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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Assessment of Quality Characteristics of Dried Shrimp Noodles for Elderly Foodservice Operations
Cho, Hee-Sook ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 267~274
The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the quality characteristics of dried wheat flour noodles made with different concentrations of added shrimp powder, for use in elderly foodservice operations. The cooking quality, mechanical textural properties, and viscosity of the noodle samples were measured, and sensory evaluations were conducted with the prepared noodles. As measured by an amylograph, the gelatinization points of the composite shrimp powderwheat flour noodles increased, whereas viscosity at 95
C, viscosity at 95
C after 15 minutes, and maximum viscosity values decreased, with increasing shrimp powder content L and b color values were reduced, and the a value increased, with increasing amounts of shrimp powder, Also, greater concentrations of shrimp powder caused increases in the weight and volume of cooked noodles as well as the turbidity of the soup. With regard to the textural characteristics, the shrimp powder additive increased hardness and reduced adhesiveness, cohesiveness, and springiness. Overall, according to the sensory evaluation results, the noodles prepared with 15% shrimp powder were more preferred than the other samples.
Quality Characteristics of Injeulmi Made with Different Ratios of Mulberry Leaf Powder
Kang, Yang-Sun ; Hong, Jin-Sook ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 275~282
This study investigated the quality characteristics of Pongnip Injeulmi samples according to different mulberry leaf powder(MLP) contents. The moisture levels of the samples ranged from 47.43 to 49.16%, with the 0% MLP sample presenting the highest moisture level. The amounts of crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash in samples were in ranges of 3.82
0.2%, and 0.65
1.62%, respectively, and the values increased with increasing MLP content. Color L and b values decreased, while the a-value increased, with increasing MLP content. The 0% sample showed the highest gelatinization temperature of 63.4
C, and the viscosity decreased with increasing MLP content. Texture and hardness also decreased with increasing MLP content, however, over 3 days storage, they increased in all samples. Finally, in the sensory tests, the 6% MLP sample received the highest scores for color, flavor, sweetness, texture and overall acceptability.
Field Assessment of Food Safety Management at Preschool Foodservice Establishments
Bae, Hyun-Joo ; Lee, Hye-Yeon ; Ryu, Kyung ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 283~296
This study examined food safety management at preschool establishments in Daegu and Gyeongbuk province, to provide data that can be used for food safety improvements. Field assessments of 60 foodservice establishments were executed from July to October, 2007. Statistical analyses of the data were conducted using the SPSS package program (version 14.0 for windows). The results are summarized as follows: 93.3% of the preschool foodservices were self-operated, and 24.1% of the child care centers and 96.7% of the kindergartens had employed dietitians. According to the averaged food safety evaluation scores the kindergartens (80.73) had a significantly higher score than the child care centers (50.37), and the public centers (85.00) had a significantly higher score than the private centers (54.29). While the average score of facilities that employed dietitian (73.58) was significantly higher than that of facilities that did not employ a dietitian (52.65). In addition, the average score of facilities that served meals in a dining room (80.83) was significantly higher than that of facilities that served meals in a classroom (59.33). The highest scoring food safety items included verifying employee health inspection reports (1.87), utilizing non-municipal water and routinely cleaning and well-maintaining the water storage tank (1.85), and disposing small amounts of leftovers in a vat after serving (1.83). In contrast, the lowest scores were for physical separation of clean areas and unclean areas to prevent cross-contamination (0.52), and physical separation between staff and food material entry areas (0.62). In conclusion, the preschool foodservice evaluated in this study required improvements in food safety management, and many of the child care centers were in need of immediate attention. To improve food safety at these establishments, administrators should implement prerequisite food safety programs.
Improvement in the Storage Quality for of Steamed Chicken Processed by a Sous-vide Cook-Chill System - Focused on Addition of Oregano-Allspice and Ascorbic acid -
Kim, Heh-Young ; Bae, Ji-Won ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 297~305
This study aimed to determine the physicochemical, microbiological, and sensory qualityies of steamed chicken samples by prepared with combined additions of oregano-allspice and Ascorbic acid (OA/AA), and processed by a sous-vide cook - chill system. The hurdle effect of the OA/AA addition was examined in terms of microbial stability improvements and their effects on sensory were also evaluated. First, the microbial risk was lowered and chicken quality was good with the addition of the OA/AA hurdle as compared to the control. Second, over various days of storage, the microbial quality of the OA/AA samples was relatively high. In standard plate counts, the control group presented a bacteria level of 2.75 LogCFU/g at 10 days of storage, but the OA/AA groups were had counts of 2.38, 1.89 and 1.81 LogCFU/g, respectively. And at 15 days of storage, the control group had a level of 3.65 LogCFU/g whereas the OA/AA groups had counts of 3.55, 3.54, and 3.24 LogCFU/g, respectively. Lastly, the sensory scores of the OA/AA groups were higher than those of the control group. Accordingly, overall microbial and sensory characteristics were better in the OA/AA hurdle groupsf than in the control group. Thus, the combined addition of Oregano-allspice and Ascorbic acid may be and alternative means for extending shelf - life.
The Influence of Service Marketing Mix on Eating-out Customers' Perceptions Values(Focused on Family Restaurants in Seoul)
Yoon, Tae-Hwan ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 306~316
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of service marketing mix on customers' perceptions of values at family restaurants in Seoul. Frequency analysis, ANOVA, reliability analysis, factor analysis, multi-regression analysis were employed to analyze the data. First, perceptions for items such as food (p<.001), price (p<.001), process (p<.001), and employees were significantly different with regard to monthly spending money, and food (p<.001), physical evidence (p<.001), and employees (p<.001) were also significantly different by partner. All of the mixes (food, price, place, employees p<.001; promotion, process, physical evidence p<.05) had positive influences on the customers' monetary and overall values. And the mixes of place p<.001; price and employees p<.01; and food, process and physical evidence p<.05 negatively affected non-monetary values, whereas promotion had a positive influence. As a result, we conclude that the service marketing mix is an efficient marketing tactic to remove intangible factors from restaurant businesses. Likewise it is highly recommended that food-service companies manage the marketing mix in a customerfriendly manner to minimize the negative characteristics of services toward customers, and to promote the customer appreciation of family restaurants.
Optimization of Ingredient Mixing Ratio for Preparation of Sponge Cake with Bamboo (Pseudosasa japonica Makino) Leaves Powder
Park, Jung-Eun ; Jeong, Heung-Do ; Jang, Myung-Sook ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 317~329
In the study, we determined the optimal ingredient mixing ratio for the preparation of sponge cake containing bamboo (Pseudosasa japonica Makino) leaves. This experiment was designed in according with the D-optimal design of mixture design, which involved 14 experimental points including 4 replicates for three independent variables (sugar 110
129%, bamboo leaves 3
8%, oil 10
25%). The results the F-test, specific gravity, volume and color values (L, a, b) decided a linear model, while the viscosity, hardness and sensory characteristics (color, smell, taste, texture and overall acceptance) decided a quadratic model. The results of our fitness analysis demonstrated that in all characteristic, the probabilities were significant within 0.05%; thus, the models were accepted as appropriate. The response surface and trace plot results demonstrated that increasing amounts of added bamboo leaves induced a reduction in brightness, and increasing redness and yellowness. In addition, increasing amounts of bamboo leaves caused increases in hardness, and thus the softness of the cake decreased. And as the level of added oil increased, softness increased. Cake samples received low sensory evaluation scores when sugar, bamboo leaves, and oil were added above their optimal levels. In the numeric optimization, the optimal ingredient amounts were 121.36% sugar, 4.96% bamboo leaves, and 15.69% oil. The above results demonstrate the feasibility of adding bamboo leaves to sponge cake, and therefore, a bamboo leaves as a functional food.
Chemical Characteristics of Stored Aralia continentalis Kitagawa Kimchi - Vitamin C, Reducing Sugar, Total Chlorophyll, Dietary Fiber, Total Soluble Solid -
Han, Gwi-Jung ; Shin, Dong-Sun ; Jang, Myung-Sook ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 330~336
In this study, we assessed changes occurring in the characteristics of Aralia continentalis Kitagawa (AcK) Kimchi prepared using different CaCl
treatments and seasonings by documenting the changes occurring in over the course of preparation and preservation. No visible changes were detected in the degree of total vitamin C although the levels of reducing sugar in the AcK-preserved products decreased over the storage period; the samples overall evidenced relatively high retention rates. Among the qualities of the AcK-preserved products, soluble dietary fiber generally increased over the storage period but the levels of insoluble dietary fiber decreased, and total dietary fiber increased to some degree or was maintained at a constant level. The total soluble solid content evidenced an increasing tendency over the storage period.
Optimal Mixing Conditions of Smoothie Added Small Black Soybean Using Response Surface Methodology
Joo, Na-Mi ; Park, So-Yeon ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 337~344
The principal objective of this study was to determine the optimal mixing conditions of three different amounts of small black soybeans, sugar, and plain yogurt, for the preparation of a small black soybean smoothie. The experimental design utilized herein was based on the Central composite design methodology of response surface, which included 16 experimental points, including 2 replicates for the small black soybeans, sugar, and plain yogurt. The physiochemical and sensory properties of the test were measured, and these values were applied to the mathematical models. A canonical form and perturbation plot showed the influence of each ingredient on the mixed final product. The L value and a value decreased with increasing quantities of small black soybeans, but the b values increased with greater additions of small black soybeans. Sweetness increased with increasing amount of added sugar. The results of sensory evaluation showed very significant values for color (p<0.01), taste (p<0.05) and overall quality (p<0.05) in the predicted model. As a result, the optimum formulations by numerical and graphical methods were calculated as follows: small black soybean 79.46 g, plain yogurt 275.07 g, sugar 21.20 g.
Changes in the Components and Acceptability of Cucumber-Hot Pepper Pickles during Storage
Jeong, Ji-Eun ; Shin, Ji-Eun ; Hwang, Kyung-Jun ; Lee, Jae-Wook ; Kim, Sun-Il ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 345~349
The principle objective of this study was to determine the approximate composition of cucumber-hot pepper pickles under 3 conducted. In the stored cucumber-pepper samples, the approximate composition was characterized by a relative increase in protein content as compared to commercial cucumber-pepper samples, although other compositional components, such as ash and lipid contents, remained unchanged. Increases in storage time resulted in a reduction in the strength and hardness of the samples. Cucumber-pepper pickles stored for 15 days at a temperature of -4
C evidenced the best overall acceptability in the sensory test.
Antimicrobial Activity of UlGeum (Curcuma longa L.) Extract and Its Microbiological and Sensory Characteristic Effects in Processed Foods
Choi, Hae-Yeon ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 350~356
In order to develop a natural food preservative, UlGeum (Curcuma longa L.) powder was extracted with ethanol, and its antimicrobial activity was investigated. This ethanol extract showed antimicrobial activity against Bacillussubtilis, Escherichiacoli, and Staphylococcus aureus, and the resulting inhibition zones against the microorganisms by the extract (4 mg/disc) were 11, 10, and 8.5 mm, respectively. To test for further food preservation effects, solutions of the extract were added to rice cakes and noodles at concentrations of 0%, 0.25%, 0.50%, 0.75%, and 1.00%, respectively. Microbial growth was less in the UlGeum ethanol extract-added groups than in the control group. In sensory evaluations, there were significant differences among the groups of rice cakes and noodles in terms of color, taste, flavor, chewiness, and overall acceptability (p<0.05), and the 0.5% added groups received significantly higher scores than the other groups. Furthermore, as storage time increased, the sensory scores of the rice cakes and noodles significantly decreased in all groups (p<0.05). These results suggest that UlGeum is effective for increasing the shelf-life of rice cakes and noodles.
Elementary Students' Perception and Behaviors Relating to Trans Fatty Acid
Cha, Myeong-Hwa ; Kim, Yoo-Kyeong ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 357~364
The objectives of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of elementary school students towards trans fatty acids. In addition, the students' preferences and consumption frequencies of processed food items containing trans fats, as well as their food behaviors relating to snack consumption, were investigated. The study population consisted of students from seven provinces, including Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Kwangju, Gyungnam, Chungnam, and Kangwon. Two schools were selected in each province and one class was randomly chosen in each school. All students from the selected classes were surveyed onsite (N=951). The data were analyzed with chi-square tests and t-tests using SPSS/Windows (ver.15.0) program. The results showed that the students' knowledge levels toward trans fatty acid were very low, particularly on the production process of trans fats. The students perceived that trans fatty acids can cause health problems and should be consumed in low amounts. They also felt there is a need for a good nutrition education on trans fats. Furthermore, the students responded that their most preferred foods were in the order of breads, biscuits, and snacks. The most frequently consumed snack item among 2nd graders was biscuits and among 5th graders it was breads. It was also found that 90% of the students had snacks once a day, and of them, 58% prepared their own snacks. Based on this, we propose that students who allowed to choose their own snacks should be carefully educated on trans fatty acids to prevent excessive consumption of high trans fat foods.
Analysis of Microbiological Hazards to Determine S. aureus Contamination Levels at School Foodservice Operations in Gyeonggi Province
Kim, Eun-Jung ; Choi, Jung-Hwa ; Kwak, Tong-Kyung ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 365~378
This study performed microbiological hazards analysis in raw food materials, cooking processes, kitchen staff, utensils, and the environment in order to obtain contamination levels of S. aureus in school foodservice operations. S. aureus was not detected in cooked foods offered by the foodservice operations; however, it was found in raw food materials prior to cooking. In the case of vegetables, S. aureus was detected in washed mung bean sprouts, parboiled mung bean sprouts, and bellflower roots both before and after disinfection, at levels of 2.2, 1.0, 1.0, and 1.0 log CFU/g, respectively. For processed foods, S. aureus was detected in one sample of packaged bean curd as well as in mung bean jelly cake at the level of 1.5 log CFU/g. For meat products, S. aureus was detected in beef brisket and chicken at levels of 2.3 and 1.3 log CFU/g, respectively. To determine microbiological hazard data for the hands and gloves of cooking personnel, the staff members were divided into two groups: a group presenting Enterobacteriaceae or coliforms, and another group presenting neither Enterobacteriaceae nor coliforms. The results showed that S. aureus was detected on the hands of staff in each group at levels of 2.0 and 2.1 log CFU/hand, respectively, and at 1.8 and 0.0 log CFU/hand on the gloves of staff in each group, respectively. Among kitchen utensils, as an environmental factor in school foodservice operations, S. aureus was detected on meat knives, mixing bowls, and dish cloths at levels exceeding 1.0 log CFU/hand.
Antimutagenic and Cytotoxic Activity of Ethanol and Water Extracts from Rubus coreanum
Jeon, Yeon-Hee ; Choi, Sang-Won ; Kim, Mee-Ra ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 379~386
The antimutagenic and cytotoxic activities of ethanol and water extracts from Rubus coreanum were investigated in this study. Their antimutagenic activities were measured by the Ames test and their cytotoxic activities were evaluated by the growth inhibition of cancer cells via the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and the sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay. In the results, the inhibition rates of the ethanol and water extracts toward mutagenicity induced by 4-NQO were 95.0% and 93.6% at 5 mg/plate, respectively, while their inhibition rates against mutagenicity induced by sodium azide were 27.2% and 40.8%, respectively. According to MTT assay, the cytotoxicity values of the ethanol extract against Hep3B and HeLa cells were 67.2% and 68.5%, respectively, and the values for the water extract were 65.8% and 66.4%, respectively. In the SRB assay, the ethanol and water extracts inhibited over 60% of cancer cell growth. In conclusion, both the ethanol and water extracts of Rubus coreanum offer potentially good antimutagenic and anticancer effects.
A Study on the Quality Properties of Jeungpyun Added with Soybean Yogurt
Lee, Young-Woo ; Kim, Myung-Hee ; Kim, Kang-Sung ; Lee, Kyung-Ae ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 25, issue 3, 2009, Pages 387~394
This study was performed to determine the quality characteristics of Jeungpyun with the addition of soy yogurt (0%,3%, 6%, 9%, 12%). The proximate composition analysis showed that moisture contents of Jeungpyun were 49.87
51.60%, and crush protein, lipid and ash contents were 2.58%, 0.21
0.33% and 0.58
1.05%, respectively. The pH ofJeungpyun was higher as the additive increased. Volume and symmetry index were higher as the additive increased, but uniformity index was no significant difference. L value and a value were the lowest in control group and increased with soy yogurt addition, while b value was decreased as amount of soy yogurt. Hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess were the highest in 9% group, springiness was the lowest in 9% group. In surface structure of Jeungpyun observed by SEM, cell size was the smallest and the cell uniformity was most regular in 12% group. According to sensory evaluation, appearance, taste and overall acceptance were highest in Jeungpyun with 9% soy yogurt. Therefore, Jeungpyun containing 9% soy yogurt was most preferable.