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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Present Condition of Roadkill Research Datum Collection and Problems
Shin, Su An ; Ahn, Tong Mahn ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 1~7
As more highways are constructed and more cars are running on them, toll of roadkill steadily increases. To make the problem more serious, roadkill include endangered species. This study compared two sets of roadkill data of selected Korean highways. One set of data were produced, as a routine job of everyday, by the Korea Highway Corporation (KHC), and the other by a team of wildlife researchers for a limited period of time for research purposes. The aims of the comparison were to identify if the species of the animal, location of the roadkill, time, and other information were kept reasonably, especially in the forms provided to the patrols of KHC, to be used for research purposes later. Major findings and suggestions are; 1) KHC patrols are not wildlife professionals, which is understandable, and could not identify some animal species killed on the highways. As they also are not aware of the importance of the accurate data for the wildlife protection, education to promote their awareness is needed. 2) Current form used by the patrols is far from enough to produce good data for research. A new and detailed form needs to be designed and provided to the patrols so that they can keep all the necessary data on roadkills for monitoring and research purposes. If these issues are addressed, the data collected daily by KHC will become good inputs for roadkill researches in Korea.
Environmental Friendly Space Planning for Reservoirs in Siheung City
Kim, Hyun ; Kim, Nam Choon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 8~20
This report designs a landscape plan of six reservoirs in Sihung city which has possibilities both in development and in destruction. The report suggests how to create a leisure space in harmony with the surroundings in Sihung city. Building a leisure town will create the local residents' demand in recreational activities and improve the amenities. Therefore this study analyzes eco-friendliness of the land, conditions of fauna and flora, the quality of water and the usage figures of the six reservoirs so as to develop those six reservoirs more eco-friendly. Based on environmentalism, the leisure spot development plan attribute the ultimate importance to local residents' pleasant leisure time and recreations. With this master plan, the report suggests expanding the city's green space, since the city has under 50% out of the optimal percentage of green space per person. In addition, the report intends to plan each six reservoirs developed separately but organically connected at the same time that those six can put together and become a Sihung Green Way which makes the city's leisure space a belt. Apportioning the six reservoirs development levels in order to balance the development, accumulating and arranging buildings and facilities in available spaces according to the governing law, and creating resting area, promenade and parking lot to make an eco-city. Also the report suggests conserving environment and regulating contamination such as ban on fishing to move forward sustainable development. Since the adventives predominate the site, introducing indigenous plants should be necessary soon.
Preparation of Data for Restoration of Dangsan Forests and Rural Community Forests from the Case Study of Hanbam and Goiran Villages
Choi, Jaiung ; Kim, Dong Yeob ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 21~30
This study aims to understand the characteristics of dangsan forests and rural community forests (RCF), and seek for a landscape management scheme. Dangsan forests and RCF have been maintained by local residents since hundreds of years ago. However, many of them have been disturbed. The case sites were derived from the twenty villages previous investigated where dangsan forests and RCF's remainrd. The two sites were remodelled to restore what have been degraded. Hanbam village has maintained its dangsan forest with good management practices, whereas the dangsan forest and RCF of Goiran village showed relatively poor management. The size of dangsan forest at hanbam village was 13,784
, and major tree species was Pinus densiflora. In total, 151 trees with more than 30cm in DBH were standing on the site. As a cultural activity, the dangsan festival have been held in January
by lunar calendar to the 2005 at the Jindongdan, a dangsan tree made of stone. The RCF of Hanbam village has disappeared due to the event of landslide in 1930, which needs to be restored. Goiran village has a dangsan forest and a RCF. The forests in Goiran village revealed many problems due to bad management practice. The prototype of the dangsan forest was deteriorated by introduced Prunus serrulata and the facilities for physical training. A systematic management scheme for dangsan forests and RCF's should be established with a close partnership among local residents, experts, and local government.
Analysis of the Behavior of Tiered Reinforced Soil Retaining Wall Considering the Offset Distance by Surcharge Load
Han, Jung-Geun ; Kim, Ji-Sun ; Hong, Ki-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 31~40
Recently, the scale in the field of reinforced soil retaining wall has been grown up like tiered reinforced soil retaining wall. However, there have been increasing number of collapse accidents and large scale of collapse. The design manual adopted in the construction fields have been inconsistent in tiered reinforced soil retaining wall. Therefore, this study performed finite element analysis on 90 cases and analyzed characteristic behavior of lower wall which was one of the effect factors on the stability of tiered reinforced soil retaining wall. The facing displacement of each walls and the behavior of the whole ground were interpreted by the numerical analysis depending on the lower offset distance by the upper wall as well as the upper offset distance by the surcharge load. The results showed that the behavior of tiered reinforced soil retaining wall was differed by condition of surcharge load and each offset distance was found to be important factor.
Deforestation Patterns Analysis of the Baekdudaegan Mountain Range
Lee, Dong-Kun ; Song, Won-Kyong ; Jeon, Seong-Woo ; Sung, Hyun-Chan ; Son, Dong-Yeob ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 41~53
The Baekdudaegan Mountain Range is a backbone of the Korean Peninsula which carries special spiritual and sentimental signatures for Koreans as well as significant ecological values for diverse organisms. However, in spite of importance of this region, the forests of Baekdudaegan have been damaged in a variety of human activities by being used as highland vegetable grower, lumber region, grass land, and bare land, and are still undergoing destruction. The existing researches had determined the details of the damage through on-site and recent observations. Such methods cannot provide quantitative and integrated analysis therefore could not be utilized as objective data for the ecological conservation of Baekdudaegan forests. The goal of this study is to quantitatively analyze the forest damage in the Baekdudaegan preservation region through land cover categorization and change detection techniques by using satellite images, which are 1980s, and 1990s Landsat TM, and 2000s Landsat ETM+. The analysis was executed by detecting land cover changed areas from forest to others and analyzing changed areas' spatial patterns. Through the change detection analysis based on land cover classification, we found out that the deforested areas were approximately three times larger after the 1990s than from the 1980s to the 1990s. These areas were related to various topographical and spatial elements, altitude, slope, the distance form road, and water system, etc. This study has the significance as quantitative and integrated analysis about the Baekdudaegan preservation region since 1980s. These results could actually be utilized as basic data for forest conservation policies and the management of the Baekdudaegan preservation region.
A Study on Concept and Assessment of Health and Eco Related Planning Elements Applicable to Public Land Development Districts
Lee, Dong Kun ; Yoon, Eun Joo ; Choi, Jae Yong ; Sung, Hyun-Chan ; Kang, Moon Hyung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 54~69
The objective of study is to propose theoretical basis for applying planning elements to Environment-friendly Public Land Development in integrated perspective of 'eco' and 'health'. For this purpose, First, the definition of 'Environment-friendly Public Development' and the interrelation between 'eco' and 'heath' as the component element of it are proposed. Secondly, based on internal and external case studies, eco and health related planning elements are deprived. And to assess the planning elements efficiently, representative planning elements are selected by each content. Thirdly, based on the analysis of specialist question, how the selected planning elements contribute to the improvement of human health and ecosystem is assessed. The result of study could be useful to reflect the regional condition and to predict the effect of the application.
Study on the Vegetation Change of the Road-side Slopes Restored by Native Herbs and Woody Plants - Centered with Monitoring Survey -
Nam, Un-Jung ; Kim, Nam-Choon ; Cho, Min-Hwan ; Gil, In ; Lee, Suk-Hae ; Lee, Jeong-Hak ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 70~82
Aiming at nature's early restoring needs to select plant species harmonizing with surrounding environment that fits to restoring goal of ultimately aiming at woody plants dominant vegetation that protect and stabilize surface parts of bared slopes. And it is important to make it assimilated with surrounding natural vegetation by differentiating planning of seed mixtures. Natural Ecological Restoring Construction Methods (JSB Method) was developed to increase the effect of landscape change according to seasons not to simple hydro-seeding by reducing rate of foreign grasses while raising rate of wild flower using. It was considered that using wild flowers that bloom on each season solved the problems of slope landscapes that looks artificial and uninteresting. After researching environmental condition of the slopes, JSB Method has shown that, as of wet-type method, soil is relatively soft and the difference of thickness of plant base soil media affects on the difference of soil hardness. In case of soil hardness of 8.8~17mm, there's dangerousness of slope's collapsing, but it has shown that growth of plant was favorable. For the acidity of soil, most of them are in the type of neutralized soil of more than pH 6. And after analyzing the degree of woody plants dominance, it had shown that lower part was occupied with wild flowers and other herbaceous species like China pin, golden phesant mum, pitcher plant, and middle and upper part was occupied with woody plants like silk-tree, sumac forming multi-layer structure. It can be concluded that the restoration objects of the woody plant vegetation on the roadside slopes can be accomplished successfully by Natural Ecological Restoring Construction Method (JSB method).
Application Case of Test of Revegetation Measures on Design of Slopes Revegetation and Tentative Instruction on Construction Work -With a Case of Slopes Along the National Road Between Gimcheon and Eomo -
Jeon, Gi-Seong ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 83~94
Test application of revegetation measure was made on the roadside slope damaged by Gimcheon-Eomo national road improvement project in a bid to prevent the soil from being washed out as well as to restore the ecological environment, and the survey for assessing the effect of slope revegetation measures was conducted, beginning Sep 7 through Sep 20, 2006. In the wake of comprehensive reviewing and evaluating the surrounding topographic environment, physical and chemical characteristics of soil, germination of revegetation plants, analysis of bio mass, covering ratio and the plants appeared, revegetation measure C was found to have been most effective and desirable for further application in the area. Viewing the specific applicability by the area, revegetation measure C and C-1 appeared to be appropriate for blasting rock slope and ripping rock slope as they are efficient in preventing the slope from being washed out and in early revegetating. And revegetation measure B deemed to be effective to blasting rock slope or ripping rock slope as an alternative. And for cut slope, vegetation measure C-2 was judged to be more effective than measure D or E, while measure C-3 would be appropriateto embankment slope.
Application Case of Test of Revegetation Measures on Design of Slopes Revegetation and Tentative Instruction on Construction Work -With a Case of Slopes Along the National Road Between Nongseo and Eomo -
Jeon, Gi-Seong ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 95~108
Test application of revegetation measure was made on the roadside slope damaged by Nongseo-Eomo national road improvement project in a bid to prevent the soil from being washed out as well as to restore the ecological environment, and the survey for assessment of the effect of slope revegetation measures was conducted, beginning May 11 through Nov 7, 2006. In the wake of comprehensive reviewing and evaluating the surrounding topographic environment, physical and chemical characteristics of soil, germination of revegetation plants, analysis of bio mass, covering ratio and the plants appeared, measure b was found to have been most appropriate to cut blasting rock slope, and alternatively measure c. For cut ripping rock slope, measure c-1 appeared to be effective in revegetation effect, and alternatively, b-1.When it comes to cut soil slope, measure c-2 was found to be effective, and b-2 to be a good alternative. And for embankment soil slope, measure b-3 appeared to be most efficient in revegetation effect and measure f as alternative.