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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Fire Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
An Experimental Study on the Formations of Thermal Stratification in Furniture Fire
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 11, issue 1, 1997, Pages 3~9
The objective of this research is to study on the formations of thermal stratification in a room in case of several furniture fires such as trashcan, carpet, sofa, mattress and wardrobe as a fire starter in a residential room by performing the experimental studies. The uniformly distributed fire in case of carpet showed that the ignition and the initial growth period were relatively short while the fully developed period was considerably long. The concentrated fires such as the mattress and wardrobe showed that the ignitions and the initial growth periods were relatively long. When fire spread to only direction, like the case for the trashcan with a regular shape, there was one peak of temperature profile, and for the irregular shaped furniture such as chair, sofa, mattress and wardrobe, there were two or more peaks. The interface heights for the furniture fires were around 1[m] maintaining constant state. However, at the time of the maximum temperature, the interface height was lowered to 0.25[m]-0.75[m] from the floor.
Risk Acceptability and Criteria for multiple fatality in Urban disaster
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 11, issue 1, 1997, Pages 11~19
The paper review of the methods used to present in a quantitative way of risk to the public in the vicinity of hazardous operation within urban area. The study concentrated on the calculation, presentation and interpretation of societal risk where multiple concerned population at large. It is also compared the way to use of risk criterias in various countries where the different population density concerned. It is recommended societal risk criteria need to be vastly apply to the exposed population.
A Study on the Combined Heat Transfer and Analysis Fire Induced Combustion Gas in a partially Open Enclosure
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 11, issue 1, 1997, Pages 21~35
The natural convection and combined heat transfer induced by fire in a rectangular enclosure is numerically studied. The model for this numerical analysis is partially opened right wall. The solution procedure includes the standard k-
model for turbulent flow and the discrete ordinates method (DOM) is used for the calculation of radiative heat transfer equation. In numerical study, SIMPLE algorithm is applied for fluid flow analysis, and the investigations of combustion gas induced by fire is performed by FAST model of HAZARD I program. In this study, numerical simulation on the combined naturnal convection and radiation is carried out in a partial enclosure filled with absorbed-emitted gray media, but is not considered scattering problem. The streamlines, isothermal lines, average radiation intensity and kinetic energy are compared the results of pure convection with those of the combined convection-radiation, the combined heat transfer. Comparing the results of pure convection with those of the combined convection-radiation, the combined heat transfer analysis shows the stronger circulation than those of the pure convection. Three different locations of heat source are considered to observe the effect of heat source location on the heat transfer phenomena. As the results, the circulation and the heat transfer in the left region from heating block are much more influenced than those in the right region. It is also founded that the radiation effect cannot be neglected in analyzing the building in fire. And as the results of combustion gas analysis from FAST model, it is found that O2 concentration is decreased according to time. While CO and CO2 concentration are rapidly increased in the beginning(about 100sec), but slowly decreased from that time on.
A Survey of Fuel Loads in Office Buildings
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 11, issue 1, 1997, Pages 37~45
The surveying method for determine moveable fuel load estimates is presented. Two types of offices, open plan design and compartmented layout were surveyed and Data are presented for fuel load densities in ten office buildings. Office building fuel load in Korea range from 36kg/
with 95% confidence level and represented mean 44.27kg/
. The results of the study presented the impact of the office layout and computer accessary contribution on the fuel load. In addition, a comparison of fuel load that found at this survey and that found at Fire Protection Dept., University of Maryland, U. S. A was made.
A Study on Torsional Stiffness Improvement of a Vehicle
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 11, issue 1, 1997, Pages 47~54
Using high tensile steel plate makes the vehicle body stiffness lower even though it can lessen the fuel consume rate in application of weight reduction. The crack which happens arround vehicle window glass is brought about due to fatigue with low torsional stiffness. The paper presents a most suitable way to increase torsional stiffness using elasticity theory. Also the result of this study shows good agreement with FEM and experiments. We used a passenger car for calculation in this paper. Because we can apply the result of this study to fire engine as well as passenger car.
On Basic Characteristics of A Pool Fire
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 11, issue 1, 1997, Pages 55~64