Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Dec 1986
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Aug 1986
Selecting the target year
A Study on Determining the Optimal Amounts of Fermented Soybean Foods in Various Korean Soups and the Effect of Condiments in Two Basic Stocks
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 2, issue 1, 1986, Pages 1~10
This sudy was conductted for the purpose of determining the optimal amounts of soy tauce, soy bean paste and hot pepper paste, in 3 different Korean soups and comparing the effect of condiments such as salt, soy sauce, black pepper, and Mono Sodium Glutamate, on the taste of two basic Korean Stocks, The results estimated by Palatability Test were as follows: 1. The average NaCl contents of two kinds of commercial soysauce were 15.9%, 25.6%, respectively. 2. The NaCl contents of 2% sardine stock, and 19% beef stock were 0.16~1.17%, 0.17~0.18% respectively. 3. @ According to Saltiness in sardine stock, there was no difference between the soy sauce-added group and the salt-added group. However, for the removing effect of Off-flavor, and Overall Taste, the soy sauce-group had higher score than salt-added group respectively. (p>.0.1) ⓑ In beef stock, there was no difference between the soysauce-added group and the salt-added group in Saltiness test. The soy sauce-added group had higher score in removing effect of Off-flavor (p>.0.1). On other hand, in Overall Taste, the salt- added group was more effective than the soy sauce-added (p>.0.1). 4 @ According to Saltiness test in beef stock, there was no difference between the black pepper-added and non-added group. However, for the removing effect of Off-flavor and, Overall Taste, the added group had higher score than the non-added group, respectively. (p>.10, p>.0.5) ⓑ Also, according to Saltiness test in beef stock, there was no diffetrence between the MSG-added group and non-added group. However for the removing effect of Off-flavor, and Overall taste, the MSG-added group was more effective than the non-added group. (p>.01) 5. The best recipes of soybean sprouts soup for S persons, in this experiment, were soybean sprouts 180 g, sardine 28 g, soysauce 1/2 T.S., salt 7 g, green onion 15 g, choppedgarlic It. s., against 7 C of water, and total cooking time was 20 minutes. 6. The best recipes of clear-beef soup were beef 200 g, radish 200 g, tangle weed 10 g, sesame oil 1/2 t.s., green onion 15 g, chopped garlic 1 t.s., black Pepper 1/8 1.s., and soy sauce 1 T.S., salt 7 g or soy sauce 2 T S., salt 3.5 g. The total cooking time was minutes. 7, The best recipes of soybean pasted Chinese cabbage soup were Chinese cabbage 300 g, sardine 28 g, green onion 15 g, chopped garlic 1 t.s., and bean paste 50 g, hot pepper paste 13 g, salt 3g or bean paste 65 g, hot pepper paste 16 g, salt 1.5 g. And the total cooking time was 25 minutes. 8. Soy sauce, black pepper, M.S.G., bean paste and hot pepper paste were effective on removing Off-flavor of experimental soups.
Physicochemical Properties and Fatty Acid Composition of Korean Margarines
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 2, issue 1, 1986, Pages 11~16
Physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of 12 randomly selected Korean margarines were determined, which were stored within one month since manufactured. Average moisture and fat contents of margarines were 15.09% ana 77.92% respectively. Melting point was ranged from 33.23
to 42. 13
. Acid value and peroxide value were very low. iodine value was ranging from 59.65 to 86. 05. As a result of cluster analysis using the data of fatty acid composition, margarines divided into two groups according to their package condition, soft and hard type, were also classified into the same two groups. This probably implies that the raw materials of margarines between two groups were not the same. O1eic acid (18:1) and palmitic acid (16:0) in soft and hard type margarines respectively were the highest. Linoleic acid (18 : 2) contents showed large differences among margarines. Most of the margarines had little linolenic acid (18:3) . Generally essential fatty acid contents of Korean margarines were higher than those of the past but they didn't reach the levels of margarines made in some foreign countries.
Study on the Liquors of Yi-dynasty
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 2, issue 1, 1986, Pages 17~37
The purpose of this thesis was to understand the various kinds of Korean liquors. To do this, about fifty different kinds of liquors and wines presented in Yi-dynasty literatures were reviewed and classified into several categories. The findings of the study are as follows, 1, Liquors of Yi-dynasty can be classified into three groups; Chungju or Takju which is brewed from rice or glutinous rice, Jeungryuju(Soju) which is made by distillation of Chungju or Takju, and Hwahyangju that is made by addition of fruits, fragrance, or medicinal plants in Chungju, 2. The basic method of making these liquors is in general to make yeast first and fix a liquor base by mixing rice or glutinous rice and yeast, and then add more rice or glutinous rice into the liquor base, and finally ferment the mixture for certain periods. On fixing a liquor base, several methods of rice preparations were used; these were white rice cake, rice paste, boiled dough of rice powder, and steamed rice. 3. Duration of fermentation was in general one to three weeks. However, the shorter one was completed within 3 days and the longer one required even one year or more. 4. Of Hwahyangju the ones with medicinal plants can be divided into several groups according to their medical effects; wines for mental and emotional stability, making blood and active circulation, increase in body stamina, promoting health and living long-life, treatment of stomachache and bruise, and enhancement of the functions of body organs, especially eyes ana ears.5. These liquors and wines above were brewed for daily use or special occasions (Sesiju).
Effects of the Kind and Concentration of Salt on Oxidation of Lipids and on Formation of Flavor Components in Fermented Anchovies
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 2, issue 1, 1986, Pages 38~44
Effects of the kind and concentration of salt on oxidation of lipids and on formation of flavor components have been studied with four varieties of fermented anchovies prepared with 20％ sun-dried salt(sample B) , 12% refined salt (sample C), 16.5％ refined salt (sample D) and 16. 5% refined salt Plus 25％ brine (sample E). The sample B showed higher peroxide and TBA value and also higher content of TMA thar. those prepared with refined salt. The amounts of amino-N and VBN in sample B appeared larger than in sample D but was in a similar level with those in sample C. On the other hands, much smaller amounts of lactic and succinic acid were observed in sample B compared with in sample C and D. Sample C revealed the highest level of lactic acid among the samples tested. The changes in the amounts of each free amino acid displayed similar tendencies in all samples, except decreasing tendency of tyrosine in sample B and increasing tendency of aspartic acid in sample C. Also observed was lower IMP and inosine level in sample B than in C and D, but hypox-anthine level was higher in B. In general, sample I indicated remarkably lower values of experimental data in all cases mentioned above, but the highest TBA balue.
Texture characteristics of Angdo Pyun as affected by ingredients
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 2, issue 1, 1986, Pages 45~53
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the properties of sugar (20％, 30%) and starch (l5％, 20%, 25％) to Angdo on Angdo Pyun's preference, texture and color_ Textural characteristics were examined through sensory evaluation, Rheometer. Color test by Color and color difference meter. The properties through sensory evaluation were appearance, color, flavor, hardness, thickness and acceptability. With Rheometer, compression force, work ratio, adhesive work and gumminess were measured. With Color and Color difference meter, L, a ana b were measured. The results were as follows: 1. Sensory evaluation indicated that with the increase of starch addition, the Angdo Pyun maintained a worse apperance and got hardened and thickened. As the amount of suger increased, the Angdo fyun maintained better in color and flavor as well as its acceptability. 2. Rheometer measurement indicated that a compression force, work ratio, adhesive work and gumminess tended to increase, as the starch proportion increased. As the amount of sugar increased, the Angdo Pyun maintained a greater adhesive work, work ratio and gumminess. 3. Color and Color difference meter indicated that figure L ana a tended to increase and b, ΔE and ΔC decrease, as the starch proportion increased. 4. In the analysis of correlation between hardness and compression force, it was found that they are highly related. In view of the above results, it came to the conclusion that Angdo Pyun with the addition of 30％ sugar and 15％ starch could give the best result among the groups studied.
The Changes of Pectic Substances During the Fermentation of Kimchis
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 2, issue 1, 1986, Pages 54~58
The changes of acidity, hardness, and pectic substances of Kimchis fermented at 6-1
were investigated. With fermentation, acidity was increased and hardness was decreased, and these changes were more marked in Kimchis fermented at 22-24
. The contents of AIS was decreased with fermentation. Hot water soluble pectin was increased and protopectin was decreased with fermentation, but the amount of changes was small.
A Study on the Processing Conditions of Younsa
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 2, issue 1, 1986, Pages 59~64
This study was designed to revive the disappeared Younsa and to investigate the optimum processing condition and characteristics of Younsa nade of the glutinous rice powder. Agitating time of base mixture, thickness of Younsa base, and frying time were examined as the influencing factors in Younsa processings. The textural parameters of Younsa were determined by sensory cvaluation and hardness of Younsa was measured by Rheometer. The results were found as follows; 1. In the sensory evaluation, 1) The Younsa base agitated for 10 minutes by agitating machine was favorable. It, however, did not showed any significant difference among products prepared under varying agitaing time-10 minutes, 20 minutes, and 30 minutes. (p<0.05) 2) The thinnest Younsa base (5 cm
4cm, 1.1-1.5g) showed the most favorable quality and the second quality went to 5cm
4cm, 1.6-2.0g, the third 5cm
4cm, 2.1-2.5g, the fourth 5 cm
4 cm, 2.6-3.0g. (p<0.05) 3) In examination of varying frying time, the optimal time for frying Younsa was 12 minutes was 12 minutes in
. However, the quality was found no significant difference between 12 minutes's fried Younsa and 14 minutes's. (p<0.05). 2. The hardness of the most favorable Younsa, agitated for 10 minutes, the thinnest (5 cm
4 cm, 1.1-1.5g), ana fried for 12 minutes in
was 0.59-0.73 kg/wt measured by Rheometer. The thickest Younsa base (5 cm
4 cm, 2.6-3.0g) is the hardest (1.26 kg/wt). The most optimal conditions in this experiment were found the same ones which was written in historical literature.
A Study on Pectic Substances of Korean Apple Varieties
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 2, issue 1, 1986, Pages 65~70
Total pectin content of Korean apple varieties at optimum harvest time was deter-mined by carbazole reaction method and pectin fraction content in each variety was also determined. Properties of pectin extracted ty 2a Sodium hexa metaphesphate were compared with commercial pectin. Among apple varieties, pectin contents varied in the range of 0.26-0.48％ on fresh basis and 1.76-4. 0% on dry basis. Ball's was the highest and then high in order of Spur early blaze, Golden delicious, Fuji. , Jonathan. In each pectin fraction, soluble pectin fractions in Rall's was the lowest and in both Spur early blaze and Golden Delicious were highest but insoluble fractions in the latter were lowest. Thub the changes in poetic substances in Spur early blaze and Golden delicious seem to he occurred: during early ripening. In the analysis of properties of isolated pectin, ash, anhydrogalacturonic arid7(AUA) content and methoxyl content were different among apple varieties. Ash and methoxyl content in all isolated pectin were higher and AUA content lower than in commercial pectin. Degree of esterification (DE) in all apple varieties were above 70％.