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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Fire Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Development Direction of Fire Consequence Analysis Programs for Hazardous Materials
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 1999, Pages 1~6
In this paper, We have analyzed the application characteristics of the three different consequence programs(SuperChems Pro., PHAST Pro., and SAFER Trace) for the models (pool fire, jet fire ＆ flare, fireball, flash fire) based on the four possible accident scenarios. And we have proposed a development direction of fire consequence analysis models using the related theories and the results analysis of consequence programs.
Risk evaluation of EVA dust with oxidizer by a pressure vessel
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 1999, Pages 7~12
Thermal properties of EVA dust and its risks of coexisting with oxidizer were investigated by a pressure vessel. The decomposition of EVA dust with temperature using DSC and the weight loss with temperature using TGA were also investigated to find the thermal hazard of EVA dust. Using the pressure vessel which can estimate ignition and explosion of EVA dust coexisting with oxidizer by bursting of a rupture disc, many experiments have been conducted by varying the orifice diameter, heating rate, the weight ratio of the sample coexisting with oxidizer, and the species of oxidizer. According to the results of the thermal analysis of EVA dust, a little change of the decomposition initiation temperature with the heating rate could be found and the decomposition temperature zone of EVA dust was 250 to 50
. The risk of EVA dust coexisting with oxidizer was increased as the orifice diameter was decreased. On the other hand, it was increased as the heating rate and the weight ratio of the sample coexisting with oxidizer were increased. In addition, the risk of EVA dust coexisting with oxidizer was affected by the decomposition temperature of the sample and oxidizer, respectively, at slow heating rate, but it was affected by the oxygen weight percent of oxidizer at fast heating rate.
A Study on the Fire Protection System in the Stage
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 1999, Pages 13~19
Currently, conventional fire prevention facility installation standard is based on the use and size of the domestic theaters. In the study, theaters with 1,900 seats were examined to suggest a suitable method to adapt a better fire preventing system. The proposed systems are as follow. - 100% of backup pressed-water outlet device, considering waterproof pressure for fire prevention facility at the top floor. - The supplement of the side wall type header and a large caliber outlet header for stage open sprinkler. - Subdividing a installation rule for special detector and implementing the latestdetector. - Installation of fire curtain for dividing stage area and auditorium area, and also the method of installation of fire curtain.
A Numerical Study of Smoke Movement in Atrium Fires with Ceiling Hea Flux
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 1999, Pages 20~29
This paper describes the smoke filling process of a fire field model based on a self-developed SMEP(Smoke Movement Estimating Program) code to the simulation of fire induced flows in the two types of atrium space containing a ceiling heat flux. The SMEP using PISO algorithm solves conservation equations for mass, momentum, energy and species, together with those for the modified k- epsilon turbulence model with buoyancy term. Compressibility is assumed and the perfect gas law is used. The results of the calculated upper-layer average temperature and smoke layer interface height has shown reasonable agreement compared with the zone models. The zone models used are the CFAST developed at the Building and Fire Research Laboratory NIST U.S.A. and the NBTC one-room of FIRECALC developed at CSIRO, Australia. The smoke layer interface heights that are important in fire safety were not as sensitive as the smoke layer temperature to the nature of ceiling heat flux condition.
The Experimental Study of Fire Properties in Reduced-scale Atrium Space
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 1999, Pages 30~37
In this study, reduced-scale experiments as the alternative to a real-scale fire test were conducted to understand fire properties in atrium space. The scaling laws were derived from
-parameters which were deduced by dimensional analysis of governing equations (continuity, conservation of momentum and conservation energy). The 1/50 scale experiment simulated the real-scale fire test in SIVANS atrium at Japan were conducted under the scaling laws. And this results were compared with real-scale experiment results. Furthermore these results were visualized by video recording system using laser light sheet.
A Research on Thermal Properties & Fire Resistance of A Water Film Covered Glazing System for Large Atrium Space
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 1999, Pages 38~55
In order practically to use fire-defective glazing materials for the compartment wall where a fire-protection rating is mandated, there have been many trials internationally, This research focuses on a feasibility that, if certain water film covered all surface of glass, the glazing system can endure without breaking out under the compartment fire. First of all, a water film spray system was specially designed to wet the entire surface of the glass and also to have tiny small amount of water rebounded from the surface after emitted from nozzles. After this system has proven to have perfect performance, small-scale tests were done to find out if the water film covered glazing system react to the high temperature curve in a small furnace room. Finally, on basis of the obtained data, full-scale experiments were done so that water-film covered glazing system can pass the Korean Standard (KS) test for fire resistance, KS F2257.
Report on Fire Analysis and Alternative Solutions of the SEA LAND Recreational Assembly Facility Fire at Hwasung, Kyungkido
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 1999, Pages 57~60
Report on Analysis of Significant Factors and Alternative Solutions for Present Korean Multi-Occupancy Building Based on Low-rise Pub Restaurant Building Fire at Inchon
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 13, issue 4, 1999, Pages 61~67