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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Fire Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
A Study on Introduction to Performance based Design of Sprinkler Installation on Risk Level for Individual Occupancy in Korea
Lee, Young-Jae ; Park, Hyung-Joo ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.001
While a performance based sprinkler design method has been widely used in UK and USA according to fire hazards of occupancies, Korean fire safety industry could not yet accept it due to nonstandardization on risk level of various occupancy. Even only two or three spray pattern sprinkler was produced in Korea fire safety industry, therefore, various spray pattern sprinklers have not yet introduced to major occupancies. Spray pattern sprinklers with one of two K value have been used in all occupancies in Korea Market. UK and USA`s Fire industry should produced the spray sprinklers with various K-factors and protection area due to performance based sprinkler design requirement. Therefore the fire load density for main occupancies has been investigated in order to compare with installation standard in advanced countries. Eventually a lot of variations in orifice and K factors of standard heads were set up including special heads needed for high hazard areas such as large drop type, enlarged orifice type and early suppression fast response.
Analysis on Damage Patterns of a Folder Type Mobile Phone Caused by Microwave-irradiation
Song, Jae-Yong ; Sa, Seung-Hun ; Nam, Jung-Woo ; Kim, Jin-Pyo ; Choi, Don-Mook ; Oh, Bu-Yeol ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 11~16
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.011
In this paper, we analyzed damage patterns of a folder type mobile phone caused by microwave-irradiation, to find an accurate fire cause and to investigate deliberate broken of mobile phone for obtaining pecuniary advantage by deception. In order to analyze broken patterns, we irradiated a mobile phone with microwave using by 2.45 GHz microwave oven. Form the experiment results, damage patterns of mobile phone have been tendency toward heavy broken patterns depending on time of microwave-irradiated. Distinctively, folder hinge and intenna(Planar Inverted-F Antenna) were heavy broken in compare with battery, enclosure and so on. The enclosure of mobile phone became just thermo-metamorphism and the battery was not broken such as explosion.
A Study on Improvement of Disaster Response System in the Firefighting Organization - Focused on Landslide Case in Sinbuk-eup, Chuncheon-city -
Ko, Gi-Bong ; Lee, Si-Young ; Chae, Jin ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 17~31
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.017
Regarding the landslide that took place around 00:08 on July 27, 2011, in a village in the city of Chuncheon (Sanjidanggol, Majeoksan, Cheonjeon-ri, Sinbuk-eup, Chuncheon-city, Gangwon-province), this paper surveyed fire-fighting officers who were injected into the site to rescue the disaster, thereby determining the problems surrounding the initial fire-fighting response and improvement measures. As a result, specialist education of volunteer fire-fighters and utilization, improvement measures included the early response ability enhancement of and cooperation between relevant agencies, the strengthening of specialist education about landslide response, the strengthening of situation management and field command system, the installation and operation of speedy field emergency infirmary, the operation of an appropriate volunteer waiting facility, the operation of an appropriate control lines, appropriate control of media, a sufficient securing of individuals` rescue equipment and fuel for heavy equipment, the provision of sufficient portable radios and chargers, the securing of fire-fighting budget thereof.
An Empirical Research on Creativity Factors - Focusing on Seoul Fire Stations -
Han, Min-Chae ; Kwon, In-Kyu ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 32~39
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.032
This research focuses on finding the way of improving creativity in fire stations by scrutinizing the factors influencing and enhancing creativity in organizations. As environmental changes including the needs of citizens as well as the climate change are moving culminated today, fire stations should be changed appropriately to get the legitimacy of existence not to mention their own mission accomplishments. In this respect, the creativity can be expected as the main factor for fire stations` going concern. This research provided 5 hypotheses to find whether the chosen factors such as vision, learning/unlearning and positive feedback affect the creativity in fire stations. To prove hypotheses are valid, we employed survey as a method in which 155 firemen in Seoul responded, ending up with getting the result that the vision formulation and sharing, unlearning activities and positive feedback improve organizational creativity. In conclusion, this paper suggests that fire stations establish useful policies for the creativity based on these research findings.
Uncertainty Analysis of Fire Modeling Input Parameters for Motor Control Center in Switchgear Room of Nuclear Power Plants
Kang, Dae-Il ; Yang, Joon-Eon ; Yoo, Seong-Yeon ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 40~52
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.040
This paper presents the uncertainty analysis results of fire modeling input parameters for motor control center in switchgear room of nuclear power plants. FDS (Fire Dynamics simulator) 5.5 was used to simulate the fire scenario and Latin Hyper Cube Monte Carlo simulations were employed to generate random samples for FDS input parameters. The uncertainty analysis results of input parameters are compared with those of the model uncertainty analysis and sensitivity analysis approaches of NUREG-1934. The study results show that the input parameter uncertainty analysis approach may lead to more conservative results than the uncertainty analysis and sensitivity analysis methods of NUREG-1934.
A Study on the Effect of Inflammable Materials on the Control Characteristics of Thermal and Smoke Fluid of Water Curtain System
You, Woo-Jun ; Nam, Jun-Seok ; Kim, Dong-Joon ; Lee, Jeong-Kyoon ; Ryou, Hong-Sun ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 53~58
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.053
In this study fire control characteristics for inflammable materials of water curtain system are experimentally analyzed. Heat release rate for pinewood and gasoline was calculated using Room Corner Tester (RCT) and fire test apparatus for water curtain system is manufactured. Nozzles (180 degree of injection angle, 8.2 mm of orifice diameter) are installed at the nearby ceiling of place at 5 m distance from fire originate and temperature profile as well as transmission are obtained from the fire experiment of pinewood and gasoline in the water curtain system. Based on the results, parameters of engineering importance for fire control characteristics of water curtain system such as generation of high temperature smoke and thermal phenomena of fluid flow by injection nozzle are identified.
A Study on the Main Characteristics and Factors of the Process of Beginning Egress during the Fire at the Buildings - Focus on Overseas Fire Cases including the Japanese -
Park, Jae-Sung ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.059
Predicting occupants` behaviors from the start of the fire to egress and reducing the time required for such process are critical matters that can decide success and failure of safe egress. In this research, research literatures and theories and fire cases were compared and analyzed so as to prepare logical grounds that could predict the process of beginning egress. As a result of this research, there was a significant difference in the time elapsed until people start evacuating due to spatial positions and quarantine from the place from which the fire originated and their auditive and olfactory signs did not recognize the fire instantly and they showed a strong tendency to recognize the fire by visual sign, warning announcement for egress and notice by others. And the results also showed that only a very small minority of occupants evacuated as soon as they perceived the fire and that variation in the time elapsed until evacuation begun for occupants were wider as the size of building was bigger and that accommodations such as hotel had wider variation in the time elapsed regardless of the size of buildings.
Performance Evaluation of Image Saturation of Thermal Imaging Camera for the Fire Service
Kim, Sung-Chan ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 69~74
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.069
Thermal imaging technology based on IR sensor with high transmittance through the fire smoke is considered as one of the advanced technology for the fire service. The present study has been performed to investigate the image saturation characteristics with thermal condition of target and background and evaluate the performance of image quality based on the contrast transfer function (CTF). For the present testing conditions, TIC using BST sensor did not show the image saturation and the image quality based on the CTF was proportional to the temperature difference between target and background. This study can be utilized as preliminary study to improve reliability and technical development of TIC.
Effects of Change in Heat Release Rate on Unsteady Fire Characteristics in a Semi-Closed Compartment
Hwang, Cheol-Hong ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 75~83
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.075
An experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of change in heat release rate on unsteady fire characteristics of under-ventilated fire in a semi-closed compartment. A standard doorway width of the full-scale ISO 9705 room was modified to 0.1 m and the flow rate of heptane fuel was increased linearly with time using a spray nozzle located at the center of enclosure. Temperature, heat flux, species concentrations and heat release rate were continuously measured and then global equivalence ratio (GER) concept was adopted to represent the unsteady thermal and chemical characteristics inside the compartment. It was observed that there was a significant difference in unsteady behavior between global and local combustion efficiency, and the GERs predicted by ideal and measured heat release rate were also shown different results in time. The unsteady behaviors of temperature, heat flux and species concentrations were represented well using the GER concept. It was important to note that CO concentration was gradually decreased with the increase in GER after reaching its maximum value in the range of 2.0~3.0 of global equivalence ratio. In addition, the experimental data on unsteady thermal and chemical behaviors obtained in a semi-closed compartment will be usefully used to validate a realistic fire simulation.
Risk Assessment by Means of Measurement of Combustible Characteristics for n-Nonanol
Ha, Dong-Myeong ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 84~89
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.084
For the safe handling of n-nonanol, this study was investigated the explosion limits of n-nonanol in the reference data. The flash points and AITs (autoignition temperatures) by ignition delay time were experimented. As a results, the lower and upper explosion limits of n-nonanol recommended 0.8 Vol.% and 6.1 Vol.%, respectively. The lower flash points of n-nonanol by using closed-cup tester were experimented
. The lower flash points of n-nonanol by using open cup tester were experimented
. This study measured relationship between the AITs and the ignition delay times by using ASTM E659-78 apparatus for n-nonanol. The experimental AIT of n-nonanol was
A Study on Concurrent Fire Appearance through Openings
Min, Se-Hong ; Lee, Jae-Moon ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 90~96
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.090
Since vertical flame spread speed on exterior materials is much faster than horizontal fire, analysis of its fire characteristic is required. For the study of vertical fire pattern created by penetrating windows or openings from the exterior wall of buildings, the research is based on the fire simulation for an aluminum-complex-panel with which is commonly used as exterior materials and consists of polyethylene core material. As a result, the flame reaches the 2nd floor after 135 seconds in the early stage of fire, the 10the floor after 470 seconds and the 30th floor, the highest floor, after 711 seconds. The result shows that fire spread abruptly expands on upper floor due to stack effect of a turbulent flow or exterior materials. In consequence, we can confirm a serious problem that a conflagration of a building through an opening that is equipped with the exterior-materials spreads into interior of building at that same time.
A Study on the Recognition of Effectiveness and Safety of the Helicopter Aerial Fire Attack
Bae, Taek-Hoon ; Lee, Si-Young ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 97~104
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.097
Forest fires were easy to be larger in Korea. So the utilization of aircrafts, especially helicopters, for forest fire attack would be increased gradually. In the forest fire attack process, the improvement of the helicopter aerial fire attack technique and safety were the chief element for efficient forest fire attack. In this study, we surveyed the recognition of pilots who worked in Forest Aviation Office which was responsible for aerial forest fire attack in Korea. Using these survey results, we suggested more efficient and safer method for aerial fire fighting based on actual experience of air attack at the scene of forest fire burning.
An Experimental Study on Combustion Characteristics of Aluminum Composite Panels for Flame Retardant and General Materials
Min, Se-Hong ; Yun, Jung-Eun ; Kim, Mi-Suk ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 105~111
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.105
In this research, aluminum composite panels of the general materials and fire retardant materials as building claddings make researches about fire performance comparison analysis. Test methods of the small and medium cone calorimeter experiments and SBI (Single Burning Item) experiments was applied to the determination. As a result, in the experiments peak heat release rate cone calorimeter the general aluminum composite panel
), flame-retardant aluminum composite panel
) was measured. In the SBI experiments fire growth rate the general fire aluminum composite panel is approximately 743 W/s and the flame-retardant aluminum composite panel is approximately 97 W/s of the value were measured. Thus, a standards enactment are urgently required in this case it is used as building claddings of the aluminum composite panel by fire risk assessment.
Fire Safety Education Programs for Preventing Fire Accident of Young Children
Yoon, Sun-Hwa ;
Fire Science and Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 112~122
DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.112
The purpose of this study is to explore appropriate fire safety education programs for young children by both examining the actual damage condition and problems associated with fire accident in young children and considering fire safety education programs in America and legal basis for fire safety education in Korea. The results are as follows. First, the mortality of young children by fire accident in Korea is higher than that of U.K, Germany, and Sweden. Second, it is defined by the Child Welfare Law in Korea to implement the mandatory fire safety education for young children in kindergarten and preschool programs. Third, in order to activate fire safety education programs for young children, the fire safety education needs to be suitable for children`s developmental characteristics, and various audiovisual materials and activity programs should be developed and provided. Fourth, fire safety education both for early childhood teachers and parents needs to be interrelated and systemized to reduce the risk of fire accident.