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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of food and cookery science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Nov 1993
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Aug 1993
Volume 9, Issue 2 - May 1993
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 1993
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Studies on the Changes of Taste Compounds during Soy Paste Fermentation(II)
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 257~260
For the purpose of supplying the information to improve the acceptability of soy paste as the condi-ment, we investigated the changes of free sugar, volatile and nonvolatile organic acids during improved soypaste fermentation. The results were as follows; Free sugars were increased in order of glc> xyl>ara>gal. Acetic, formic, butyric, and propionic acid in volatile organic acids were detected. And total contents were increased until 60 day. In 180 day, contents of volatile organic acids were high in order of acetic>propionic> butyric> formic. The contents of succinic and glutaric acid in nonvolatile organic acids were predominent and increased in order of succinic>glutaric>lactic. Tartaric>citric>malic acid were produced in the next order.
Studies on the Changes of Taste Compounds during Soy Paste Fermentation (III)
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 261~265
For the purpose of supplying the information to improve the acceptability of soy paste as the condi-ment, the changes of peptide were determined. The results were as follows; Average peptide length were decreased. It was 102 at 0 day, 15 at 10 day and 4.1 at 180 day. Peptide fraction were the same as in 60 day and 180 day. Low molecular weight peptide were not changed greatly during fermention. Peptide identified in 180 day fermentation were Ala-Ser, Gly-Glu, Glu-Ser, Asp-Glu, Asp- Tyr, Asp-Ala-Ser, Ala-Ser-Glu, Glu-Ser-Ala, and Ala-Lys-Met. In the characteristics of bitter peptide in 180 day fermentation, soy paste itself didn't show bitter taste', solvent extration fraction I'showed bitter taste. After gel chromatography, fraction I, fraction II and fraction III were obtained and fraction II were bitter peptide of low molecular weight. After gel chromatography', solvent extration fraction 2'(water extration) were divided into fraction IV, V, VI,VII and VIII. Fraction IV, V and VI showed bitter taste. Amino acids composition of the fractions showing bitter taste were like that; fr. 1: Glu- (Asp, Pro, Val, lie or Leu)-Met fr. II Pro-(Glu, Val, Phe)-lle or Leu fr. IV: Glu-(Asp, Ala, Tyr, Leu of lie)-Phe fr. V: Ala-(Met, Glu, Pro)-lle or Leu fr. VI: Asp-(Phe, Ser, fly)-Val.
Microbial and Enzymatic Properties Related to Brewing of Traditional Ewhaju
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 266~271
In order to investigate the traditional value of Ewhaju (traditional wine) and to establish the brewing condition, studies on of traditional background and field inquiry were carried out. Scientific evaluation and possibility of revealation of Ewhaju were searched by the experiments of microbial and enzymatic properties of brewed Ewhaju and Nuruk by traditional method. In flora of microorganisms in Nuruk of Ewhaju, Aspergillus oryzae and Hansenula sP. were isolated, and, showed a level of 1.2
CHU/g, respectiveln but other microorganisms were not grown in diluted cultivation test. The a-and f-amylase activity of Nuruk were 30.74 and 34.4, respectively and their activities of two amylases were 19.28 and 18.8 at first stage of brewing, 21.21 and 19.80 at 100 day after brewing, and 20.25 and 19.90 at one year aged Ewhaju, respectively. The brewed Ewhaju could be remained with high quality long period without teat treatment or addition of preservatives, also, stored Ewhaju contains remarka-bly high activity of amylases which might contribute to digestion.
Changes in Chemical Composition of Traditional Ewhaju druing Brewing
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 272~277
Chemical composition was determined to evaluate the quality of traditional Ewhaju during brewing. The content of moisture, total sugar, reducing sugar, crude protein and crude ash of Ewhaju after the lapse of 20 days from brewing were 47.01%, 47.57%, 29.45%, 4.81% and 0.09%, respectively and free sugar composed with 28.07% of glucose and 1.30% of maltose compared with 17.43% of glucose in one year aged Ewhaju. Contents of minerals were Ca 4.8mg%, Mg 9.2mg%, K 33.0mg%, Na 16.0mg%, Mn 0.76 ppm, Fe 35.0 ppm, Zn 1.1 ppm, Cu 0.12 ppm, Cr 0.20 ppm and Pb 0.22 ppm and rarely changed during fermentation. Total amino acids were 4.23% immediately after brewing 4.54% after the lapse of 100 days. In change of amino acids, methionine and tyrosine slightly increased during fermentation. Total acid contents of Ewhaju at immediately after brewing, in the lapse of 100 days and aged one year were 0.25%, 2.16%, 3.70%, respectively and 0.05%, 0.72% and 1.04%, in volatile acid. The pH in Swhaju remarkably decreased during fermentation; 6.1 at immediatly after brewing, about 3.9 at 100 days and 365 days fermentation.
Modifications of skim milk protein by Meju protease and its effects on solubility, emulsion and foamming properties
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 278~283
This study was attempted to investigate the effects of enzymatic modification of milk protein with protease on functional properties. The selected functional properties were solubility, emulsifying activity (EA), emulsion stability(ES), foam expansion(FE), and foam stability(FS). These properties were measu-red from pH 3.0 to pH 8.0. The proteases used in this study were iaolated from Meju(fermemted soybean) and had specific activity of 250 units/㎎ protein at pH 7.0, 1600 units of pretense was used for 1gr. of skim milk protein. Skim milk showed 30.5％ degree of hydrolysis for 1 hr. and 36.4% degree of hydrolysis for 3.5 hrs. of protease treatment at pH 7.0. Solubility of native skim milk, control, 1 hr. and 3.5 hrs. groups were 3.37, 3.64, 10.21, 14.34％o at pH 4.0 respcetively. The emulsifying activity of native skim milk, control, 1 hr. and 3.5 hrs. groups were 38.8,42.0,43.0,46.7ft at pH 4.0, respectively. Enzymatic modification resulted in the increase of solubility and emulsifying activity at pH 4.0. However at pH 5.0 emulsifying activity of 1 hr. and 3.5 hr. group were lower than native skim milk and control groups. 1 hr. protease treatment was found to be most effective way of increasing foam expansion at pH 4.0 to 6.0. It was supported that, protease treated skim milk can be used to improve solubility, emulsifying activity, foam expansion at acid pH. meju protease. skim milk, solubility, emulsion, foam.
Replacement of sucrose with other sweeteners and high methoxyl pectin in low caloric pectin gels
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 284~288
Replacement of sucrose with sugar alcohols in high methoxyl pectin(HMP) jellies were studied. HMP jellies were sweetened with 100％ sucrose, 75％ sucrose and 25％ maltitol, 50％ sucrose and 50％ maltitol, and 50％ sucrose, 25％ maltitol, 12.5％ sorbitol and 12.5％ mannitol. The effect of sugar alcohols in HMP jellies were investigted. There was only slight differences in sweetness intersity in HMP jellies. Color(p<0.05), texture(p<0.01) and preference(p<0.01) of 100fl sucrose jelly were significantly higher than other Jellies sweetened with sugar and sugar alcohols mixtures. Hunter's L(lightness), a(redness), b(yellowness) values of 100％, sucrose jellies and jellies substituted with maltitol up to 25％ were not signignificantly different. But as the ratio and the number of sugar alcohols used for substition were increased, L, a and b values had been lowered signigicantly(p<0.01). Instru-mental characteristics of jelly texture were examined. Hardness of 100％ sucrose jelly sweetened with sucrose and 3 kind of sugar alcohols were higher than others(p<0.05). As substitution ratio was higher, springiness and chewiness of HMP jellies were lowered(p<0.01). Springiness of HMP jellies indicated positive correlation with general acceptance of sensory scores at 5％ significant level. Brittleness, gum-miness and cohesiveness in all types of jellies were not significantly different.
Replacement of sucrose with other sweeteners and low methoxyl pectin in low caloric pectin gels
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 289~292
The effect of sugar alcohols in the preparation of acceptable low methoxyl pectin(LMP) jellies were studied. Sensory scores analysis, Hunter's color parameters and texture profile analysis using universal testing machine were performed. The composition of sweetners used in this study were 100％ sucrose, 75％ sucrose and 25％ maltitol, 50％ sucrose and 50％ maltitol, and 50% sucrose, 25％ maltitol, 12.5％ sorbitol'and 12.5% mannitol. LMP jellies with 100％ sucrose showed the strongest sweetness among them. Other sensory characteristics of LMP jellies were regarded as same. Hunter's value of lightness, redness and yellowness of 100％ sucrose jellies and jellies substituted with maltitol up to 25％ were not significantly different, but those of LMP jellies substituted with 50％ sugar alcohols were higher(p<0.01) than other 3 types of jellies. As substitution ratio was increased, springiness and chewiness were lower(p<0.01). Fracturability(p<0.01) and hardness(p<0.05) of jellies made of 100% sucrose and 75％, sucrose and 25% maltitol showed higer value than the other jellies. Springiness of jelles sweetened with sucrose and 3 sugar alcohols was the highest(p<0.05). Replacement of sucrose by sugar alcohol did not influenced on gumminess and cohesiveness of LMP jellies.
The Physicochemical Properties and Taste Variation of Hydrogenated Soybean oil in Deep-frying Potatoes
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 293~297
This study aims to seek ways to improve frying stability of soybean oil which is widely used for deep frying while at the same time attempting to develop new frying oil and fat of high quality. Taking soybean oil as a control group, the study fried frozen potatoes with hydrogenated soybean oil with iodine value ranging from 60 to 110 for 15 hours. The test results showed that in frying stability, hydrogenated soybean oil with iodine value of 87 and 63 was superior to normal soybean oil and hydrogenated soybean oil with iodine value of 111(P<0.05). In sensory evaluation, however, no significant difference can be detected among groups(P>0.05). The correlation between physicoche-mical properties and sensory evaluation results was highest for smoke point and viscosity. This study concludes, therefore, that hydrogenated soybean oil with iodine value of 60~90 is better than normal soybean oil as deep-frying oil.
The Oxidation Stability of Soybean, Palm Fish oil and Lard affected by Crude Gingerol
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 298~302
The Crude ginerol from ginger was collected to investigate the possibility of application to food products as a natural antioxidant. The antioxidant activity of gingerols according to fatty acid composi-tion of several oils, were examined by measuring peroxide value(POV). The induction period(If) of fish oil, sdybean oil, lard and palm oil was 5.0, 17.0, 38.4 and 57.6 hours respectively by measuring POV during storge at
. The relative antioxidant effectiveness(RAE) of gingerol group was lard ; 219, soybean oil; 176, fish oil; 160 and palm oil; 146%, while the RAE of'BHT group was lard; 238, palm oil; 158, soybfan oil; 132 and fish oil; 122%.
Structural and Textural Characteristics of Egg Custard with Soused Shrimp Juice
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 303~307
Structural and textural characteristics of egg custard with 1.5ft sodium chloride as salt or soused shrimp juice were investigated by SEM, texturometer and sensory evaluation.: 1. Egg custard without sodium chloride showed flat, crosslinkaged structure and no pores. : but the addition of salt or soused shrimp juice developed much of round pores and smooth walls. 2. There were significant difference in hardness between without sodium chloride group and boiled soused shrimp juice group. 3. there were significant difference in appearance, taste and texture, but flavor and total acceptability did not showed significant difference in preference test. In discriminating test, swellness, softness, flavor, color, holes and hardness were important factors affecting the preference to determine the characteristics of egg custard.
A Study on the Effect of Mungbean Protein on Quality Characteristics of Angel Parfiet
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 308~311
This study was carried out in order to study the effect of mungbean protein on quality characteristics of angel parfait. The foaming properties of mungbean protein was tested and angel parfait was made with mungbean protein. The results were as follows: 1. Foam expansion values of mungbean protein were generally dependent on protein concentration to 3かio protein suspension. From 1％ to 3％ suspen-sion, foam expansion values increased. However, over 3％ suspension, the values decreased. 2. The foaming stability appeared the greatest value as protein concentration increased. But it was not signifi-cantly different over than 5% concentration. 3. The overrun of angel parfait made with munbean protein was significantly higher than that of made with soybean protein and sensory evaluation data presented that angel parfait made with mungbean protein was significantly higher than that of soybean protein.
Recipes for the supplementary foods and monthly feeding plans for infants
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 312~316
This study was carried out to develop supplementary foods for infants and monthly feeding plans of five steps. The developed supplementary foods were divided into 3 stages. First stage was designed for the babies just beginning eat pureed vegetables and fruits. Second stage was combined the nutritio-nal attributes of both vegetables and meat. Third stage was featured bite-sized pieces of tender meat and vegetables that appealed to the most mature tastes of babies. Feeding plans were divided into 5 steps according to their development. At 3 months, small amount of supplementary of smooth porri-dge can be introduced after a milk feeding each day. At 5 months, the quantity of supplementary foods can be gradually increased, and it can be given after 2 or 3 times of milk feedings. By being given different foods, infants will learn to become accustomed to new flavors at 7 months. At 9 months, the same types of additional foods are given at least 3 times a day after the milk feeds. Infants will be able to take most of the foods at 12 months, and it is important to give the infants solid foods after milk feedings at least 3 times a day.
The Study on the Oxidative Stability of Mixed Rapeseed oil with Palm oil
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 317~322
Two kinds of simple and interesterfying mixed rapeseed oil were prepared according to add 30%, 50% and 70% of coconut and palm oil, then the physicochemical propecties such as the tedency of oxidation, foaming activity were Investigated. The initial AV and POV of interesterifyung mixed rape-seed oils were higher than those of simple mixed oils, but the tendencies of oxidation were similar. The intial value of IV interesterfied rapeseed oils was added in simple mixed rapeseed oil, Induction period were increased about 2.4~4 times. Induction period of intereterifyng mixed oils added palm ell increased about 2~3.2 times. While the foaming Buantity of interesterifing mixed rapeseed oils with palm oil were lower about 28~40% than those of the simple mixed rapeseed oils.
A Study on the Occurrence of Benzo(a)pyrene in Fats and oils by Heat Treatment(I)
Korean journal of food and cookery science , volume 9, issue 4, 1993, Pages 323~328
Benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P], one of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is known as a potent carcinogen. As lipid consumption increases recently, the toxic effect of overheated lipid foods and fats ＆ oils were reported increasingly. In this study, the contents of B(a)p, other PAHs and rancidities of soybean oil were determined, and then the proper heating temperature, time and frequency were recommended, The work was carried out using soybean oil heated at $180\pm
$, and $300\pm
$,for 50 hours. Acid Value(AV) and Conjugated Diene Value of samples were determined. The contents of B(a)P and other PAHs contents of all samples were masured by HPLC/UV method. The results obtained were as follows; Each content of PAHs in the fresh soybean oil was: Pyr 1.093, B(a)A 0.986, Ch 1.147, DMBA 1.082, B(e)P 0.664, Per 1.135, B(a)P 0.146, DBA 1.053, 3-MC 0.05 rg/kg. When the soybean oil was heated at $180\pm
$, for 10, 20, 30, and 50 hours, B(a)P conterlts in heated soybean oils were 0.391, 0.692, 0.451, and 0.372
/kg respectively. Acid value of them were 0.26, 0.26, 0.29, and 0.33, and conjugated diene value was 0.67, 0.76, 0.99, and 1.04, respectively. When the soybean oil was heated at $200\pm
$,for 10, 20, 30, and 50 hours, B(a)P coiltents in soybean oil heated at $200\pm
$,were 0.844, 0.512, 0.479 and 0.247 Ig/kg respectively, Acid value 0.22, 0.21, 0.23 and 0.51 and CDNV 0.39, 0.49, 3.27, and 3.89. B(a)P contents in soybean oil heated at $300\pm
$,were 0.466, 0.706, 0.607 and 0.247
/kg respectively, Acid value 0.47, 1.57, 3.90, and 6.42 and CDNV 0.65, 2.15, 3.00, and 3.88.