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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Fire Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Evacuation Performance Review for the Office Buildings
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 17, issue 3, 2003, Pages 1~6
In this study, it reviewed about evacuation performance of a specified Office Building. assessment tools is FAST 3.1.7 (Estimation of Flash Over, Estimation of Layer Height Down Flow Time), SIMULEX 32-bit (Estimation of Evacuation Time), JASMINE 3.25d. (Smoke Flow Assessment of a specified time) Result from Fire Scenario # 1, Flash Over is not generated in Compartment. Evacuation Time is estimated 25.2 sec by SIMULEX 32-bit. layer height until this time (25.2 sec) was estimated 2.4 m by FAST 3.1.7. After ignition until this time (25.2 sec), smoke was not release to the a corridor. In consequence, We concluded that people in building are completing the safe evacuation without the damage of smoke. Result from Fire Scenario # 1, Flash Over generated 6 min 33.2 sec in Compartment. Evacuation Time is estimated 1 min 25.5 sec by SIMULEX 32-bit. layer height down flow time is 1 min 40.8 sec by FAST 3.1.7 and 5 min 23 sec by theoretical calculation. Also, total building evacuation time was estimated 2 min 26.6 sec. After ignition until this time (2 min 26.6 sec), smoke released to the a corridor but it amount was few little. Therefore, generated smoke in compartment not effected to the people in buildings.
Large Eddy Simulation of Fire and Smoke Control in a Compartment with Large Openings
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 17, issue 3, 2003, Pages 7~12
A 50 kW polyurethane fire in a compartment of 4 m
1.5m with large openings similar to a subway station was simulated by a large eddy simulation to investigate the fire and smoke control. The NIST FDS, which employed a mixture fraction combustion model and a finite volume method for radiation, was utilized. Distribution of temperature and smoke particles was compared with in the lower and upper corridors for three different smoke control systems, ventilation, purge, and extraction, starting in 5 sec from the ignition of the fire. For the given geometries, the ventilation system showed the best smoke removal rate and lowest temperature distribution in the both corridors. It was confirmed that the purge system is not recommended for a subway station since the smoke removal rate of the purge system was worse than that without a smoke control system.
Numerical Simulation on the Heat and Smoke Flow Phenomena Due to the Fire in a Cyclodrome
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 17, issue 3, 2003, Pages 13~19
In this paper, numerical calculations are conducted to predict the characteristics of the heat transfer and smoke propagation in a cydodrome. The gas flow velocity and temperature around the origin of the fire is obtained by using a plume model and the turbulent flow characteristics are considered by standard
turbulent model. In this study, the transient thermal behavior can be used for designing fire detection of large rooms.
Structure and Suppression of Nonpremixed Counterflow Flames
Anthony Hamins ; Park, Woe-Chul ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 17, issue 3, 2003, Pages 20~25
Measurements with filaments and thermocouples and computations with Oppdif and FDS were carried out to investigate the impact of flame strain, agent addition, and buoyancy on the structure and extinction of nonpremixed counterflow flames. Measurements through 2.2 s drop tests in microgravity conditions and experiments in normal gravity conditions were compared with the results of computations. For the global strain rates 7 s
through 100 s
, the turning point behavior in the critical nitrogen concentration at O-g was confirmed. The effects of buoyancy, that is, changes in the flame curvature and thickness were also confirmed by the computations with FDS. There was agreement in the peak flame temperature and its position between the computations and the measurements in the near extinction methane/air diffusion flames in microgravity.
An Analysis of False Alarm Threshold Value by Heat Detector Using Heat Release Rate
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 17, issue 3, 2003, Pages 26~30
This paper presents a study on the analysis for false alarm of heat detector using HRR(Heat Release Rate). And it is represented to threshold value and domain of false alarm. The HRR threshold value of false alarm is calculated to use parameters obtained by small scale fire-experiment. The experiment is conducted to measure detector activation time and flame spread of wood cribs fire, etc. The results show that HRR threshold value of Fixed type detector is 20.24 kW and rate of rise type detector is 13.59 kW, respectively.
The Study About the Installation of Fire-fighting Office by the Local Government
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 17, issue 3, 2003, Pages 31~44
In the Local Autonomy Law, we regard the fire-fighting service as inherent service for the local government. However, if we look into the course of the charge of fire-fighting service, after the transfer of this from the police service, or the state, to the local service in 1991, this is now taking a firm hold as service of the local government. what we call the local services includes the business about the welfare of the residents and that of taking in charge of the resident properties, proclaimed in the Constitution. That is to say, the basic purpose of the local autonomy is to make the residents feel the most convenient and safe, and this is the mission of the present-day local autonomy. Looking from this point of view, if we consider that the ultimate purpose of fire-fighting is promoting the welfare of the residents by preventing and putting out fires and, in the time of emergency, carrying out rescue and relief operations, and furthermore, maintaining the safety and order of a society, until present time the benefits of fire-fighting business were mainly available to the residents of the cities. In order to break from these thoughts, according to the result of comparing and analyzing the metropolitan city, surrounding rural areas, middle and small cities and typical rural areas, the rural areas are urgently demanding fire-fighting service, so it is being proved that it is necessary to install the offices in these areas. Therefore, the installation of the fire-fighting offices in the counties that are the basic units of the primary local autonomy and are rural areas should be expanded as part of the welfare administration.
A Study on the Resident's Understanding Analysis of Fire Disaster and the Fluctuation Modeling of Disaster Prevention Caused by Daegu Subway Accident
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 17, issue 3, 2003, Pages 45~49
The resident's understanding of subway fire disaster broken out in Daegu city, February 2002, was analyzed using netizen's opinion on Internet Web Site. Based on the data of the resident's understanding, fluctuation curve for disaster prevention was modeled to assess quantitative consciousness. Our research will be useful to maintain continuous understanding for disaster protection.
The Change of Backlayer Length with the Ventilation Air Velocity in the Tunnel Fire
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 17, issue 3, 2003, Pages 50~54
The backlayer phenomena of smoke in the road tunnel is evaluated through numerical experiments. A commercial code, PHOENICS is used to simulate smoke flow in the road tunnel. The independent and dependent variables are ventilation air velocity and the length of backlayer of smoke respectively. Hybrid scheme and
turbulence model is adopted in the simulation process and mass residual is used as a convergence criterion. The experimental results say that the length of backlayer is reduced linearly with the increase of ventilating air velocity and that there is a critical air velocity which prevents from the onset of backlayering phenomena. One finds that there is a fresh air region near the bottom of tunnel which could make the passenger escape from the region polluted by smoke. These phenomena come from the severe vertical stratification of the smoke air mixture in the tunnel.
A Study on the Flow Characteristics of the Spray Nozzle
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 17, issue 3, 2003, Pages 55~60
This study established analysis theory for flow characteristics prediction of the spray nozzle and predicted discharge and discharge type of the spray nozzle from numerical analysis. It could know that discharge type of the spray nozzle from prediction data determine to position of nozzle and needle, and flow characteristics prediction of the spray nozzle could know that the characteristics according to shape of nozzle and needle is decided. New model of the spray nozzle that can maximize efficiency of fire suppression from flow characteristics and prediction data of the spray nozzle is presented. The result of this study utilize to data necessary to develop new model of the spray nozzle. Also the result of this study wish to contribute to resource technology security of the spray nozzle, technique ripple effect enlargement of same kind industry and technical development activation of fire protection field etc.
Process Hazard Review and Consequence Effect Analysis for the Release of Chlorine Gas from Its Storage Tank
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 17, issue 3, 2003, Pages 61~73
Most of the accidents occurred from the chemical plants are related to the catastrophic gas release events when the large amount of toxic materials is leaked from its storage tank or transmitting pipe lines. In this case, the greatest concerns are how the spreading behaviors of leakages are depended on the ambient conditions such as air stability and other environmental factors. Hence, we have focused on the risk assessments and consequential analysis for chlorine as an illustrative example. As appeared in the result, Fire & Explosion Index depicted it a bit dangerous with presenting the comprehensive degrees of hazard 90.7. And as a result of Phast6.0/ALOHA, the trends of each scenario appeared considerably identical although there are some differences in the resulting effects according to the input data for the Gas Model. The consequence analysis is performed numerically based on the dense gas mode. In the future, using more correct input data, material properties, and topographical configuration, the method of this research will be useful for the guideline of the risk assessment when the release of toxicants breaks out.