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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Conservation Area Designation Method for Natural Environmental Management in a Rural Local Government
Lee, Gwan-Gyu ; Sung, Hyun-Chan ; Choi, Jaeyong ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 5, 2007, Pages 1~9
Local government with abundant natural resources should consider the nature conservation oriented planning process for the sustainable development. With this regard, the aim of this study is to provide a substantial methodology to support the decision-making process to designate the conservation areas. The objectives of the proposed methodology is to conserve natural resources in the local government's territory through quantitatively assessing the values of the natural resources based on various ecological factors such as topography, flora and fauna. In order to test the usability of the method, Gangneung City in Kangwon-Do is selected considering the latest data availability. Based on the assessment process land use of the subjected city could be categorized into 4 levels of conservative area, conservative level 1 area, conservative level 2 area, and conservative level 3 area. Among them, conservative area and conservative level 1 area could be combined as natural resources conservation area and the others could be regarded as buffer and transitional area. Especially conservation area is surrounded by conservation level 2 area. Conclusively, the GIS methods adopted in this could be the efficient illustrative tool to assess the local natural resource values with the central government established nature-environmental information systems.
A Study on the Satisfaction Degree of Ecological Interpretation Program in Cheonggyechon
Yoon, Sowon ; Kang, Suhak ; Ku, Bonhak ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 5, 2007, Pages 10~19
The objectives of this study are to suggest the future development direction and improvement plan by analyzing the status of operation and satisfaction degree of cheonggyecheon ecological interpretation program. For the purpose, this study used the questionnaire about the satisfaction degree of program which were divided into two groups, adults and children and analyzed the result of program operation from 4th of April to 31 th of October in 2006. The result are as follows; 1. The total degree of satisfaction of adult is more higher than the children's. 2. The result of regression analysis shows the ecological interpretator variable turns out the most influential factor of satisfaction degree of program. 3. The most of visitor prefer the program which can experience diverse sense on the flora and fauna in cheonggyecheon. Therefore, it is needed to develop the program which can take children's fancy and experience diverse sense on the fauna and flora as well as improve the level of ecological interpretation.
Introduction of the New Evaluation Criteria in the Forest Sector of Environmental Conservation Value Map Using LiDAR
Jeon, Seong-Woo ; Hong, Hyun-Jung ; Lee, Chong-Soo ; Lee, Woo-Kyun ; Sung, Hyun-Chan ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 5, 2007, Pages 20~30
Environmental Conservation Value Assessment Map (ECVAM) is the class map to divide the national land into conservation areas and development areas based on legal and ecological assessment criteria. It contributes to enhancements of the efficiency and the scientificity when framing a policy in various fields including the environment. However, it is impossible to understand the multiphase vegetation structure as data on judging the national forest class in ECVAM are restricted to areal information of Ecological Nature Status, Degree of Green Naturality and Forest Map. This point drops the reliability of ECVAM. Therefore we constructed vegetation information using LiDAR (Light Detection And Raging) technology. We generated Biomass Class Maps as final results of this study, to introduce the new forest assessment criterion in ECVAM that alternates or makes up for existing forest assessment criteria. And then, we compared these with Forest Map and Landsat TM NDVI image. As a result, biomass classes are generally higher than stand age classes and DBH classes of Vegetation Map, and lower than NDVI of Landsat TM image because of the difference of time on data construction. However distributions between these classes are mostly similar. Therefore we estimates that it is possible to apply the biomass item to the new forest assessment criterion of ECVAM. The introduction of the biomass in ECVAM makes it useful to detect the vegetation succession, to adjust the class of the changed zone since the production of Vegetation Map and to rectify the class error of Vegetation Map because variations on tree heights, forest area, gaps between trees, vegetation vitality and so on are acquired as interim findings in process of computing biomass.
Physico-Chemical Properties of the Recycled Waste Soils from Construction Site as Planting Soil
Kim, Won-Tae ; Yoon, Yong-Han ; Park, Bong-Ju ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 5, 2007, Pages 31~39
This study was carried out to evaluation the recycled waste soils from construction site for planting soil. For this purpose, the concentrations of polluted materials and the physico-chemical properties were measured at recycled soil samples of an industrial waste treating company in the Metropolitan landfill area. The concentrations of polluted materials did not exceed to the standard critical levels of soil pollution in all analyzed items. The measures of the samples soil texture (loamy sand), bulk density (1.09~1.32g/
), saturated hydraulic conductivity (
cm/sec), solid phase distribution (0.4~0.5
), porosity (0.5~0.6
(0.2~0.6cmol/kg) were identified as not worse than those of conventional planting soil. But the sample soils have serious problems for planting soil such as high levels of pH (9.6~11.5), EC (0.78~1.84ds/m) and Ex.
(25.6~34.5cmol/kg), low level of organic matter (0.2~0.3%). It is required to improve pH, EC and Ex.
of sample soils. Consequently, the results suggested a high potential of recycling of the wastes soils for planting soil.
Growth Performance and Adaptability of Three-year-old Poplar and Willow Clones in a Riparian Area
Yeo, Jin-Kie ; Woo, Kwan-Soo ; Koo, Yeong-Bon ; Kim, Yeong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 5, 2007, Pages 40~50
One-year-old rooted cuttings of ten poplar clones and one willow clone were planted in a riparian area in Osan. Survival rate, growth performance, biomass, vitality, defoliation, leaf damages by diseases and/or insects and stem borer damage of the poplar and willow clones have been investigated for three growing seasons. Average survival rate of all eleven clones was declined from 80.7% for the first year to 60.7% for the third year. At three years after planting, poplar clones Dorskamp, ST-148 and Eco-28 showed the best survival rate of 80%. For height and DBH growth, the poplar clone Ay-48 and the willow clone 131-25 were the highest 8.3m and 9.5cm, respectively. However, poplar clones 72-30 and 72-31 were lower than those of the other clones. Clones Ay-48 and 131-25 seemed to have strong vitality when compare to the other clones. No serious damages by diseases and insects were found in most clones. Clones Ay-48 and ST-148 were the most tolerant to various diseases and insects. Clone Ay-48 produced the largest biomass for individual and annual total biomass, 22.5kg and 18.7ton
, respectively. Clone Dorskamp showed the best adaptability, which was estimated with survival rate, biomass and damages by various diseases and insects in the riparian area and followed by clones Ay-48, 97-19 and Eco-28. As a consequence, the four clones seemed to be the best candidate poplar clones for the establishment of riparian woody buffer.
Study of Vegetation Structure in Gundal Mountain, Hwasung-shi
Lee, Sang-Hwa ; Kang, Bang Hun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 5, 2007, Pages 51~57
In order to study the characteristics of vegetation structure in Gundal mountain, we investigated forest community using belt transect method at 30 sites in Gundal mountain. As the result of important value' calculation on over DBH 2cm, Pinus densiflora (56.8), Quercus mongolica (48.5), Pinus rigida(41.4), Castanea crenata (22.3), Quercus variabilis (22.3), Carpinus laxiflora (16.9), Quercus aliena (11.3), Sorbus alnifolia (8.6), and Quercus acutissima (8.5) were in the order of important value. According to the ordination analysis of Gundal mountain forest, Quercus mongolica was found in north face and high of mountain. Carpinus laxiflora was found in north face steep slope and middle of mountain. As DBH analysis, the study community will be dominated by Quercus species. The correlation between the forest community and environment factor could be thought as distinction by soil nutrition etc., but we need more study about environment factors.
Environmentally Friendly Controlling Way of Storm Water by Using Rain Garden
Kim, Sun-Mi ; Lee, Insung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 5, 2007, Pages 58~66
Seed Pelletizing of Salvia splendens and Calendula officinalis for the Greening and Re-vegetating
Kim, Seung-Hyun ; Lee, Byoung-Ryong ; Choi, Byoung-Kon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 5, 2007, Pages 67~75
The purpose of this study was to pelletize to calendula and salvia seeds with peat moss as basic material for the efficient greening and vegetating of slopes and damaged areas. Also the pelletizing was compressed by spherical types that mixed basic fertilizer of N.;300 mg/l, P.;200 mg/l, K.;400 mg/g and plant growth regulator of A and NAA each 300PPM. Soil and soil surface seeding methods were researched to find the growing state of germination percent, germination date, germination force, length of leaf, number of leaf, width of leaf, length of plant, and etc. Comparing with controlled pelletizing, peat moss and +GA pelletizing treatments resulted in higher from two to three times as following growing states : length of leaves, number of leaves, width of leaves, length of plants, length of roots, fresh weights, and ratio of germination. Especially the two treatments above showed four more times effects than the +NNA treatment. Also their germinating date germinating force were earlier and stronger. The surface seeding method was superior to soil seeding.
The Characteristics of Soil Remediation by Soil Flushing System Using PVDs
Park, Jeong-Jun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 10, issue 5, 2007, Pages 76~86
For the purpose of ground improvement by means of soil flushing systems. Incorporated technique with prefabricated vertical drains have been used for dewatering from fine-grained soils. The laboratory model tests were performed by using the flushing tracer solutions for silty soils and recorded the tracer concentration changes with the elapsed time and flow rates. A mathematical model for prediction of contaminant transport using the PVD technology has been developed. The clean-up times for the predictions on both soil condition indicate more of a sensitivity to the dispersivity parameter than to the extracted flow rate and vertical velocity parameters. Based on the results of the analyses, numerical analysis indicate that the most important factor to the in-situ soil remediation in prefabricated vertical drain system is the effective diameter of contaminated soil.