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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Fire Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Remote Control for Exit Sign Using High Efficiency LED
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 1~7
In the normally, exit sign is always lighting on status by the connected to normal electrical source. So, there are happened to rise of the economical cost such as power consumption, maintenances and repair replacement of lamp etc. This paper are study on the new exit sign circuits by using high efficiency LED that is available for remote control and reduceible to power consumption, maintenance cost by the way of compensation fluorescent and incandescent lamps. As a results on the study, exit sign lamp is capable of control and supervisory in trigger angle by the remote control switch, widely and easily. And then, the response time was very fast in 600〔
s〕and also it can be find that the rising and fall time of oscillate circuit is maximum 200〔ns〕 as high sensitively. Finally, it obtain to the result that reducible of electrical power consumption and not required for replacement of lamp by using the high efficiency LED lighting source.
A Study on the Heat-Diffusion Prediction of Induction Heating JAR using Finite Element Method
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 8~13
Induction heating is widely used in today's industry, in operations such as metal hardening, pre-heating for forging operations, melting or cooking. In this paper, the magneto-thermal analysis of an induction heating jar(IH-JAR) was presented as an efficient design. The magnetic field intensity inside the axisymmetric shaped cooker was analyzed using three-dimensional axisymmetric finite element method(FLUX2D) and the effectual heat source was obtained by ohmic losses from eddy currents induced in the jar. The heat was calculated using the heat source and heating equation. Also, it was presented the temperature characteristics of the IH-JAR according to time and relative permeability in stainless parts and in aluminum parts.
The Experimental Study on the Toxic Gases Released from the Floor Finishing Materials in Entertainment Service Industry Buildings
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 14~21
The several floor finishing materials that widely used in entertainment service industry buildings were evaluated according to the method of NES 713. Also, toxic gases of floor finishing materials in combustion without air flow rate were checked as concentration of fire gases variation according to time using gas analyzer. We had estimated the smoke hazard of floor finishing materials in fire. As results of gas analyses using the method of NES 713, toxic index of samples was estimated range of 2～9.7. Therefore, a large amount of toxic gases will release from a floor finishing materials fire and connoted great smoke hazard in fire.
A Strength Change of the Concrete Mixed with Waste Type due to Fire
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 22~26
It is very important to find out how to economically recycle waste tyres thrown away from the industry to the field. This one is also consistent with environmentally-friend policy. Many papers have been produced for focusing on the strength using waste-tyre material. Now, many kind of particle sizes of waste-tyre material are being produced in Korea, with support of the government. This study is to figure out how much the waste tyre mixing concrete resists against temperature at fire and how much decrease rate it shows. All the result are compared here in order to find out the way to applicate it to the practical structure for this area. The mixing proportion rate is selected with an experience and try-and error method. Eventually some of distinctive results are mentioned in the conclusion. The waste tyre concrete heated with
temperature was almost no change of its strength comparing with the normal one.
A Study on the Comparison of Building Egress Safety Rule in Countries
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 27~32
As a result of increase of high-rise building and complex building in cities, fire damage become larger and complicated. However, law and standards in connection with life safety in the fire is deficient in safety performance and the institution of fire is divided into two parts : the building law and the fire law. The aim of this research is to compare with egress safety rule in advanced countries and to analyze the national standard of egress safety by investigating research data in order to make fire safety rule more effective. On the basis of this analysis, this research also suggested that reform measures should make egress safety in the fire.
A Study on the Torque Characteristics of Butterfly Valve Disc in Fire Protection
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 33~37
This study has investigated hydrodynamic of torque characteristics for disc of butterfly valve that is used in control for fire-protection water, The free-streamline theory is applied to predict hydrodynamic of torque characteristics. The torque characteristics of disc are corrected for the angles of attack of valve disc and surrounding velocity of flow by theoretical torque equation, and correction equation is added. The torque characteristics of disc are investigated for the ratio of hub thickness to the valve diameter. The result of prediction are shown to be successful as that show typical torque characteristics of butterfly valve. Since the velocity distribution around the disc is confirmed in a visualization, it is confirmed that the free-streamline theory can be used to predict the torque characteristics of disc.
A Characteristics of Smoke Layer Formation Affected Periodicity of Fire Plumes
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 38~42
This experiment is to understand a characteristics of smoke layer formation affected periodicity of fire plumes. The ON-OFF jet was used to constitute the oscillating flow, which was formed by a mixture of nitrogen gas with kerosene particles. The instantaneous images was obtained by digital video camera using laser sheet technique. The results were confirmed that the smoke layer in the near fire source comprise vortices which are formed by impingement from the periodicity of fire plume. The periodic impinging of plumes were thickened the smoke layer and produced the back-flow.
A Optimization of Fire Safety Design in Multiplex Cinema Theater
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 43~50
21C, Multiplex Cinema Theater is made from movie industry developed and become a place where we can spend our free time and consuming. But, theater users, who are many and unspecified persons, are short of information on the Multiplex Cinema Theater, so that they may be injured or killed at the occurrence of fire accident. Particularly, Multiplex Cinema Theater is a place that underground space or top floor in highrise building had many people in theaters. However, this problem is difficult to solve that to protect human being and properties at the occurrence of fire accident in the Multiplex Cinema Theater, In order to overcome such problems, Multiplex Cinema Theater need fire protection solutions facilities concerning particulars to pay attention to the safety on a fire and evacuation. This study analysed Multiplex Cinema Theater concept and computer simulation for risk point.
Empirical Equations for Physical Properties of Halon-1301 and
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 51~58
For Halon-1301 regulated by Montreal Protocol and
as its alternatives, the empirical equations of density, viscosity, and enthalpy were correlated in terms of temperature. They were obtained by regression analysis from the experimental data in the literature. The empirical equation of density was expressed as compressibility factor by the second- order function of temperature. The empirical equation of viscosity was formulated as a power function, and a correction factor was considered to cover the wider range of temperature. Finally, heat capacity as well as enthalpy were well fitted by empirical form of the second-order temperature. The correlation coefficients of the empirical equations in this work were more than 0.99.
A Study on Discharge Characteristics from the Nozzle Orifice Attached to a Modularized Fire Extinguishing Gas-agent Container Under Horizontal Position
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 59~69
The conventional fire extinguishing gas-agent system has a configuration in which the gas-agent comes out of a cylindrical container having vertically settled shape. However, in this study a horizontally installed container of a piping shape having a cylinder of the same shape with a cylinder valve and a discharge nozzle was used, and the relationship between orifice size of nozzle and discharge rate of gas-agent was investigated through various experiments including the measurement of discharge rate under different ambient-temperature conditions. In such experiments, HCFC Blend A was used without super-pressurization by nitrogen. From this research, it was observed that statutory discharge duration of 10 seconds can be met if the relatively large size of the valve and the nozzle orifice were properly selected.
A Study on the Risk Assessment System of the Underground Space
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 70~74
This study suggests safety assessment items and risk assessment technique for underground shopping malls by extracting dangerous elements in the management stage through examination of related accidents, documents and present conditions.
Experiments on the Behavior of Underground Utility Cable in Fire
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 75~80
In this paper, some experiments of a heat release rate and toxicity for underground utility 22.9kv cable in fire was conducted and analysed applying plume equation and smoke chamber test separately, A 22.9 ㎸ power cable is selected for testing heat release in ISO 9705 geometry and toxicity production is measured with NES 713 (British-Naval Engineering Standard)test. In test results, Cable heat release reached about 60 ㎾ above 1.2 m from heptane pan and CO generated lethal concentration under 30 min. exposure condition.