Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Effect of Ingredients on In vitro Digestibility and Physical Properties of Ginseng-Chicken Meat Porridge
Shin, Eun-Soo ; Ryu, Hong-Soo ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 273~281
To determine the nutritional quality and physical properties of ginseng-chicken meat porridge, 10 kinds of ginsengchicken meat porridge samples containing waxy and/or non-waxy rice were analyzed for in vitro protein digestibility and their degree of starch hydrolysis. Viscosity and spreadness were determined for the gelatinized pastes of the porridge samples. Microphotographs of the starch granules and pastes were studied to confirm structural changes in the rice starch during cooking. The starch paste from non-waxy rice porridge had higher viscosity than the starch paste from the waxy rice porridge; however, in the case of the ginseng-chicken meat porridge, the difference in viscosity was negligible. Microphotograph comparisions between the waxy rice porridge and non-waxy rice porridge indicated apparent differences in the shapes of their starch granules and gels. The granule surface of the non-waxy rice was very rough while that of the waxy rice was very smooth; this difference would lead to organoleptical discrepancy. The added ginseng increased the protein digestibility of the chicken meat; however, the protein digestibility of the ginseng-chicken meat porridge was lower than that of the chicken meat or rice porridge due to inhibited protein digestion by the gelatinized starch. Finally, the rice porridge had increased starch hydrolysis with additions of chicken meat and vegetables.
Quality Characteristics of Jeolpyun Containing Baekbokryung (White Poria cocos Wolf) Powder Based on Water Content
Lee, Kyoung-Hee ; Park, Jung-Eun ; Jang, Myung-Sook ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 282~293
The purpose of this study was to acquire basic data on Jeolpyun added with Baekbokryung powder to aid the product's commercial production. Initially a sensory test was performed with consumers to the identify preferred amount of Baekbokryung powder to add according to age. The results revealed that those in their 20's to 40's preferred the 3% treatment, while those 50 and older preferred the 5% treatment. Next, the optimum water content of Jeolpyun was chosen by examining select quality characteristics in samples containing 20, 25, 30, 35 and 40% water while the amounts of added Baekbokryung powder were fixed at 3% and 5%, respectively, as based on the sensory panel results. For the color characteristics of the samples, lightness(L), redness(a) and yellowness(b) values increased in proportion to the added amount of water regardless of the Baekbokryung level. However, the
values of the samples increased with storage time along with the darkening of their surfaces. The samples with high moisture contents, such as the 35 and 40% treatments, maintained a relatively softer texture during 24 hr of storage as compared to the other samples. Also noted was an initial slow increase in hardness up to 12 hr of storage, and then accelerated hardening until 24 hours of storage. Throughout the storage period, th 30% treatment received low scores: the 40% treatment was especially disliked in terms of mashing of the product due to the excess water. Overall, for a soft and moderately chewy product, the optimum Baekbokryung powder and moisture level for Jeolpyuns were suggested as 3 to 5% ranges and 35% respectively. Ultimately, the results of this research will contribute to the possible commercialization of a Jeolpyuns product that contains added Baekbokryung.
Perception of Foodborne Illness Prevention and Personal Hygiene Practice
Seo, Sun-Hee ; Ryu, Kyung-Mi ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 294~303
The purpose of this study was to investigate middle school students` perceptions on foodborne illness prevention in relation to their personal hygiene practices. The survey was administered in July, 2007 at one middle school, with a total of 390 students participating. The self-completed questionnaire consisted of several questions regarding the students` awareness of foodborne illness, perceptions of foodborne illness prevention, and personal hygiene practices. T-tests were used to identify the differences in their perceptions of foodborne illness prevention based on gender and Chi square tests were used to identify the relationships between their perceptions of foodborne illness prevention and personal hygiene practices. Eight percent of the respondents experienced foodborne illness at least once a year and 33.8% of them have stopped eating certain foods due to anxiety towards foodborne illness. The students perceived school foods (26.0%) and street foods(17.9%) as the main sources of foodborne illness, and dairy products(20.0%) and fresh fish (19.7%) were considered foods having the greatest potential for causing foodborne illness. Many students were aware of Escherichia coli O157(43.1%) and Hepatitis A(23.3%), but only a few recognized Clostridium botulinum(4.1%) and Salmonella(7.9%), even though these are major foodborne illness-causing pathogens. The students considered foodborne illness prevention very important(mean = 4.33); also, the results showed that many washed their hands 3-4 times (34.1%) and 5-6 times(29.2%) per day. Hand washing frequency was significantly related to the perceived importance of personal hygiene practice as well as to education on safety and sanitation. However, the students` perception on the importance of personal hygiene practices were not significantly different based on having received safety and sanitation education. Ultimately, these results will be used to develop guidelines for effective education on safety and sanitation.
The Effects of SPI(Soybean Protein Isolate) on Retrogradation in Jeung-pyun
Hong, Geum-Ju ; Kim, Myung-Hee ; Kim, Kang-Sung ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 304~311
This study examined Jeung-pyun(JP) Retrogradation in samples containing 3% whole protein, 7S protein, or 11S protein(w/w) that were stored at
for 6, 12, 24 and 72 hr. Rheometery and differential scanning calorimetry(DSC) were used in the analysis. The pH of the dough decreased during the fermentation process, but it increased after steaming. The JP prepared with soybean protein isolate(SPI) had higher pH than the control group. During storage the textural characteristics of the JP showed effects according to the additions of SPI. After 6 hr of storage, the JP samples containing soybean flour, whole protein, 7S protein, and 11S protein had lower hardness valuse. From 4 hr to 12 hr, higher springiness values were found in the samples containing whole protein, 7S protein and 11S protein. At 0 hr, the control group had the highest cohesiveness value, but after 24 hr it presented the lowest value. For gumminess, after 6 hr of storage, the control group offered the lowest value. Whereas after 12 hr of storage the whole protein group showed the highest value, and at 24 hr, the whole protein, 7S protein, and 11S protein groups had higher values. According to the DSC results, the 11S protein group had lower enthalpy values(
) suggesting that adding 11S protein to JP might improve starch retrogradation. After 72 hr of storage, the control group had the highest onset temperature(
) and peak temperature(
) whereas the 7S and 11S protein JP samples had higher conclusion temperatures(
). Therefore, based on the different analysis result between the control and treatment groups, the addition of SPI to Jp had effects on retrogradation.
An Investigation on 'Kwa-Jung';Traditional Korean Confectionery Items, Found in Korean Literatures Prior to the 17th Century
Cho, Shin-Ho ; Chung, Rak-Won ; Choi, Young-Jin ; Kim, Eun-Mi ; Won, Sun-Im ; Cha, Gyung-Hee ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Lee, Hyo-Gee ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 312~324
In this study, we investigated the names and various types of "kwa-jung" along with their recipes and ingredients occurring in Korean cookbooks published before the 17th century. The kwa-jungs were classified into 7 groups including Yoomilkwa, Yookwa, Dasik, Junkwa, Kwapyun, Yutganjung and Dang. A total of 72 kinds of kwa-jung were found. 26 kinds of Yoomilkwa, 18 kinds of Yookwa, 7 kinds of Dasik, 10 kinds of Junkwa, 1 kind of Kwapyun, 3 kinds of Yutganjung and 8 kinds of Dang. Among the types of Yoomilkwa, Yackwa was recognized as the best food according to the references. Also the cooking methods for items had a tendency to become simpler as society became modernized. Original and rare Ingredients were often substituted with other items that could be found more easily where people lived As recorded, the Yookwa group included kangyung, sanja, and bingsakwa. And as society became modernized, people tended to buy Yookwa in the store rather than making it at home due to its complicated and often difficult cooking process. The Dasik items were a kneaded mixture of flour, or the flour of chestnuts, with honey. These were formed into various patterns like birds, animals, butterflies, tree leaves and flowers, or as ki-wha by using printing cooking utensils Honey was used as a sweetener and as a combining material. The Junkwa consisted of roots or fruits that could be easily obtained these cooked or raw foodstuffs were then mixed with sugar and simmered. The Kwapyun used sour fruit juices as a main ingredient. These were then combined with sugar and simmered and allowed to harden. Then they were cut into square shapes after cooling. Yutkangjung was a mixture of yut, chochung, honey or syrup and pine nuts. which was combined over low heat. After mixing and stirring it was cut into square shapes. Finally, the Yut was typically cooked with grains and powdered malt and stirred until thickened.
Analyzing the Importance and Performance of Sanitation Management within Foodservice Facilities and Utilities
Bae, Hyun-Joo ; Jeon, Eun-Kyung ; Lee, Hye-Yeon ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 325~332
The purpose of this study was to analyze the gap in perceived sanitaion management importance-performance for school foodservice facilities and utilities. Questionnaires were delivered to 200 dietitians who are employed in school foodservice. A total of 108 were usable, resulting in an 54.0% response rate. Statistical analyses were performed using the SAS package program(version 8.2 for Windows) for descriptive analysis, t-tests, and importance-performance analysis (IPA). Among the respondents, 58.3% of the dietitians had more than 10 years of work experience, 81.5% were university graduates, and 64.8% worked in elementary schools. Also, 89.8% of the school foodservices provided meals once a day. According to the importance and performance analysis for 25 items, significant differences were found between importance and performance and the importance score was significantly higher than the performance score for all of the items. The results of IPA showed the following areas as improvement priorities: physical separation between the clean areas and the unclean areas to prevent cross-contamination, and proper management of the temperature and humidity within kitchens and food storage facilities. Overall, the IPA results indicated that the items in need of urgent need of improvement will require political support, and above all, continued research. Finally, better models of foodservice facilities and utilities are needed to improve and modernize the operating conditions of these various foodservice establishments.
Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk with Paprika
Cho, Myung-Suk ; Lee, Jin-Sook ; Hong, Jin-Sook ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 333~339
The aim of this study was to determine the optimal amount of paprika to add to rice flour in the preparation of paprika Sulgidduk. The moisture content of paprika Sulgidduk with paprika was found to be 39-43%. With increasing additions of paprika, the L-value was reduced, and the a- and b-values were increased. The pH was increased with the addition of paprika. In the mechanical evaluation of paprika Sulgidduk, the hardness of the 12% paprika Sulgidduk was the lowest during storage. The cohesiveness of the 12% paprika Sulgidduk was the highest during storage. The springiness and adhesiveness evidenced little difference among the different paprika levels assessed. Gumminess and chewiness were both at a maximum at a level of 3%. In the sensory evaluation of paprika Sulgidduk, the color, sweetness, moistness, and chewiness characteristics were considered optimal at a level of 9%. Consequently, Paprika Sulgidduk with the addition of 9% paprika to rice flour was determined to be the best recipe with regard to the sensory qualities of color, sweetness, moistness, chewiness, and overall acceptability.
Quality Characteristics of Yukwa Prepared with Mugwort Powder Using Different Puffing Process
Yang, Sun ; Kim, Mun-Yong ; Chun, Soon-Sil ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 340~348
The purpose of this study was to develop new method for the manufacture of Yukwa, a Korean oil-puffed rice snack with a soft texture, using a far infrared ray electric roaster. The Yukwa base is traditionally expanded using oil, but the Yukwa base tends to develop unpleasant rancid odors or off-flavors during storage. In this study, the DPPH radical scavenging activity of mugwort powder was evaluated. Baked and fried Yukwa samples were added with 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0% of mugwort powder and left untreated as a control, and then tested for moisture content, expansion rate, color, hardness, and sensory evaluations. The samples with higher concentrations of mugwort powder, evidenced a more profound tendency toward DPPH radical scavenging activity. The moisture content of Yukwa dough tended to increase with the addition of mugwort powder. As the mugwort powder content increased, the moisture contents of the Yukwa base and the Baked Yukwa increased. The moisture content and expansion rates of the fried Yukwa did not differ significantly. The samples containing the mugwort power evidenced a lower expansion rate than was observed in the control group. The lightness of the baked and fried Yukwa was reduced with increased mugwort powder content. The greenness of the baked and fried Yukwa was at a minimum upon the addition of 2.0% mugwort powder. The yellowness of the baked Yukwa did not differ significantly between the samples. As the mugwort powder content increased, the yellowness of the fried Yukwa increased. The hardness of the baked and fried Yukwa tended to increase with the addition of mugwort powder. In the sensory evaluations, the baked Yukwa scored higher than the fried Yukwa, and all of the sensory characteristics of baked Yukwa scored highest in the samples without mugwort powder, but also scored fairly well with 1.0 and 1.5% mugwort powder. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that 1.0～1.5% of mugwort powder should be added to Yukwa baked in a far infrared ray electrical roaster in order to optimize physiological functions and keep overall acceptability reasonably high.
Effects of Extraction Method on the Histidine Containing Low Molecular Weight Peptide and Pro-oxidants Contents of Tuna Boiled Extracts
Kang, Ok-Ju ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 349~357
In an effort to augment extractability of carnosine and anserine at the levels of pro-oxidants such as iron and protein in Tuna boiled extracts(Skipjack, Yellowfin and Bigeye), we assessed the effects of heated and ion exchange chromatography(IEC) and ultrafiltration(UF) using a MW 500 cut-off(500 MWCO). We also evaluated the antioxidant activity of these extracts processed as free radical scavengers and reducing agents. Tuna boiled extracts of dark and ordinary muscle protein and total iron were reduced, whereas carnosine and anserine concentrations and antioxidant activity were increased. The carnosine and anserine concentrations of the ion exchange and permeate UF(IEC-UF) extracts were higher than those observed in the heated and permeate UF(heat-UF), whereas the protein and total iron contents were lower than that observed in the heat-UF. The quantity of carnosine and anserine in ordinary muscle was higher than that detected in dark muscle. HPLC analysis and SDS-PAGE were shown to removes the effect of UF on high molecular weight impurities in the tuna boiled extracts. The major free amino acids(FFAs) from Skipjack, Yellowfin and Bigeye tuna IEC-UF extracts were anserine, histidine and carnosine. These three peptides constituted more than 80～85%. of the detected amino acid. The IEC-UF treated ordinary muscle extracts evidenced the highest levels of DPPH radical scavenging activity and the highest levels of reducing power among the various extracts. The IEC-UF extracts evidenced a DPPH radical scavenging effect equal to that of 1mM ascorbic acid.
Antioxidant Activity of Yogurt Supplemented with Red Ginseng Extract
Kim, Soon-Im ; Ko, Seo-Hyun ; Lee, Young-Joo ; Choi, Hae-Yeon ; Han, Young-Sil ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 358~366
The antioxidant properties of red ginseng extracts prepared under different extraction conditions were evaluated by a variety of antioxidant assays, including
radical scavenging, superoxide anion scavenging, nitrite scavenging and reducing power activities. The contents of total phenolic compounds and flavonoids were also determined. The various antioxidant activities were compared to positive controls such as Trolox, tannic acid and ascorbic acid. The antioxidant activities of all of the extracts were shown to be the highest in the ethanol extract. The antioxidant activities of the red ginseng powder were the lowest among the samples. The amounts of total phenolic compounds and flavonoids were at a maximum in the ethanol extract. Correlation analysis demonstrated the existence of a linear relationship between free radical scavenging activities and the phenolic compounds contents of extracts. The antioxidant activity of yogurt was increased as the result of the addition of red ginseng extract. The quality characteristics of the yogurt to which red ginseng extract was added were similar to those of yogurt without red ginseng extract. The overall sensory score and color of yogurt made from 0.5% red ginseng was the best of the tested yogurts. In accordance with the antioxidant activity and quality characteristics, the optimal concentration of red ginseng extract was approximately 0.5%.
The Influence of Physical Evidence on Perception of Eating-out Customer's Value at Family Restaurants in Seoul
Yoon, Tae-Hwan ; Hyoung, Do-Yun ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 367~374
The principal objective of this study was to determine the influence of physical evidence's performance on perception of value at family restaurants in Seoul. Frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA, reliability analysis, factor analysis, multiregression analysis were employed to analyze the data. The physical evidence was divided into 3 factors. Factor 1, 'matters related to appearances and decoration'; and Factor 3, matters related to atmosphere' differed significantly with monthly pocket money. However, all factors differed significantly by partner. Additionally, all factors positively(+) influenced customer's perception of value. In particular, factor 1, 'matters related to appearances and decoration' was the most positive factor. As a result, physical evidence can be regarded as efficient marketing tactic by which the intangible factors of restaurant-business may be removed. Therefore, food-service companies should endeavor to manage physical evidence ideally as a means of reducing the negative characteristics of service toward customers and inducing customers perceptions of value at family restaurants.
Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk Containing Added Tomato Powder
Lee, Jin-Sook ; Cho, Myung-Suk ; Hong, Jin-Sook ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 375~381
The purpose of this study was to determine the most desirable mixture ratio of tomato powder to rice flour for the preparation of tomato Sulgidduk(Sulgidduk containing tomato powder). The moisture contents of samples ranged from 38% to 42%. The L-value decreased, while a- and b-values increased, with increasing amounts of added tomato powder. Also, the pH of samples decreased with increasing amounts of tomato powder. In the mechanical evaluation of physical properties, hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness and springiness decreased with increasing tomato powder content. And throughout the storage period, gumminess and chewiness decreased. Based on sensory evaluations, the tomato power intensified the color, flavor, sweetness and sourness of the Sulgidduk. The sample containing 6% tomato powder had the highest softness, moistness, chewiness and the overall-acceptability scores. Consequently, the addition of 6% tomato powder to the rice flour was determined to be the best formula for tomato Sulgidduk in terms of the sensory qualities such as softness, moistness, chewiness and overall-acceptability.
Quality Characteristics of Yukwa Prepared with Rubus coreanus Miquel Extract Using Different Puffing Process Methods
Lee, Min-Suk ; Kim, Mun-Yong ; Chun, Soon-Sil ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 382~391
Yukwa samples, made with additions of 0, 10, 20, and 30% Rubus coreanus Miquel extract, were puffed by different puffing methods(convection oven, microwave oven, and fryer) and were then examined for quality characteristics such as moisture content, expansion rate, color, hardness, and sensory qualities, in order to determine the optimal ratio of Rubus coreanus Miquel extract in the formulation and the optimal expansion of Yukwa. The moisture contents of Yukwa base increased as the level of Rubus coreanus Miquel extract increased. And the Yukwa puffed by convection had higher moisture than the samples puffed by microwave oven or frying, with the exception of the sample containing 20% Rubus coreanus Miquel extract. When comparing the expansion rates of samples, no significant differences were found between the control and extract-containing samples puffed by convection, microwave, and frying methods, respectively. However, the sample puffed by frying had the highest expansion rate, whereas the convection-, microwave-puffed samples showed no significant differences. In the convection-, microwave-, and fryer-puffed samples, lightness and yellowness decreased, but redness increased, as the level of Rubus coreanus Miquel extract increased. And the sample puffed by microwave oven had greater lightness as compared to the samples puffed by convection and frying. In terms of hardness, no significant differences were found the control and extract-containing samples puffed by convection and microwave methods. However, hardness was maximal in the sample puffed by convection and lowest in the sample puffed by frying, in which it increased according to the addition of Rubus coreanus Miquel extract. In the consumer acceptance evaluations and characteristics intensity rating tests, the samples puffed using convection and microwave methods showed higher scores for the majority of evaluated characteristics as compared to the samples puffed by frying. And the samples containing Rubus coreanus Miquel extract obtained fairly good scores. In conclusion, the results indicate that additions of 10
20% Rubus coreanus Miquel extract are optimal for Yukwa that is puffed by convection and microwave methods, as this range provides good physiological properties and reasonably high overall consumer acceptability.
Quality Characteristics of Julpyun Containing Different Levels of Lotus Root Powder
Kang, Jae-Hee ; Yoon, Sook-Ja ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 392~397
This study examined the quality characteristics of lotus root Julpyun prepared using different ratios of lotus root powder. According to the analyses results, the moisture contents of the lotus root powder-containing samples ranged from 32 to 35%, and the moisture content of the control sample(without added lotus root powder) was 8.5%. The L-values of samples decreased with increasing amounts of lotus root powder however, the a and b values of the samples did not show consistent trend. From the mechanical evaluation results, no consistent trends were found for hardness, springiness, or cohesiveness according to the levels of added lotus root powder. The 10% lotus root Jeolpyun had the highest adhesiveness score, but there were no significant differences between the samples. Gumminess and chewiness increased as the amount of lotus root powder increased, but again there were no significant differences between the samples. According to the sensory evaluation results, the 10% lotus root Jeolpyun received the highest preference scores. Therefore the 10% lotus root Jeolpyun prepared with 900 g of rice flour, 85 g of lotus root powder, 10 g of salt, and 294.5 g of water was chosen as the optimal formulation.
Quality Characteristics of Cookies Prepared with Lotus Leaf Powder
Kim, Gui-Sun ; Park, Geum-Soon ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 24, issue 3, 2008, Pages 398~404
The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics of cookies prepared with lotus leaf powder(0,1,3,5,7%) substituted for flour. The pH of the cookie dough decreased significantly at all levels of lotus leaf powder. The highest dough value was 1.25, which occurred in the 1% lotus leaf powder group; however there were no significant differences among the test groups. Upon comparing the spread factor values of samples the results showed there was an inverse relationship with the lotus leaf powder concentration as compared to the control(13.53). In addition, Hunter's color L, a and b values significantly decreased with increasing lotus leaf powder content (p < .001). According to textural measurements, the substitution of
for flour resulted in increased hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, and brittleness when samples were compared to the control. Finally, based on sensory evaluations results, the color of the cookies increased dose dependently with the lotus leaf powder concentration. And the cookies containing
had the highest scores.