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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Fire Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Diffusion and Disperision of Injected
Gas Into the
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 1~7
Diffusion and dispersion of injected
gas into the
gas flow are complex. In the packed column with porous particles the axial dispersion and the extra-particle mass transport as well as the intra-particle mass transport are involved. The pulse spreads by stationary diffusion during the period of arrested flow. Hence, the effect of axial dispersion, and of entrance and exit, as well as that of intraparticle convection should be eliminated during the period. The effective diffusivity was determined experimentally by using the gas chromatography, which is to arrest the gas flow during the period after injecting the pulse. This experiment method hasn't been used often in the field. Effective diffusivities are raised with temperature increasing, and it is quite satisfied com-pared to literature values. In this study, the calculated data of gaseous chemical for extinguish fires could be helpful to appreciate several physical phenomenons. Also, it could be expected that, the calculated data of this study might be very useful for development of excellent gaseous chemical for extinguish fires and improvement of its efficiency.
A Study on Dynamic Characteristics of EFPCD for Electrical Fire Prevention
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 8~11
Recently, the spark and the overheat due to in the failure of pressure contacts on connecting points and the momentary short circuit have been the major causes of electrical fire because these may cause the deposition and the graphite of insulating materials in electrical wiring system. Also, because in these cases the current is a surge one, the losses and faults of a communication, a home appliances, a computer and a measuring instrument may occur. Especially, in such cases, we are very difficult to detect the failure of pressure contacts on connecting points and the momentary short circuit. In this paper, we have developed an auxiliary control device, the electrical fire prevention control device(EFPCD), of an earth leakage breaker(ELB). And we can pre-vent the electrical fire caused by the spark and the overheat occurring in the failure of pressure contacts in connecting points and the momentary short circuit with the EFPCD.
Toxicity Evaluation of Effluent Gases from a Residental Fire by Rats
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 12~15
It has long been recognized that exposure to fire-induced toxic gases is a fatal hazard confront-ing people in fires. In this study, an indoor fire experiment was conducted in an unoccupied residential building located in An-san city, Kyoung-gi province, and the composition of effluent gases, which include CO,
, NO and
, were measured by a gas analyzer. A group of lab rats were exposed to the toxic gases released from fire, and the blood samples of the rats were gathered every 2 minutes. A toxicity evaluation was conducted by analyzing the concentrations of Glucose, AST(GOT), ALT(GPT), CBC Count and CO(carboxy)-Hb in the blood samples. Shown from the analysis is the does-response relationship between the CO concentration that rats were exposed to and the CO-Hb concentration in rat blood.
Empirical Equations for Thermodynamic Physical Properties of Freon-23 and HFC-227ea
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 16~25
For Freon-23, a conventional extinguished agent regulated by Montreal Protocol and HFC-227ea, its alternative, the empirical equations were correlated in terms of saturated pressure, density, viscosity, enthalpy and surface tension. They were obtained by regression analysis from the experimental data in the literature. The empirical equations of saturated pressure were expressed as the second and third order function of temperature. The empirical equation of density was expressed as compressibility factor and saturated pressure by a function of temperature. The empirical equation of viscosity was formulated as a power function. Heat capacities as well as enthalpies were well fitted by empirical form of the second-order temperature. Finally, surface tension simply has linear function form in terms of temperature.
Measurement of Mutual Solubility of High-pressure Gaseous Fire Extinguishing Agents(HFCs) and Nitrogen
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 26~31
Bromotrifluoromethane(halon-1301) and bromochlorodifluoromethane(halon-1211) have been widely used as a clean fire extinguishing agents due to their outstanding properties. However, production and use of halon are currently being phased out under an international agreements Montreal Protocol because of global environmental concerns and HFCs have been considered as promising alter-natives for the replacement of halon since their ozone depletion potentials are low. The vapor-liquid equilibrium data are required as important basic information in evaluating the solubility of clean fire extinguishing agents and determining their optimal compositions. In this work, we chose HFCs such as HFC-22 HFC-125, and HFC-l34a for gaseous fire extinguishing agents and nitrogen as a pressurization gas for a proper jet velocity of these agents. Phase equilibria for binary mixtures of nitrogen/HFC-22, nitrogen/HFC-125, and nitrogen/HFC-l34a were measured in the temperature range from 283.15K to 303.15K. For equilibrium measurement, we used a circulation type apparatus in which both vapor and liquid phases were continuously recirculated. The experimental data were relatively well correlated with the Peng-Robinson equation of state with Wong-Sandier mixing rules.
Synthesis Study of CF
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 32~38
The synthesis of
was studied for the reuse of
which is abolished to save the ozone layer of the earth. Reaction experiments were carried out in experimental scale synthesis equipment with catalysts, such as CuI, Kl,
, KF metal salt/active carbon and alumina support at
. Main products of reaction were
with small amounts of
by-products. 7.5wt% KI and
over activated carbon catalysts show the highest yield of
I and 7.5wt% CuI over alumina catalysts show the highest yield of
. And optimal reaction temperature was about
A Study on Adaptability Inquire ＆ Promotable Method for “A Construction Permit Consent ＆ Use Admission Consent”
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 39~47
The government is propelling regulatory reform in priority that abrogate (8,121 an item in 14,186) improve (6,065 an item in 14,186) administrative regulation. But In spite of many regulatory reform results, successive diminution of regulatory reform is low because that modification of bureaucracy's execution don't support or a concerned group of gain and loss resists. In the future, regulatory reform must perform continuously promote. At the same time, the people, enterprises ＆ public service manage diversified a regulatory adaptation countermeasure. In this study, grasp the present condition at A Construction Permit Consent ＆ Use Admission Consent and would present the promotable method in analysis synthetically ＆ systematically about cognizance, recognition & observance of a administrative regulation.
A Study on the Treatment of Suitable Flame Retardant to the Fibers for Welding Blanket Development
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 48~55
This study presents a treatment of suitable flame retardant through evaluating fire performance after treating flame retardant of fibers for development of welding blanket. The experimental samples used were commercial fibers and we are treated fibers with the flame retardant liquid and the flame retardant paint. The fire performance of the sample was carried out according to the Korea and Japan Standard. As the results of the fire performance experiment, the treated fiber in samples had enough in the performance of flame and fire retardant and the grade of their was from grade A to grade C according to flame and fire retardant standard. The lower oxygen index indicated that all treated samples with the resist are satisfied with international standard. We con-sider that the welding blanket treated with grade A, B and C performance prevents fire spread regardless of the height of work stairs in the case of installation horizontally. Also, it is considered that the welding blanket treated with grade C performance prevents fire spread regardless of the height of work stairs in the case of installation vertically.
A Study on the Thermal Analysis for Electrical Wire in Overload and Short of Low Voltage Wiring
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 56~60
Recently, with the growth of software for electro-thermal analysis, it has been studied the precise analysis and investigation of cause for the electrical fire using computer simulation on the basis of theory for electro-thermal analysis. But it is very lacking for the precise analysis and investigation of cause for the electrical fire. In this paper, we have simulated the thermal analysis for electrical wire according to the value of current in a overload and a short with the electrical wire of the L's company product(600 V VVF) using the electro-thermal finite element method(Flux2D).
Characteristics of Water Solutions Containing Nonionic Surfactants and Their Fire Fighting Performance
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 61~70
A fire extinguishing agent containing non-ionic surfactant which is environmentally friendly and low cost was prepared and tested its characteristics and fire fighting performance. Ethoxylated sorbitol septaoleate, containing 40 moles of ethylene oxide as the primary surfactant, linear ethoxylated secondary alcohol, containing 7-11 moles ethylene oxide as the secondary surfactant, and ethoxylated sorbitol trioleate, containing 40-50 moles of ethylene oxide were used in the agent. It is demonstrated that the water solution containing 6 wt％ agent is capable to extinguish gasoline fire when it is put into the fire four times as much as gasoline. According to the field test of class B fire with a unit 1, it is found that the fire fighting performance is directly proportional to the concentration of surfactant in the agent.
The Risk Assessment of Tunnel Fire Through Real Scale Fire Test
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 71~76
The real scale tunnel fire tests are carried out for the first time in domestic range to assess the extent of risk in the tunnel fire. The tunnel dimension is 465 m in length, 9.2 m in width and 6.5 m in height. Gasoline pools with 0.25 MW∼2.5 MW size and a 1500CC passenger car are used as fire sources. Six jet fans are used to change the flow velocity inside the tunnel. Temperatures at total 86 points in the tunnel are measured to find the temperature distribution and smoke behavior in the real tunnel fire. In the experiment, it is examined that the important parameters to assess the extent of risk in tunnel fire such as back layering of smoke front, descending of smoke layer and the fire size of a real passenger car.
Flame Extinguishing Concentrations and Flue Gas Compositions of n-Heptane by Mixed Inert Gas Agents
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2002, Pages 77~83
We measured flame extinguishing concentration and flue gas composition in the n-heptane fuel cup-burner system using inert gas agents such as nitrogen, argon, carbon dioxide and their mixtures. The flame extinguishing concentration of binary gaseous mixture was well predicted by model which contains the flame extinguishing concentration and composition of pure components. The higher average specific gravity of the mixed inert gas agents, the more excellent flame extinguishing performance. And the structure of enclosed space also affects the fire extinguishing. The composition of carbon dioxide in the flue gas was decreased with increasing extinguishing agent used. Nitrogen monoxide production is not related with increasing nitrogen, but increased at rapid mass flow rate of air in the cup-burner.