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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Quality Characteristics of Waxy Barley Injeulmi Prepared with Baekbokryung Powder
Cho, Tae-Ok ; Kim, Jang-Ho ; Hong, Jin-Sook ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 157~163
The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics of waxy barley Injeulmi made with additions of Baekbokryung powder. The moisture contents of the samples ranged from 48.10 to 49.74%, and among the treatments, the waxy barley Injeulmi that did not contain Baekbokryung powder had the highest moisture content 49.74%. The color values, for lightness(L-value), redness (a-value), and yellowness (b-value) were in ranges of
, respectively, and redness increased with increasing Baekbokryung powder content. In the texture analysis, hardness was lowest for the 12% Baekbokryung-added Injeulmi during 12 hours of storage. Adhesiveness and cohesiveness did not differ significantly among the treatments throughout the storage period. For all of the samples, springiness was highest immediately after steaming, and chewiness was lowest with 24 hours of storage. The 9% addition of Baekbokryung powder determined the best formula for the Injeulmi based on sensory qualities such as flavor, sweetness, and overall acceptability.
Processed Food Preferences and Food and Nutrition Labeling Perceptions of Mddle School Students
Park, Sun-Sung ; Kim, Na-Young ; Han, Myung-Joo ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 164~173
The objectives of this study were to determine the preferences and consideration factors for selecting processed foods, in middle school students as well as their perceptions on food and nutrition labeling student. Middle school students in the Seoul area were surveyed from October to November, 2006. The results are summarized as follows: the preferred processed foods included 'drinks' (3.85), 'noodles' (3.81), 'biscuits and bread' (3.80), 'milk and dairy products' (3.71), and 'meat and meat products' (3.60). The most important consideration factors in selecting processed foods were 'expiration date' (4.45), 'taste' (4.34), and 'price' (4.08). The two main reasons for eating processed foods were 'delicious' (43.1%) and 'convenient' (33.9%). Food labels were identified 'sometimes' (34.5%), 'rarely' (31.2%), and 'almost never' (18.6%). The primary reason for examining a food label was 'to confirm the expiration date' (52.6%). The main reason for not reviewing a food's label was 'habitual purchase' (57.8%). Nutrition labels were identified 'rarely' (33.4%), 'almost never' (24.7%), and 'sometimes' (23.5%). The reasons for examining nutrition labels included 'to confirm a high proportion of nutritive substances' (26.5%), 'boredom' (24.2%), 'for weight control' (23.5%), and 'to improve health' (18.1%). The main reason for not examining a food's nutrition label was 'not interested' (56.5%).
Quality Evaluation of Citrus Jelly Prepared Using Concentrated Citrus Juice
Jeong, Ji-Suk ; Kim, Mi-Lim ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 174~181
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal mixing conditions for different amounts of konjac(0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6%) and carrageenane(0.8, 1.0, 1.2, l.4, 1.6%) in the preparation of citrus jelly, using the central composite design. The results showed that the sensory and mechanical characteristics of the jelly increased with decreasing konjac and carrageenane contents. Overall optimal conditions that satisfied the rheology, appearance characteristics and sensory properties of the citrus jelly were 0.2% konjac, 1.2% carrageenane and 30minutes of heating time using citrus juice of
Brix and 0.3% citric acid.
Antioxidant and Alcohol Dehydrogenase Activity of Water Extracts From Abalone Containing Medicinal Plants
Shin, Jung-Hye ; Lee, Soo-Jung ; Choi, Duk-Ju ; Kang, Min-Jung ; Sung, Nak-Ju ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 182~187
This study was performed to evaluate the possible production of a functional beverage derived from abalone and with several plants (AP). Five types of AP composites were prepared having different medicinal plant compositions (AP- I : abalone, garlic, jujube, Chinese matrimony fruit, dried orange peel, licorice root, zinger, honey; AP- II: abalone, garlic, black bean, Chinese matrimony fruit, cornus fruit, licorice root, zinger, honey; AP-III : abalone, jujube, arrow root, milk vetch, dried orange peel, licorice root, zinger, honey; AP-N: abalone, black bean, arrow root, milk vetch, cornus fruit, liquorice root, zinger, honey; AP-V : abalone, garlic, Chinese matrimony fruit, milk vetch, licorice root, zinger, honey). In vitro analysis were performed to examine the antioxidant contents and alcohol dehydrogenase activities of the composites. AP- II had the highest total phenol contents (
), and AP- V the highest level of flavonoids (
, AP- V displayed the strongest electron donating ability followed by AP-II(
) and API (
). Reducing power was also significantly higher in AP- V. The Hydroxyl radical scavenging and SOD-like activities of all composites were less than 15% and 20%, respectively. At 12.5% alcohol concentration, ADH activity ranged from
and ALDH activity ranged from
; AP- I , AP- II, and AP- Vin 12.5% of alcoholic concentration. The composites of AP- I , AP- II, and AP- V, all containing garlic and Chinese matrimony fruit, were significantly stronger than AP-III and AP-N. Finally, also at 12.5% alcoholic concentration, the ALDH activity of AP- V was higher than its ADH activity.
Cooking Techniques to Improve the Taste of Cooked Rice;Optimal Cooking Conditions for Top Rice Cultivars
Han, Gwi-Jung ; Park, Hee-Joeng ; Lee, Hye-Yoen ; Park, Young-Hee ; Cho, Yong-Sik ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 188~197
This study was carried out to determine the optimal cooking conditions for various rice cultivars (Ilpoom, Saechucheong, Sindongjin, and Sura-top rice) using trial preparations with different soaking times (0, 30, and l20min) and cooking equipment (electric pressure cookers, electric cookers, gas pressure cookers, iron pots, and stone pots). In adddition, the texture and sensory characteristics of the rice prepared with the electric pressure cookers, gas pressure cookers, and stone pots were analyed. The results showed that the moisture, amylose and physicochemical compositions of the four rice varieties were similar. According to RVA, the Sura, cultivar had generally high viscosity, and the Ilpoom, cultivar presented the highest hot and peak viscosities. Saechucung had the highest initial gelatinizing temperature and Sindongjin showed the greatest setback. The optimal amounts of added water as well as heating conditons were dependent on the rice varieties, soaking times, and cooking equipment. A longer soaking time reduced the hardness of the cooked rice, amount of added water, and the heating time. The pressure cooking equipment provided the best cooked rice texture, reduced the affect of the soaking time, and decreased the heating time. In general, all the variaties of cooked rice had high overall acceptability, which tended to increase when the rice was soaked for 30min prior to cooking, had a 1.2-fold amount of water to rice added, and was cooked in the pressure equipment.
Quality Characteristics of Doenjang prepared with Yuza Juice
Shin, Jung-Hye ; Choi, Duck-Joo ; Kwen, O-Chen ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 198~205
The influence of the yuza juice addition on quality of the doenjang was investigated by analyzing their chemical properties. The 80 days pre-fermented(PFD) and non-fermented(NFD) doenjangs used in the present study were mixed with yuza juice designed at different ratio (0, 1, 3, 5% (w/w)), These doenjangs were fermented for 60 days and then analyzed chemical properties, respectively. The moisture content was higher in yuza juice added groups than control group. But Ash, crude lipid and crude protein contents were higher in control than yuza juice added groups. The pH and formol-N were higher in yuza juice added NFD groups however, acidity was reversed. Among the free sugars, glucose contents was the highest. And, free sugars contents were higher in yuza juice added PFD groups than control group. Five kinds organic acids were detected, and succinic acid content was the highest. The organic acid contents were higher in proportion to adding volume of yuza juice, in all groups. The contents of Free amino acids were higher in yuza juice added PFD groups and among these, 1% yuza juice added PFD group(3970.0 mg%) was the highest. Hunter L value was lower by yuza juice added volume and higher in PFD groups. Hunter a and b values were non-significantly difference in PFD and NFD, respectively.
Effects of Sugars and Pectin on the Quality Characteristics of Low Sugar Wild Vine (Vitis coignetiea) Jam
Kim, Moon-Jung ; Yoon, Suk-Hoo ; Jung, Mun-Yhung ; Choe, Eun-Ok ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 206~211
This study investigated the feasibility of manufacturing a low-sugar wild vine jam by examining viscosity, water content, and pH, as affected by sugar and pectin content. The jams were prepared by adding various amounts of sucrose, glucose, or fructose (1.89 M, 2.34 M, 2.63 M, or 2.92 M) and/ or pectin (0%, 0.3%, 0.5%, 0.8%, or 1%) to wild vine juice and heating at
for 3 hrs. A higher viscosity was shown for the jam manufactured with sucrose as compared to those made with glucose or fructose, and the greater the sucrose level the higher the viscosity of the jam. The jam with 50% reduced sugar content showed a similar viscosity to the control jam, which contained only 2.92 M sucrose, when the sugar was co-added with pectin at 0.5% for the low sucrose jam, and at 0.8% for the low glucose or low fructose jams, respectively. The water content of the low sucrose jam was lower than that of the low glucose or low fructose jams, and adding pectin had no significant effect on the water content of the low sugar jam. The pH levels of the jams were not significantly different, regardless of the type and concentration of sugar, temperature, or pectin addition, and ranged between 3.6 and 3.8. Overall, the results clearly show that wild vine jam with 50% reduced sugar content and having the same viscosity as control jam, can be manufactured when pectin and sugar are added together.
Effect of Slander Glasswort Extract Yogurt on Quality during Storage
Cho, Young-Sim ; Kim, Soon-Im ; Han, Young-Sil ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 212~221
This study was performed in an effort to create a functional and stable yogurt product containing slander glasswort extract. The extract was added to milk at concentrations of 0.25, 0.5, and 1.0% (w/v), which was then fermented with lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus) at
for 6 hr. During a period of 15 days of storage, the quality characteristics of the yogurt samples were evaluated in terms of acid production (pH and titratable acidity), levels of lactic acid bacteria, color values, viscosity, and sensory characteristics. There were no significant differences in pH during the storage period; however, the control yogurt presented the highest pH value. The 1.0% slander glasswort yogurt had the highest titratable acidity; but again, there were no significant differences among the yogurts. The 1.0% slander glasswort yogurt also had the highest level of lactic acid bacteria, and both the control and slander glasswort-containing yogurts had increasing levels of lactic acid bacteria over the storage period. The 1.0% slander glasswort yogurt had the lowest L-value and highest a- and b-values. And the slander glasswort yogurts presented lower viscosity values than the control. In sensory evaluations, the 0.25% slander glasswort yogurt scored higher than the other groups for color, flavor, viscosity, sweetness, sourness, and overall palatability. The final sensory results indicated that the 0.25% slander glasswort yogurt was superior.
Preparation of Chocolate Added with Yuza (Citrus junos Seib ex TANAKA) and Its Antioxidant Characteristics
Yoo, Kyung-Mi ; Lee, Choong-Hwan ; Hwang, In-Kyeong ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 222~227
The objective of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activity of yuza chocolate,and to determine the optimum ratio of yuza powder for its preparation. Yuza peel and flesh powders were added to chocolate at weight percentages of 0, 3, and 6%, respectively. Color values (L-value, redness, and yellowness), total phenol content, total antioxidant capacity, DPPH radical scavenging activity, and sensory characteristics were then measured in the samples of yuza-containing chocolate. As the amount of yuza powder increased, total phenol content, antioxidant capacity, and radical scavenging activity increased. Depending on the level of yuza powder, significant differences (p <0.05) were shown in aroma, taste, bitterness, and overall acceptability however, there were no significant differences in texture. In terms of sensory acceptability, the addition of 3% yuza peel powder to chocolate was optimal.
Applying Vinegar as a Disinfectant for Lettuce in Foodservice Operations;A Focused Evaluation of Its Physiological and Sensory Characteristics Effects
Kim, Heh-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 228~235
In this study, vinegar disinfection was evaluated as a novel method for the preparation of raw food ingredients used in foodservice operations. The test materials were washed and disinfected using three different methods, and were then stored at temperatures of
for 7 days; Following storage, physicochemical and sensory characteristic comparisons were performed. Temperature for all test materials ranged between 15.2-20.
, water activity was maintained near 0.96, and the pH levels of the samples were 6.44, 6.29, and 6.35, respectively. Residual chlorine levels were generally low, ranging between 0.01 and 0.02. The physicochemical qualities of the samples were evaluated according to the storage method and temperature. Brightness(L value), redness(a value), and yellowness(b value) tended to increase with increasing storage time. The evaluated sensory characteristics included appearance, color, smell, taste, texture, and overall acceptance. With regard to storage temperature the vinegar-treated samples were evaluated as superior, receiving a score of 7.00, and the ingredients stored at
were evaluated as significantly (p< 0.001) superior to those stored at
. Overall, vinegar is an effective disinfectant to apply in the preparation of raw vegetables that are typically served without heating, and which can cause serious food safety issues when contaminated.
Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cake Prepared with Red Ginseng Marc Powder
Park, Young-Rye ; Han, In-Jun ; Kim, Mun-Yong ; Choi, Seong-Hee ; Shin, Dong-Won ; Chun, Soon-Sil ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 236~242
In this study, sponge cakes were prepared with 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15% red ginseng marc powder. The samples and a control were then compared in terms of quality characteristics, including batter viscosity and specific gravity, moisture content, water activity, volume index, weight, color, textural characteristics, and sensory qualities, in order to determine the optimal ratio of red ginseng marc powder in the formulation. The batter samples containing 0, 12, and 15% red ginseng marc powder had significantly higher viscosity than the other samples. Specific gravity of batter was not significantly different among the batter samples. The control group presented significantly higher moisture content as compared to the samples containing red ginseng marc powder samples. Water activity, volume index, and weight of all samples were not significantly different among the samples. In terms of crust color, lightness, redness, and yellowness of the crust samples decreased as the level of red ginseng marc powder content increased. For the crumb color, lightness and yellowness decreased, and redness increased, with increasing red ginseng marc powder content. Hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess, and springiness were not significantly different among the samples; however, the red ginseng marc powder samples had significantly higher chewiness than the control group. In the sensory evaluation, as the content of red ginseng marc powder increased, scores for color, flavor, softness, overall acceptability, moistness, and egg-flavor decreased, while scores for red ginseng taste, bitterness, astringency, and off-flavor incresed. Overall, the 3 and 6% red ginseng marc powder samples obtained fairly good sensory scores. In conclusion, the results indicate that adding
red ginseng marc powder to sponge cake is optimal, providing good physiological properties as well as reasonably high overall consumer acceptability.
Quality Characteristics of Soybean Pastes (doenjang) Prepared Using Different Types of Microorganisms and Mixing Ratios
Rho, Jae-Duck ; Choi, Sin-Yang ; Lee, Seung-Joo ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 243~250
This study examined the quality characteristics of soybean pastes that were prepared using different ratios of whole soybean meju inoculated with three different types of microbial strains. The five samples were prepared with meju inoculated with Aspergillus oryzae KFRI 995, Bacillus subtilis F4005, mixture with A. oryzae KFRI 995 and B. subtilis F2315, mixture with A. oryzae KFRI 995 and B. subtilis F4005, and mixture using all three strains, respectively. Over two months of fermentation, pH gradually decreased, whereas total acidity increased. And across samples and fermentation periods, there were no considerable changes in moisture or crude protein. In all five samples, amino-type nitrogen levels increased approximately 2- to 3-fold as compared to initial levels; the sample inoculated with A. oryzae KFRI 995 showed the highest level (205.2 mg%) of amino-type nitrogen. Throughout fermentation, the five samples displayed differences in their reducing sugar levels according to the inoculated microorganisms. The lowest level of lightness and highest level of redness occurred in the sample inoculated with B. subtilis F2315 showed a lowest level in lightness and a highest level of redness, indicating a strong browning reaction. Finally, the samples inoculated with A. oryzae KFRI 995 and B. subtilis F4005, respectively, showed had similarly high preference scores as compared to the other samples.
Correlation between Snack Food Intakes and Dental Caries in Elementary School Children
Lee, Eun-Jung ; Hwang, In-Kyeong ; Jin, Bo-Hyoung ; Paik, Dai-Il ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 251~257
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between snack food intakes and dental caries in 661 Korean elementary school children. After each meal, 59.6% of the surveyed children ate snack foods, in particular, they ate snack heavily after lunch. The snack food items causing dental caries contained high levels of sugar and were convenience foods, which the children had preference toward. In addition, the intake frequency of snack foods substituted for meals was greater than 54%. Based on the results, the eating behaviors of children are in need of correction, and nutrition education on snack foods inducing dental caries is required.
Quality Characteristics of Tofu Prepared with Various Concentrations of Commercial Chungkukjang Powder
An, Sang-Hee ; Lee, Shin-Ho ; Park, Geum-Soon ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 258~265
This study investigated the quality characteristics of tofu(soybean curd) samples prepared with differing amounts of commercial chungkukjang powder(0, 1, 2, 3, 4%). According to the results the 3% chungkukjang tofu 3%(C3) had the highest yield, and the tofus containing chungkukjang powder had higher pH and acidity levels than the control. Turbidity increased and moisture content decreased with increasing chungkukjang powder concentration. And pH, acidity, and turbidity were negatively correlated with moisture content. In terms of color, the L value decreased, and a and b values increased with increasing chungkukjang concentration. For texture, the 1% chungkukjang tofu(C1) had higher hardness, springiness, and cohesiveness values than the other samples. C1 also had the highest overall acceptability score. Finally, sensory properties of taste, texture, and overall quality were positively correlated with the mechanical properties of moisture content, hardness, springiness, cohesiveness, chewiness, and brittleness.
Quality Characteristics of Jeolpyon containing Astragalus membranaceus extract
Hwang, Su-Jung ; Ahn, Jong-Chul ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 266~271
In this study, Jeolpyon(imprinted with flow patterns) was prepared with different amount of added Astragalus membranaceu extracts(0%, 3%, 6%, 9% and l2%)and then the quality and sensory characteristic effects were examined. All togather the chemical composition of the samples was as follows:
crude fat, and
crude ash. Hardness and cohesiveness significantly increased(p <0.001), and springiness, chewiness and adhesiveness decreased, with increasing amounts of Astragalus membranaceus extract. In the chromaticity analysis, the L-value(brightness)significantly decreased with increasing Astragalus membranaceus extract content, and the b-value(yellowness) increased in direct proportion to the extract content. Finally, in the sensory evaluation, the Jeolpyon containing 9.0% extract received the highest overall preference scores.