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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
A Study of the Vegetation in the Deogyusan National Park - Focused on the Forest Vegetation of the Anseong district -
Kim, Hyoun-Sook ; Lee, Sang-Myong ; Song, Ho-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1~17
This study was carried out to classify vegetation structure of the Anseong district in the Deogyusan National Park from May 2007 to September 2008 using the gradient analyses and phytosociological method. The vegetation communities were classified into Quercus mongolica, Carpinus laxiflara, Q. serrata, Fraxinus mandshurica, Betula davurica, B. costata, Pinus densiflora and Abies koreana. Characteristics of the vegetation such as species composition, layer structure, vegetation ratio, and the distribution of individual trees by DBH were significantly different among communities. The order of important value of the forest community with DBH 2cm above plants was Q. mongolica (40.02), C. laxiflora (25.65), Q. serrata (24.68), F. mandshurica (21.66), P. densiflora (19.12), Acer pseudosieboldianum (16.96), C. cordata (11.87), B. davurica (11.66), B. costata (10.90), Styrax obassia (10.90) and A. koreana (10.41). Distribution of DBH P. densiflora had a formality distribution, suggesting a continuous domination of these species over the other species for the time being. In contrast, F. mandshurica appeared limited to the valley of the sheet and a higher frequency of young individuals, suggesting a continuous domination of these species the development of a climax forest terrain. This study showed the correlation between each community and the environment according to DCCA ordination. The A. koreana community predominated on the northern slope of the park in the high elevation habitats which had many O-M. F. mandshurica community predominated in the highest elevation habitats which had many Moisture, EX-Cation and T-N. The P. densiflora community mainly occurred on the southern slope of the park in the low elevation habitats which had few Moisture, O-M and T-N. The Q. serrata community and C. laxifiora community appeared on the park in the middle habitats.
Distribution of Vascular Plants and Characteristics of Plant Resources in Yangyang-gun, Gangwon-do
Han, Jong-Won ; Kang, Shin-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 18~35
Distribution of vascular plants in Yangyang-gun were investigated 12 times from Apr. to Sept., 2008. In the result of survey, the flora of this area consist of 412 taxa totally; 89 families, 259 genera, 366 species, 5 subspecies, 37 varieties and 4 forms. There were remarkable plants such as 11 taxa of Korean endemic plants, 58 taxa of specific plants which were designated by the Ministry of Environment, 2 taxa of endangered plants of Ministry of Environment, 7 taxa of rare, endangered plants of Korea Forest Service and 28 taxa of afforestation plants and 296 taxa of useful plants. Furthermore, 36 taxa of naturalized plants (8.74%) were also observed in this area. Vegetation of investigated area was conserved well. However, vegetation has been destroyed rapidly due to construction of commercial complex for human recreation such as condominiums and stores. Therefore, it is need to efficient management of the water quality and vegetation by conservation strategies from huge visitors.
Native Plants Combination for Ecological Environmental Restoration of the Dissected Sloping Area
Lee, Chang Shook ; Suh, Hyoung Min ; Kim, Dong Geun ; Eum, Sang Mi ; Choi, Sun A ; Lee, Nam Sook ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 36~50
To suggest the native plants combination for restoration of the dissected sloping area, the plant communities of thirty seven quadrats from five localities of mid-southern part of Korean peninsula were surveyed from 2007 to 2008. Their flora, vegetation structure, and dominant species based on the importance value were investigated. And the soil characters (pH, moisture content, water holding capacity, and organic matter) of each dominant species were analyzed. Also, germination tests were performed to check the stability of restored native plants using seed chips. As a result, 79 native plants were suggested for the dissected sloping area : 20 trees and subtrees for the upper layer, 18 shrubs and vines for the middle layer, and 41 herbs for the lower layer, taken together their flora, dominant species, vegetation structure, soil condition, germination test, flowering period.
Cost Effectiveness Depending on the Native Tree Treatment Methods
Cho, Heung-Ryeol ; Kim, Se-Bin ; Oh, Dokyo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 51~62
The purpose of this study is to analyze the profitability by selecting Pinus densiflora S. et Z. worthy of ornamental tree from among the cutting timber in the urban development project, and then presents the improvements. The study site is the whole area of Oedong-eup Gyeongju city Gyeongsangbuk-do and subject trees numbers are 2,180 trees. Analysis method is cost analysis because it is used generously pubic land development. In results, at first, in case of forest development currently cutting tree costs 7.3 million Won/ha. and no profit is occurred at all. Secondly, the forward direction order of tree treatments expenses are in sawdust production, selling lumber, selling ornamental tree, and selling ornamental tree, sawdust production, selling lumbered on the aspect of profits by the selling stumpage. Especially, selling trees as ornamental tree costs 127 million Won/ha. which shows the highest profits. Third, the management of ornamental tree pine tree after transplantation from development site costs 5 times less than purchasing the same quality trees. Hence, it is recommended to re-utilize the trees from the development sites to produce a high standard gardens and it also provides the basis for the low carbon green growth society.
The Periodic Characteristics of Landscape Facilities in Apartment Sites - Specially Focused on Apartment Sites in Cheongju City -
Hong, Seong-Rae ; Jeong, Dae-Young ; Shim, Sang-Ryul ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 63~75
This study carried out to analysis the characteristics of periodic changes of landscape facilities with the apartment sites in Cheongju City. The construction periods were divided into the introduction stage (the 1980s), the development stage (the 1990s), and the maturity stage (after 1999). As for the apartment sites constructed in the introduction stage (the 1980s), their landscape facilities were restricted to play and resting facilities. Some of them even were constructed without rest facilities. Since the focus was on the affluent supply of houses in the 1980s, they put a greater emphasis on quantity than quality. Entering the development stage in the 1990s, they started to pave the sidewalks and driveways separately within the apartment sites and build parking lots underground. After 1999, they entered the maturity stage, where the outside spaces of apartment sites began to reflect environment-friendly designs and the initiatives to improve residential environments. The major causes behind the introduction of high-grade materials in landscape facilities in the open spaces of apartment sites are the upgraded level of living standards and the diversified patterns of activities taking place in the open spaces. The environmental formative works were placed alongside waterscape spaces to create a beautiful and harmonious landscape.
Development of the Ecological Restoration Technique using Direct Seeding without Soil Molding in Abandoned Coal Mine Areas
Jeong, Yongho ; Lim, Joohoon ; Lee, Imkyun ; Kim, Hyesoo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 76~85
This study was carried to select the proper vegetation base materials which improve soil quality in abandoned coal mine areas. Also, we aimed at the feasibility of the direct seeding method without soil molding for the ecological restoration in those areas. We set total eight plots within the study site established on an abandoned coal mine area near Taebaek city, Gangwon province in April 2006. The plots were classified as two groups(straw mats mulching and no mulching), and the four treatments (C; control, MI; microbial innoculation, WC; wood chip, OF; organic fertilizer) were applied in each two groups for the soil conditioning. The survival of Pinus densiflora was highest among other species(Betula platyphylla var. japonica, Amorpha fruticosa and Arundinella hirta). For the non straw mat, the survival rate of Pinus densiflora seedlings was highest in the WC treatment(
). For the straw mat, survival rate of Pinus densiflora seedlings was also highest in the WC treatment (
). In addition, for the non straw mat, the height growth of Pinus densiflora seedling was highest in the OF treatment(
). For the straw mat, the height growth of Pinus densiflora seedling was also highest in the OF treatment(
). In general, organic fertilizer treatment with the straw mat was most effective for seedling growth. Also, we suggested that the direct seeding method without soil molding could be sufficiently possible for revegetating abandoned coal mine, Korea.
A Study on Classification and Ordination of Adenophora racemosa Population
Ji, Yunui ; Moon, Byeong Cheol ; Lee, A-Yeong ; Yoon, Taesook ; Song, Hokyung ; Choo, Byung Kil ; Kim, Ho Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 86~98
This study was carried out to investigate vegetation structure and soil properties of Adenophora racemosa population distributed in Jeombongsan, Seoraksan, Odaesan and Dutasan in Gangwon-do, Korea. From August 2007 until September 2009,
quadrate was established in native area of Adenophora racemosa in order to record a dominants and coverage, and soil factors at 22 sites. It was found that the altitude in the distributed areas for Angelica gigas population was 800 m or more. Adenophora racemosa population was classified into Rhododendron mucronulatum dominant population, Geranium var. hirsutum dominant population, Caret siderosticta dominant population and Aruncus dioicus var. kamtschaticus dominant population. In the site of study, soil pH, electrical conductivity, soil organic matter, available phosphorous, and exchangeable potassium, exchangeable calcium, exchangeable magnesium, exchangeable sodium concentration and total nitrogen were ranged from 5.0~7.1, 0.06~0.65dS/m, 0.96~8.94%, 12.3~32.8mg/kg, 0.12~0.89cmol+/kg, 0.34~10.08cmol+/kg, 0.1~l.4cmol+/kg, 0.02~0.29cmol+/kg and 0~8.4% respectively. According to the results of DCCA, Adenophora racemosa population were distributed in the high available phosphorous and exchangeable potassium, and Rhododendron mucronulatum dominant population was situated on low available potassium and high slope degree, Geranium var. hirsutum dominant population was high altitude, electrical conductivity and exchange magnesium, and Carex siderosticta dominant population and Aruncus dioicus var. kamtschaticus were distributed on high total nitrogen, organic matter, available phosphorous.
A Study on the User's Actual Condition and Analysis of Spatial Organization on the Urban Park - Focusing on Lawn and Green areas -
Seo, Jung-Young ; Sung, Hyun-Chan ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 99~111
There have been continuous studies about urban parks since 1971 until now. However, there was neither deep analysis of park space nor research about green areas and lawn space. Below is the summary of the main results obtained based on the analysis of the problems with the spatial structure and park facilities of 8 examinatory parks. The analysis of use pattern revealed that lawns in green areas are becoming almost unusable spaces. Therefore plans for more active utilization of lawn space is necessary. There were high correlations among unnecessary and necessary factors of park, use of green areas and the reasons for not using it; thus the analysis suggested that other plans be considered for utilization of lawn space in oder to obtain stronger efficacy. The objective of the present research was to suggest an opinion concerning the improvement of spatial structure of urban parks, by making unusable spaces of parks usable through appropriate park structuring, so that users can utilize more parks. Especially with regard to green areas, the present research has a meaning in that it suggested a method of improving spatial structure by means of green areas desired by users and facilities they can use.
Pilot-Project Design on Introduction of Payment of Forest Landscape Service
Choi, Jaeyong ; Lee, Dongkun ; Lee, Hochul ; Ko, Jaechun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 112~122
Payment of Forest Landscape Service (PFLS) is based on the value of landscape conservation and is a positive forest policy inducing the owners of mountains to improve environmental service quality with economic incentives. The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility of PFLS and find out the elements related to PFLS such as associated statutes, target applications, eligible owner's requirements, and applicable environmental services. Research sites were selected in designated reserved forests by law and surveys were carried out with 28 professional forestry engineers and 10 owners of reserved forests located in Chungnam Province in November, 2008. As a result, the owners are willing to participate pilot-project of PFLS if they could have tax incentives. Preferred activities in their forestry are eco-tourism and carbon emission trading as PFLS business model. Although they expect low economic benefit from the PFLS, respondents answered introducing PFLS will give good opportunities for owners of a reserved forest to enhance willingness to manage their forestry properly for the landscape conservation. In this study, PFLS evaluation indicators and policy directions are established and recommends the strategies to cope with changing needs of forestry conservation by inducing the owners' active participation in the sustainable forest landscape management.
Development and Application of Impact Assessment Model of Forest Vegetation by Land Developments
Lee, Dong-Kun ; Kim, Eun-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 123~130
Fragmentation due to land developments causes disturbances and changes of composition in forest vegetation. The purpose of the study was to develop the impact assessment model for quantitative distance or degree of disturbance by land developments. This study conducted a survey about structure and composition of forest vegetation to determine degree of impact from land developments. The results of field survey, there was a difference in structure and composition of forest vegetation such as tree canopy, herbaceous cover, and number of vine and alien species the distances from edge to interior area such as 0m, 10m, 20m, 40m, and over 60m. To assess the disturbance of forest vegetation, the factors selected were the rate of vine's cover and appearance of alien species. The impact assessment model about vine species explained by a distance, forest patch size, type of forest fragmentation, and type of vegetation (
=0.44, p<0.001). The other model about alien species explained by a distance, type of forest fragmentation, type of vegetation, and width of road (85.9%, p<0.005). The models applied to Samsong housing development in Goyang-si, Gyunggi-do. The vines and alien species in the study area have had a substantial impact on forest vegetation from edge to 20 or 40m. The impact assessment models were high reliability for estimating impacts to land developments. The impact of forest vegetation by development activities could be minimized thorough the adoption of the models introduced at the stage of EIA.
A Method for Zoning the Parcel-based Protecting Area of the Ecological Network in Forest
Jang, Rai-Ik ; Jang, Gab-Sue ; Jung, Ok-Sik ; Ra, Jung-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 131~142
The purpose of this study is to detect the protection area around the Geum-buk and Geum-nam Mountains for making a sustainable ecological network. The protection area in the Geum-buk and Geum-nam Mountains was analyzed by using spatial data and a field survey for landscape conservation purposes. A survey scope was fixed using digital elevation model, and the protection area was finally determined based on the parcel map called as the Korea Land Information System (KLIS). Here we have several conclusions in this study. First, spatial data used in this study were a map of ecological and natural degree (MEND), forest distribution map, elevation map, slope map, and several maps for the protection area assigned by laws regarding to the natural resources. Second, we used 4 alternatives to determine the best choice for showing the ecological network in the study area. One alternative (alt. 3) of 4 ones was finally chosen as the best condition for making the ecological network. The condition in elevation and slope was a little modified to a lower level in alt, 3. The result derived from alt, 3 reflected the continuity and connectivity in the ecological network and we estimate that the protection area can protect the core area using the buffer zone around the ecological network. Finally the parcel-based protection area in the Geum-buk and Geum-nam Mountains had
of the core area, and
of the buffer zone, which means the parcel-based protection area increased by
in the core area, but decreased by
as of in the topographical map.
Carbon Storages of Pinus densiflora and Quercus acutissima Stands in Gongju, Chungnam Province
Kang, Kil-Nam ; Park, Gwan-Soo ; Lee, Sang-Jin ; Lee, Hang-Goo ; Kim, Yeon-Tae ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 143~152
This study has been carried out to estimate carbon contents in an average 37-years-old Pinus densiflora plantations and an average 42-years-old natural Quercus acutissima stands in Gongju, Chungnam Province. Average carbon concentration in stemwood, stembark, branch, foliage, and root were 54.59% in Pinus densiflora and 53.73% in Quercus acutissima stands. Aboveground carbon contents was estimated by the equation model logWt = A + BlogD where Wt is oven-dry weight in kg and D is DBH in cm. Total carbon contents was 79.28t/ha in Pinus densiflora stands and 71.52t/ha in Quercus acutissima stands. Net primary carbon production was estimated at 9.79tC/ha/yr in Pinus densiflora stands and 5.52tC/ha/yr in Quercus acutissima stands.
Analysis on the Flora and Vegetation for Ecological Restoration of Local Streams - In case of local streams in Namwon -
Park, In-Hwan ; Jang, Gab-Sue ; Cho, Kwang-Jin ; Ra, Jung-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 12, issue 6, 2009, Pages 153~163
This study was carried out to offer ecological restoration plan of local streams by analyzing the vegetation and flora around four local streams (Pungchoncheon, Namchangcheon, Ganggicheon, Woncheoncheon) in Namwon. Flora and vegetation investigation was done at April 2007 to August 2007, and June 2009. The 194 of vascular plants were identified which contain 53 families, 143 genera, 194 species. The Family frequencies arranged by the order of Family Compositae (14.4%), Family Gramineae (13.4%) Family Leguminosae (6.7%) and Family Polygonaceae (5.2%). The naturalized plants were listed as 33 species, and their naturalization ratio and urban index were found to be 17.0%, and 12.2%, respectively. In this study a total of 21 relev
s collected and analyzed. 6 plant communities are differentiated : Riverine softwood forests (Phragmites japonica-Salix gracilistyla community), Perennial herb vegetations on lotic water zone (Phragmites japonica community, Phalaris arundinacea community), Perennial herb vegetations on lentic water zone (Persicaria thunbergii-Typha orientalis community, Phragmites communis community), Annual or biennial vegetations on waterside (Persicaria thunbergii community). Species showing the higer value in the plant communities were Persicaria thunbergii, Phragmites japonica, Artemisia princeps, Humulus scandens, Bidens frondosa, Oenanthe javanica, Agropyron tsukusinense var. transiens, Stellaria aquatica, and Lactuca indica var. laciniata.