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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Development of Evaluation Items for Play Ability & Operation Management in Golf Course
Seok, Young Han ; Moon, Seok Ki ; Lee, Eun Yeob ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study is to discovered assessment items for improving athletic efficiency and management of golf courses. Through this, the study intended to provide basic data for creating competitive golf courses and management. Important assessment items were selected by inducing preliminary assessment items and conducting a preliminary survey and a main survey for specialists through a theoretical study. For the survey results studied, reliability and average value for importance were calculated using SPSS/PC Window Release 12.0. As assessment of importance by assessment area, in athletic efficiency assessment, course management level was the highest, followed by fairness of games and operation of games. In management assessment, importance of service level, information management, facility management, management of game assistants, etc. were high. As assessment of importance by assessment item, it was found that 'variety of golf shot' and 'the length of a course' were important in course layout. Also 'start interval among teams' and 'disturbance of play' were assessed as important items in game operation, while 'fair reservation' and 'rounding rotation time' were important in fairness of games. In addition, in information management, 'kind service of golf course staffs' and 'prompt reservation and notification' were found to be important assessment items. In facility management, all assessment indexes were over 4.0, which means all of them are important for quality of golf course and competitiveness. In membership service, 'appropriate price of goods for sale' and 'service for members' were relatively important assessment items. Further, in management of game assistants, 'qualifications and skillfulness of game assistants' was assessed as a very important index. Although the current study only selected important items to assess excellent golf courses, it is necessary to apply the study results to the actual sites and verify them for golf course both at domestic and abroad.
Flora and Restoration Plan of Sandeul Wetland in Mt. Jaeyak, Miryang-si, Korea
You, Ju-Han ; Park, Kyung-Hun ; Jung, Sung-Gwan ; Kim, Kyung-Tae ; Lee, Woo-Sung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 13~31
The objectives of this study were to offer the basic data for the restoration and conservation of forest wetland by surveying systematically the vascular plants of Sandeul wetland in Mt. Jaeyak, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea. The vascular plants in this wetland were recorded as 232 taxa; 74 families, 178 genera, 200 species, 27 varieties and 5 forma. The major communities were Quercus mongolica, Tripterygium regelii, Alnus japonica, Molinia japonica, Salix gracilistyla and Stephanandra incisa. The numbers of plant species by routes were 168 taxa in A-route, 126 taxa in B and 132 taxa in C. The ecological problems in Sandeul wetland were the afforestation of Pinus koraiensis and P. thunbergii, the appearance of naturalized plants, the invasion of species and the scour of valley. The Korean endemic plants were 5 taxa; Salix hallaisanensis, Hepatica insularia; Chrysosplenium barbatum, Ajuga spectabilis and Weigela subsessilis. The rare plants designated by Korea Forest Service were 3 taxa; Aristolochia manshuriensis, Chrysanthemum lineare and Iris ensata var, spontanea. The naturalized plants were 8 taxa; Rumex acetocella, R. crispus, Trifolium repens, Oenothera lamarckiana, Ambrosia artemisifolia var. elatior, Helianthus tuberosus, Erigeron annuus and Phleuum pratense.
Visual Landscape Plan for Shinan Province with Ecological Landscape Resources
Joo, Shin-Ha ; Yun, Hui-Jae ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 32~43
The purpose of this study is to suggest the visual landscape plan for Shinan province with ecological landscape resources, which is comprised of more than 1,000 islands. The plan was done by the order of image plan, landscape structure plan and detained landscape plan. The image of Shinan province was elicited as 'nature', 'complexity' and 'connectivity', by the aspects of planning, cognitive and strategic sides. The landscape zones are planned, such as leisure zone, rural & marine ecological zone and marine tourism zone, and the landscape axes are also set, such as marine axis, ecological axis and circular axis. Especially to conserve the ecological resources, some conservation zones are proposed and design guidelines for each landscape type are also provided, which are not commonly included in the urban landscape plan. Consequently, the landscape plan and ecological environmental plan were complementary to each other. In the detailed landscape plan, more specific plans and design guidelines are suggested for coastal scenery, village and forest scenery, historical and cultural landscape management and promotion. To improve the visual landscape in terms of planning and administrative aspects, the visual landscape plan has become increasingly important for the local governments. The establishment of visual landscape plan may hopefully help to make Shinan province more beautiful and attractive. The landscape plan and ecological environment plan should be integrated, and the further discussion and research are necessary.
Air Temperature Change by Vegetation Canopy in Urban Park
Lee, Sang-Hwa ; Lee, Kyoo-Seock ; Zheng, Hai-Yan ; Jin, Wen-Cheng ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 44~51
In order to determine air temperature difference by canopy layer in the forest, air temperatures were observed at Seolleung Park, Gahngnam-ku, Seoul. from November 9, 2007 to November 8, 2008 by 10 minute interval. The data were analyzed in terms of diurnal variation based on annual and monthly temperature difference. Using calm, less cloudy and no rainy weather data, average air temperature difference between forest and grass was observed as
. The maximum air temperature difference was observed at 22:10, 23:20, 23:30 and 23:40 by
and the minimum one observed at 13:00 by
in diurnal variation. The maximum temperature difference occurred at 19 : 50 on September by
, Overall the air temperature in the forest was higher than that of grass at night and lower in midday.
Wetland Restoration Site Selection for Promoting Biodiversity in Abandoned Rice Paddy Fields - Focusing on Gounpo Ban-wol Stream Watershed -
Lim, Yu-Ra ; Kim, Kwi-Gon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 52~66
The increase of rice productivity, the decrease of rice demand, aging farmers, and the market-opening of rice along with the domestic and international conditions changes have been led to the increase of the abandoned rice paddy fields. Such abandoned rice paddy fields have been left in many areas and most of them have become wetlands. The purpose of this study is methodology of selection to the wetland for development in the abandoned rice paddy fields along with surroundings. The selection of habitat suitability index assessment study to conservation and restoration was done through hydrology, wild animals habitation, wetland vegetation, outside disturbance, and natural purification capacity assessment. In addition, the same method was applied to assessment items and standards for both the restoration site selection and the type of restoration. Both assessment items and standards were applied to the sites, drawn on the maps, and overlayer for the comprehensive map, and then the wetland suitability index was applied to the suitable site. The development technique was applied to 10 sites near the Banwol Stream watershed in Gunpo, Gyeonggi province. The selection of conservation, restoration, and the optimal sites can lead to not only the biodiveristy increase in agricultural or semi natural areas but also to the establishment of ecological networks in national level.
Economic Valuation of Arboretum in Multifunctional Administrative City
Hong, Sung-Kwon ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ; Jung, Sue-Jung ; Kim, Myung-Soo ; Tae, Yoo-Ri ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 67~81
The purpose of this research is to valuate the economic value of the arboretum which will be provided in Multifunctional Administrative City by estimating citizens' willingness to pay with double-bounded dichotomous choice contingent valuation method, and to provide the basic information necessary for designing and managing it for the future by identifying the types of the variables affecting the WTP. It was found that respondent's average WTP for arboretum was \23,508, and when this figures applied to all the Seoul citizens aged between 20 and 59, the economic value of it was \157,000,000,000. The variables affecting the amount of WTP were visit intention, variety seeking tendency, level of income and environmental attitude. However, environmental attitude negatively affected the amount of WTP. Average WTP for the entrance fee was \5,090, and both variety seeking tendency and visit intention were influencing factor affecting the amount of WTP. Respondents were taking charging entrance fee for granted because most of arboretums are commercial. It can be expected that much of maintenance cost will be covered from the entrance fee.
A Vegetation Characteristics of Native and Introduced Kentucky bluegrass Cultivars Seeded on Cut-Slop
Jeong, Dae-Young ; Shim, Sang-Ryul ; Ahn, Byung-Joon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 82~91
Research was initiated to investigate vegetation characteristics of native ('Pureundle' and 'Sewon') and introduced ('Brilliant' and 'Midnight') Kentucky bluegrass (KB, Poa pratensis L.) varieties by soil-seed applying system on a cut-slope in May 17, 2008. There were no statistic differences observed in soil hardness and soil moisture content while significant differences were observed in surface coverage rate, height and disease occurrence in native and introduced KB varieties. The introduced 'Brilliant' KB was highest in the surface coverage rate from the early period of seeding to August 11, 2008. The surface coverage rate of introduced varieties were high when compared to native varieties in their early growth stage. But native varieties reached to equal surface coverage rate with the introduced varieties when three months after seeding. The height of 'Pureundle' and 'Brilliant' KBs were high compared with Midnight and Sewon KBs. 'Pureundle' and 'Brilliant' KBs were damaged by disease whereas there were no disease occurrence in 'Midnight' and 'Sewon' KBs. Probably, the disease occurrence was close related with the height of KBs not with native and introduced KB varieties. These results indicate that the growth of KB on a cut-slope are statistically affected by varieties in early growth stage of this experiment but reach equal rate between native and introduced KB varieties in three months after seeding. This growth characteristics implies the huge potential of native KB varieties seeding for cut-slope vegetation. Considering that native KB varieties are adapted to a environment and have no risk of causing disturbance to the ecosystem compared to the introduced KB varieties, the use of them as native varieties for a cut-slope vegetation can be increased.
A Study on Environment Characteristics of the Angelica gigas Nakai Population
Choo, Byung Kil ; Ji, Yunui ; Moon, Byeong Cheol ; Lee, A-Yeong ; Chun, Jin Mi ; Yoon, Taesook ; Kim, Ho Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 92~100
This study was carried out to investigate vegetation structure and soil properties of Angelica gigas population distributed in Jeombongsan, Bangtaesan, Odaesan, Gyebangsan and Jirisan. From August 2007 until September 2008, 5m
5m quadrat was established in native area of Angelica gigas in order to record a dominants and coverage, and soil factors at 20 sites. It was found that the altitude in the distributed areas for Angelica gigas population was 710m or more. Angelica gigas population was classified into Parasencio auriculata var. kamtschatical dominant population, Pseudostellaria palibiniana dominant population, Isodon excisus dominant population and typical dominant population. In the site of study, soil pH, electrical conductivity, soil organic matter, available phosphorous, and exchangeable potassium, exchangeable calcium, exchangeable magnesium, exchangeable natrium concentration and total nitrogen were ranged from 5.1~6.2, 0.1~0.79dS/m, 2.21~22.11%, 9.56~37.97mg/kg, 1.85~23.88cmol+/kg, 0.21~1.18cmol+/kg, 1.07~5.09cmol+/kg, 0.04~0.14cmol+/kg and 0.09~1.04% respectively. The Parasencio auriculata var. kamtschatical dominant population was found in area of high altitude and had high slope degree. But Pseudostellaria palibiniana dominant population was found in area of low altitude and low slope degree. Isodon excisus dominant population was found to have higher soil pH and exchangeable potassium concentration than the other dominant population.
Distribution Characteristics of Vascular Plants in the Mt. Hoemun
Oh, Hyun-Kyung ; Beon, Mu-Sup ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 101~110
The vascular plants in the Mt. Hoemun were listed 541 taxa composed of 113 families, 354 genera, 473 species, 1 subspecies, 64 varieties and 3 forms. Divided into 541 taxa; woody plants were 151 taxa (27.9%) and herbaceous plants were 390 taxa (72.1%). Based on the list of rare plants by the Korea Forest Service, 10 taxa were recorded in the studied areas; Lilium distichum (Preservation priority order: No. 159), Lilium callosum (No. 191), Tricyrtis dilatata (No. 97), Iris ensata var. sponianea (No. 197), Gastrodia elata (No.9), Aristolochia contorta (No. 151), Paeonia obovata (No. 30: Legal protection species), Prunus yedoensis (No. 110 : Planted species), Viola albida (No. 202), Schpolia japonica (No. 208). Based on the list of Korean endemic plants, 15 taxa were recorded; Cephalotaxus koreana, Lilium amabile, Salix purpurea var. japonica, Pseudostellaria multiflora, Aconitum pseudolaeve var. erectum, Filipendula glaberrima, Weigela subsessilis, etc. Based on the list of approved for delivering overseas of plants, 10 taxa were recorded; Carex okamotoi, Lilium distichum, Clematis trichotoma, Vaccinium oldhami, Paulownia coreana, Asperula lasiantha; etc. Specific plant species by floral region were total 4S taxa (8.3% of all 541 taxa of vascular plants); Gastrodia elata, Paeonia obovata in class V, Carex arenicola, Corydalis grandicalyx in class IV, 5 taxa (Spiraea salicifolia, Schpolia japonica, Asperula lasiantha, etc.) in class III, 7 taxa (Lilium distichum, Iris ensata var. spontanea, Caryopteris incana, etc.) in class II and 28 taxa (Camptosorus sibiricus, Orixa japonica, Lonicera praeflorens, etc.) in class I. The naturalized plants in the surveyed sites were 13 families, 38 genera, 43 species, 2 varieties, 45 taxa (Phleum pratense, Medicago sativa, Sonchus asper, etc.) and naturalization rate was 8.3% of all 541 taxa of vascular plants. Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior an ecosystem disturbing wild plants have been increasing. Therefore, the counter plants for continuous control and conservation are needed on the ecosystem of Mt. Hoemun.
Comparison of Nitrogen Removal in a Horizontal Subsurface-Flow Wetland Purifying Stream Water with and without Litter Layer on its Surface
Yang, Hongmo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 111~122
Abatements of TN and
-N in a horizontal subsurface-flow wetland with litter layer on its surface were compared with those without one. The wetland was constructed in 2001 on floodplain of the Gwangju Stream which flows through Gwangju City in Korea. Its dimensions were 29m in length, 9m in width and 0.65m in depth. A bottom layer of 45cm was filled with crushed granites (15~40mm in diameter) and a middle layer of 10cm had pea pebbles. An upper layer of 5cm contained coarse sands. Reeds (Phragmites australis) growing in natural wetlands were transplanted on its surface. Water of the stream was channelled into the wetland by gravity flow and its effluent was discharged back into the stream. Average Litter layer of 12.2cm was formed on its surface in 2007. The layer and above-ground parts of reeds were eliminated in April 2008. Volumes and water quality of influent and effluent of the wetland were analyzed from May to November in 2007 and 2008, respectively. Inflow into the wetland both in 2007 and 2008 averaged approximately 40
/day and hydraulic residence time both in 2007 and 2008 was about 1.5days. Influent TN concentration in 2007 and 2008 averaged 3.96 and 3.89mg/L, respectively and average influent
-N concentration in 2007 and 2008 was 2.11 and 2.05mg/L, respectively. With a 0.05 significance level, influent concentrations of TN and
-N, temperatures and pH of effluent, and heights and stem numbers of reeds showed no difference between the wetland with litter layer and without one. TN retention in the wetland with litter layer and without one averaged 64,76 and 54.69%, respectively and
-N removal averaged 60.83 and 50.61%, respectively. Both TN and
-N abatement rates in the wetland with litter layer were significantly high (TN abatement: p<0,001,
-N abatement: p=0.001) when compared with those without one. The subsurface-flow wetland having litter layer on its surface was more efficient for TN and