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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Survey on Menu Satisfaction and Preferences of High School Boarding Students in Gyeonggi Province
Shin, Sung-Min ; Bae, Hyun-Joo ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 347~357
This study was assessed the menu satisfaction and preferences of high school boarding students in Gyeongggido. Data collection was carried out through surveys given to 300 high school boarding students; a total of 274 were usable. Statistical analyses were done using the SAS package program (version 8.2 for Windows). The results of this study are summarized as follows: 54.0% of respondents were freshman and 46.0% were sophomores: and 52.9% of respondents were male and 47.1% were female. According to the results of the menu satisfaction survey, males and females significantly differed on appropriate food temperature, freshness of food, harmonic combination of menu, menu variety, quality of ingredients, appearance of food, and frequency of supplied nutrition information. A significant difference regarding menu satisfaction was also found between grade level. First grade students were more satisfied than second grade students. Moreover, menu preferences were significantly high for omelet-rice, fried rice, pork-on-the-bone soup, deep-fried chicken, fruit salad, spicy chinese cabbage salad kimchi, chinese cabbage kimchi, and all desserts. On the other hand, pumpkin and rice porridge, beef and rice porridge, barley rice, soft tofu stew, soybean paste soup, braised japanese spanish mackerel, and sauteed squash were not significantly preferred. The results showed that high school boarding students' menu preferences differed depending on gender, grade, and boarding period. In conclusion, the results of this study should provide dieticians information for improving menu planning. In addition, foodservice satisfaction of the boarding school students can be improved by continuous menu improvement.
Quality Characteristics of Sauteing Chili Sauce Shrimp with Red Wine
Kim, Heh-Young ; Ko, Sung-Hee ; Lee, Kyung-Yeoun ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 358~366
The aim of this research was to evaluate the effects of red wine on the quality characteristics of sauteing chilli sauce shrimp. Cooked chili sauce shrimp was storaged on
fot 15 days. The TPC of sauteing chili sauce shrimp with red wine was increased for all experimental groups with a longer storage period and the groups with 10% or 20% red wine had lower TPCs than control. The AV and TBA were increased for all experimental groups with increased holding time, but in case of 20% red wine had lower value for AV and TBA than control and 10% red wine. In a sensory evaluation, the 10% red wine group was highly evaluated compared to control and 20% red wine group. In conclusion, we can find out that 10% red wine group was most pertinent to antimicrobial effect, antioxidant effect and sensory quality.
Preparation and Quality Characterization of Apple Jam with Rosa rugosa Thunb. Fruit
Kim, Mi-Hyun ; Kim, Myung-Hee ; Yun, Sun-Ju ; Lee, Byung-Yong ; Lee, Chang-Won ; Kim, Bo-Ae ; Jang, Ki-Hyo ; Lee, Jae-Cheol ; Surh, Jeong-Hee ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 367~380
Various contents of Rosa rugosa Thunb. fruit(0, 10, 20%), which is grown along the seashore of Gangwon province, were applied to apple jams having different sugar concentrations(20, 40, 60%). The resulting jams were analyzed using a sensory scoring test as well as a response surface methodology to identify the optimum conditions for the preparation of high-preference apple jams. The sensory properties based on sense of sight, smell and taste appeared to be linked to the sugar contents. It could be attributed to the presence of flavor compounds and pigments generated from the caramelization of sugar molecules during heat processing. On the other hand, rheological properties such as viscosity and spreadability were associated with Rosa rugosa fruit content, which was also verified by textural analysis of the jams. As the contents of Rosa rugosa increased, the hardness, gumminess, and chewiness of the jams decreased, which eventually might have contributed to the less thick and thus more spreadable sensory characteristics. Sensory evaluation revealed that apple jams were preferred when prepared with
10% of Rosa rugosa fruit and
55% of sugar contents. In particular, apple jams containing 10% Rosa rugosa and 60% sugar showed better mechanical qualities as well as higher sensory preference among 10 jams formulated using central composite design.
Quality Characteristics and Antioxidative Effect of Cookies Made with Capsosiphon fulvescens Powder
Lee, Ga-Wha ; Choi, Min-Ja ; Jung, Bok-Mi ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 381~389
In this study, we investigated the quality characteristics of cookies containing mesangi powder (MP). The cookies were stored at 30
for 28 days. The pH of the dough decreased significantly upon the addition of MP. The spread factor of the cookies also decreased significantly with more MP added to the cookie recipe. The loss rate of cookies was significantly higher in 3% and 5% cookies than in control and 7% cookies. The leavening rate was significantly decreased upon the addition of MP. Hardness was significantly higher in 5% and 7% cookies than in control cookies. The L, a, b values of cookies were significantly reduced at higher MP content. The results of sensory evaluation showed that cookies made with MP did not differ significantly from the control, except in color and moistness. The mineral contents of cookies increased in dose-dependent fashion with MP concentration. The acid and peroxide values were lower in cookies with 5% MP than other cookies.
Study on Preference and Using Behavior of Chungkukjang Products in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Area
An, Sang-Hee ; Park, Geum-Soon ; Park, Eo-Jin ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 390~397
Survey data from 654 adults (225 males, 429 females) were analyzed based on frequency, percentage, chi-square test, one-way ANOVA; and Duncan's multiple range test. The main results were based on the preference for chungkukjang_(CKJ) products using a 5-point Likert scale. According to the survey, traditional CKJ products received the highest score_(3.64) according to personal preference among all tested products. The responses to eight questions about CKJ products were also measured using a 5-point Likert scale. The question_ as to whether or not "CKJ has anticancer function" received the highest score_(4.24) while the "CKJ is good for hangover" scored the lowest. Regarding the preference for CKJ products, "good for health" (55.3%) and "unpleasant smell" (72.9%) were the most popular answers, Regarding the intention to eat CKJ food products, CKJ tofu was most often selected. Among the 11 items, CKJ tofu, CKJ steak, CKJ hamburger, CKJ ice cream; and CKJ vegetable salad were highly preferred foods. The percentage of respondents that expected "increasing" prospects for CKJ consumption was 55.2%, most likely because 76.9% of the respondents selected "healthy food". Regarding the reasons for decreasing prospects, 68.9% of the respondents chose "peculiar smell". In the same manner, 53.4% of adults replied that future quality improvement should "improve the smell".
Quality Characteristics of White Bread with Barley Leaves Tea Powder
Yeom, Kyung-Hun ; Kim, Mun-Yong ; Chun, Soon-Sil ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 398~405
In this study, white bread was prepared containing 1.5, 3.0, 4.5 or 6.0% barley leaves tea powder (BLTP). The samples along with a control were then compared regarding their quality characteristics, including pH, total titratable acidity, fermentation power of dough expansion, specific volume, baking loss, moisture content, color, textural characteristics, internal surface appearances and sensory qualities, all to determine the optimal ratio of BLTP. As the BLTP content increased, the pH of the dough and bread and the lightness decreased, whereas the total titratable acidity increased. The fermentation power of dough expansion increased with a longer incubation time. The control group was evidenced by a significantly higher specific volume and baking loss than that observed in the BLTP samples. However, greenness and yellowness evidenced the opposite effect. Hardness was highest at a substitution level of 1.5% and lowest at a level of 4.5%. Fracturability and resilience were not significantly different among the samples. For the internal surface appearance, darkness and greenness increased both increased at higher BLTP content. In the sensory evaluation, color, flavor and overall acceptability were highest in the control bread samples but minimal at a substitution level of 6.0%. Softness was the highest at the 3.0% substitution level and lowest in the control bread samples. Barley leaf flavor, astringency, bitterness and off-flavor increased as the BLTP content increased. Delicious taste was not significantly different among the samples. In conclusion, the results demonstrated that 4.5% BLTP may prove quite useful as a substitute for wheat flour in the production of white bread and may provide favorable nutritional and functional properties.
Quality Assessment of Soybean Curd Supplemented with Saltwort(Salicornia herbacea L.)
Kim, Myung-Hee ; Shin, Mi-Kyung ; Hong, Geum-Ju ; Kim, Kang-Sung ; Lee, Kyung-Ae ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 406~412
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of saltwort on the quality characteristics of tofu. In addition, we examined the potential for commercialization of tofu containing saltwort. For this study, saltwort was added to tofu at 0%, 4%, 8%, 12%, 16% and 20% and quality and sensory tests were administered. Analyzing the mineral contents of saltwort juice, K was present in the greatest amount, followed by Mg, P, Ca, and F (in decreasing order). There were significant differences in yield rates and turbidity between the groups. Acidity was highest in the control group, and acidity and volume of tofu tended to decrease with an increase in saltwort powder. L value and a value decreased as the content of slaltwort powder increased, but b value increased with increasing saltwort powder concentration. Hardness, chewiness, and gumminess were rated higher in the control and the 4% supplement groups than the others groups. In the sensory evaluation, cross section and soybean flavor were the highest in the 4% saltwort supplement group, and the presence of an "off-flavor" increased with the content of saltwort powder. The saltiness score was highest in the 20% supplement group. The 4% and 8% supplement groups were favored in the "feel after swallowing" assessment. Softness was the lowest in the 20% supplement group, and the 4% supplement group had the highest overall acceptability. As demonstrated by these results, the addition of saltwort positively affected the overall sensory evaluation of tofu and supplementation with saltwort at 4% and 8% might be considered the most appropriate choices. In conclusion, saltwort tofu expected to increase the functionality of new products, particularly with respect to product variety and health improvement.
Relationship between Satisfaction with Foodservice and Customer Loyalty of University Students in Busan
Lee, Kyung-A ; Lyu, Eun-Soon ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 413~421
The purpose of this study was to improve the satisfaction of college foodservice customers by analyzing the correlation between college student satisfaction with foodservice and customer loyalty. The questionnaire was distributed to 480 customers at six universities in Busan. The average customer satisfaction score was 2.76, and customer satisfaction was highest with food, followed by sanitation, environment, and service (in decreasing order). Customers reported the frequency with which they were satisfied when using university foodservice operations (on an increasing scale from "almost never" to "more than five times") in four areas: food (p<0.001), service (p<0.01), sanitation (p<0.05), and environment (p<0.001). The average scores of customer loyalty, intent to purchase again, intent to advertise by word-of-mouth, and intent to switch were 2.67, 2.83, 2.52, and 2.67, respectively, and these scores demonstrated differences according to frequency of foodservice use (p<0.001). Food, service, sanitation, and environment correlated significantly (+) with customer loyalty. Intent to repeat purchase showed the highest correlation with food quality (p<0.05), and intent to advertise by word-of-mouth and to continue patronizing foodservice demonstrated the highest correlations with service (p<0.01). After classifying customers into four groups according to customer satisfaction and loyalty, a comparison was done to determine satisfaction and loyalty by each customer strata. In the "loyalist" group, satisfaction with environment and the intent to advertise by repurchase were significantly higher than in the other groups (p<0.001). In "defectors" group, satisfaction with service and the intent to advertise by word-of-mouth were significantly lower than in the other groups (p<0.001).
Production of Fermented Tea with Rhodotorula Yeast and Comparison of its Antioxidant Effects to those of Unfermented Tea
Kang, Ok-Ju ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 422~427
This study was conducted to investigate the antioxidant effect and properties of unfermented tea and fermented tea made with Rhodotorula yeast. The levels of crude fat and crude protein in the fermented tea were higher than those in the unfermented tea. The water-soluble phenol levels of unfermented tea and fermented tea were 912.5 and 2,445.24 ppm, respectively. The total amino acid content of fermented tea was greater than that of unfermented tea;,- the amino acid concentrations of alanine, valine, leucine, and lysine were 25.58, 24.38, 27.96, and 14.14
, respectively. The DPPH radical scavenging activities of the unfermented and fermented teas were 32.14 and 41.57%, respectively; this is in contrast to 29.73% for L-ascorbic acid(150 ppm). The reducing power activity of fermented tea was 41.57%, and that of unfermented tea was 32.14%.
Changes in Puffer Fish Quality Induced by Soak Time in Maturing Water during Maturation of Puffer Fish Prepared via the Cutting Cranial Nerve Method (MSK Method)
Mun, Seung-Kwon ; Yoo, Seung-Seok ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 428~433
The aim of this research was to determine the relationship between quality of puffer fish and soak time in maturing water. This research used the cutting cranial nerve method, which is called the MSK method. The data was analyzed using the SPSS program. Based on salinity analysis result, both moisture content and pH were measured after 20 min of soaking. As the salinity of the maturing water increased, the moisture content initially decreased then increased once the salinity was greater than 3%. However, the concentration of the maturing water did not influence the pH level. The texture properties were measured to assess the effect of soak time in the maturing water. Hardness of the sample was highest (3.99) at 20 min, and cohesiveness also showed a maximum value (0.26) at 20 min. Gumminess and chewiness were highest 1.04 and 4.09, respectively, when the fish was matured for 20 min. Sensory properties were evaluated, and springiness, umami flavor, texture, and overall preference were highest at 20 min of soak time. The results showed that maturing the puffer fish for 20 min provided the best quality of texture and sensory characteristics for the fish.
Survey on Local Foods in Gyeongbuk Province - Yugyo, Silla, Ocean, Gaya Culture -
Min, Young-Hee ; Park, Geum-Soon ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 434~440
This study was conducted among university students living in the Daegu-Gyeongbuk region to determine the perception, Preference, and improved consciousness of Gyeongbuk local foods classified by the Yugyo, Silla, Ocean, and Gaya cultures. In the Andong area, subjects demonstrated outstanding, high rates of perception of and preference for local foods. The perception of and preference for foods from the Yugyo and Silla cultures were relatively high compared to those of others. The degree of perception of Gwamegi foods was high, but the degree of preference was rather low. It is believed that establishing new counterplans is necessary to obtain higincrease preference for foods from the Ocean culture. Sigeumjang foods of the Ocean culture showed alow degree of both perception and preference. The analysis showed that there was a discrepancy between the perception of and preference for foods in the Gaya culture. To improve the relationship between awareness of and preference for foods in the same culture we determined that menu strategy, development strategy and sales strategy were important factors. The results of the survey investigating the correlation between improved awareness of and perception of foods showed menu strategy and development strategy had meaningful effects. According to the survey, the factors that influenced choices of foods local to Yugyo were classified into categores-: menu strategy, development strategy, product strategy, and sales strategy.
Physicochemical Characteristics of Soybeans Cultivated in Different Regions and the Accompanying Soybean Curd Properties
Seo, Yu-Jin ; Kim, Min-Kyoung ; Lee, Seul ; Hwang, In-Kyeong ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 441~449
The objective of this study was to investigate the physicochemical characteristics of soybeans cultivated in different regions and the accompanying soybean curd properties. To produce soybeans with regional competitiveness and demonstrate the distinctiveness of the soybean product, four regions(Paju, Andong, Muju, Hadong) and four varieties of soybean(Daewonkong, Daepungkong, Seonyukong, Cheogja 2) were selected for these experiments. There was a significant difference in the isoflavone content of soybeans and soybean curds(p<0.05). Soybeans from Andong had the highest content of genistein, daidzein and total isoflavone and soybeans from Hadong had the lowest content of these compound. Fatty acid composition of soybeans demonstrated a significant difference according to region(p<0.05). In particular, soybeans grown under adverse environmental conditions, such as high temperature and low latitude, contained the highest composition of oleic acid and the lowest composition of linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Although fatty acid content of soybean curd had a third of the fatty acid concentration of soybean, the same characteristic was observed in the fatty acid composition of soybean curd. In addition, both soybean and soybean curd had more than 80% unsaturated fatty acids and 50% of the unsaturated fatty acid content was linoleic acid. In conclusion, these results demonstrate the significant difference of soybean and soybean curd originating from different regions and showed the transition of nutritional constituents from soybean to soybean curd as a function of environmental factors. Therefore, we must consider these factors when manufacturing soy products.
Relationship between BMI and the Dining Out Behavior of University Students in the Seoul Area
Kim, Mee-Jeong ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 450~457
A survey was conducted to determine the relationship between BMI and the dining out behaviors of 316 university students in Seoul area for May and September, 2006. The subjects included 114 males and 202 females. General characteristics and BMI determined that of the students 56 (17.7%) were underweight, 222 (70.3%)were normal, 23 (7.3%) were overweight, and 15 (4.7%) were obese. There were differences in BMI according to age, sex, and major. Students majoring in natural science and engineering were 58.3% and 51% normal weight, respectively, and the next most common weight class was overweight. The non smoking group showed had primarily normal weight subjects followed by underweight-subjects, but the smoking group had primarily normal weight subjects followed by overweight subjects (P<0.001). The frequency of dining out for breakfast significantly correlated with BMI (P<0.05). The group that frequently dined out for breakfast were primarily of normal weight followed by overweight subjects, but the group that rarely dined out for breakfast were primarily of normal weight followed by underweight subjects(21.4%). Groups whose criteria for selecting dining out meals were flavor and price showed a higher percentage of underweight subjects than other groups. The group whose motivations for choosing dining out meals were convenience and habit showed a higher percentage underweight subjects than other motivations. The group that selected the Western food menu for dining out showed a higher percentage of underweight subjects than other food menu groups. And, the groups that selected Japanese and Korean food were primarily of normal weight followed by underweight subjects, but the result was not significant.
Preferences and Product Development Opinions of Koreans and Non-Koreans Regarding Commercialization of Korean Foods
Chang, Hye-Ja ; Choi, Bo-Ram ; Yi, Na-Young ; Park, Bo-Seock ; Kim, Hee-Sun ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 458~468
The purpose of this study was to assess Korean and non-Korean customers' preferences with regards to Korean foods as well as their opinions concerning the commercialization of Korean foods. The subjects consisted of 268 Koreans and 217 non-Koreans in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Daejeon, Korea and in Texas in the United States. The respondents were asked to assess their preferences regarding 22 Korean food items using a 5-point scale (1: strongly dislike - 5: strongly like). Excluding responses with significant missing data, there were 485 usable responses. Data were analyzed using SPSS Windows (ver. 14.0) for descriptive analysis and t-test. Korean customers' perception and preferences regarding Korean foods were significantly higher than those of non-Korean customers (p<0.001). Among the 22 Korean food items, Galbi-gui (4.32) was chosen to be Koreans' favorite menu, whereas Bulgogi (4.25) was most preferred by non-Koreans. Patjuk was the least preferred by Koreans (3.37) and non-Koreans (3.18) alike. Regarding convenience food product equivalents of the 22 Korean foods, Koreans thought Bibimbap to be the bestseller while non-Koreans thought that Bulgogi was the most sold product. Korean and non-Korean mostly wanted to purchase Bibimbap and Bulgogi respectively, if Korean foods are commercialized as a convenience food. Koreans (44.4%) and non-Koreans (66.8%) reported "taste" as the most important factor when choosing a convenience food. Koreans chose "salty taste" (26.9%) and "simple cooking method" (23.1%), whereas non-Koreans chose "nutrition" (23.5%) and "hot taste" (21.2%) as aspects that require improvement in order to commercialize Korean foods.
Fermentation of Red Ginseng using CKDHC 0801 and CKDHC 0802
Shin, Yong-Seo ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 469~474
In this study, we isolated two species of bacteria for the powerful biotrasnformation of ginsenosides from Kimchi and human feces. Using biochemical tests and 16s rRNA sequencing, the selected strains were identified as Latobacillusplantarum (CKDHC0801) and Lactobacillussakei (CKDHC0802). Changes in cell growth and pH were examined in red ginseng. CKDHC 0801 and CKDHC 0802 reached their maximum growth phase after 24 hr and 48 hr, respectively, whereas the combined culture of CKDHC 0801 and CKDHC 0802 showed higher cell growth than bacterial strain alone. During fermentation of CKDHC 0801 and the combined culture, the pH values decreased from 5.2 to 4.2 after 24 hr, but CKDHC 0802 reached pH of 4.2 after 3day. The identities of ginsenosides were biotransferred from high molecular (Rg1 and Rb2) to low molecular (Rg3, Rg5, Rk1, PPD) by fermentation of both bacteria. Therefore, the results of this study demonstrate that CKDHC 0801 and CKDHC 0802 could be used to enhance to effects of red ginseng.
Comparisons of Ginsenosides and Anti-inflammatory Effects of White Ginseng and Puffed Red Ginseng
Shin, Yong-Seo ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 475~480
In this study, the ginsenoside contents and anti-inflammatory effects of white ginseng (WG) and puffed red ginseng (PRG) were compared. The contents of Rb1, Rg5 and Rk1 were significantly higher in PRG than in WG, whereas the contents of Rg1 and Rb2 were decreased in PRG. The levels of NO production and iNOS expression were suppressed in LPS-stimulated cells by treatment with WG and PRG. Further, the production of cytokines (TNF-
) and inflammatory proteins (NF-
and COX-2) was decreased in cells upon treatment with any of the ginsenosides. The high NO inhibitory activity and cytokine production of PRG is caused by differences in the composition of ginsenosides produced.
Quality Characteristics of Jelly Containing Added Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) and Beet (Beta vulgaris L.)
Cho, Young ; Choi, Mi-Yong ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 4, 2010, Pages 481~489
This study was conducted to identify the optimal mixing ratios of turmeric powder or beet powder for the production of jelly. To establish the amount of turmeric powder or beet powder that could be added to jelly, physicochemical sensory characteristics and textural properties were measured. Specifically, jellies were prepared using gelatin containing turmeric powder or beet powder at ratios of 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2%(w/w). Sensory evaluation of color, appearance, sweetness, chewiness, springiness, hardness, transparency and overall acceptability of jelly prepared using 0.5% turmeric powder resulted in a high score. Similarly, the color, appearance, sweetness, chewiness, springiness, transparency and overall acceptability of jelly prepared using 1% beet powder received a high score. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that turmeric and beet can be useful in the production of high quality jelly.