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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Nov 1991
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Aug 1991
Volume 7, Issue 2 - May 1991
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
Selecting the target year
Rheological Properties of Various Gelatinized Potato Starch Pastes
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 7, issue 3, 1991, Pages 1~6
Potato starches are obtained from Irish Cobbler (the dry type), Shepody and superior (the intermediate type) and Dejima (the moist type). Rheological properties of heat-gelatinized potato starch paste were studied to elucidate difference of various potato starches. Heat-gelatinized 3 to 7% potato starch paste showed pseudo plasticity in yield stress. As starch paste concentration increased, the values of consistency index was increased. Relationship between logarithmic consistency index and concentration of potato starch paste was linear at 5% starch concentration. Concentration dependence of consistency index and yield stress of Shepody was highest. As measuring temperature increased, the value of consistency index was decreased. Irish Cobbler starch paste at
, Shepody, Superior and Dejima starch paste at
showed linear relationships with different slopes. The activation energies of Shepody starch paste was 3.97㎉l/㏖.
The Physical Properties of Castera in Kyushu on the Market
;Miyuki Ike;KoGa YuKo;HiroHisa OMura;
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 7, issue 3, 1991, Pages 7~12
Castera is a favorite food which is well known to the general public made by egg, sugar and wheat flour. This study is carried out in order to investigate to the physical properties of eastern. The results are summarized as follows: 1) As a result of the sensory evaluation for eastern with 19 kinds of material in Kyushu on the market, it could be classified into 3 types: A) high grade (Castera), C) low grade (Sponge cake), and B) midium grade (Something middle of those). 2) In the texturometer measurement for eastern, hardness of A type was highest, B and C are 22∼35% lower than A type, while cohesiveness and springiness are not significantly different. 3) In the creep test, 3 types are all the S-element Voigt model, consisting of Hookean body, Newtonian body and two sets of Voigt body. Eo of A type is 13∼36% higher than other types, it tends to the same result of hardness. The parts of retardation strain of A type are 21∼41% lower than B type, 8∼l3% higher than C type, respectively. 4) About the day change of eastern of A type, mechanical model is not changed.
Electrophoretic Characterization of Job′s tears (Yulmoo: Coix lachryma-jobi L. var. Ma-yuen stapf. & Yeomjoo: Coix lachryma-jobi L.) proteins
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 7, issue 3, 1991, Pages 13~20
This study was performed to examine the electrophoretic properties of Job's tears (Yulmoo: Coix lachryma-jobi L. var. Ma-yuen Stapf. & Yeomjoo: Coix lachryma-jobi L.) proteins. Albumins, globulins, gliadins and glutelins were extracted from the polished Yulmoo and brown Yeomjoo by the modified Osborne method. For a comparison, rice proteins were extracted and fractionated by the same method. The relative proportions of protein fractions were 17.4 : 19.6 : 55.2 : 7.7% in polished Yulmoo, 12.6 : 62.2 : 4.2 :21.0% in brown Yeomjoo and 14.2 : 57 4 : 0.77 : 27.8% in rice, in the order of albumis, globulins, gliadins and glutelins. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) were peformed to identify the subfractions of each protein fraction extracted from polished Yulmoo, brown Yeomjoo and rice. The electro-phoregrams of polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that the same fractions of both polished Yulmoo protein and brown Yeomjoo protein had very similar electrophoretic patterns to each other respectively, but there were significant differences in the patterns between Job's tears proteins and rice proteins.
Development of Recipe for the Korean Typical Wild-Vegetable Preparations and Their Storage
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 7, issue 3, 1991, Pages 21~27
Recipe for Korean typical wild.vegetable preparations were developed and changes in pH, total acidity and ascorbic acid were measured during the storage period at 4~
. Crude fiber and minerals were also analyzed and sensory evaluation was conducted. Changes in pH and total acidity were not significant in most of the samples and the results reveal that the vegetable preparations were in good conditions throughtout the storage period at 4~
. The contents of ascorbic acid have been gradually reduced during the first 10-day storage showing 30~70% retention and continuous loss to 30~40% left on 20th-day. Crude fiber and mineral (Ca, p, Fe, K, Mg) contents were relatively higher in the wild-vegetables than in the everyday use vegetables. The results of the sensory evaluations revealed that the tested samples were in good scores (overall scores>6) except sancho-seed pickles.
Food Scientific Characteristic of Fond de Boeuf brun (Brown soup stock)
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 7, issue 3, 1991, Pages 29~36
Analysis of major nutritional components and Sensory evaluation in two kinds of beef bone stocks (White & Brown) have been Carried out in this study, these stocks were prepared with four different parts of beef bone (Knee bone, Rumpbone, Legbone, Backbone). White bone stocks were made of each beef bone boiling in water & hours, while brown bone stocks were prepared with roasted beef bone in the oven at
for half an hour and boiled 8 hours with water. Fatty acids were determined by GLC (Gas Lipids Chromatogram), the minerals were analysed by Automic spectrometer. The results of these analysis were obtained as followes; 1. Neutral lipids was gradually becreased, and glycolipids phospholipids were increased in quantity in Brown stocks for 8 hours. Unsaturated fatty accid of Brown stocks was highly decreased due to roasting of bores in the oven at 23
for half an hour. But they appeared in large quantity in white stocks. 2. The minerals also contained of high percentage in almost Brown stock except backbone Stock 3. Four materials (Kneebone, Rumpbone, Legbone, and backbone) were used for this study and the paired comparison of flavor test presented the recognition of different flavor at 5% level of Least Significant Difference (LSD) on brown stocks (Kneebone, and Legbone). Ranking preference test showed that white Kneebone stock and brown legbone stock had good taste.
Nutritional Concerns for Fast Foods by Consumer and Fast Foods Franchisors, and Evaluation of Nutrient Adequacy
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 7, issue 3, 1991, Pages 37~46
The objectives of the study were to provide the basis for nutrition education for consumers so that they could select nutritious and balanced fast foods and to promote menu items for fast foods franchisers by addressing nutrition and health. Nine franchisers (3 hamburger, 3 noodles and 3 chicken) were surveyed in terms of their nutritional concern for product development, and 360 consumers were interviewed at 36 fast food chains to assess their perceptions of nutrient adequacy of fast foods. The taste of foods was being addressed most when developing menu items in surveyed franchisers but nutrition and variety of menu were being considered least. Hamburger chain franchisers showed greater nutritional concerns in promoting menu items than noodles or chicken chain restaurants. Their nutritional concerns include utilization of nutritional information as promotion of menu item, providing nutrition information of menu item to consumers, and evaluating nutritional balance of their menu items. As a result of INQ evaluation of combined fast food selected by consumers for a meal, the desirable case of both nutritious and adequate in calorie was 14.7%, nutritious but lack in calorie was 44,1%, adequate in calorie was 24.5%, and undernutritious and lack in calories was 21.6%, 45.7% of snack selected by consumers had more calories than needed for a meal.
Scientific study for the Standardization of the Preparation Methods for Kyongdan (II) -for the focus on the volume of water and number of kneading-
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 7, issue 3, 1991, Pages 47~52
This study attempted to examine the effects on sensory characteristics and texture of Kyongdan in various volume of adding water and number of kneading in the preparation of Kyongdan. Evaluation was conducted through sensory evaluation and objective evaluation. The results were summarized as follows. 1. In sensory evaluation on the various volume of water and unmber of kneading, the most favorite tendency on the overall guality was at the 25% addition water and over 50 times kneading with glutious rice powder. 2. This condition corresponded to the low level of hardness, gumminess, chewiness and the high level of springiness and cohesiveness in comparison with Instron measurement.
A Comparison Study on Functional Properties of Mungbean Protein and Chemically Modified Mungbean Protein
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 7, issue 3, 1991, Pages 53~59
This study was carried out in order to investigate the change of protein functionalities such as foaming and emulsifying properties by succinylation of protein isolates. Succinylated and unsuccinylated munghean protein isolates were tested for finding out the effects of pH, heat treatment and sodium chloride concentration on the solubility, emulsion capacity, emulsion stability, foaming capacity, and foam stability. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Succinylation enhanced the solubility of MPI except at pH 4.5. When heated, succinylation greatly increased the solubility of succinylated MPI above
. With the addition of NaCl, succinylation increased the solubility of MPI at acidic condition. 2. Emulsion capacity of succinylated MPI showed the lowest value at pH 7 and higher values at acidic and alkaine condition. when succinylated MPI was heated, emulsion capacity showed the highest at
. With NaCl was added, emulsion capacity of succinylated MPI lincreased at pH 7, 9 or 11 decreased at pH 3 except addition of 1.0M NaCl. 3. Emulsion stability of MPI and succinylated MPI showed the highest at pH 4.5. Succinylation enhanced the emulsion stability of MPI at acidic condition. 4. The foaming capacity of MPI was increased at pH 3, 7 or 9 by succinylation. 5. When heated, foam stability of MPI and succinylated MPI showed the highest at pH 4.5 and at pH 11, respectively. When heated, both proteins showed the highest stability at
Development in Computer Program for Standardized Quantitative Recipes in Military Services
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 7, issue 3, 1991, Pages 61~68
The purpose of this study was to develop a computerized menu planning for military who need balanced diet for 365 days so that more effective and efficient food service can be provided. For this purpose, the evaluation of current military menu planning and production management system was carried out and the result was being applied to the computerized memo planning program which was being developed on this study. The contents of the computerized programs developed for this study were summerized as follows: 1) Programs for calculating nutrient value of foods and standarized meals. 2) Programs for outputing of meal table by a day or month. 3) Programs for outputing standardized recipes. 4) Programs for calculating nutrient value per day. 5) Programs for outputing one-sowing, one hundred-serving size and price. 6) Programs for calculating average of nutrient value by monthly and yearly. 7) Programs for calculating average of the amount used for a year. The personal computer type IBM PC-AT was used for the development of the software for this programs. Also, a work performance file was made by using the DBase III plus package.
Determination of Dietary Fiber Contents in Mushrooms
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 7, issue 3, 1991, Pages 69~76
Recent epidemiological observations suggested beneficial effects of dietary fiber on man's health. The obsective of this study was to obtain the dietary fiber reference data of mushrooms. The dietary fiber contents of six different mushrooms (Cornellus edodes, Auricularia auriculajudae, Gyrophora esculanta, Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus ostreatus, Collybia velutipes) were analyzed by Southgate method, modified neutral detergent fiber (NDF) method and Food Research Institute (FRI) method. Duplicate sample were used for each determination. The mean values of total dietary fiber by Southgate method, modified NDF method and FRI method were respectively
/100g dry weight,
/100g dry weight and
/100g dry weight. The mean values of all mushroom samples by FRI method were significantly different from the mean values of the samples by modified NDF method and Southgate method. However, there was no difference in the mean values of the samples between modified NDF method and Southgate method. By Southgate method, total dietary fiber of mushrooms composed of 1.7-3.1% soluble fiber, 47.0-66.6% hemicellulose, 28.4-57.7% cellulose and 0.9-3.3% lignin. By modified NDF method, total dietary fiber of mushrooms composed of 61.8-79.1% hemicellulose, 5.4-32.9% cellulose and 4.5- l5.5% lignin. Therefore, dietary fiber contents of mushrooms were mainly hemicellulose. Our values for total dietary fiber for six mushrooms were 2~4 times higher than crude fiber in textbook.