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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of food and cookery science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Quality Characteristics of Black Rice Sulgiddeok with Black Garlic Powder
Doo, Hwa-Jin ; Shim, Jae-Yong ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 677~684
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of black foods (black rice and black garlic) and the ratio of black garlic on the quality of Sulgiddeok. Pasting properties as measured by a rapid visco analyzer (RVA) were lower for black rice flour than white rice flour. Colorimetric analysis revealed that L, a, b values were dependent on the type of rice. For texture profiles, texture was associated with RVA profiles. During storage, hardness of black rice Sulgiddeok increased to a lesser degree than that of control. After observation via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), black rice Sulgiddeok showed a honeycomb-like network structure. In sensory analysis, black rice Sulgiddeok showed a tendency to prefer the control. The addition of appropriate black garlic (BG1) helped to improve the quality. In accordance with the aforementioned results, decreased retrogradation related to black rice Sulgiddeok and black foods (black rice and black garlic) could result in quality products with high nutritional value.
Study of Elementary and Middle School Students' Consumption of Foods Cooked at High Heat
Lee, Joon-Kyoung ; Yoon, Ki-Sun ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 685~698
Acrolein is a highly toxic, reactive mutagenic aldehyde. Humans are exposed to acrolein vapors from overheated cooking oil, cigarette smoke, and combustion of organic products. In this study, we investigated elementary and middle school students' consumption of foods cooked at high heat, such as fried, direct fire, and indirect fire cooked foods. The subjects of this survey study were 265 fifth grade students and 396 middle school students nationwide. According to the results of the frequency test, broiled fish was the most frequently consumed, followed by fried fish, indirect cooked samgyebsal, and other fried foods, which were eaten more than three times per month. The total intake of foods cooked at high heat per child over 1 year was in the following order: Fried chicken(7.50 kg) > Samgeybsal(6.57 kg) > Broiled pork ribs(4.18 kg) > Broiled fish(4.12 kg) > Bulgogi(3.31 kg) > Fried dish(3.18 kg) > Pork cuttlet(3.17 kg) > Jeyukbockeum(3.13 kg) > Charcoal-broiled beef ribs(2.74 kg) > Roasted whole chicken(2.05 kg) > Dackochi(1.87 kg) > Tangsuyuk(1.87 kg) > Fried fish(1.83 kg) > Hamburger patties(1.21 kg) > Fried potato(1.01 kg) > Barbecue(0.95 kg) > Doughnut(0.80 kg) > Corn dog(0.66 kg) > Croquette(0.51 kg). The favorite cooking method was indirect fire cooking for beef, pork, and fish, whereas frying was preferred for chicken. The results of this study provide important data for assessment of acrolein exposure via foods cooked at high heat temperature. The results also indicate that children might be exposed to acrolein through consumption of foods cooked at high heat temperature, suggesting the need to promote education of proper food consumption behavior.
Development and Operation of Seasonal Recipe for Prevention and Management of Atopic Dermatitis Using Atop Food Blog
Kang, Seock-Ah ; Choi, Hwa-Jung ; Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Kim, Seong-Ai ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 699~706
Since atopic dermatitis requires continuous care, the role of a patient's parents is important. However, the majority of parents cause even more serious situations by limiting allergy-inducing foods too much, causing an imbalance in nutrition and decline in immunity. Therefore, educating parents systematically and repeatedly via personal computer or smart phone could help to prevent and manage atopic dermatitis. In this study, 126 recipes of 4 seasons were developed for the parents of atophy students by using food with least chemical additives. After developing these recipes, a blog named "Atop" meaning "atophy stop" was made with these recipes and cooking step photos. In this blog, the visitors who used these recipes showed improvement responses of atopic dermatitis management. The results of this study show that further nutrition education programs such as this blog should be developed continuously and an effective evaluation tool must be also developed for the further prevention and management of atopic dermatitis.
Optimization of Germinated Brown Rice Cookie with Added Spinach Powder
Lee, Hee-Jeong ; Joo, Na-Mi ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 707~716
Germinated brown rice is a useful material that contains natural nutrients and biologically active substances. This study was conducted to develop a optimal composite recipe for functional germinated brown rice cookie with added spinach (spinacia oleracea L) powder and with high preference in all age groups. The experimental design utilized herein was based on the Central composite design methodology of response surface, which included 16 experimental points, including 2 replicates for spinach, sugar, and butter. The physical, mechanical, and sensory properties of the test were measured, and these values were applied to the mathematical models. A canonical form and perturbation plot showed the influence of each ingredient on the mixed final product. The results of spread ratio decreased significantly with increases in spinach powder, sugar, and butter(p<0.01). L value shows that lightness decreased significantly with an increase in sugar(p<0.05), but the a and b values were not significant. Sensory evaluation found significant values for color(p<0.05), flavor(p<0.05), texture(p<0.05) and overall quality(p<0.05) in the predicted model. The optimum formulation by the numerical and graphical methods was calculated as follows: spinach powder 3 g, sugar 35.5 g butter 54.4 g.
The Congruity between Brand Personality and Customer-perceived Self-Image in a Family Restaurant
Jung, Hyo-Sun ; Yoon, Hye-Hyun ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 717~726
The purpose of this study was to measure customers' perception of brand personality and self-image of family restaurants and compare the congruity between brand personality and customer-perceived self-image according to customers' general characteristics. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 377 customers, and data were analyzed by frequency, chi-square, paired samples t-test, factor, reliability, cluster, and discriminant analyses. Results of the study were as follows: factor analysis of brand personality and customer-perceived self-image as 5 factors, i.e., sincerity (10 variables), excitement (8 variables), competence (7 variables), sophistication (6 variables), and ruggedness(5 variables). As a result, the averages of brand personality and self-image of family restaurants were
, respectively. Cluster analysis divided subjects into two groups according to congruity between brand personality and customer-perceived self-image of family restaurants: congruity group and incongruity group. The two groups were differed from one another in general characteristics. Limitations and future research directions are also discussed.
The Properties of Rice Flours Prepared by Dry and Wet Milling Method
Kim, Eun-Mi ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 727~736
The purpose of this research was to compare the physicochemical compositions and morphological properties of five varieties of rice flours (RR, RGD, RSGD, RWDG, RWGD). RR was raw milled rice without washing, RGD was raw rice flour without soaking, RSGD was raw milled rice flour with 0 hr of soaking, RWDG was raw rice flour with 8 hr of soaking and grinding after drying, and RWGD was raw rice flour with 8hr of soaking and drying after grinding. The protein and lipid contents of wet milling rice flour (RSGD, RWDG, RWGD) were significantly lower than those of dry milling rice flour (RR, RGD). L and a values were significantly increased in wet milling rice flour, and b value was significantly increased in dry milling rice flour. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that RWDG and RWGD were distributed as separated fine particles in rice flours. The WBC of RWDG and RWGD were higher than those of other rice flours. Solubility was significantly increased according to the temperature, and swelling power of RWDG was higher than that of other rice flours at 50 and
. Using RVA, the initial pasting temperature and setback of RWDG were lower and the peak viscosities of RSGD and RWDG were higher than those of other rice flours. Using a mixograph, peak times were not significantly different among the groups, wheras peak heights were significantly decreased in RSGD, RWDG, and RWGD. The peak width of RWGD was lower than those of other rice flours. Based on these findings, RWDG flour was less damaged, and had a lower setback and pasting temperature, which makes it an appropriate rice flour for commercial mass production.
Quality Characteristics of Functional Muffins Containing Black Garlic Extract Powder
Yang, Seung-Mi ; Kang, Min-Jung ; Kim, Sung-Hyun ; Shin, Jung-Hye ; Sung, Nak-Ju ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 737~744
This study was performed to examine the quality and antioxidant activity of muffin containing black garlic extract powder that was stored for 9 days at room temperature. Black garlic extract powder was added to the muffin batter at concentrations of 0, 1, 4, 8, and 12%. Specific gravities of muffin batters increased as black garlic extract powder increased, whereas, height and specific volume of the muffins decreased. For the color of muffin crust and crumb, lightness decreased as the level of garlic extract powder increased, whereas redness and yellowness increased. For sensory evaluation, the color, flavor, softness, and chewiness of the muffins containing 1% black garlic extract powder were superior compared to those of other samples. Scores for taste and overall acceptability were the highest in muffin containing 4% black garlic extract powder. The antioxidant activity of muffins measured by DPPH(2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging assay increased as the level of black garlic extract powder increased. Further, the TBARS(thiobarbutric acid reactive substance) content of the muffins containing various levels of black garlic extract powder was lower than that of control.
Utilization and Recognition of Jeungpyun and Preference for Jeungpyun Containing Different Kinds of Makgeoilli
Lee, Gae-Soon ; Kim, Gui-Sun ; Park, Geum-Soon ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 745~752
The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions and preferences held by the general public concerning jeungpyun. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 484 residents in Daegu and Gyeongbuk. The questionnaires contained questions on the recognition of jeungpyun, purchasing, frequency, purchasing factor, and preferences for and purchasing of jeungpyun containing different kinds of makgeoilli. According to the survey, females were higher than males (31.4%) by 69.7%, and that for ages 20~30' was the highest. Most of them were students (39.7%), and 81.7% of them had an income of under 4,000,000 won per month. The results of the eating frequency rate showed that over half of the people had jeungpyun once a month, and the recognition of jeungpyun for females (3.63) was higher than that for males (3.09). The respondents who joyed eating jeungpyun mentioned 'good taste and texture' as the top reason for eating jeungpyun, and 'different food and bad flavor' was mentioned as the reason for disliking it. As a result, popularization of jeungpyun was based on two factors: 1) fundamental factor and 2) external factor, and both significantly influence the preference for and purchasing of jeungpyun,-. Therefore, future studies should be conducted to improve preference for jeungpyun as a functional food. The results of preference and purchasing show that jeungpyun prepared with rice, rubus coreanum miquel, black bean, grape and green mume makgeoilli.
Development of Value-Added Seasoning Products with Korean Chile Peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) for Grilled Beef and Their Sensory Evaluation
Yoo, Kyung-Mi ; Lee, Seul ; Kim, Min-Kyoung ; Park, Jae-Bok ; Hwang, In-Kyeong ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 753~760
The purpose of this study was to develop value-added seasoning products with Korean advanced chile peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) and investigate their physicochemical characteristics based on sensory evaluation. Ninety-seven chile pepper-related products were collected from American local favorites and analyzed based on their compositions. Yeongyang's chile pepper powders were prepared to develop Korean chile pepper seasoning products and measured for total microbial content (3.36 log CFU/g), moisture content (12.43%), total carotenoids (223.46 mg/100 g), vitamin C (290.33 mg/100 g), ASTA color value (149.37), and capsaicinoids (4.06 mg/100 g). Korean chile pepper seasoning samples for beef showed higher overall acceptability compared to American local favorite seasonings. Completed Korean chile pepper seasoning products contained red pepper (20%), various herbs (26.1%), salt (11.4%), dried mushroom (8.5%), garlic (8.5%), black pepper, curry, paprika, sweet pumpkin (5.7%), and citron (2.8%). This result might show the possibility of replacing mixed seasoning products from foreign countries (USA and Europe).
Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk by the Addition of Maesil(Prunus Mume) Cocentrate
Lim, Jeom-Hee ; Jeong, Soon-Young ; Kim, Jae-Hwan ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 761~771
The purpose of this study was to determine the most desirable mixture ratio of Maesil (Prunus Mume) concentrate torice flour for the preparation of Sulgidduk. The five different levels of Maesil (Prunus Mume) concentrate were 0%, 4%,8%, 12%, and 16% and were stored over 3 days. The results of this study were as follows. First, the water activity of Sulgidduk was significantly increased upon addition of Maesil(Prunus Mume) concentrate to rice flour. However, in terms of mechanical texture characteristics, the hardness of Sulgidduk was decreased, Maesil(Prunus Mume) concentrate was added to Sulgidduk. The control was
. Each amounts of added Maesil(Prunus Mume) concentrate to rice flour (4%, 8%, 12%, and 16%) resulted in hardness levels of
, respectively. In addition, both gumminess and cohesiveness of Sulgidduk increased with increasing amounts of added Maesil (Prunus Mume) concentrate to rice flour. Regarding the color value of Sulgidduk, with added Maesil(Prunus Mume) concentrate the L-value decreased, while both a-and b-value increased. In the sensory evaluation, surface color, taste, and flavor were improved with increasing amounts of Maesil(Prunus Mume) concentrate, whereas texture decreased. Based on sensory evaluation, Maesil (Prunus Mume) concentrate resulted in intensified color, taste, and flavor of Sulgidduk. Consequently, 4% to 8% Maesil (Prunus Mume) concentrate to rice flour was determined to the best formula for improving Sulgidduk in terms of sensory qualities such as moistness, color, taste, flavor and so on.
Quality Characteristics of Rice Noodles with Added Allium victorialis Powder
Park, Geum-Soon ; Kim, Ji-Young ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 772~780
This study investigated the quality of rice noodles containing different amounts of Allium victorialis powder. Rice noodles were prepared at ratios of 1, 3 and 5% Allium victorialis powder based on flour weight. The rice noodles containing Allium victorialis powder had higher moisture contents than that of control, whereas the levels of water binding capacity were lower. Regarding the cooking properties of the rice noodles, weight and water absorption were significantly lower in the 1, 3% Allium victorialis rice noodles compared to control. : 5% Allium victorialis rice noodle showed the highest score. Further, volume of the 5% Allium victorialis rice noodle showed the highest score. Allium victorialis rice noodles had lower L-values and a-values than those of control, and these values decreased with increasing amounts of Allium victorialis powder while the b-value increased. Sensory evaluation showed that high quality cooked noodles could be produced by 1, 3% inclusion of Allium victorialis powder. The pH of the rice noodles decreased gradually over 15 days of storage time. Rice noodles with added Allium victorialis powder had lower total and fungus plate counts than that of control during 15 days of storage.
Assessment of Food Sanitation Knowledge and Performance of Food Service Workers in School Food Service Operations Implementing HACCP
Chang, Hew-Won ; Bae, Hyun-Joo ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 781~790
The purpose of this study was to analyze the levels of food sanitation knowledge and performance by school food service workers. The data were collected by 440 food service workers in Gyeongbuk province. The collected data were analyzed using the SAS package program (version 8.2 for Window). The results of this study are summarized as follows: 28.6% of the respondents worked in food service at the school where their children attended, 93.6% of the food service workers were part-time employees, and 40.4% had obtained cooking certificates. The food sanitation knowledge scores of food service workers differed significantly according to age (p<0.05), holding of cooking certificates (p<0.01), number of certificates (p<0.01), and whether food service workers is students' parents or not (p<0.01). In addition, the sanitation-performance-degree levels of a few sanitation management items were significantly different according to their food sanitation knowledge level, working time, and whether food service workers is students' parents or not. In conclusion, these factors that improve food service sanitation should be fully considered when food service workers are hired or when food service management policies are established. Additionally, sanitation education and training for school food service workers should be offered regularly with effective education media.
Study on Breakfast Habits of Workers and College Students in Gyeongnam Area
Cheong, Hyo-Sook ; Kim, Jung-Jin ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 791~803
This study was conducted to investigate and compare the breakfast habits of workers (189 males and 182 females) and college students (217 males and 225 females) living in Gyeongnam (Masan, Jinhae, Changwon) based upon gender in each group. Most college students were in their twenties and not married while workers were in their twenties, thirties, and forties. Age distribution was even and 58,0% of them were married. Exactly 77% of the subjects were middle class, and 35.1% answered that their monthly allowances were less than 200,000 won. Exactly 36.5% of the subjects had breakfast regularly, and workers had breakfast more regularly than college students (p<.05). Subjects chose lack of time as their biggest reason for skipping breakfast (41.7%), and workers better understood that having breakfast is important (p<.001). Exactly 62.7% of the subjects displayed symptoms of skipping breakfast, with college students more frequently susceptible than workers (p<.001). Subjects' most frequent symptom was decreased concentration (40.6%). Exactly 67.0% of the subjects ate bap, guk, and mitbanchan as breakfast; the ratio was higher for college students' compared to workers and female students compared to male students. When preparing breakfast, 35.3% of the subjects considered digestible food first. Exactly 54.7% of the subjects preferred bap for breakfast, and college students preferred it more than the workers. Subjects ate kimbap the most when eating breakfast outside of the home; 62.1% of them emphasized convenience and 36.7% answered 2,100-3,000 won is proper price.
Changes in Glucosinolate Component Content in Urine After Ingestion of Fresh and Cooked Broccoli
Hwang, Eun-Sun ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 804~810
Sulforphane (SF) is a family of biologically active compound that is distributed widely in broccoli. Although studies in rodents have shown that these compounds are effective and versatile inhibitors of tumorigenesis, the role of dietary SF in protection against human cancers remains to be established. The objective of this study was to explore the quantitative relationship between the dietary intake of cruciferous vegetables and urinary excretion of SF. The effects of dietary broccoli on the body's ability to detoxify were studied in six male subjects between the ages of 22~30 years. Study included administering a glucosinolate-free diet for 8 days (control period). The broccoli diet was further subdivided into two periods; 250 g broccoli was fed per day during the first three days and 500 g broccoli was fed per day during the latter three days. After an 8-day washout period, a second experiment was conducted. The same protocol was used with the exception that uncooked broccoli was consumed. Urinary SF mercapturate was measured to determine the bioavailability of broccoli. The linear trend for mercapturate excretion was dose-dependent, resulting in 3.8- and 1.9-fold increase by the third and six days, respectively, compared to the control. Lower amount of SF-NAC conjugate was detected in cooked broccoli compared to fresh broccoli suggesting cooking may have caused a significant loss in glucosinolates in cruciferous vegetables. Therefore, SF can be used as a biomarker for intake of cruciferous vegetables.
Development of Restaurant Assessment Questionnaire for Application of Concept of Green Growth
Jung, Eun-Kyung ; Park, Ki-Hwan ; Lee, Ae-Rang ; Kim, Gun-Hee ; Yoo, Kyung-Mi ; Ryu, Jung-Min ; Lee, Hwa-Jung ; Joo, Na-Mi ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 811~820
The purpose of this study was to investigate the practices for management manual development of Good Restaurants in order to apply Green Safety Management technology. A total of 128 restaurants in Seoul according to restaurant size and style were analyzed by SPSS (window ver. 12.0). Exactly 38.3% of those surveyed purchased manicured vegetables and seafood that generates less garbage; Korean restaurants displayed the lowest frequency of purchasing preprocessed foodstuff, and Japanese restaurants had the most refrigerators and thermometers and kept the refrigeration temperature the lowest. Exactly 56.5% of the restaurants sold large and small amounts of main menu separately; Chinese restaurants displayed the highest rate while Western restaurants displayed the lowest. Furthermore, only 7.3% of the restaurants were willing to sell either large or small amounts of the same menu item. Japanese style menu had the most number of side dishes (6.1) while Western style menu had the lowest (1.8). Most of the restaurants were equipped with containers for leftovers (87.4%), but the rate of customers who took out leftovers significantly differed depending on the style of restaurant (p<0.05).
Quality Characteristics and Storage Properties of Wet Noodle with Added Cheonnyuncho Fruit Powder
Jung, Bok-Mi ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 821~830
This study was carried out to investigate the quality characteristics and storage of wet noodle with added Cheonnyuncho powder. Wet noodles were prepared at concentration of 1, 3, and 5%(w/w) of the fruit based on flour weight. Moisture content of the noodles with or without Cheonnyuncho powder was 34~36%. Ca, K, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn contents of Cheonnyuncho noodle were increased at increasing concentrations of Cheonnyuncho powder. Cooked weight, volume, and water absorption decreased with increased fruit powder, whereas turbidity increased. For hunter's color values of noodles, L(lightness) and b(yellowness) values decreased with increasing concentration of Cheonnyuncho powder, whereas a(redness) value increased. For mechanical characteristics of the noodles, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, chewiness, elasticity, and brittleness of cooked noodle with Cheonnyuncho powder were lower than those of control. The pH of Cheonnyuncho noodle was lower than that of control during storage. Bacterial counts of wet noodle with 1% and 3% fruit powders were lower than those of the control and 5% fruit powder on the 8th day of storage at
. From the sensory evaluation, texture, taste, and overall preference were not significantly different between the control and fruit group, but the color of 5% Cheonnyuncho noodle was significantly higher than that of control (p<0.05). In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that the addition of 1% and 3% Cheonnyuncho powder in combination with flour tended to improve antimicrobial effects during storage when compared to control.
Quality Characteristics of Wet Noodles Added with Freeze-dried Maesangi Powder
Park, Jin-Hee ; Ko, Seong-Hye ; Yoo, Seung-Seok ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 831~839
The results of wet noodles added with 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7% freeze-dried maesangi powder demonstrate that the addition of maesangi powder up to 5% was desirable formation of noodles. The moisture contents of wet noodle 35.48~36.42%. As the added amount of maesangi powder increased, weight, volume, water absorption, and turbidity the wet noodle soup after cooking increased. Measurement of color changes between before and after cooking the wet noodles found that as the added amount of maesangi powder increased, the lightness and yellowness increased. Measurement of texture after boiling found that, hardness, chewiness and gumminess tended to increase as the amount of added maesangi powder increased whereas, springiness and cohesiveness were significantly different between the different samples. The results of the sensory evaluation showed that the 3%-added group was the best for color, flavor, and taste while the control groups had the best texture. For overall acceptability, the 3%-added group showed found the highest preference level. Measurement of the changes in total viable cells during storage at
for 18 days found that 6-days was the optimal storage period for the noodles from the control groups and added groups. As the storing period increased, the maesangi powder added groups showed slower propagation speed for viable cells compared to the control groups.
Effects of Storage Conditions on Essential Oil of Artemisia princeps Pampan. cv. ssajuari (ssajuarissuk)
Chung, Mi-Sook ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 840~847
In this study, we identified the volatile compounds of Artemisia princeps Pampan. cv. ssajuari (ssajuarissuk) essential oils and analyzed changes in the contents of volatile compounds under four different storage conditions, such as exposure to air at
. Sixty-five volatile compounds consisting of 6 monoterpene hydrocarbons, 23 oxygenated monoterpenes, 16 sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, 6 oxygenated sesquiterpenes, 1 diterpene, 6 benzene derivatives, and 7 non-isoprenoid compounds were identified on the basis of their mass spectra characteristics and retention indices from original ssajuarissuk essential oils. Identified compounds constituted 90.56% of the total peak area. Borneol (10.29%) was the most abundant compound in the original ssajuarissuk essential oils, followed by 1,8-cineole (9.06%), viridiflorol (8.99%), spathulenol (8.73%),
-thujone (5.28%), and camphor (4.39%). After six months storage at
with the cap opened for 3 min everyday, the total amount of volatile compounds in essential oil as determined by the percentage peak area decreased by 84.93%. The total levels of cis-sabinene hydrate, camphor, 4-terpineol, humulene oxide,
-caryophyllene oxide, and caryophyllene alcohol increased significantly. For ssajuarissuk essential oils stored under experimental conditions, changes in the contents of volatile compounds in essential oils were accelerated by temperature and contact with the atmosphere.
Antibacterial Activity of Ethanol Extract and Fraction of Sasa borealis
Jang, Mi-Ran ; Lee, Da-Uhm ; Kim, Gun-Hee ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 848~852
This study investigated the antibacterial activities of extracts and fractions of Sasa borealis against eight bacteria (Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Psedomonas aerginosa, Salmonella choleraesuis, Serratia marcescens and Vibrio vulnificus) by broth dilution assay. Using survival curves, the kinetics of bacterial inactivation upon exposure to the extracts and fractions were followed for 24 h. In this same manner, MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) values were determined by broth microdilution assay and then confirmed to be the extract concentrations that inhibited bacterial growth. Sasa borealis extracts showed antibacterial activities against all tested bacteria. In particular, all tested fractions of Sasa borealis had stronger activities than 70% ethanol extract. MIC of Sasa borealis extract was determined to be 5 mg/mL against Salmonella choleraesuis. All fractions of Sasa borealis extract had extremely strong antibacterial activities. MIC of fractions were determined to be 0.03~2.5 mg/mL. These results suggest that the extracts and fractions of Sasa borealis effectively inhibited bacterial growth and thus are useful as natural antibacterial agents.
Quality Characteristics of Garaetteok with Different Ratios of Non-glutinous Germinated Brown Rice Flour
Shin, Dong-Sun ; Park, Hye-Young ; Han, Gwi-Jung ; Kim, Myung-Hee ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 853~859
This study was performed to evaluate the physicochemical and sensory evaluation properties of Garaetteok changed with non-glutinous at different ratios germinated brown rice(GBR). Changes in the moisture content of GBR occurred with increasing non-glutinous levels of(1~3%) increase in the level. The color value decreased by with increasing the GBR, whereas the and b values were both increased. As the result of the measurement using the texture analyzer, hardness, cohesiveness, gumniness, and chewiness of Garaetteok tended to decreased in proportion to the amount of GBR in the formula. In the sensory evaluation, 40% GBR and 60% GBR in color, hardness, springiness, chewiness and overall acceptability than that of add compared to 100% and 80% GBR. And Garaetteok with 40% and 60% GBR showed the highest overall acceptability scores in overall acceptability. Therefore, we concluded that the addition of GBR on to Garaetteok improved the sensory characteristics as well as and delayed the retrogradation.
Quality Characteristics of Yellow Layer Cake Containing Different Amounts of Chlorella Powder
Kim, Ki-Ju ; Chung, Hyun-Chae ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 860~865
This study was conducted to evaluate the baking characteristics of yellow layer cake containing chlorella powder. Chlorella at concentrations of 0, 4, 8, 12, and 16%(w/w) wheat powder were added, after which we evaluated the baking characteristics, physical properties, and sensory properties of the resulting cakes. Regarding the weight and volume of the cakes, the treatment groups were similar. However, control showed a high hardness value while 16% chlorella added cake showed a significantly low value. The 4% and 8% chlorella added groups maintained their structural condition while the 12% and 16% chlorella added groups were softer depending on the protein content of the flour, Lightness(L value) and yellowness(b value) of the cake crumbs became lower depending on the concentration of chlorella, whereas redness(a value) decreased. In the sensory test, the acceptability scores of the 12% and 16% chlorella added groups were lower compared to control while the 4% and 8% chlorella added groups had higher scores. Therefore, chlorella powder added yellow layer cake exhibited more functionality as well as higher quality.
Antioxidant Activities and Quality Characteristics of Black Garlic Jam Containing Maltitol Substituted for Sucrose
Kim, Min-Ji ; Kim, Min-Hee ; Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Lee, Ji-Yeon ; Kim, Hye-Ran ; You, Bo-Ram ; Yang, Ki-Hyun ; Kim, Mee-Ree ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 866~871
The antioxidant activities and quality characteristics of jams containing maltitol substituted for sucrose(sucrose, maltitol syrup(MT), and MTS(sucrose 50%+MT 50%)) were evaluated. The endpoint of jam preparation was determined to be 64
. The pH was the highest in MTS among all treatments. The reducing sugar content and viscosity were the highest in MT, and second highest in MTS. Lightness(L value) of Hunter color system was the highest in MT, whereas yellowness(b value) was the highest in MTS. Hardness and cohesiveness of textural properties were the highest in MT. Antioxidant activities were the highest in MT, which also had the lowest
values(49.63 mg/g for DPPH and 27.24 mg/g for hydroxyl radical scavenging activity). Total phenol content was highest in MT among all treatments. Flavor and overall acceptance scores of MTS were the highest among all treatments. Based on these results, it was suggested that half-substitution of sucrose with maltitol is the most appropriate for attaining favorable physicochemical and antioxidative properties during black garlic jam preparation.
Influences of Roasted or Non-roasted Brown Rice Addition on the Nutritional and Sensory Properties and Oxidative Stability of Sunsik, Korean Heated Cereal Powder
Lee, Byung-Yong ; O, Jin-Hwan ; Kim, Mi-Hyun ; Jang, Ki-Hyo ; Lee, Jae-Cheol ; Surh, Jeong-Hee ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 872~886
Six kinds of sunsik containing different contents of brown rice(BR; 20, 30, and 50%) were prepared and subjected to various processing conditions(with or without roasting at
for 20 min e.g., designated as RBR50 or BR50) to assess their functionality as ready-to-eat foods. They were also assessed for their nutritional and sensory properties and oxidative stability. Dietary fiber contents were proportionate to the levels of added BR. Protein was highest in RBR50 (p<0.001), which also had the highest amounts of free and structural amino acids. The amount of free amino acids tended to increase with roasting, although most amino acids were present in structural form. Oleic acid and linoleic acid were the predominant fatty acids in all prepared sunsik, and RBR50 presented noticeably higher peroxidability index due to its higher amount of linoleic acid(p<0.05). Nevertheless, RBR50 showed good oxidative stability; this phenomenon was observed in all sunsik with roasted BR but not in those with non-roasted BR. It is implied that potential antioxidants might have been newly formed or converted from their precursors while BR was roasted. Roasting process also had an impact on the sensory properties of sunsik, e.g., sunsik with added roasted BR showed lower dissolution and darker color intensity compared to its counterpart sunsik.
Quality Characteristics of Tofu Prepared with Spirulina
Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Lee, Jee-Yeon ; Lee, Seung-Hee ; Lee, Kun-Jong ; Kim, Mee-Ree ;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 26, issue 6, 2010, Pages 887~893
In this study, the quality characteristics of tofu prepared with added spirulina(0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1%). As the concentration of spirulina increased, tofu yield decreased and the pH and turbidity increased. The Hunter L(lightness) and a(redness) values of tofu decreased as the amount of spirulina increased. Phycocyanin(C-phycocyanin, allophycocyanin and phycoerythrin) contents increased according to the spirulina amount. Moreover the antioxidant activity of tofu increased as the concentration of spirulina increased(
values for control was 150.7 mg/g; 1% spirulina, 82.5 mg/g). Textural properties(TPA) for hardness, gumminess, and chewiness were higher in spirulina with added tofu, compared to those of control. Regarding the overall acceptability of sensory properties, spirulina with 0.5% added tofu had the highest scores among all treatments. From these results, it was suggested that the optimal amount of added spirulina was 0.5% for the preparation of high quality tofu.