio of Water to Yulmoo
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 327~332
In the fermentation of Yulmoo Mulkimchi, various ratios of Yulmoo to water (l/l.14, l/l.5, 1/2, l/2.75, 1/4) were prepared and fermented at 4
for up to 10 days. According to the fermentation time, the pH, acidity, total vitamin C content and microbial growth in Mulkimchi samples were determined together with sensory evaluation. Fermentation temperature on water addition ratio didn't show any difference in pH and microbial growth of Mulkimchi. However, low ratio of water resulted in high acidity and vitamin C content in Mulkimchi. In terms of acid odor and acid taste, the least water addition (l/l.4) sample was significantly strong than those of other samples. The ratio of Yulmoo to water, l/2 showed the highest overall sensorial acceptability and followed by l/l.5, l/l.4, l/2.75 and 1/4 samples. It was found that the content of vitamin C and acid taste of Mulkimchi have correlation with its acceptability.
Antimutagenic Effect of Dietary Fiber from Yam (Dioscorea batatas D
) Against 2-AF and MNNG
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 333~338
On the mutagenicity induced by 2-aminofluorene (2-AF) with S9 mix and N-Methyl-N＇-Nitro-N-Nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) without S9 mix, the antimutagenic effects of dietary fiber (total dietary fiber, u-cellulose and pectin) from Yam were examined by the Ames assay using Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100. Total dietary fiber,
-cellulose ind pectin from natural and cultural Yam didn＇t have mutagenicity. Most of sample dietary fiber showed the antimutagenicity. Total dietary fiber from cultural Yam was more effective than that from natural Yam on mutagenicity induced by 2-AF and MNNG.
-cellulose from cultural Yam was more effective than that from natural Yam on mutagenicity caused by 2-AF and MNNG. Pectin from natural and cultural Yam had antimutagenic effect on mutagenicity induced by MNNG. In this study, antimutagenicity on MNNG was more effective than that on 2-AF. Antimutagenic effect of Samples had influence on incubation time.
-cellulose and pectin from natural and cultural Yam showed stronger antimutagenic effect than standard
-cellulose and standard pectin, respectively, on mutagenicity induced by 2-AF and MNNG.
The Traditional Method for Preparing Korean Vegetable Dishes - Especially about Na mul.Seng chae.Ssam -
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 339~347
Korean vegetable dishes-Na mul are indigenous and popular foods for a long time, and have been eaten by not only the common people but also the royale people in the ordinary meal and customary affairs. Grains are principal item of diet for Koreans and additions of Na mul in diet provide the nutritional minerals and vitamins. Especially vegetable oils in seasoning played the important role in nutrition balance. This manuscript historically investigate the Korean vegetable dishes-especially Na mul, Seng chae, Ssam, and the vegetables, additional ingredients and seasonings. 1. Foreign vegetable were introduced very actively. As the result of it, the more variety of vegetables are available. 2. Vegetable oils such as sesame oil, perilla oil, roasted sesame seed and pine nuts, etc were widely used for seasonings. 3. Seng chae dishes had been prepared with more than two different kinds of vegetables. Seasonings are used from the various sources, and combination of ingredients and development of condiments are expected to research further. 4. Ssam foods basically used uncooked vegetables, but steaming and boiling are also common methods.
A study on the Development of Standardized Recipe and the Microbiological Assessment and Sensory Evaluation of Korean Traditional Starch Foods for Steam Convection Oven and Cook/Chill System for Kindergarten Foodservice Operations
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 348~357
To meet the demand for high quality of foods with the expanded implementation of foodservice into kindergarten, and to make the efficient use of resources, the necessity of introducing central production unit with cook/chill system into kindergarten foodservice is getting increased. The purpose of this study were to develop standardized recipe applicable to cook/chill system for kindergarten foodservice and to evaluate the microbial and sensory quality. For quantitty production of cook/chill system in kindergarten foodservice, Korean traditional starch foods were selected as menu items. The followings are summary of the results： 1. Standard recipes to produce Various Boiled Rice (Boriebap and Yackbap) and Rice Cake (Chapsal-pat-sirutuk) for cook/chill system have been developed. 2. The microbial quality of Boribap, Yackbap and Chapsal-pat-sirutuk during 10 days chilled storage was very excellent. And in this experiment, the stability of storage of standard recipes of Boribap, Yackbap and Chapsal-pat-sirutuk at cook/chill system was proved for 10 days. 3. In the result of sensory evaluation, apperance of Boribap was decreased significantly on the third day of storage (p<0.005). The rest of the item of sensory evaluation of Boribap has no significance between the first day and the third day of storage. The tenderness (p＜0.05) and gelatinousness (p<0.005) of Yackbap had been rated high significantly in the third day of storage than the first day of storage. The rest of the item of sensory evaluation of Boribap has no significance between the first day and the third day of storage. The color and chewiness of Chapsal-pat-sirutuk was decreased significantly on the third day of storage (p＜0.05). The rest of the item of sensory evaluation of Chapsal-pat-sirutuk has no significance between the first day and the third day of storage.
A study on the Development of Standardized Recipe and the Microbiological Assessment and Sensory Evaluation of Various Bulkogis for Steam Convection Oven and Cook/Chill System for Kindergarten Foodservice Operations
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 358~366
To meet the demand for high quality of foods with the expanded implementation of foodservice into kindergarten, and to make the efficient use of resources, the necessity of introducing central production unit with cook/chill system into kindergarten foodservice is getting increased. The purpose of this study were to develop standardized recipe applicable to cook/chill system for kindergarten foodservice and to evaluate the microbial and sensory quality. For quantitty production of cook/chill system in kindergarten foodservice, Various Bulkogis were selected as menu items. The followings are summary of the results： 1. Standard recipes to produce Various Bulkogis(Broiled Sliced Meat with Sauce) for cook/chill system have been developed. 2. The microbial quality of Various Bulkogis during 10 days chilled storage was very good. And in this experiment, the stability of storage of standard recipes of Various Bulkogis at cook/chill system was proved for 10 days. 3. All of the items of sensory evaluation of Bulkogis has no significance between the first day and the third day of storage, except the color of Pork Bulkogi (P<0.05).
The Seasonal Microbiological Quality Assessment of Kimbap(seaweed roll) Production flow in Foodservice facilities for Univ. students - HACCP model -
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 367~374
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microbiological quality of, and to assure the hygienic safety of, the kimbap production in the university foodservice facilities in accordance with the HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) Program. The time-temperature relationship and the microbiological quality (specifically, total plate count and coliform bacteria count) were assessed to find the critical control point (CCP) during each of the production phases. The average of the daily longest duration time of the kimbap at the facilities was 23.4 hours in summer, while 29.6 hours in winter. In the purchasing phase of the raw materials, the microbiological quality of laver, fish paste, carrot and cucumber in summer was not at an acceptable level according to the standard set by the Natick research center, especially the number of TPC and the coliform level of laver was higher than the threshold level. In the refrigerator storage phase, the temperature of the carrot was 7.4
. This temperature is far exceeding the standard so that the microbiological counts was increased by the 2 log cycle during the average storage time of 17 hours or more. In the preparation phase, the temperature of the blanching is too low compared to the standard. In the holding phase before serving, its time-temperature relationship was out of the FDA food code standard both in winter and summer. In the sewing phase, the number of microbiological count was higher than the threshold level in summer while that in winter was up to standard. According to the Harrigan and McCance standard, the number of microbiological count of the utensils was higher than the threshold level in summer while that in winter was up to standard.
The Physico-Chemical Properties of Korean Red Pepper Seed Oil by Species and Dried methods
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 375~379
Some Physico-chemical properties of korean red pepper seed oil were evaluated to find available method to utilize red pepper seeds used as useful cooking oil resources. Samples of red pepper seeds used as oil meterials were native, improved species and they were named such as NS (native spicies dried under sunlight), IS (improved spicies dried under sunlight), NF (native spicies dried by heating), and IF(improved spicies dried by heating), respectively. Moisture, ash, crude protein and crude fat contents of all red pepper seeds were 6.6%∼7.7%, 3.3∼3.5%, 18.25∼19.4% and 26.8∼27.5% in all samples, showing the specially high crude fat and crude protein content in NS. Capsaicin contents in crude red pepper seed oils were shown from 0.06 to 0.08% but after refining process, capsaicin contents were mostly tossed as 0∼0.006%. The types of tocopherol found in crude and refined red pepper seed oils were
-analogues, the amount of total tocopherol in IF was 2.10 mg/g oil which were the highest value of all red pepper seeds. In all red pepper seeds oils main fatty acids were linoleic acid (68∼70%), palmitic acid (14∼16%), oleic acid (10∼11%), and linolenic acid were extemely small amounts. The specific gravity (SG) 0.916∼0.919, refractive index (RI) 1.4724, acid value (AV) 0.26∼0.36, peroxide value (POV) 0.73∼1.19 and Iodine value (IV) 134.35∼134.92 were measured in all red pepper seed oils.
A Study on the Oxidative Stabilities and Organoleptic Properties of Korean Red Pepper Seed Oil upon Species and Dried Methods
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 380~387
The stability of red pepper seed oils during storage at 20
and heating at 140
were measured to evaluate red pepper seed oil as a cooking oil. Two species of red pepper seeds (native, improved) were dried by either sunlight or heating to prepare the oil samples of NS (native, sunlight-dried), IS (improved, sunlight-dried), NF (native, heated), and IF (improved, heated). During storage at 20
, acid values (AV) of all red pepper seed oils were higher than that of soy bean oil (SBO), however, peroxide values (POV) were similar to SBO. Antioxidative stability of NS was better than SBO but IF was not. By the heat treatments at 140
, NS was identified to have better antioxidative stability than SBO and IF was the lowest. In sensory evaluation of each deep-fat fried potato-chip at 180
, potato-chips fried in NS were better than that of SBO for color, taste, and flavor. NS-fried potato-chips got the highest score in overall acceptance (p<0.05), however, those of IF showed little acceptance. When blended oils (SBO: NOS, 0, 25, 50, 75%) were used, 50% blended oil was the best for taste, color, flavor, cripness, and total acceptance.
Comparative Criteria for the Quality Characteristics of Kimchi between Korean Focus Group and American Focus Group
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 388~393
This study was conducted to compare the perception and the criteria for tasty Kimchi between Korean focus group and American focus group. The perception of taste of Kimchi by American focus group was rather simple than that of Korean focus group. American focus group considered spicy, sweet and crunchy properties as the most desirable characteristics of Kimchi. Besides that properties, Korean focus group considered complicated characteristic taste, e.g. a combination of hot, sour, savory, salty, sweet and fresh taste and refreshing properties as essential factor in tasty Kimchi. Korean focus group had more peculiar descriptors in taste and American in mouthfeel and texture.
Changes of Browning, Microbiological and Sensory Characteristics of Concentrated Garlic Juices during Storage
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 394~399
The juice of garlic (Euichun variety) was extracted and concentrated by heating at 90
, by using a rotary vacuum evaporator at 45
, or by freezing at -50
until the volume was reduced to 70% of the original's. The concentrated garlic juice was packed into 15 ml test tubes wrapped with aluminum foil and kept at 4
for 60 days. Changes of browning, microbiological and sensory characteristics of the concentrated garlic juices were monitored every 10 days. The specific gravity and viscosity of the prepared juices decreased in the juices concentrated at 90
in order. Browning of the concentrated garlic juices was slower during the storage at 4
than at 25
. Browning occurred rapidly in the juice concentrated at 45
during the storage, especially at 25
. The numbers of mesophilic and psychrotrophic bacteria in the juices did not increase significantly during the storage, which means the garlic juices had good shelf-life. The CFUs/ml of garlic juice concentrated at 90
were lower about 1 to 2 log cycles than those in other concentrated juices. The juice concentrated at 90
showed the weakest garlic odor and the strongest cooked odor among the juices. The juice concentrated at -50
had the freshest odor, especially stored at 4
, but the juice concentrated at 90
had lowest score in fresh odor. Brown color was dark in the juice concentrated at 45
and green color of all the juices did not change significantly during the storage.
A Survey on the Utilization University Food Service by Student in Daejeon City
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 400~406
Questionnaire survey was done on the utilization status of college feeding facilities by students. Three hundred and nine students from three universities in Daejeon city, Korea participated in this survey. The results were summarized as followings. 1. Students who had experience of utilizing college feeding facilities were totalled to two hundred and ninety six. Among them 87.50% students were utilizing for lunch. Female students utilization ratio for lunch was 17.94% higher than male. College B students showed specially low utilization ratio. 2. Utilization frequency ratio of once per day was the highest as 30.72%. College C showed the highest utilization ratio. 3. Students utilized the campus food services most frequently as 47.97%, the restaurant outside campus the next and snack corner in the campus the last. 4. Reasons for the utilization were listed as low price, time saving, near place and no other place to eat. 5. Reasons for the not utilization were indicated as tasteless, simple menu and noisy and crowded. 6. Recommendations for the improvements of' college feeding facilities can be summarized to emphasize on taste, menu variation, sanitation, price decrease and comfortable atmosphere.
Factors Affecting Productivity for University Food Service Operations
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 407~415
The objectives of this study were to analyze the factors that affect the productivity for university food services. In a survey involving four-year university dining centers throughout the country, and correlations among thriteen different variables that affect productivity were determined. Productivity index (PI) was determined by meals per hour, the average score for 38 institutions was found to be 14.2 meals/hour. For serving methods, the fixed ration had a higher PI than the self-serving. When two types of serving trays were considered, the PI of the compartmantalized trays was higher than that of the tray accompanying saparate small dishes. When single (S)-or. multiple(M)-menu was compared with the cafeteria style, a higher PI was obtained by the S-or M-menu. Among the three operation systems, the PI was found to be the highest by direct operation (17.6 meals/hour), followed by contract operation (11.1 meals/hour) and rent operation (7.9 meals/hour). For the factors that affect the productivity of the university food services, the total number sewed (r=0.54, p＜0.001) and the use of convenient food items (r=0.28, P＜0.05) exhibited positive correlations, while food costs and labor costs showed negative correlations. This suggests that the productivity of university food service increases as the total number served and the use of convenient food item increased, but decreases as the food costs and labor costs per meal increased. A regression analysis showed that three variables - total number sewed, labor cost per meal, number of employees-influenced about 73% components of food service showed a negative correlation with PI and a positive correlation with the labor cost per meal.
Microwave Cooking of Rice (II) - The comparison with pressure and electric cooker -
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 416~420
The Properties of cooked rice prepared by microwave oven was compared with those by pressure cooker There was no significant difference in sensory evaluation between microwave-cooked and pressure-cooked rices, however, the rice cooked by electric cooker was less preferred to others. The hardness of pressure-cooked rice was greater than others. As the storage time for cooked rice increased, the extent of gelatinization decreased, however, there were no significant differences among three samples.
Effect of Glutinous Rice Paste on the Fermentation of Puchukimchi
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 421~429
The effect of glutinous rice paste on the physicochemical, microbiological, and sensory characteristics of Puchukimchi during fermentation was investigated. Puchukimchi is a kind of korean kimchi made with Leek (Allium odorum L.). Puchukimchi made with various concentrations (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0%) of glutinous rice paste were fermentated at 10
up to 45 days. As a fermentation progressed, pH decreased in all of the treatments, while total acidity increased. By increasing the concentrtion of glutinous rice paste added, an increase of total acidity was noted from Puchukimchi. The reducing sugar content in most samples was decreased during fermentation, however, 1.0% treatment showed a relatively slow decrease. The total vitamin C content increased sharply at the 2nd-day of fermentation and then, gradually decreased especially from the 8th-day following a sigmoidal changing pattern. The total vitamin C content was the highest in Puchukimchi made with 1.0% glutinous rice paste. The counts of lactic acid bacteria increased remarkably and then decreased gradually after optimum ripening period, i.e., the palatable period of Puchukimchi during fermentation.