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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Fire Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
The effect of cooling rate on electrical properties of ZnO varistor for Fire Alarm Circuit
Lee, Duck-Chool ; Kim, Yong-Hyuk ; Chu, Soon-Nam ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1996, Pages 3~12
The aim of the present study is to find out the effect of cooling rate on the electrical behavior of ZnO varistors. The microstructure, 1-V characteristics and complex impedance spectra were investigated under the change of cooling rates. It is found that at cooling rate
/h, nonlinearity and breakdown voltage reached a maximum value which may show that good intergranular layer is formed as a results of proper cooling rate. Complex Impedance spectras were measured as a function of frequency range 100Hz to 13MHz to determine grain and grainboundary resistance. The semicircles were attributed to the dependence of grain and grainboundary resistance on cooling rates.
Prediction of sprinkler activation time in compartment fire
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1996, Pages 13~18
A general description of sprinkler activation time in compartment-fire-generated smoke layers is made. For calculation of the time hot layer temperature is obtained from two-layer zonal model and time constant of sprinkler is measured. Upper-layer thickness at the instant of sprinkler activation is also presented with changes of opening area. The output of the present study provide inputs for the interaction modeling of sprinkler spray and compartment fire environment, which simulates fire suppression phenomena. Futhermore, experiments are performed in mock-up with gasoline pool fire in order to evaluate the reliability of the model.
A Study on the Flow Coefficient of Compartment Fire
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1996, Pages 19~27
The objective of this research is to study on the upper layer temperature, interface height and flow regime in case of several furniture fires such as trashcan, chair, carpet, sofa, mattress and wardrobe as a fire starter in a residential room by performing the experimental studies. The upper layer temperature and the Interface height were relatively well agreed with the experimental results when the flow coefficient at the opening was 0.65-0.8 for the rectangular trashcan, 0.65-0.9 for the circular trashcan and chair, and 0.7-0.9 for the carpet, sofa, mattress and wardrobe. The interface heights for the seven furniture fires were around 1[m] maintaining steady state. However, at the time of the maximum temperature, the interface height was lowered to 0.25[m]-0.75[m] from the floor. The flow regime at the opening was filling and buoyant for the distributed fire, and for the concentrated fire it was filling and then quickly changed to flow, and the flow period was long. The descending speed of the interface height was proportioned to the inflammability of the furniture and the contact surface area with air. The time required to come down around 1[m] was within 1-3 minutes.
A Development of Model for Fire Hazard Assessment in the Buildings
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1996, Pages 29~36
The hazard assessment in which the potential hazard factors in the buildings are investigated and the scale of the hazard is analyzed should be performed first in order to prevent personal and material damages due to building fire. In this study, the building fire hazard are assessed using 822-item checklist, for the qualitative evaluation of which the main factors are classified into 10 items, yielding 100 scale points with some weighting. It is shown that present model is applicable for the assessment of all general buildings through the examination of the suitability of assessment model by actual assessment of existing building. Also, the checklist is prepared in itemized questionnaire form for easy assessment of building fire hazard. Therefore, the present model will be helpful for those working in fire prevention, who are suffering from the lack of manifest evaluation model for the fire prevention assessment so far in Korea.
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1996, Pages 37~42
The "Intelligent Fire detecting and Extinguishing System" is an up-to-date fire protection system for modern high-rise buildings, international airports, enormous industrial facilities, dome stadiums such as specific areas in which the application of our local fire protection regulation could not be satisfied. The state-of-the art initiating devices communicated with sophisticated network control panels enable peoples to get reliable and powerful suppressions using water or gas, providing absolute protection. The Intelligent Water Cannon System, the Low Pressure
System and the MXL Networking Fire Alarm System introduced in this paper accomplish the dynamic protection for the special hazards.