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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of food and cookery science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Housewives Cognition and Consumption Pattern of Korean Rice Cake
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 505~510
The purpose of this study was conducted to find out the housewives cognition and consumption pattern of Korean rice cake. The subject were 315 housewives lived in mainly the capital region(Seoul and Kyonggi-do). A survey questionnaire consisted of three parts including demographic backgrounds, cognition and consumption pattern of Korean Rice Cake. The results obtained would be summarized as follows; 1. Almost all of the housewives(95.9%) were cognized that Korean rice cake is a traditional food, but their cognition of the Korean rice cake as a important food in present dietary life(habits) was very low(22.5%). 2. Almost all of the housewives(94.0%) were cognized that Korean rice cake is a nutritional food and most of them(75.0%) were answered that there are below 50 kinds of Korean rice cake. 3. Although they could make themselves the Korean rice cake(75.9%), didn't make it at home and they were answered(59.4%) for the reason that the recipe for the Korean rice cake is hard. 4. The results of purchasing frequency rate showed that 62.2% of housewives were purchased one to two months and they were purchased most frequently on the birth day followed by a memorial sacrifice day, a festival day, visit and invitation of quest. 5. 98.4% of respondents were answered that the taste of Korean rice cake is good and 96.5% of them were cognized that its price is expensive. 6. The most preferred kinds of Korean rice cakes showed that Red bean Sirudock, Baekseolgi, Injeolmi, Songpyeon, Yaksik etc.
The Effect of addition of kinds of sugar and drying method on Quality and Storage Characteristics of Beef jerky
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 511~520
To investigate the effect of sugar and drying method on quality and storage characteristics of beef jerky, storage, textural and sensory characteristics were examined. Water activity was decreased as storage time was prolonged and the honey and rice syrup-added natural dried samples(N-H, N-R) were recorded the lowest value, 0.71 at five weeks of storage. During the storage period, pH values of all the samples were decreased and honey-added and heated air dried beef jerky(H-H) had the lowest pH value, 5.22. L, a, b values had a tendency to decrease, during the storage period. During the storage period, TBA values of all samples showed increasing tendency. Sugarsyrup-added samples(N-S, H-S, S-S
*/) had the lowest TBA value, and those of honey-added samples(N-H, H-H, S-H
**/) were highest, regardless of drying method. Total plate counts of bacteria and the number of lactic acid bacteria were increased as storage time was prolonged. Sugar syrup-added and heated air dried beef jerky(H-S) had the lowest in total plate counts of bacteria and the number of lactic acid bacteria, at five weeks of storage. Textural properties value of all samples were increased as storage time was longer. Honey-added samples showed the higest springness and cohesiveness value and sugarsyrup-added and natural dried sample showed the highest value in chewiness, gummness and hardness. In the almost sensory score of natural dried beef jerky was decreased asstorage time was prolonged, regardless of packaging method. The sensory score of heated air dried samples were higher than those of natural dried samples, regardless of packaging method.
*/S-S sucrose syrup added smoking dried sample,
**/S-H honey added smoking dried sample
The Characteristics of Sensory Evaluation by various Cooking Methods of Salted-Dried Flathead (II)
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 521~529
The purpose of this study was to determine the best cooking condition for salted-dried flathead by sensory evaluation. Raw flathead and 3 different kinds of salted(2%, 4%, 6%)-dried flathead were cooked by various methods such as steaming, boiling, baking and different cooking times(5, 10, and 15min). The results of this study were as follows: 1. In steamed samples, the meaty flavor was significantly related with brown color, cooled level, and softness at 5% level. 2. In boiled samples, meaty flavor was significantly related with cooked level, moistness, and fishy odor at 5% level. 3. For broiled samples, meaty flavor was significantly related with fishy odor, meaty aroma, and bitter taste at 1% level. 4. The best cooking conditions determined by a quantitative descriptive analysis(QDA) were steaming 6% salted-dried samples for 5min, and boiling or broiling 6% salted-dried samples for 10min. The most favored cooking method was broiling. 5. In comparison of the samples by QDA, 2% salted-dried samples cooked 15 min gave better scores in the order of boiled > overall score > steamed > broiled, 4% samples cooked 5min were boiled > steamed > overall score > broiled, and 6% samples showed similar scores among all conditions. The 6% samples cooked for 5min gave high scores in 7 terms of QDA in steaming, and 6% samples cooked for 10min for boiled and baked.
The Effects of Fructo-Oligosaccharide on the Quality Characteristics of Strawberry Jam
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 530~537
Quality characteristics of strawberry jams made of 2 different strawberry cultivars, Bogyo-joseng and Suhong, with 25, 50, 75, 100% fructo-oligosaccharide in place of sucrose were evaluated. Moisture content of Suhong jam was higher than Bogyo-joseng jam. pH of Bogyo-joseng and Suhong jam was not different. The lightness, redness and yellow-ness of Bogyo-joseoung jam were higher than those of Suhong jam. Spreadmeter value of jams decreased with addition of fructo-oligosaccharide. The sweetness of Suhong jam was higher than Bogyo-joseng. Reducing sugar content of Suhong jam was higher than Bogyo-joseng jam. More of fructo-oligosaccharide added, reducing sugar content of jam increased. Residual anthocyanin in Bogyo-joseng strawberry jam was decreased by addition of fructo-oligosaccharide. However, the residual anthocyanin content of Suhong strawberry jams with fructo-oligosaccharide was lower than that of sugar-only control jam with an exception of 50% fructo-oli-gosaccharide jam. The 50% fructo-oligosaccharide jam had a higher residual anthocyanin content than sugar-only jam. As the addition rate of fructo-oligosaccharide increased, springiness and cohesiveness of jam increased, while resilience decreased. In sensory evaluation, Bogyo-joseng strawberry jams obtained highest score with 50% fructo-oligosaccharide, while Suhong strawberry jam was favored most with 25% fructo-oligosaccharide.
Sensory and mechanical characteristics of Okgalseobyung by Different ratio of Ingredient
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 538~547
Ok-gal-seo-byung is a steamed rice cake which is made from rice flour mixed with com powder, sugars and cinnamon powder. This study aimed for exploring the best recipe of Ok-gal-seo-byung to popularize it. The most desirable recipe was determined after sensory evaluation and mechanical test for measuring texture, moisture content and colorimetry. In case of mixing rice flour with yellow com powder, the best result on each item was obtained in the following conditions: 15% of yellow com powder with honey for color, 15% of yellow com powder with sugar for flavor and sweetness, 5% of yellow com powder with honey for graininess, 5% of yellow com powder with sugar for moistness and chewiness, and 10% of yellow corn powder with sugar for overall quality. When glutinous com powder was used, the conditions giving the best results were as follows: 20% of glutinous com powder with sugar for color, graininess and chewiness, 30% of glutinous com powder with sugar for flavor, 10% of glutinous com powder with sugar for moistness and sweetness, 20% of glutinous com powder with sugar for overall quality. The best condition for each textural property was as follows: 10% of yellow com powder with sugar and 20% of glutinous com powder with sugar for springiness, 5% of yellow com powder with sugar and 30% of glutinous com powder with sugar for cohesiveness, 15% of yellow com powder with sugar and 20% of glutinous corn powder with honey for chewiness, 15% of yellow com powder with sugar and 30% of glutinous com powder with oligosaccharides for gumminess, 5% of yellow com powder with sugar and 10% of glutinous corn powder with sugar adhesiveness, 15% of yellow com powder with sugar and 30% of glutinous com powder with oligosaccharides for hardness. Moisture content in Ok-gal-seo-byung with yellow com powder and with glutinous corn powder which gave the most desirable results were 46.108% and 43.623%, respectively. As a result of colorimetry, the highest L value was obtained from 10% yellow com powder or glutinous com powder with oligosaccharides. The highest a value was obtained from 10% yellow com powder or glutinous corn powder with honey. The best b value was obtained from 15% yellow com powder with oligosaccharides and 30% glutinous corn flour with honey. Based on the results, the best recipe for Ok-gal-seo-byung was determined as follows: in case of using yellow corn powder, rice flour 315g, yellow com powder 35g, sugar 60g, water 100
, cinnamon powder 0.5g, salt 3.5g, and in case of using glutinous com powder, rice flour 280g, glutinous com flour 70g, sugar 50g, water 110
, cinnamon powder 0.5g, salt 3.5g.
Comparison of children and mothers in opinion of ricecake
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 548~556
To examine the opinions of consumers concerning the ricecake as a traditional food, we conducted the study of the cognition and interests of children and mothers ricecake for its popularization. Our subjects of study were elementary school children as the future consumers and their mothers as the present consumers. The results were as follows: children favored to eat much more western style food and sweet food than did mothers. All of children and mothers liked traditional food and ricecake, but children did not know how to prepare the traditional food and ricecake, indicating thenecessity of the education of ricecake-making. All of them were satisfied with the taste of ricecake 'on sale, but not with packaging designs and price of ricecake. Development of packaging designs was required for popularization of ricecake to spread worldwide.
Sensory and Microbiological properties of Dongchimi added with Jasoja(Perillae semen)
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 557~567
An optional ingredient, jasoja(Perillae semen), was adopted to improve the quality of Dongchimi. The final weight percentage of jasoja in Dongchimi was adjusted to 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, or 1.0%, per radish, and sensory and microbiological characteristics were determined during fermentation at 10 for 45 days. The effect was varied depending on the amounts of jasoja, but Dongchimi fermented with 0.5% jasoja was most favored for color, flavor, taste, texture, and overall acceptability in sensory evaluation. According to a quantitative descriptive analysis for the product, the liquid portion of Dongchimi steadily became clearer and less sour in proportion to the amount of added jasoja. However, a strong off-taste was detected from 1.0% treatment. The viable cell numbers of total and lactic acid bacteria drastically increased during the first 2 days, and then gradually increased to their maximum values during fermentation and slowly decreased at the later stage. Dongchimi with 0.5% treatment showed a distinctive high number of microorganisms at the 15th-day of fermentation and this trend was maintained until the completion of fermentation. The lactic acid bacteria isolated and identified from Dongchimi were; Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus plantarum, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactococcus faecalis, and Lactococcus lactis. The combined number of Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus plantarum began to increase right after preparation to as much as 10
7/CFU/㎖, then decreased to 10-10
CFU/㎖ afterward. This study showed that the addition of jasoja retarded the initial fermentation of Dongchimi; however, too much jasoja at above 1% weight level per Chinese radish might accelerate fermentation at the later fermentation stage and shoud be avoided. A comparable fermentation pattern was observed among the samples; however, more acceptable Dongchimi could be prepared by fermenting for 11 to 30 days at 0.5% jasoja concentration per radish.
Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Turnip Kimchi during Fermentation
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 568~576
Physicochemical and sensory properties of turnip kimchi prepared with traditional two cultivars were examined during fermentation at 0
Greater decrease in pH and reducing sugar content, and higher increase of acidity' was observed in green-colored turnip kimchi than red-colored one. Lactobacilli number of green one was greater than that of red one. Antocyanin content increased upto day 45-50 and then decreased, the anthocyanin content of red one was higher than that of green one. The Hunter color L and a values increased gradually upto day 30 and then decreased, and the a value of green one was lower than that of red one. The hardness, fracturability and chewiness of turnip, determined by texture analyser, decreased during fermentation, and the values of textural parameters were smaller than those of red one. Sensory evaluation showed that the scores of 'sour odor', 'sour taste, 'sweet taste', 'savory taste, and carbonate taste' of green one were higher than those of red one, but the scores of 'hardness', 'fracturability' and 'chewiness' were lower than those of red one. Meanwhile there were no difference in 'juiciness'. Score of 'over-all acceptability' of green one was the highest with 8.8-8.9 on day 30, 40 and 45, but the score of red one was the highest with 8.5-9.1 at day 40 and 45. On the 70th day, this score of green one decreased to 2.2, but the red one maintained 6.3 on the 70th day of fermentation.
Development of Minimal Processing Technology for Korean Fruit and Vegetables
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 577~583
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of various quality preservative treatments for extending shelf life and maintaining good quality of minimally processed fruit and vegetables produced in Korea. To determine the suitable treatments for delaying quality deterioration, fresh Asian pears and Chinese cabbages were sliced and treated with various quality preservatives (1% CaCl
, 1% NaCl, 3% sucrose, 1% Ca-lactate, 1% vitamin C, 0.05% chitosan ＋1% vitamin C, 0.1% Sporix＋1% vitamin C, hot water (60
), 0.2% L-cysteine), packed with polyethylene film (60㎛-thick), and stored at 4
. Various biological and sensory tests were performed to evaluate the quality changes in minimally processed products. Results indicated that Chinese cabbages treated with 1% CaCl
at 4, and 1% CaCl
and 1% NaCl at 20
were most effective in maintaining the quality and minimizing the biochemical changes during storage. For sliced Asian pears, 0.2% L-cysteine and 1% NaCl treatments were effective to reduce browning, and 1% CaCl
treatment was the most effective to prevent softening during storage at 20
. Modified atmosphere packaging of Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinus edodes had a significantly different shelf life depending on packaging material, packaging thickness and storage temperature. Sealed packaging with polyethylene film (60㎛-thick) for two kinds of mushrooms maintained a good quality with an extended shelf life by 30-50% at 20
and by 30-130% at 0
. To minimize the quality deterioration which appeared in the condition of polyethylene film packaging, quality preservatives such as KMnO
5/ for SO
generation were added inside of mushroom packaging. The best condition for maintaining good quality longer was packaging with polyethylene film+SO
which showed 5080% extended shelf life for both Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinus edodes at 20
A Study on the Development of Standardized Recipe and the Microbiological Assessment and Sensory Evaluation of Various Soups for Steam Convection Oven and Cook/Chill System for Kindergarten Foodservice Operations(For the Focus on Miyuck-gook, Soup of beef and radish and Chige of beef and soybean paste)
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 584~592
Standard recipes of various Korean soups for cook/chill system were developed to provide foodservice managers in kindergarten with more effective management system. Three kinds of soup, Miyuck-gook (Korean sea mustard soup), Soup of beef and radish and Chige of beef and soybean paste (Korean thick soup made of beef and soybean paste) were selected as menu items in this study, and the standard recipes for these soups were developed through sensory evaluation, and microbiological analyses were performed to assure the quality of soup. The microbial counts of the soups which were chilled at 0-3
and stored for 10 days in refrigerator were as follows: Aerobic bacteria were not detected in Miyuck-gook; however, those in Soup of beef and radish were 0.00-1.32
0.28 log CFU/g and those in Chige of beef and soybean paste were 3.36
0.08 log CFU/g. Coliform bacteria were not detected in any soups. All the items of sensory evaluation showed no significant differences between the first and third day of storage, except the flavor, tenderness, chewiness, feeling after swallowing of Soup of Beef and Radish and color of Chige of Beef and Soybean Paste. Overall acceptability scores of chilled stored foods in the first and third day were 6.40:t0.83 and 6.07 :to.46 in Miyuck-gook, 6.93
0.80 and 6.27
1.16 in Soup of beef and radish, and 6.40
1.40 and 6.07
1.44 in Chige of beef and soybean paste, respectively.
Noodle- Making Properties of Domestic Wheats Cultivars
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 593~601
Seven domestic wheat cultivars, Suwon 261, Suwon 265, Eunpa, Kobun, Alchan, Olgru, and Kumgang, and a standard wheat, ASW(Australian Standard White Wheat), were compared in noodle-making properties. The ash contents of domestic wheats and flours were 0.1-0.3% higher than that of ASW. Therefore, domestic wheats required the control of ash contents during milling process. The protein contents which suggest the flour gluten content were 10.32, 11.3, and 9.57% in Suwon 261, Suwon 265, and Kumgang cultivars, respectively. Valorimeter values of Eunpa, Olgru, and Kumgang which indicate the dough formation time and stability were similar to that of ASW. Resistance rate of domestic wheats was lower than that of ASW. Maximum viscosity in Amylograph for Eunpa, Olgru, and Kumgang were in the range of 500-800BU, which were suitable for making noodles. Increase in weight and volume of Olgru noodle was negatively correlated with protein content. Turbidity was not positively correlated with weight and volume increase, but domestic cultivars except Suwon 265 and Eunpa showed a similar turbidity with ASW. The mechanical properties of wet and dry noodles were evaluated by TPA test before and after cooking. Springiness and cohesiveness of wet noodles increased by cooking, and the domestic cultivars showed higher values than ASW. Springiness and cohesiveness of dry noodle were not increased by cooking in any cultivars. Gumminess, chewiness and hardness of domestic wheat cultivars showed higher values than that of ASW. In the tensile test, wet noodles showed no difference between domestic cultivars and ASW. But dry noodles of domestic wheat cultivars showed higher values than ASW. In the color test for lightness, redness and yellowness, there were no differences between flour and dough of domestic wheat cultivars and ASW. In the sensory evaluation, Kumgang wheat cultivar was the most preferred among the wet and dry noodles of other domestic wheat cultivars and ASW. These results suggested Kumgang wheat cultivar to be a practical wheat variety for noodle-making.
Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Kakdugi Prepared with Fermented Northern Sand Lance Sauce during Fermentation
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 602~608
Physicochemical and sensory properties of Kakdugi prepared with fermented northern sand lance sauce(Kakdugi-N) were compared with those of fermented anchovy sauce(Kakdugi-A) or shrimp(Kakdugi-S) through pH, acidity, reducing sugar content, color, microbial counts, TPA and sensory evaluation. The salt concentrations were similar among the treatments ranging 1.9 to 2.3%. Greater decrease in pH and reducing sugar content, and greater increase in acidity were observed in Kakdugi prepared with three kinds of fermented fish sauce than control. The greatest decrease in pH and reducing sugar content but the highest increase in acidity and lactobacilli counts were observed in Kakdugi-S, followed by Kakdugi-N and Kakdugi-A. Fermentation pattern of Kakdugi-N was similar to that of Kakdugi-A. The Hunter color L, a and b values increased gradually until day 11 and then decreased, and the a and b values of Kakdugi-N were similar to those of Kakdugi-A. The hardness and fracturability of Kakdugi determined by texture analyser, decreased during fermentation. Sensory evaluation showed that the score of overall acceptability was the highest in Kakdugi-S, followed by Kakdugi-N and Kakdugi-A.
Sensory and Physicochemical characteristics and Storage time of Daechu-Injeulmi added with various levels of jujube powder
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 609~621
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of addition of jujube on lnjeulmi in storage. Jujube powder was added to lnjeulmi made from the steamed glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour and brown glutinous rice flour. As a result of the sensory evaluation, the more jujube is added, the stronger sweetness and the more bitterness is shown. The sweetness and bitterness, made from brown glutinous rice, of Deachu-Injeulmi added jujube powder is the highest, and the more jujubes are tasted. Tenderness and moistness of Deachu-Injeulmi is decreased in the order of Deachu-Injeulmi made from glutinous rice, brown glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour, tenderness and moistness is increased with less amount of jujube. Chewiness of Deachu-Injeulmi made brown glutinous rice flour is the highest and Deachu-Injeulmi made from glutinous rice is the most rough. Moisture content is decreased in the order of Daechu-Injeulmi from glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour, brown glutinous rice flour. The reducing sugar content about storage period of Daechu-Injeulmi is decreased in the order of glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour, brown glutinous rice flour, and it is dramatically reduced until 48 hours of storage. However, it is increased a little bit after 72 hours. The changes in degree of gelatinization by storage period is that it is rapidly reduced until 24 hours, and it is decreased in the order of glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour, brown glutinous rice flour. That is to say, the more jujube powder is added, the less change there is. Springiness and cohesiveness is decreased during storage. Chewiness and gumminess is higher with more jujube, and it is increased until 24hour of storage period, then it is decreased after 48 hours. Hardness of Daechu-Injeulmi made from glutinous rice flour is the highest and the more jujube is added. Hardness of Daechu-Injeulmi added jujube powder is decreased in the order of Daechu-Injeulmi of 2.5%, 10% and 7.5%. The more jujube is added, the less change of the hardness by the storage period Daechu-Injeulmi is observed, thus the speed of the retrogradation is getting slower.
Antioxidative Activity of Mugwort extracts(Artemisia Princeps Var. Orientalis) on Human Low Density Lipoprotein
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 623~628
The antioxidative effect of mugwort extracts was measured by DPPH and LDL with four different solutions (70% acetone, ethanol, hot water, cold water). Mugwort extracts contained 3.2% of polyphenol, 380 RE/l00 g of vitamin A, 16.2 mg/100 g of vitamin C, and 5.1
-TE/100 g of vitamin E. DPPH revealed the effect in the order of 70% acetone, hot water, ethanol, and cold water. In particular, 70% acetone showed outstandingly stronger activity than the control group. Also, when 10
was added, the effect was well noticed. But the antioxidative activity was hardly seen at 15
. LDL exhibited the same order of strength in proportion to mugwort＇s concentration. Against the control group, the activity of 70% acetone was 7 times, hot water and ethanol 6 times, and cold water 2 times. This result is attributable to the antioxidative increase of polyphenol and antioxidative vitamins.
A study on the antioxidant activity of products of caramel-type-browning reaction
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 629~639
The study was carried out to compare the antioxidant activities of products from caramel-type-browning reaction of xylose(XY), glucose(GL), sucrose(SU), glucose + citric acid (GLCA), glucose + sodium citrate(GLSC), glucose + glycine(GLGC) heated at 80, 120 or 140
for 24 hr. 1. The hydrogen donating ability (HDA) of browning reaction products was generally enhanced as the browning temperature and time increased. The HDAs of the browning reaction products heated at 80
for 24 hr were in the order of GLSC (0.387) > GLSC (0.362) > GLCA (0.301) > GL (0.299) > XY (0.290) > SU (0.281). But they were in the order of GLSC (0.543) > SU (0.328) > GL (0.309) > GLGC (0.325) > XY (0.298) > GLCA (0.275) under the condition of heating at 140
for 24 hr. 2. The antioxidant activities of the anhydrous ethanol extracts of the browning mixtures were inferior to that of TBHQ as measured in com oil, but SU was superior to tocopherol in its antioxidant activity. All the browning mixtures showed antioxidant activities when heated at 80
; however, only SU and GLCA showed the activites at 120 or 140
. And the antioxidant activity of the SU extract was higher than that of TOCO. The antioxidant activities of the ethanol extracts were in the order of TBHQ > GLCA > GLGC > TOCO > SU > XY > GL > GLSC > control at 80
, TBHQ > SU > TOCO > GLCA > control > GLSC> XY > GL > GLGC at 120
, and TBHQ > SU > TOCO > GLCA > control > GLSC > GLGC > XY > GL at 140
Effects of Addition Ratio of Reddish-brown Pigmented Rice on the Quality Characteristics of Seolgiddeok
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 640~643
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of addition ratio of reddish-brownpigmented rice(Suwon 451) on the color difference, mechanical characteristics and gelatinization degree, sensory characteristics of Seolgid-deok. As the amount of reddish-brown pigmented rice was increased, redness was getting increased, lightness and yellowness was getting decreased. In hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness and chewiness, as the amount of pigmented rice was increased, was getting decreased and springiness was getting increased. As the amount of pigmented rice was increased in Seolgiddeok, gelatinization was getting increased. In sensory evaluation, quality characteristics of Seolgiddeok with 20% reddish-brown pigmented rice added was better in color, sweetness and overall quality than those of Seolgiddeok without reddish-brown pigmented rice.
The antidiabetic properties of fractions of Lycopus lucidic Turcz in streptozotocin diabetic rats
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 644~651
This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of fractions of methanol(MeOH) extracts of Lycopus lucidic Turcz on hyperglycemia and energy metabolites in streptozotocin(STZ) diabetic rats. Diabetes mellitus was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200-220 g by an injection of STZ dissolved in a citrate buffer into the tail vein at a dose of 45 mg/kg of body weight, and the rats were divided into 7 groups, that is, one normal group and 6 diabetic groups: STZ-control, hexane, chloroform(CHCl
3/). ethylacetate(EtOAc), butanol(BuOH) and H
2/O fraction-fed groups. All groups were fed an AIN-93 diet and the fractions of Lycopus lucidic Turcz were administered orally with 2 % Tween 80 for 14 days after the STZ injection. Body weight, diet intake and organ weights were monitored. The plasma levels of blood glucose, insulin and protein were determined. The plasma concentrations of cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and free fatty acid were assayed. The plasma activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase(ALT) were also measured. Body weight losses were observed by feeding the fractions of Lycopus lucidic Turcz in STZ experimental groups, and the kidney weight was increased. The extent of blood glucose decrement was significantly greater in the hexane and BuOH fraction-fed groups than STZ-control group. The plasma protein level was significantly lower in the H
2/O fraction-fed group. The plasma cholesterol level was decreased in BuOH and H
2/O fraction-fed groups compared with the STZ-control group. The levels of free fatty acids in the CHC1
3/ and H
2/O fraction-fed groups were significantly decreased(p<0.05). ALT activitiy of BuOH fraction-fed group was lower than control but it was not significantly different. These results suggest that the fractions of Lycopus lucidic Turcz are capable of lowering blood glucose and fat metabolites concentrations when administered to STZ-treated rats, and AST/ALT activity and insulin levels show the possibility of therapeutic use to diabetes mellitus.
Screening and prevention of the mutagenicity for fishes accordind to cookery and storage
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 652~662
This study was performed to measure the mutagenicity of fish by cooking and storage. Mutagenicity of the fish extract was measured by Ames test(Salmonella typhimurium reversion assay with TA 100) in vitro and by micro-nucleus test in vivo. The fish samples screened in this study were white fish(Trichiurus, Croaker, Salted Croaker) and red fish(Saury pike, Mackerel, Yellowtail, Salmon). The number of revertants of red fish were significantly higher than that of white fish. And the mutagenicity of mackerel was higher than other red fish, so followed experiment was made by using the extract of mackerel. Mutagenicity of the samples cooked on microwave oven was the lowest, whereas there was no significant difference between the samples cooked on gas grill and the ones on electric grill. In the presence of S9 mixture, the methanol extract of mackerel showed 2∼4 times high values of mutagenicity in comparison with the extract without S9. The extract of mackerel cooked with various vegetable juices showed inhibitory effects on the mutagenicity in the order of green tea, ginger, and radish. Also, the number of revertants was increased in the stored samples. Mutagenicity of the samples stored in the refrigerator was higher than that of the freezer. In micronucleus test, the methanol extract treated with vegetable juice inhibited micro-nucleus formation in bone marrow by cyclophosphamide in the order of ginger, green tea, and radish. In TBA test, there was a tendency that TBA values were increased as the storage time increased. Also, the rancidity of sample were stored in the refrigerator was higher value than sample stored in the freezer. Samples cooked on microwave oven showed the highest value in rancidity. When the antioxidant effect of vegetable juice was measured by electron donating ability(EDA) of mackerel cooked with vegetable juice to DPPH, the samples treated with onion showed the highest value of EDA(%), and the samples treated with green tea, ginger and cabbage also showed the antioxidant effect.
Preparation of the Functional Beverages by Fermentation and Its Sensory Characteristics
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 663~669
As an attempt to develop new functional beverages, various ingredients including pine needle, P Japonica, C. Militaris, black tea, artemisia, cocoa, and persimmon leave tea, were used to make fermented beverages and their chemical and sensory properties were evaluated. The acidity of beverages produced was the highest in the one with C. Militaris, and the lowest in the ones with persimmon leave tea and pine needle. The pH of P Japonica beverage, 2.54, was the lowest among all. The sugar content was the highest in the one of C. Militaris and the lowest in cocoa-used one. In sensory evaluation, the fermented beverages prepared with persimmon leave tea, pine needle, and artemisia were significantly more preferable in acceptability than the others (p<.001). For purchase intention, the beverage prepared with persimmon leave tea got the highest score followed by the ones with pine needle and artemisia, and the scores of those three beverages were significantly higher than the others (p<.001). Hunter color test showed that fermented beverage added Black tea was the lowest in lightness, but the highest in redness and yet-lowness(p<.001). The beverages with high scores in sweet odor, sweet taste, and purchase intention were more favored in the sensory evaluation looking at the correlation among the sensory properties. And the lightness in color had a positive correlation, and the redness and yellowness had negative correlations with appearance quality of the beverages. Chemical properties like pH and acidity were negatively correlated with the acceptability, and the sugar content was positively correlated with sweet odor.
The Sensual Mechanical Characteristics of Dohaengbyoung in according to Concentrations of Glutinous rice
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 670~676
Dohaengbyoung was prepared with the addition of glutinous rice at 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% or 50%, and their sensory quality and physical characteristics were compared. In sensory quality, the more glutinous rice was added, the higher the color intensity, moistness hardness, chewiness, springiness and cohesiveness were. Meanwhile, the more glutinous rice was added, the lower the color quality was. Dohaengbyoung with 20% glutinous rice showed the highest score in taste, texture, moistness and overall quality. The control sample with 0% glutinous rice showed the highest values in lightness(L) and redness(a) in color, and the more glutinous rice was added, the lower the values were. In textural characteristics, as the amount of glutinous rice increased, the hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess and brittleness of Dohaengbyoung were increased. The lightness and redness were negatively correlated with the moistness, hardness, cohesiveness and springness； however, they were positively correlated with the color quality. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the addition of glutinous rice to Dohaengbyoung exhibited small pores and coarse surface.
Comparison of Pungency Perception between Korean and Australian
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 677~680
This study was performed to compare the pungency perception of Koreans with that of Australians by sensory evaluation using capsaicin and capsaicin-containing chilli powder. First, the sensory tests for various concentrations of capsaicin were carried out, and then capsaicin-containing chilli powder was added to water, porridge and noodle, and they were evaluated to find out the threshold concentrations of capsaicin in each medium. In the results, the pungency perception of Australians was higher in low concentrations of capsacin, while Korean perceived the pungency better in high concentrations, and the panels perceived hot taste better in water followed by porridge and noodle. The low concentrations of capsaicin was not easily perceived if it is contained in porridge or noodle.
A Study on the Preparation and Evaluation of Dried Noodle Products made from Composite Flours utilizing Arrowroot Starch
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 16, issue 6, 2000, Pages 681~688
This study was an attempt to use arrowroot, a common plant in Korea used as food to relieve famine, for making noodles and to set up a standard formulation for arrowroot-starch-containing noodle. Arrowroot starch was mixed with wheat flour at a different ratio and used to make noodles. Cooking quality and texture were measured, and sensory evaluation was performed with the noodles prepared. Water binding capacity of arrowroot starch was higher than that of wheat flour. Maximum viscosity of the composite arrowroot-wheat flours was increased as the arrowroot starch content increased as measured by amylograph. Addition of arrowroot starch at 10% level improved the quality of noodles. Texture measurement showed that the noodles of the composite flour containing 10% or 20% arrowroot starch were superior to those of wheat flour alone； however, the scores of arrowroot-con-taming noodles were similar to those of wheat flour alone in sensory evaluation.