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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Assessment Using Practices and Quality of Food Safety Information on the Internet
Lee, Hye-Yeon ; Lim, Tae-Youn ; Lee, Jin-Hyang ; Park, Min-Kyung ; Chae, Mi-Jin ; Bae, Hyun-Joo ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 229~237
This study was conducted to suggest potential future directions in the effective operations of food safety information on the internet. This study consisted of two sections. The first section was a survey that was performed by 186 dieticians in Daegu and Gyeongbuk area. The second section was the assessment of the quality of food safety information on the internet. 163 web sites that provided food safety information on three major searching engines using the search words 'food safety' and 'HACCP' were investigated. The trained panels evaluated the contents of the web sites using a 3-point scale assessment tool. The data collected data from the questionnaires were statistically analyzed using the SPSS package program (version 14.0). The results of this analysis were as follow. The primary purpose of internet usage by detitians was to search for information (87.2%). In addition, the detitians' satisfaction degree of food safety information on the internet was 3.17 out of 5 points. The operators of web sites that were evaluated by the researchers were business and industries (76.1%), public organizations (15.3%), and individuals (8.8%). The following four items, update of content, offer scientific basis or explanation of content, offer useful information and new informations, should be improved immediately. Among evaluation items, six items were shown to be significantly different according to the operators of web sites. The evaluation scores of web sites that were operated by public organizations were significantly higher than those of web sites operated by individuals or business and industries. In conclusion, regular and consistent qualitative evaluation of web sites is needed to improve the quality of information that is provided via the internet. In addition, web sites that provided information on food safety should be actively operated by public organizations.
Physiological Characteristics and Manufacturing of the Processing Products of Sprout Vegetables
Kim, Duk-Sook ; Lee, Keun-Bo ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 238~245
Sprout vegetable and general vegetable were obtained from radish, red cabbage, vegetable green, buckwheat and broccoli seeds. The vitamin contents had a large deviation, and the vitamin B1 contents decreased and/or was not detected according to the sprouting. This tendency occurred because of the use for growth of sprouts. The mineral contents in sprout vegetables was the highest and was 2~10 times greater than general vegetables. In the growing pathway, potassium was a large consumption nutrient and consumption of sodium was low.
-Amylase and total enzyme activities were higher in sprout vegetable than general vegetable, which was also the case of the corresponding freeze dried powders. Sprouting was shown to increase the enzyme activities. Thus, sprout vegetables had several advantages including a rich level of nutrients and safety from agricultural pesticides.
Quality Characteristics and Antioxidative Activities of Guavapyun Added Korean Guava Fruit Extract
Kim, Min-Ju ; Choi, Hae-Yeon ; Kim, Sun-Im ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 246~251
This study was conducted to investigate the quality characteristics of guavapyun after the addition of different ratios of extract (0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0%), non-extract and vitamin C. The quality if the pyun containing 0.5% of the guava fruit extract (guavapyun) and vitamin C was higher compared with the quality of the control pyun. In the results of the proximatecomposition, the content of water was high in the control pyun relative to the vitamin C pyun and guavapyun and the carbohydrate, ash, crude lipid and protein content was high in guavapyun. The sweetness, pH and color (L, a, b value) were very high in the samples. The texture, hardness, chewiness and gumminess were significantly high in the control pyun and the adhesiveness and cohesiveness were high in guavapyun. However, there were no significant differences in springiness between the control and the added samples. The total phenolic content was higher in guavapyun (23.57 mg GAE/100 g) than the control pyun (18 mg GAE/100 g) and vitamin C pyun(15.05 mg GAE/100 g). The antioxidant activities determined by the DPPH method and ABTS method was higher in guavapyun (41.37 mM TE/g, 15.35 mM TE/g) than the control pyun (4.43 mM TE/g, 2.17mM TE/g) and vitamin C pyun (11.33 mM TE/g, 4.51 mM TE/g). Using the FRAP method, guavapyun(9.06 mM TE/g) was shown to exhibit a stronger ferrous ion chelating activity than the control pyun (4.49mM TE/g) and vitamin C pyun (7.03 mM TE/g). Thus, the studied indigenous guavapyun was high in both antioxidative activity and total phenolic content.
The Sanitary Performance and Sanitary Education of Elementary and Middle School Food Service Employees in the Seoul Area
Hong, Wan-Soo ; Yim, Jeong-Mi ; Choi, Young-Sim ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 252~262
This study was conducted to evaluate the sanitary performance and education of elementary and middle school food service employees, by administering questionnaires to 358 elementary school food service employees and 171 middle school food service employees in Seoul. The collected data were subjected to descriptive analysis and
tests using the SPSS package program. On the questionnaire, items pertaining to personal hygiene, ingredient control, process control, safety management, and sanitation education were used to measure sanitary performance, with a maximum possible rating of 5 per each category. The results can be summarized as follows. Elementary school food service employees' had the following sanitary performances scores: personal hygiene(4.75), ingredient control(4.82), process control(4.73), safety management(4.69) and sanitation education(4.29). Middle school food service employees' had the following performance ratings: personal hygiene(4.62), ingredient control(4.71), process control(4.71), safety management(4.61) and sanitation education(4.05). In the elementary school employees, 59.8% received regular sanitation education once per month, while 67.3% of middle school employees received regular sanitation education more than once per month. At the elementary schools, food service sanitation education was conducted verbally(39.4%), while middle school sanitation education was principally carried out through the distribution of leaflets(41.5%). The average effectiveness scores for food service verbal education were 2.97 out of a possible 5 at the elementary schools and 2.94 out of 5 at the middle schools. In both elementary and middle schools, the majority of the employees attributed the low level of sanitation knowledge in food service to a lack of facilities and equipment.
Antioxidative Activity of Yacon and Changes in the Quality Characteristics of Yacon Pickles during Storage
Moon, Mi-Jung ; Yoo, Kyung-Mi ; Kang, Hee-Jin ; Hwang, In-Kyung ; Moon, Bo-Kyung ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 263~271
The purpose of this study was to measure the antioxidant activity of yacon root and to manufacture yacon pickles for commercialization as a functional food. The total phenol content in yacon roots were the highest, 29.96 mg GAE/ 100 g, in the ethyl acetate fraction and the DPPH radical scavenging activity and ABTS radical scavenging activity was 37.07%, and 91.60%, respectively, in the ethyl acetate fraction. The optimum recipe for the pickling solution was determined to be vinegar, water and high fructose corn syrup, at 34%, 22% and 44%, respectively. The quality characteristics of yacon pickles using this solution were monitored during storage at
for 43 days. The pH value decreased to 2.98 (42 days) during storage and
gradually increased during storage. The L-value decreased significantly during storage but there were no significant changes detected in the a and b values. No significant changes were detected in the hardness of the yacon pickles. According to the sensory evaluation, no significant changes in taste, texture and overall acceptance of yacon pickle were observed during storage. These results indicated that yacon was an excellent functional food in terms of its antioxidant activity and that pickling might be a promising methods to maintain the taste and quality of yacon during storage.
The Effects of Verbal and Nonverbal Communication of Service Providers in the Family Restaurant on the Customers' Trust and Satisfaction
Jung, Hyo-Sun ; Yoon, Hye-Hyun ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 272~280
The purpose of this study was to understand the interrelationships between the customers' perception of verbal and nonverbal communication, customers' trust and satisfaction in the family restaurant. Based on a total of 310 samples that were obtained from empirical research, this study reviewed the reliability and fitness of the research model and verified a total of 2 hypotheses using the Amos program. The hypothesized relationships in the model were tested simultaneously using a structural equation model(SEM). The proposed model provided an adequate fit to the data,
=953.126(df=417), p<.001, CMIN/df 2.286, GFI .831, NFI .889, IFI .934, TLI .926, CFI .934. The results showed that employees' verbal communication (
=.264), paralanguage (
=.172) and physical appearance (
=.120) among the nonverbal communications had a significant positive effect on the customers' trust. In addition, the customers' trust (
=.644) had a significant positive effect on the customer satisfaction. Limitations and future research directions are also discussed.
The Sensory and Physical Quality of Sous-Vide Cooking Beef Sirloin Meat
Ahn, Jong-Sung ; Chung, Chang-Ho ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 281~289
This study was performed to provide basic data on sous-vided beef sirloin by comparing its water content, color, brightness, number of microorganism, mechanical quality characteristic test, and sensory test with a control group that was cooked using a traditional preparation method. There were no significant pH difference but water content, brightness, yellowness, and springiness were higher for the sous-vided beef sirloin, however, the sous-vided beef sirloin had less redness, hardness, and number of microorganism. Although sous-vided beef sirloin required a longer cooking time, it was softer and had a higher springiness. Generally, the sous-vided beef sirloin had a showed longer storage period and better evaluation than traditionally cooked beef sirloin in the sensory test. As a result, sous-vided beef sirloin is expected to have several merits over traditional preparation methods.
Quality Characteristics and Acceptability of Curried Rice with Cheonggukjang Powder for Development of High School FoodService Menu
Jung, Mi-Hee ; Lee, In-Seon ; Kim, Hyang-Sook ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 290~299
The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics and acceptability of curried rice containing cheonggukjang powder for the using in a high school foodservice menu. The viscosity of the curry sauce with cheonggukjang powder was not significantly different between the control and 15% sample group. As the level of cheonggukjang powder was increased, the Hunter's L value increased, whereas the a value decreased. In the results of the acceptance test, the 15% group was not significantly different from the control group. Therefore, the 15% group was selected based on the acceptance test for use by the school foodservice industry. There was no significant difference between boys and girls (p<0.01) in the acceptance test of curried rice with cheonggukjang powder in terms of flavor, color, aroma, density of sauce, overall acceptability. In regards to the reason why boys and girls did not consume the curried rice, 'because of unfavorable taste' (51.0%), ranked highest followed by 'because of other' (34.2%). In conclusion, there was a high food acceptance food when cheonggukjang powder was added to curried rice. Also, it is necessary to increase the preference and consumption of cheonggukjang foods and through the development of proper recipes that contain cheonggukjang and through combination with other food ingredients.
Sensory Characteristics of Espresso Coffee in Relation to the Classification of Green Arabica Coffee
Choi, Yoo-Mei ; Yoon, Hye-Hyun ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 300~306
Arabica coffee has been classified for trading according to the New York Board of Trade (NYBOT) green coffee classification. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the physiochemical and sensorial characteristics of coffees classified by NYBOT as NY2 (specialty coffee), NY3/4 and NY4/5 (commercial coffee). The density of green coffee was higher for the NY2 sample. The amount of total solids in brewed coffee increase as the green coffee grade decreased and the pH levels decreased as the coffee grade decreased. Descriptive analysis using a 15cm line scale was carried out by 12 trained panelists prepared by espresso coffee and consumer preference tests were carried out by 168 consumers. The NY2 sample had the highest fruity, acidity, sweetness and aftertaste characteristics. In addition, green, rio, sour and astringency characteristics increased as the coffee grade decreased. Acceptance of aroma, flavor, taste balance and overall were higher for the NY2 sample. In the consumer preference test, the NY2 and NY4/5 samples had a similar distribution, but consumers between the ages of 20 to 30 who like to drink brewed coffee more than instant coffee preferred the NY2 than sample over the NY3/4 sample. In conclusion, significant differences were observed among the three groups of green coffee classification in all physicochemical and sensory parameters.
Preparation and Quality Characteristics of Yogurt with Black Garlic Extracts
Shin, Jung-Hye ; Kim, Gyoung-Min ; Kang, Min-Jung ; Yang, Seung-Mi ; Sung, Nak-Ju ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 307~313
Yogurt base was prepared from skim milk added with 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% (w/v) black garlic extracts(BGE, 60 brix), fellowed by fermentation with Lactic acid bacteria (the mixed strain of Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus) at
for 24 hr. The yogurt products were evaluated for acid production (pH, titrable acidity), number of viable cells, viscosity, color value, and sensory properties. The pH of yogurt with BGE was below 6.0 at 6 hr fermentation, after which it was rapidly acidifies. Aftert 24 hr, the titratable acidity of yogurt with 1.5% BGE was 0.74%, which was 5.7 times higher than that before fermentation. There was no significant difference in viable cell count between the samples after 3 hr fermentation. The viscosity of yogurt was decreased by the addition of BGE. As the percentage of BGE increased, the L value (lightness) decreased while the a value (redness) and b value (yellowness) increased. The overall sensory score of yogurt with BGE was lower than that of yogurt with only skim milk. Therefore, moderate addition of BGE was below 1% for the preparation of yogurt.
Effect of Mixed Soybeans Materials on Qulity Characteristics of Traditional Soybean Paste(Doenjang) during Aging
Kim, Gwi-Young ; Moon, Hye-Kyung ; Lee, Su-Won ; Moon, Jae-Nam ; Yoon, Won-Jung ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 314~322
The effects of five colored soybean (blue, red, yellow, white, and black) varieties on the quality characteristics of soybean paste (Doenjang) were investigated for proximate composition, salt content, pH, color, organic acid content, amino acid content, and mineral content after 80 days of aging. Soybean paste (Doenjang) samples were divided into TDS (traditional Doenjang prepared with soybean) and TDM (traditional Doenjang prepared with mixed soybeans, kidney bean, black soybean, kind of small bean, sword bean, green bean, red bean, at a radio of 1:1:1:1:1(w/w)). Moisture content was 49.66% for TDM and 49.52% for TDM. Protein and salt contents of the TDS sample were higher than those of TDM. The "L" values of the TDB sample increased the aging period was decreased. In contrast, the "L" and "
" values of TDM did not show any significant differences. The main organic acids detected were malic acid > lactic acid > tartaric acid in the TDS and TDM samples. Glutamic acid contents were 2.83 g/100 g for the TDS sample and 2.15 g/100 g for the TDM. The levels of K, Mg, and Ca of the TDS sample were higher than those of TDM. No significant difference occurred between TDS and TDM regarding their quality characteristics after 80 days of aging. Further studies needed include sensory evaluation and functionality of soybean paste made from mixed soybean materials.
Proteolytic Effect of Fruit Flesh and Crude Enzyme Extract from Fruits on Myofibrilar Protein
Kim, Mi-Hyun ; Rho, Jeong-Hae ; Kim, Mee-Jeong ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 323~329
Studies on the tenderizing effect of fruits has been limited even though fig, kiwifruit, pear, and pineapple cultivated in Korea are utilized commonly during cooking for their proteolytic properties. Therefore, the characteristics of these fruits were investigated by treating beef with their crude protease extracts. The protease effects of crude protease extract from the fruits on casein and myofibrilar protein were in the following order : pineapple > kiwifruit > fig > pear. Electrophoretic analysis results found that pineapple, kiwifruit, and fig cleaved myosin heavy chain into smaller fragments. The myofibrilar fragmentation ratio of crude protease extracts was the highest for pineapple whileas the lowest for pear. Ground fruits (5% and 10%) increased amounts of soluble nitrogen and decreased shear force of beef. Pineapple was the most effective while pear was the least effective. Decrease in springiness and gumminess was observed by texture profile analysis of beef treated with fruits, especially pineapple and kiwifruit. Among the 5% treatments, pineapple and kiwifruit produced the highest tenderness. Additionally, 10% treatment was less preferable than the 5% treatment.
The Influence of Seafood Education on Students' Preferences and Perceptions of Seafood Menu Items Provided by School Foodservice
Kim, Yoo-Kyeong ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 330~334
This study was performed to investigate the influence of seafood education on students' preferences and perceptions towards seafood menu items provided by school foodservice. The 62 representative menu items were selected from the complete menus provided by 10 high schools located in the Daegu Kyungpook area. Five hundred students were surveyed and 484 questionnaires were analyzed. The preference (
) of seafood menu items was not sufficiently high. The preference order of seafood menu items was rice > noodle > deep fry > grill> stir fry > seasoned dish > soup/stew > steam > pan fry > braise > fermented fish. Conversely, the most frequently provided menu items were soup/stew (31.34%), braise (18.06%), stir fry (15.61%), and seasoned dish (14.83%); the results showed no significant correlation between students' preference and the frequency with which the items were provided. Seafood education positively influenced the students' preference (p<0.001) and perceptions of the seafood acceptability (p<0.01), nutritional value (p<0.05), menu variety (p<0.05), diversity of cooking methods (p<0.001), cleanliness (p<0.001), and leftover amounts (p<0.01). However, more than half the students participating in this study have never received any type of education on seafood. Therefore, a practical program for seafood education should be developed to promote seafood consumption among young students.
The Growth Kinetics of S. aureus Inoculated onto Potentially High Risk Foods in School Foodservice Operations
Choi, Jung-Hwa ; Kim, Eun-Jung ; Yoon, Ki-Sun ; Kwak, Tong-Kyung ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 3, 2010, Pages 335~345
The objective of this study was to model the kinetics of S. aureus survival on high risk foods in school foodservice operations. After inoculating S. aureus ATCC25923 onto the various high risk foods, the effects of competitive microorganism, storage temperatures(
), and initial contamination levels (
) on the growth of S. aureus were investigated. Lag time decreased and specific growth rate increased with a storage temperature (
) and with a higher initial inoculation level (
). Previously it was shown that S. aureus is a weaker competitor than other organisms, but it proliferates aggressively in a noncompetitive environment. However, in our study, when S. aureus was used to inoculate japchae (glass noodles with sauteed vegetables) and meat ball, the growth of S. aureus was similar and more active with competitive organisms than that without competitive organisms. Regardless of other factors, the initial level of S. aureus was a more significant factor of the growth. High inoculation levels of S. aureus were reached at 6 log CFU/g within 3 hours. An incubation temperature of
and the animal protein component of menu items also were identified as significant factors influencing the growth of S. aureus. Therefore, the duration of time meals are stored before serving should be considered a critical control point. Food service providers must control time and temperature to insure the safety of cooked foods.