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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Nov 1993
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Aug 1993
Volume 9, Issue 2 - May 1993
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 1993
Selecting the target year
Effect of Carrot Juice on Enzymatic Browning of Potato Juice
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 181~186
Potato and carrot are the main sourses of vitamin C and vitamin A each. As a folk ramedy, potato-carrot mixtures have been used to cure a stomach ulcer in Korea. To investigate the effects of carrot juice on the browning of potato juice, we examined the brewing in various ratio of two juices. We also investigated the role of potato juice in the carotene oxidation of carrot juice. Delta "L" values of potato juice were abruptly decreased after 5 min. reaction and they were very different from the juice mixture of potato and carrot. Those containing higher ratio of potato were decreased greatly. In blanching treatment to eliminate the effect of the enzymes in potato and carrot, delta "L" values of cooked potato were decreased a little but those of cooked carrot were decreased greatly. To investigate the fact that the inhibitory effect of carrot juice in potato browning was due to the dilution of polyphenolics of potato juices by carrot juice mixing, we added H20 equivalent to carrot water content to potato juice. The diluted sample showed less decreasing pattern than nondiluted sample. We also added appropriate amount of
-carotene to the same samples. Delta "L" values of with added B-carotene were more slowly decreased than those of without added B-carotene.
Sensory and Instrumental Texture Properties of Songpypyuns and Mosipulpyuns According to the Cooking Conditions
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 187~194
Effects of the steaming conditions on textural and sensory quality of rice cakes were investigated with respect to storage period. All steaming methods except microwave oven cooking were not remarkably decreased in moisture content during storage. Degree of gelatinization was shown much higher in the both of rice cakes prepared by the rice-cake steamer and steaming pot than those of microwave oven cooking sample. Effect of the different steaming conditions on the rice cake quality resulted that the sensory profiles (consistency, moistness and cohesiveness) were apparently improved in the cakes prepared with rice-cake steamer and steaming pot cooking than microwave oven cooking. The highest overall quality was shown in the samples cooked by rice-cake steamer. The rice cakes prepared by microwave oven showed the highest hardness and chewiness in the textural profiles, whereas the rice cakes prepared by the rice-cake steamer and the steaming pot showed the high gumminess.
Study on Comparison of the Amount of Trace Metals in Edible Viscera
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 195~197
This study investigated the contamination of trace metals on edible visceras : tongue, intestine, lung, testis, gira, blood, liver, stomach, and kidney. The edible visceras were selected at random from ten markets in Seoul. The edible visceras underwent freeze drying prior to analysis. The contents of arsenic, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, copper, magnases, molybdenum, lead, and zinc were detected by ICP(Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrophotometry). The results showed that the levels of trace metals in all the samples fall within the tolerance limit and cadmium in lung tended to be high(>0.1 ppm). Therefore, we may study and investigate continuously on the food contamination of heavy metals for the public health.
Texture Characteristics of Seokibyung as affected by ingredients
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 198~203
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect the Seokibyung, when the ingrdients were changed in a variety aspects ; the amount of Seoki flour to rice flour, and several kinds of sweeteners such as sugar, honey and syrup and condition of water. The evaluation of these result were as followings ; 1. According to sensory evaluation, the, flavor, grain, softness, moistness, chewiness, sweetness, overalquality of Seokibyung were the most excellent the mixture of 60g sugar, 280g rice flour, 70g glutious rice flour and 10.5g seoki flour mixed in 90
boiled water. 2. According to Instron evaluation that the higer level resulted to the left to the right treatment that Hardness : syrup, honey, sugar Cohesiveness : honey, syrup, sugar, Adhesiveness : syrup, honey, sugar Gumminess : honey, syrup, sugar Springness : honey, sugar, syrup, Chewiness : honey, syrup, sugar. there was no significant difference among the three treatment groups in each experimental group. 3. The Color & color difference evaluation_that Overall color difference was sugar, honey, syrup in turn. 4. percentages of moisture of honey-added, sugar-added and syrup-added Seokibyung were 42.49%, 41.45% and 36.73% respectively.
Effect of Blanching on the Chemical Properties of Different Kind of Spinach
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 204~209
This investigation was undertaken for the purpose of studying the chemical properties of different kinds of spinach by various blanching procedure. Ascorbic acid, mineral and oxalic acid retention of spinaches, as well as blanch effluent composition were the major factors considered with Dong-cho(winter spinach) and vinylhouse grown spinach. Ash, crude protein, crude fat and vitamin C contents of Dong-cho were higher than those of vinylhouse spinach. On the other hand, vinylhouse grown spinach showed higher content in moisture, phosporous, calcium and oxalic acid. Most of the components in spinaches were decreased by increasing the blanching water volume and time. Reducing sugar and solid content in blanch effluent of Dong-cho were increased by increasing the blanching water volume and time, however, vinylhouse spinach showed no reducing sugar.
Physicochemical Properties of Rice Flours as Influenced by Soaking Time of Rice
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 210~214
This investigation was undertaken for the purpose of studying the physicochemical properties of rice flour made by various soaking time(1,4,6,8,12 hours) of rice. As the soaking time was longer, the lightness of rice flours increased, on the contrary its redness and yellowness decreased. Rice flours had higher swelling power and solubility by increasing soaking time, but water binding capacity decreased upon soaking of rice. Hot water insoluble amylose of rice flours was decreased, whereas hot water soluble amylose was increased as the soaking time increased. The amylograph indices indicated that initial pasting temperature of rice flours decreased, while maximum viscosity increased as the soaking time increased.
Inhibition of Lipoxygenase Activity by the Extract of Various Processed Garlic
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 215~221
Bioactivity of the extract from various processed garlic was evaluated based on the inhibition of lipoxygenase(LPO), and the effect of some stabilizers on the bioactivity was investigated. Water, ethanol or chloroform extract of 30 min boiled garlic showed 75%, 76% or 70% inhibition, respectively, compared to extracts of fresh garlic. In pickled garlic, LPO inhibition decreased gradually during storage. Chloroform extract of 40 day-stored pickled garlic inhibited LPO by 77%, and even on 60th day storage it still retained inhibitory effect of 73%, compared to that of fresh garlic. Meanwhile, the powdered (freeze-dried) garlic showed more bioactivity(80%) than the other processed garlics, and moreover, the jrreversible/unstable components seem to be stabilized by freeze-drying. The optimum pH for stabilization of bioactive components in garlic macerate was pH 3 for 48 hr incubation and pH 11 for 6 hr incubation. In addition, the effect of NaCl was not so great, although but maximal stabilization was observed at 150 mM. Stabilizing effect of
-tocopherol was markedly great, and at 6mM it showed 308% stabilizing effect after 48hr incubation. More stabilizing effect was observed at lower concentrations of ascorbic acid(
0.6mM) than higher concentrations. The stabilizing effect of soybean oil was found to be remarkable only during initial period(6 hr) of incubation.
The Study on Kinds and Utilities of Jeot-Kal(Fermented Fish Products)
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 222~229
The purpose of this study was investigated kinds and utilities of Jeot-kal(fermented fish products) in 55 different regional area which were classified three temperature zone. The result were as follows ; (1) 95 kinds of jeot-kal found, they were subdivided 4 groups according to types and part of fish used : whole fish(46 kinds), vicera(11 kinds), shellfish(14 kinds), mollusca(4 kinds) and crustaceans(20 kinds). 17 kinds of jeot-kal were found in all area. (2) They were used as side dish, seasoning substitution of soy sauce or vinegar and important materials of kimchi. In Kimchi, 49 kinds of jeot-kal were used and Myeolchi Jeot(self-fermented enchovy) was prefered at southern area, saewoo jeot (self-fermented small shrimp), gonjengi jeot(self-fermented Mysis), hwangsegi jeot(self-fermented Hwangandali) were prefered at nouthern and middle area. Sometimes they were used in sacrified service. (3) Salt content and pH of jeot-kal at southern area were higher than other area.
Consumer Demands for Prepared Frozen or Refrigerated Foods and Industry′s Response to Consumer Demands
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 230~238
The objectives of this study were to provide the basic data for the consumer education and for the new product development by surveying housewives'demands concerning prepared frozen or refrigerated foods and by surveying industry's practices and opinions concerning new product development. 804 housewives and 14 manufacturing companies of prepared frozen or refrigerated foods were surveyed. Data from housewives were analyzed by using SPSS-X progrm in terms of
-test, one-way ANOVA, t-test. The results of study are summarized as follows : 1. Frozen dumpling, frozen meat, surimi, ham and sausage were identifed as the most frequently used food items by housewives. The mean storage period for either prepared frozen or refrigerated foods was less than 15 days. 2. Housewives with higher educational background showed the greater concerns in packing and sanitary conditions, convenience in cooking procedures and brand name of the product than their counterparts. 3. Most housewives'purchasing motive for prepared frozen or refrigerated foods was the convenience of the cooking procedures(71.1%). Among the member of family, children(72.8%) specially liked prepared frozen or refrigerated foods. 4. Housewives'demands for prepared frozen or refrigerated foods were 'price reduction'and 'nutrition fortification'. These were in accordance with the companys'opimons. 5. Most wanting new product developments from the housewives perspectives were beverages (37.7%), stir-fried menu items(36.1%), pan-fried menu items(34.0%), stewed menu items(30.3%) and soups(20.4%). In case of stew and soups, the industry did not have a plan to develop those menu items.
A study of Weaning Practice and Propositions about processed baby foods - Focused on the Seoul and Kyunggi area-
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 239~246
A study was designed to assess the current status of weaning practice and to serve as a guideline of a processed baby foods through the an in-depth survey focused on the Seoul and Kyunggi area. 16.I% mothers surveyed were breast-fed and 54.6% were formula-fed. They mostly wanted to obtain information about processed bady foods and the adequate amount and weaning method of bady foods and showed deep interest in recipe of weaning foods. The average score of weaning knowledge which is counted by mothers'responses was IS.S and was significantly high in the high-educated group. The average Period when those surveved began weaning was
months and hight-educated mothers began weaning earlier than low-educated group. 77.O% mothers prepared weaning foods at home. The most popular recipe were gruel with meats and vegetables(52.6%) and they usually used mashed or grinded fruits(69.7%). 36.6% of the mothers surveyed used processed baby foods on sale once a day on the ground that such a small package is very convinient to carry. The processed baby foods which the mothers wanted to develope was the already-cooked type and to be able store at room temperature.
Assessment for Management of the Foodservice industry in Seoul through the Survey I. The Types of Foodservice System, the Menu, the Food Price, and Role of the Dietitian for the White and Blue Color Group
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 3, 1993, Pages 247~256
This is a study on the types of foodservice system, the menu, the food price, and role of the dietitian through the survey conducted at 106 enterprise located in Seoul industrial foodservice. Which were evenly divided into two groups ; the white color and the blue color. The results are below ; 1. Most institutional foodservice was enterprise under direct management. The meal was usually supp- lied three times in a day for the blue color and one time in a day for the white color. 2. Non-selective menu was set for the two groups. Generally, food was purchased through middleman by a phone, and food was storaged in room temper;iture. 3. Level of the role of dietitian was very low at budget making. A survey of 34 kinds of documentation prepared by foodservice department showed 50 percent participation of the dietitian. Documentation on personnel administration for foodservice, kitchen ser- vice employees and official paper handling was made in greater volume for the blue color than white color. 4. Nutritional education of feeding groups was presented in most cases only for 50 percent of them once a month.