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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Fire Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
A Study on Improvement of the Course of Hazardous Materials
Cha, Jeong-Min ; Hyun, Seong-Ho ; Song, Yun-Suk ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 1~8
Accidents cases about hazardous materials in university laboratories and other places are reviewed in this thesis. Then the curriculums that are currently operated in related educational institutions are researched. The researched educational institutions include 'National Fire Service Academy', local 'Fire Service Academies' that are located in Gyeonggi, Busan, Gwangju, Gyeongbuk, and Chungcheong and nationwide 'universities'. A questionnaire survey about hazardous materials with fire officers who are on educational courses in National 119 Rescue Services and local 'Fire Service Academies' is also performed and analyzed. The analyzed results suggest several implications. First, the education courses concerning hazardous materials and the experiment manual should be developed very soon. Second, hazardous materials related courses should be performed by lecturers who has degree in related majors. The third, to prevent the accidents about hazardous materials, the professionals should be trained more. In sum, the experiment centered education courses about hazardous materials should be achieved.
A Study on the Optimum Disaster Mitigation Activity to Establish the Early Counter System on the Industrial Accidents
Lee, Keun-Jae ; Yoon, Myong-O ; Lee, Won-Ho ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 9~20
This study indicates direction on establishment of the operational plan for disaster mitigation and its implementation for maintaining business continuity of the local company of the first step, and seeks plans for maintaining their continuity through the establishment of early counter system constructed for achieving lasting safe at the any disaster. For achieving it, we investigated the standard of disaster management selected by the government called "Incident Preparedness and Operational Continuity Plan" Guideline, and investigated a guideline to be easily applied to domestic companies. And, we also studied on how to build the operational plan of disaster mitigation and apply IT techniques to A corporation. Especially, this study indicates the models of establishment of risk assessment, impact analysis, prevention and mitigation plan, response management plan for the establishment of plan among 5 main steps on "Incident Preparedness and Operational Continuity Management" Guideline. We devised the plan to activate the disaster mitigation activity throughout the country. It shows the skills to be prepared to upgrade the level of disaster response in this study.
An Experimental Study on the Fire Risk Assessment & Calculation Breakthrough Time through Permeation Test of Chemical Protective Clothing
Ko, Jae-Sun ; Park, Pyoung-Kyu ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 21~30
We have test chemical resistance and flame retardant properties of chemical protective clothing Fabrics by the ASTM and ISO standard methods. The flame retardant test results show that polyethylene is poor in flame resistance but fluoroelastomer add to decabrom is excellent in flame resistance. Especially, nowadays heat protective clothing for firefighters, which is aluminized film layers laminated to aramid fabric, show the excellent flame resistance. However, the chemical resistance test results show that aluminium is high corrosive in 4M NaOH solution alone. The problem of corrosion can be overcome by employing multiple barrier film. Also, based on the result of flame retardant test, duel skin of polymer barrier film add to aluminum film and single skin of fluorinated rubber with flame retardant materials seems to be fit for the chemical protective clothing. Also the thermal protection and heat transfer test results show that TPP and HTI is increased assured that the continued study on fire risk assessment & chemical resistance of chemical protective clothing fabrics will contribute to the upgrade the performances of chemical protective clothing fabrics.
A Study on the Analytical Method for Fire Resistance Calculation of Asymmetric Slimfloor Beam
Park, Soo-Young ; Park, Won-Sup ; Kim, Heung-Youl ; Hong, Gap-Pyo ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 31~37
Asymmetric Slimfloor Beam (ASB) is a composite beam developed in Europe whose asymmetric H beam is partially inserted in concrete slab. Recently in Korea, Asymmetric Slimfloor Beam has been studied in order to save the story height of a building, reduce the amount of construction materials and increase the fire resistance of a building. On this study, the fire resistance of Asymmetric Slimfloor Beam was checked by a fire test and moment capacity was calculated at fire resistance time by a heat-transfer analysis. Using the analysis result, 3-hour fire resistance constructions consisted of fireproof gypsum boards and ASB were selected and fire resistances of selected constructions were checked.
Analysis of the Melting Characteristics of a Blade Type Fuse Used for Vehicles Due to Overload
Choi, Chung-Seog ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 38~43
The purpose of this study is to secure the basis for judgment on the cause of an accident by analyzing the melting characteristics of a blade type fuse used for vehicles due to overload. In order to increase the reliability of the test, it was conducted by connecting the electrical system with conditions similar to those of an actual vehicle to apply the load. Carbonization pattern experiment of fuse by outside flame applied Korean Standard (KS). The fuse melted by the overcurrent showed a smooth cross-section while the test terminals, clear plastic body, etc., burnt out by the external flame was badly deformed. When 185% of the rated current (27.8A) was applied to a cable of 15A rated current onto which an over-capacity fuse (20A) was installed, the fuse melting time was 217 seconds. In addition, when a load current of 28.8[A] (139%) was applied, the fuse's test terminal and terminal blade were not burnt out although foam was observed on some parts of the plastic body. When a load capacity of 28.2[A] (141%) was applied to a cable of 15A rated current onto which an over-capacity fuse (30A) was installed, the fuse melting time was approximately 10 seconds. When a load current of 35.8[A] (119%) was applied, the fuse's test terminal and terminal blade were not burnt out, although some parts of the plastic body was swelled. However, it was observed that the switch terminal melted if approximately six minutes lapsed under such conditions. When a load capacity of 39.4[A] (131%) was applied to a cable of 15A rated current onto which an over-capacity fuse (30A) was installed, the fuse melted in approximately 69 seconds, and the test terminal and terminal blade were not burnt.
The Study on the Fire Resistance Performance of the CFT (Concrete filled Tube) Column According to the Concrete Compressive Strength and Load Ratio
Cho, Kyung-Suk ; Kim, Heung-Youl ; Kim, Hyung-Jun ; Kwon, In-Kyu ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 44~51
This study, to develop the technology of the fire resistance design of CFT structure based on fire resistance performance design, was suppose to use as basic data for performance design through a measure of temperature and deformation of the CFT specimen as parameter is the concrete compressive strength and load ratio. In accordance with KS F 2257-1 and 7, 24 MPa and 40 MPa and the load ratio of 0.9, 0.6 and 0.2 were imposed on a square column and as a result of evaluating in accordance with the fire resistance criteria, in case of 24 MPa, the fire resistance performance was improved by 73 minutes when the load ratio was reduced by 0.3. And when it comes to 40 MPa, the fire resistance was 31 minutes and 180 minutes when a load ratio was 0.6 and 0.2, respectively. As a result of evaluating fire resistant performance depending on variation of internal concrete strength, it proved that the higher the strength the lower the fire resistance.
PSPICE Modeling of Solar Cells for Use in Emergency Power System
Baek, Dong-Hyun ; Song, Ho-Bin ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 52~57
Power supply to the motor using the emergency power system is being used. However, this system is rarely used except during emergency power is not inefficient. On the other hand, the use of solar power systems Emergency backup power supply as well as in normal maintenance savings, as many have benefits. In this paper, general-purpose simulator PSPICE simulations performed using the PV system to be used in the various models made by the library. In addition, for use as an emergency power generation solar power system design, modeling and analysis of the characteristics and practical use make an effective device was confirmed.
119 Reported the Ubiquitous System of Condition Evaluation Analysis and Measures to Improvement - Focused on the Perceptions of Fire Officials -
Chae, Jin ; Woo, Seong-Cheon ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 58~66
As the number of disaster-related damage has been continuously increased despite various effort of the government, it is essential that ubiquitous IT which is rapidly advancing in recent years be utilized to enhance the efficient, scientific and systematic disaster management system. Though the command control GPS system and the 119 report system were adopted in 2008 and have been in operation, the effectiveness of the systems are imperceptible. This study is aimed at suggesting an effective disaster management plan throughout precedent studies and empirical analysis of the ubiquitous 119 report system. According to the study, it is considered to apply UIT to expansive field for disaster management since it showed that applicability, suitability, readiness of information acquisition and interests in utilizing are highly recognized. The command control GPS system can be vastly effective if we secure swiftness of information delivery.
Development of Prediction Model of Fuel Moisture Changes in the Spring for the Pine Forest Located the Yeongdong Region(Focused on the Fallen Leaves and Soil Moisture Level)
Lee, Si-Young ; Kwon, Chun-Geun ; Lee, Myung-Woog ; Lee, Hae-Pyeong ; Cha, Joo-Young ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 67~75
The fuel moisture changes accompanying with the elapsed days after a rainfall is very important to predict the risk of forest fire and make a good use of forest fire guard. So, to investigate the conditions for the risk of forest fire, it was studied the risk of forest fire for fallen leaves level, rotten level, and soil level after more-than-5 mm-rainfall according to the different forest density of pine forests which were located in Yeong-dong region in the Spring of 2007. The result of the study showed that the around 17% of fuel moisture which was the risky level for forest fire was reached after three days of a rainfall in the coarse dense forest region and after five days in the medium or highly dense forest region. However, for the rotten level represents more than 30% of fuel moisture even after six days after the rainfall, and the lower and upper level of the soil represented a slight or almost no changes. Based on the result, the prediction model (
=0.56~0.87) for the change of fuel moisture was developed, and it was examined by applying to actual meteorological measurements in the same period of 2008. It showed a meaningful result of 1% level of distinction.
Measurement and Investigation of Combustible Characteristics for Risk Assessment of Toluene
Ha, Dong-Myeong ; Jeong, Kee-Sin ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 76~81
For the safe handling of toluene, explosion limit at
and the temperature dependence of the explosion limits were investigated. And flash point and AIT (Autoignition Temperature) for toluene were experimented. By using the literature data, the lower and upper explosion limits of toluene recommended 1.13 vol% and 7.9 vol%, respectively. In this study, measured the lower and upper flash points of toluene by air-blowing tester were
, respectively. And measured the upper flash points of toluene by Setaflash tester was
. This study measured relationship between the AITs and the ignition delay times by using ASTM E659-78 apparatus for toluene, and the experimental AIT of toluene was
. The new equations for predicting the temperature dependence of the explosion limits of toluene is proposed. The values calculated by the proposed equations were a good agreement with the literature data.
A Study on the Fire Risk of Car Interior Materials
Lee, Hae-Pyeong ; Kim, Young-Tak ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 82~88
In this study, we have performed several tests for composite plastic materials to be applied on interior materials of a vehicle to identify their combustion characteristics using cone calorimeter, smoke density chamber and toxicity index chamber. We have prepared a total of 12 samples for 4 major parts of a vehicle wherein each major part has 3 different materials. The results of cone calorimeter test showed ignition time of PVC sheet and PVC leather were 2s. The 8 samples showed under less than 10s of ignition time. The sample comprising Nylon and PE had the biggest maximum heat release rate of 635
. The sample comprising Rubber showed the smallest maximum heat release rate but with the biggest total heat release. The results of smoke density chamber test showed the sample that is made up with Rubber had the biggest specific optical smoke density. The sample comprising PVC leather and PUR showed the biggest VOF4 which enables the initial smoke production. The results of toxicity index test showed that all samples contained carbon dioxide content exceeding its lethal concentration. The sample comprising PVC showed high content of hydrogen chloride and hydrogen bromide. The PVC sheet showed the biggest toxicity index calculated by using lethal concentration and test results. Toxicity index of all sample wes over 1.
A Study on the Fire Characteristics of Aluminum Composite Panel by Large Scale Calorimeter
Yun, Jung-Eun ; Min, Se-Hong ; Kim, Mi-Suck ; Choi, Sung-Bok ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 89~96
In this research, exterior material combustion experiment was really tested to evaluate fire risks of aluminium complex panel which is used a lot for building exterior material. As a result, We saw fast fire spreading of aluminium complex panel. The reason is polyethylene in aluminum complex panel combust spreading fast fire flame vertically. In this test, the highest heat release rate of aluminum complex panel was 1,144 kW and surface temperature which is measured by thermocouple went up to more than
, that temperature is quite a higher than
which is aluminum melting temperature. So, fire of aluminum complex panel can be evaluated to give us severe damage both by fast fire spreading vertically and by fire spreading through openings internally. These results from real experiment will be able to use to predict fire spreading of aluminum complex panel by comparing to modeling materialization of aluminum complex panel in the future.
The Analysis of Correlation Major System Factors with the Performance of Smoke Control Systems Using Pressure Differentials
Yeo, Yong-Ju ; Kim, Hak-Jung ; Park, Yong-Hwan ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 97~105
The smoke control systems using pressure differentials are already well known as the most reliable method to prevent the smoke infiltration into the emergency stairs or safe spaces. However, it is true that many problems are domestically pointed out due to the insufficient understanding and technology on the smoke control systems using pressure differentials. In this regard, this work analyzed the effect of major factors for smoke control system using pressure differentials such as a duct area, opening area of air supply damper, improvement on open vestibules, stack effect and location of air supply. In conclusion, adequate pressure differentials can not be maintained in small duct because the smaller duct area have the large friction loss. Especially, It is confirmed that the major factor for deterioration of smoke control system performance is stack effect that makes pressure differentials smaller in the lower floors.
Estimation of Fire Dynamics Properties for Charring Material Using a Genetic Algorithm
Chang, Hee-Chul ; Park, Won-Hee ; Lee, Duck-Hee ; Jung, Woo-Sung ; Son, Bong-Sei ; Kim, Tae-Kuk ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 106~113
Fire characteristics can be analyzed more realistically by using more accurate material properties related to the fire dynamics and one way to acquire these fire properties is to use one of the inverse property analyses. In this study the genetic algorithm which is frequently applied for the inverse heat transfer problems is selected to demonstrate the procedure of obtaining fire properties of the solid charring material with relatively simple chemical structure. The thermal decomposition on the surface of the test plate is occurred by receiving the radiative energy from external heat sources, and in this process the heat transfer through the test plate can be simplified by an unsteady 1-D problem. The inverse property analysis based on the genetic algorithm is then applied for the estimation of the properties related to the reaction pyrolysis. The input parameters for the analysis are the surface temperature and mass loss rate of the char plate which are determined from the unsteady 1-D analysis with a givenset of 8 properties. The estimated properties using the inverse analysis based on the genetic algorithm show acceptable agreements with the input properties used to obtain the surface temperature and mass loss rate with errors between 1.8% for the specific heat of the virgin material and 151% for the specific heat of the charred material.
Fire at an Indoor Shooting Range in Busan I. Fire Reconstruction
Park, Woe-Chul ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 114~119
The fire at a Busan indoor shooting range on November 14, 2009 was reconstructed by using a computational fluid dynamics model for fire simulations, in order to investigate the cause of the heavy death toll in a short period of time. Spread of the flame and smoke, and temperature distribution obtained by fire simulation were compared with the results of fire investigation based on the CCTV recordings. The flame and smoke flew out violently through the door into the cafeteria from the shooting range, and the cafeteria was filled with smoke just within 3 seconds followed by the onset of fire. This is consistent with the CCTV recordings. It was confirmed, as a result, that people in the cafeteria did not have enough evacuation time. The computed temperature at the door knob reached about
, near its melting point.
Effect of All-out Condition on Physical Balance, Agility and Power
Huh, Man-Dong ; Bang, Chang-Hoon ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 120~125
The aim of study intends to investigate effect of All-out condition on physical balance, agility and power and to provide the base data for the safety of firefighter. The results of the study are as follows. For power estimation, the sargent jump is
before estimation and
after estimation as All-out condition. For static balance estimation, the closed-eyes foot balance is
sec before estimation and
sec after estimation. For dynamic balance estimation, the beam walking is
sec before estimation and
sec after estimation. The results are statistically significant. For agility estimation, the side step is
rep/20sec before estimation and
rep/20sec after estimation. The results are statistically significant. The wholebody reaction time is
sec before estimation and
sec after estimation.
A Study on an Improvement of the Fire-Protection System Category under the Enforcement of Housing Performance Rating System
Lee, Su-Kyung ; Lee, Dong-Yong ; Hong, Dae-Hwa ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 126~132
The Housing Performance Rating System, enacted on 9 January 2006, an active measure containing provisions on improved quality and advanced performance of the Fire-Protection System for equalized ability to secure safety of life to some extent, is a desirable policy in fire-safety regard. The study of theoretical background of each performance rating section for the purpose of active and wide application of The Fire-Protection System category of the Housing Performance Rating System currently in effect internally. In accordance with the result of the study, the reform measures for the currently detailed evaluation criteria have been suggested to improve the performance of the Fire-Protection area of The Housing Performance Rating System currently being in force based on the assumption of prior settlement of the following; upward settlement of the point distribution standards on the performance ratings of each head backed up by an institutional Government policy with overriding priority; and urgently enacted Fire-Protection related laws and regulations.
A Study on the Effectiveness to the Life Safety by Enlarging Smoke Vent Size and/or Sprinklered System
Kim, Hak-Joong ; Park, Yong-Hwan ; Lim, Choe-Hyun ; Kim, Bum-Kyu ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 133~138
Recently, evacuation safety of a resident of building become the major concern, because building has been higher and more complicated. Buildings in Korea should install the natural smoke venting or mechanical smoke exhaust equipment according to the building law. The smoke control is the most important to guarantee the evacuation safety. This study evaluate the influence to the height and temperature of smoke layer by enlarging smoke vent size and operating sprinkler system using CFAST (Version 6). Smoke venting size is larger, the effect to height and temperature of smoke layer is increased in below 5 MW fire. But, the correlation of these is decreased in above 10 MW fire. The case that opened smoke vent and sprinklered are applied, life safety criteria are satisfied regardless of fire size. After design the fire scenario according to the service and size of building. Install the smoke vent suitable for the fire size and verify that by experiment or simulation.
A Study on the Possibility of Application as a Natural Extinguishing System for
Suh, Byung-Taek ; Jang, Young-Keun ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 139~144
An experimental study has been carried out to investigate the possibilities of an industrial
generator that it replace Halon series as a natural extinguishing system. And this study comparison design standard of gas series extinguishing system with natural extinguishing system. We manufactured simple protected enclosure for analyzing fire-extinguishing performance of the
generator. As a
gas is exhausted on protected enclosure, a various of Oxygen concentration is measured to analyze fireextinguishing performance experimentally. The results, in case of
protected enclosure and
flow rate, the Oxygen concentration is decreased below 15% within 3 minutes. And so, the
generator make full use of an suffocating extinguishing system.
Questionnaire Concerning the Actual State of the Burning for Farming and Recognition of Forest Fire Prevention Policy
Koo, Kyo-Sang ; Lee, Si-Young ; Lee, Byung-Doo ; Lee, Myung-Bo ; Park, Houng-Sek ; Kim, Jeong-Hun ; Park, Geon-Young ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 145~153
Korea was experienced more forest fire occurrence compared to an area. As a forest fire occurrence from man caused burning for a farming increased and was one of the main reasons of forest fire occurrence in Korea, agriculturist-was a main reason of forest fire occurrence-opinion analysis was needed for forest fire prevention from this reason. Therefore, we asked agriculturist who live in province frequently experienced a forest fire from the burning for farming to answer questions. In result, a half of the respondents have a burning experience for farming and the main reason of the burning was the clearance around farmlands. In result of survey about recognition rate of forest fire prevention policy (forest fire season, incineration inhibition within 100 m from forest, license system for burning, joint burning system by a rural community, imposing a fine for burning) was almost high except license system for the burning, In the result about analysis according to ages and provinces, the recognition rate was high in province experienced severe forest fire damage and low in below 40 years group. So, the direction of forest fire prevention policy would need to be mediated in the view of agriculturist who need to use a fire because of farming labor shortage and higher age. And a consolidated education of forest fire prevention would be needed to agriculturist who live in province experienced rarely forest fire and in below 40 years group.
Legal Reviews and Countermeasures against Violence to 119 Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT)
Lim, Jae-Man ; Choi, Eun-Sook ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 154~161
There have been various discussions to prevent violence to 119 emergency medical technicians, and the aims of the were as follow ; first, the staff dispatched to the scene should be reinforced so that the patients committing violent acts can be subdued. Secondly, self-defense devices should be provided to 119 emergency medical technicians so that they can use them in a dangerous situation and escape from it. And finally, 119 emergency medical technicians should be allowed to refuse to transport the patients when they or their guardians do violence to them in order to prevent potential violent cases. When countermeasures after violence is committed, it is important to secure evidence and determine strongly to bring charges to the offenders rather than agree to overlook the violence in order to correct them right. It is necessary to introduce a support program to help the victim technicians concentrate on their physical and mental treatment. Violence to 119 EMT should be punished so that the society will think it is natural to punish such offenders. In a safer environment, 119 EMT can perform their duties and it is very important to draw this consensus.
The Improvement of the Specific Target for Fire Fighting of Fire Safety Grade System
Kwak, Chang-Sik ; Woo, Seong-Cheon ; Chae, Jin ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 162~171
According to the development of industry, many aspects of society have been changed and a living environment has been more convenient than before. However, factors of fire risk are increased because of society which is becoming complex. Moreover, a building built in recently is becoming high-rise and intelligent. Then losses of life and property increase continually. Thus, an institutional strategy which can solve this problem is needed. The purpose of this research is to state a problem of specific a building managing strategy and suggests a reformation of the fire safety grade system of a specific building. The suggested ideas are an adoption of fire risk evaluation of a building, tentatively named "Fire Safety Corporation" establishment, reclassification of the fire safety grade system of a specific building, and newly making fire safety managers of ultra-high buildings and underground structures.
Measurement of Autoignition Temperature for Toluene + iso-Propanol (IPA) and p-Xylene+n-Butanol Systems
Yoon, Yeo-Song ; Ha, Dong-Myeong ; Yu, Hyun-Sik ; Lee, Yong-Soon ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 172~177
The values of the AIT (autoignition temperature) for fire and explosion protection are normally the lowest reported. The MAITB (Minimum Autoignition Temperature Behavior) of flammable liquid mixture is exhibited when the AITs of mixture is below the AIT of the individual components. The MAITB is an interesting experimental features, which can be significant from the perspective of industrial fire safety. In this study, the AITs of toluene + iso-propanol(IPA) and p-xylene + n-butanol systems were measured using ASTM E659-78 apparatus. The AITs of toluene, iso-propanol (IPA), pxylene and n-butanol which constituted two binary systems were
respectively. The toluene + iso-propanol(IPA) system is exhibited MAITB at 0.3 mole fraction of toluene, and its minimum autoignition temperature was
A Study on Performance of the Wire/Wireless Integration Fire Detection System
Jung, Jong-Jin ; SaKong, Seong-Ho ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 178~184
In this study, a smoke or a heat which occurs by a fire is perceived by wireless detector, this signal is transmitted to the receiving device by the wireless installation which is not the wire device and wire/wireless integration system which sends this signal to main server via wire system is proposed. In addition wireless heat/smoke detector, wireless module, firmware and wire/wireless integration controller were developed and for verifying regarding the efficiency and applicability of wire/wireless installation actual place application experiment was really accomplished with a transmission tower, a multipurpose building, and a station etc of the subway. The experimental result, it could operate the system which is proposed normally with all experimental object ones and, future actual place application possibility could verify.
Development of a Prehospital Protocol on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation of 119 Emergency Medical Technicians
Jung, Ji-Yeon ; Chung, Young ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 185~193
This study aimed to develop a prehospital protocol on CPR to patients with nontraumatic cardiac arrest for emergency medical technicians. For the purpose, we prepared a protocol based on preliminary items and demonstrated its validity to confirm a final protocol from March 1, 2007- August 30. 2008. The practical CPR protocol on cardiac arrest victims can be used as means to support quick and exact decision-making on CPR, which will contribute to enhancement of emergency medical services.