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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Nov 1993
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Aug 1993
Volume 9, Issue 2 - May 1993
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 1993
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Blanching and Lactic Acid Bacterial Inoculation on the Quality of Kimchi
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 61~66
The object of this study was to investigate the effects of blanching and lactic acid bacterial inoculation on the quality of kimchi. The pHs of the group added Leuconostoc mesenteroides were rapidly decreased, and then kept almost steady states. However, the pHs of the groups added Bifidobacterium bifidum were gradually decreased. Blanching treatment reduced the number of viable cells. At the beginning of the fermentation, the total organic acid contents of the blanched groups were lower than those of the non-blanched groups, but later on they were higher. With fermentation, the contents of malic, citric and fumaric acid were decreased in the control group, but increased in the cultured groups and all blanched groups. The cutting forces of the blanched groups were higher than those of the non-blanched groups during the whole fermentation period. The inoculation of Leu. mesenteroides was effective on the preservation of ascorbic acid. Blanching and the inoculation of Leu. mesenteroides gave good effect on the sensory acceptability. The acceptability of the groups added Bifidobacterium bifidum was low in initial fermentation period, but increased during the late fermentation period.
Effect of Addition of Brown Rice flour on Quality of Backsulgies
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 67~73
The effects of addition of brown rice flour on the Backsulgies were examined. We chose the addition ratio of brown rice flour as 0%, 50%, 100% along with the pilot study. The addition of brown rice flour did not make significant changes in water-binding capacity, swelling power and the degree of gelatinization. But the addition of brown rice flour had a delaying effect of retrogradation of Backsulgies by textural analysis. In sensory evaluation, the Backsulgi added brown rice flour 50% had the highest value in the overall quality of sensory characteristics. But there was no significant difference in the other sensory characteristics between the 50% and 0% added with. Therefore we concluded that the addition of brown rice flour on Backsulgies improve the sensory characteristics as well as delay the retrogradation and would be a good source of dietary fiber.
Phygicochemical Properties and Sensory evaluation with Doughnut of Yam (Dioscorea batatas) in Korea
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 74~77
In an attempt of develop composite flours, Korea yam (Dioscorea batatas) was investigated in terms of the physicochemical properties and sensory evaluation with doughnut. Yam had 76.10% of water, 18.63% of carbohydrate, 4.03% of crude protein, 0.27% of fat, 1.02% of ash and 17.20% of starch. Compositions of the free sugar in yam flour were glucose, fructose and sucrose, which of amounts was about 30% respectively. The major free amino acids of yam were Serine, Arginine & Alanine, which consisted of 70.3% of the total free amino acids. Most amino acids of yam were Glutamic acid, Aspartic acid & Arginine which consisted of 47% of total amino acids. As the amount of yam flour in doughnut was increased the oil absorption rate was lower. In the sensory evaluation, control and 10% flour group did not show any significant difference in all category of sensory characteristics.
A Study on the Standardization of the Preparation Method for Whiteseed Sesame Yut Kang Jung
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 78~81
"Yut Kang Jung" is a kind of Korean traditional cookie. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of various kinds of syrups and cooking methods of Yut Kang Jung. The quality of Yut Kang Jung was evaluated by sensory and Instron machine test. The results is as follows; 1. The Recipe of the best Yut Kang Jung is this: White sesame 120g, sugar syrup 40g, and crude maltose watery 50g are used. Mixing sugar syrup crude maltose watery boiling for 4 min, in temperature
. The sugar density after boiling was 86%. 2. Yut Kang Jung made by sugar syrup and crude watery maltose got the best result in sensory best. 3. Yut Kang Jung made by crude watery maltose got the best result in mechanical test. 4. The comparison between the sensory test & mechanical test were as follow; The hardness in the mechanical test was comparable with hardness & fracturability in the sensory test, and the chewiness in the mechanical test was comparable with flavor, adhesiveness, fractur ability in sensory test.
Study on the Chemical Composition in Bamboo Shoot, Lotus Root and Burdock - Free Sugar, Fatty Acid, Amino Acid and Dietary Fiber Contents -
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 82~87
This experiment was carried out to determine the total dietary fiber content and free sugar, fatty acid, amino acid compositions in bamboo shoot, lotus root and burdock. Bamboo shoot contained 3.05% of proteins, 0.48% of lipids, 2.45% of fibers, which were larger than those of other samples (lotus root and burdock). Burdock contained more sugars than the others as 18.64%. On a dry matter basis, total dietary fiber by Prosky AOAC method were 62.5% for bamboo shoot, 17.9% for lotus root and 41.9% for burdock. Therefore, the content of dietary fiber in bamboo shoot was the most abundant among them. Free sugar contents (glucose, fructose and sucrose) of the sample were analyzed by HPLC. Sucrose was the most abundant in both bamboo shoot and lotus root, and the content of fructose and sucrose in burdock were almost same. The major fatty acids in bamboo shoot, lotus root and burdock analyzed by GC were palmitic and linoleic acid. Also, linolenic acid were abundent only in bamboo shoot. The results of amino acid analysis showed that aspartic acid, glutamic acid and Iysine were the most abundent amino acids in the sample. Bamboo shoot contained large percentage of protein, the sweet-tasting amino acids and lipid than the other samples. Therefore bamboo shoot can be used as a flavor material because they contain plenty of the sweet-lasting amino acid and free sugar. Bamboo shoot and burdock can be used as potential source of dietary fiber because of the high content of dietary fiber in those samples.
Measurement of Lipid Oxidation Rates in Semi-prepared Frozen Muscle Foods During Various Storage and Reheating Conditions
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 88~93
Semi-prepared frozen muscle foods purchased from local industry were tested for lipid oxidation. The effects of various storage conditions, cooking methods, defrosting methods and reheating methods on rancidity were examined using TBA assay and sensory evaluation. TBARS values were increased faster in cooked samples than in uncooked ones during storage periods. During refrigeration of cooked samples, TBARS values were increased significantly for 15 days (p<0.001). In defrosting experiments, refrigerated defrosting was proven to be better compared with room temperature or microwave defrosting (p<0.05). For overall explanation, stepwise regression analysis was done and the results are in this order: storage conditions, cooking methods, moisture content, and lipid content. Using these 4 variables, TBARS values could be explained by 40~53%.
Effect of Treatment with Garlic or Lemon Juice on Lipid Oxidation and Color Difference during the Storage of Mackerel Pike
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 94~98
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of garlic or lemon juice on the lipid oxidation of fish oil as antioxidants and color difference of fish muscle. The samples was treated with garlic or lemon juice by the amount 5%(w/w) or 10%(w/w) of fish muscle were stored at $4\pm
$ and $-18\pm
$ for 10 and 40 days, respectively. The results of this study were as follows; 1. pH of fish muscle had little change during all the storage time at $-18\pm
$. pH of the fish muscle was decreased within 5 days and then was increased untreated or treated with garlic juice at $4\pm
$. 2. Lipid oxidation of fish was measured by POV and TBA value. Both POV and TBA value of the sample treated with garlic juice were generally lower than those of the sample treated with lemon juice and the sample treated with 5f% garlice or lemon juice was lower than the sample treated with 10% garlice or lemon juice. 3. Lightness of the sample treated with loft lemon juice was the highest and that of untreated sample was the lowest during all the storage time at $4\pm
$. As the storaging periods at $4\pm
$, redness of the samples treated with 5% garlic or lemon juice were higher than that of the samples treated with lO%) garlic or lemon juice. Yellowness of the samples treated with 10% garlic or lemon juice showed the highest. Yellowness of the samples treated with lemon juice was higher than that of samples treated with garlic juice.
Development of the Supplementary Foods for Infants Using Korean Foods - Development and Analysis of Nutrients of the Supplementary Foods -
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 99~104
This study was carried out in order to develop supplementary foods for infants using Korean foods. Thirty-four different kinds of supplementary foods were developed and fourteen representative ones were selected to be analyzed chemically. The results are as follows: 1. The developed supplementary foods were 34 kinds and divided into 3 stages. First stage is designed for the babies just beginning to eat pureed vegetables and fruits. Second stage combined the nutritional attributes of both vegetables and meat. Third stage featured tender, bite-size pieces of meats and vegetables that appealed to the most mature tastes of basies. 2. In the production of prepared foods; water, milk, vegetable juice, fruit juice, and soy milk were used as the liquid source; rice, rice starch, chestnut, noodle, potatoes, sweet potatoes, rice cakes as the carbohydrate source; fish, meats soybean curd, beans, eggs, chicken, cow liver as the protein source; and vegetables and fruits were used as vitamin & mineral source. 3. The approximate composition range of the products were 10.91∼24.46% carbohydrate, 0.15∼6.06% protein, 0.092∼7% fat, 0.13∼ 1.37% ash, 0.63∼36.34% calcium, 0.092∼0.48% iron and 0.42∼16.36% vitamin C.
Development of the Supplementary Foods for Infants Using Korean Foods - Safety Storage Assay and Sensory Evaluation of the Supplementary Foods for Infants -
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 105~108
This study was carried out in order to investigate the condition of storage and to evaluate preference of supplementary foods for infants using Korean foods. Thirty-four different kinds of supplementary foods were developed and fourteen representative ones were selected to be analyzed. A safety storage assay and sensory evaluation were conducted. The results are as follows: 1. In the safety storage assay, the microbiological quality of the products was good during the 13 day-storage in refrigerator. After 14 days, the total plate counts in the products were low and were determined safe. During the 17 day-storage in refrigerator, coliform was not found. 2. In the sensory evaluation, fruit products scored high in acceptability and cow liver products scored low.
A Study on the Industry Food Service Management Practice in Chonbuk Province
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 109~115
This study was attempted to investigate the current status of industry food service management in Chonbuk province. The survey for the analysis was conducted through the questionaires to dietitian. The following results are to be noted. 1. Only one dietitian was employed regardless of feeding numbers and feeding times, and the average number of cooks comes to 5∼6 persons. Among 51 food service places for the study, 84.3% provided more than two meals a day. Feeding number were 200∼1000 people per one meal (64.7%) and feeding cost amounts to 700∼1000 won per meal per one person. 2. The food preferences and budget were primary considerations in menu planning. The type of menus was a non-selective menu with a seven-day cycle (83.7%). Most of dietitian (94.1%) had control of food purchasing, receiving and checking procedure and prefered placing orders by phone (94.5%) through the purveyors (86.4%). 3. In many food service places (70.5%), the mass food preparation was controlled of cooking method and standardized recipes were not undertaken by management Also, the food quality control such as flavor, texture, appearance and temperature was not fully established in food service system. 4. They used the method of manual dish washing operations (88%) and about 71.4% of them are dependent on boiling method of ultrabiolet light for disinfection of kitchen utensils. 5. The performance rates of dietitian management responsibility showed as nutritional management 100%, working management 72.4%, sanitary management 85.6%, personnel management 64.5% and nutrition education 40.7%, but they did not perform the objective and systematic their own responsibility as specialized dietitian because only few dietitian used basic check list and management tools. In addition, dietitian (21.6%) worked beyond their field. In the result, only 54.9% dietitian have satisfied their own occupation and most of them emphasized on practical working in educational curriculums.
A Study on the High School Girls′ Food Habit and Food Preference Relating to their Body Weight - in Inchon area -
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 116~122
This study examines the high school girls in Inchon area dividing them into three groups according to their weight, the low-weight group, the normal weight group and the overweight group to find out their food habit and food preference. The result reveals that more students from the low-weight group have breakfast regularly than those from the other two groups, and more students from the low-weight and normal weight groups always have lunch. However, none of the students from those three groups skip their suppers. This study also shows that there are more students from the overweight group having snacks, and more students from the low-weight have the unbalanced diet problem than those from the other two groups. Next, this study examines their attitude toward breakfast. It seems that all the students from three different groups similarly regard breakfast as a very important meal. Additionally in deciding what to eat, the taste of food is considered as the most important factor for them all. In their preference of food taste, there seems to be a slight difference. The students from the low-weight and normal weight groups prefer hot food to sweet food, but those from the overweight group prefer sweet food to hot food. Also in food preference the difference among the groups is that the students from the low-weight and normal groups prefer favorite food and snacks. While those from the overweight groups prefer cereals and noodles.
Growth and Acid Production by Lactic Acid Bacteria In Cereal Added Milk
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 2, 1993, Pages 123~127
A curd yogurt was prepared from milk added with skim milk powder or four kinds of cereal. The optimum fermentation temperature of Lactobacillus acidophilus (KCTC 2182) and changes in growth and acid production by 1. acidophilus in milk added with cereal at 2%(W/V) level were investigated. The optimum fermentation temperature of 1. acidophilus (KCTC 2182) was 39~
. The acidify significantly increased during fermentation by L. acidophilus for 30 hours while pH significantly decreased during fermentation. The number of viable cells markedly increased until the first 18 or 24 hours of fermentation by L. acidophilus.