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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
The Identification and Vegetation Structure of Several Mountainous Wetlands in Dan-yang and Around Area
Kim, Hyeong-Guk ; Jeong, Jin-Yong ; Koo, Bon-Hak ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~13
This study was accomplished to identify and analyze vegetation structure of Mountainous Wetlands in Dan-yang and around area, and surveyed from September to November, 2006. 6 sites of total 16 potential Mountainous Wetlands by GIS based wetland forecasting system (Korea National Arboretum, 2006) were identified as wetlands throughout field survey by the indicators such as hydrology, soil and vegetation. By classification system of Korea National Arboretum (2006), types of wetlands were classified into 3 slope-types and 3 flat-types. To understand vegetation structure of wetlands, height, DBH (diameter at breast height), DI (Dominance Index), sociability and constancy were surveyed and the projection diagram and charts ware drawn. As results, Salix koreensis in woody plant layer and Persicaria thunbergiiin and Juncus effusus var. decipiens in herb layer were surveyed as broadly distributed species. The wetlands of Dan-yang around area were similar to those of Chung-ju around area, but the species of plants and hydrology conditions were different. This study is mainly focused on vegetation condition of Mountainous Wetlands. But, further studies on functional assessment for management and restoration of wetlands were necessary.
Distribution Characteristics and Management Counterplan of Vascular Plants in the Haksan (Mt.), Jeonju
Beon, Mu-Sup ; Oh, Hyun-Kyung ; Han, Yun-Hee ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 14~23
The vascular plants in the Haksan, Jeonju were listed 394 taxa; 94 families, 260 genera, 339 species, 1 subspecies, 46 varieties and 8 forms. Divided into woody plants were 111 taxa (28.2%) and herbaceous plants were 283 taxa (71.8%). Based on the list of rare plants by the Korea Forest Service; Viola albida (Preservation priority order : No. 202), Korean endemic plants, 6 taxa were recorded; Lespedeza maximowiczii for. tomentella, Indigofera koreana, Weigela subsessilis, etc. Specific plant species by floral region were total 19 taxa (4.8% of all 394 taxa of vascular plants); Wistaria floribunda (Planted species) in class IV, Acer palmatum (Planted species) and Melothrua japonica in class III, Nymphoides indica in class II, 15 taxa (Botrychium virginianum, Hosta capitata, Salix glandulosa, Quercus variabilis, Rhynchosia acuminatifolia, Ilex macropoda, Impatiens nolitangere, Grewia biloba var. parviflora, Vaccinium oldhami and Lonicera praeflorens, etc.) in class I. The naturalized plants in the surveyed sites were 14 families, 30 genera, 32 taxa (Bromus rigidus, Rumex obtusifolius, Chenopodium ficifloium, Amaranthus lividus, Phytolacca americana, Lepidium apetalum, Amorpha fruticosa, Geranium carolinianum, Ailanthus altissima, Euphorbia supina, Oenothera biennis, Ipomoea purpurea, Veronica persica, Bidens frondosa, etc.) and naturalization rate was 8.1% of all 394 taxa of vascular plants. The ecosystem disturbing wild plants, Rumex acetocella, Aster pilosus and Ambrosia artemisiaefolia having manage to designation with Ministry of Environment.
Vegetation and Soil Properties of Scrophularia takesimensis Population in Ulleung Island
Han, Kyeong-Suk ; Kim, Mu-Yeol ; Suh, Gang-Uk ; Kwon, Hye-Jin ; Song, Ho-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 24~31
This study was carried out to analyze vegetation and soil characteristic, and ordination of Scrophularia takesimensis population, Ulleung Island. The Scrophularia takesimensis population was classified into Aster spathulifolius for. oharai dominant population, Vitis amurensis dominant population and Scrophularia takesimensis typical population. The Scrophularia takesimensis population was located in elevation of 1m to 6m, in Ulleung Island. In the study sites, soil organic matter, nitrogen, available phosphorous, exchangeable potassium, exchangeable calcium, exchangeable magnesium and exchangeable sodium concentration, and cation exchange capacity, and soil pH were 9.1~19.1%, 0.19~0.52%, 87.1~196.7mg/kg, 2.0~2.8cmol+/kg, 5.4~5.9cmol+/kg, 5.9~8.8cmol+/kg, 4.4~4.8cmol+/kg, 20.3~26.7cmol+/kg, and 6.8~8.0, respectively. The Vitis amurensis dominant population was mainly found in the high percentage of total nitrogen, organic matter, CEC in comparison with Aster spathulifolius for. oharai dominant population.
A Study on Air Temperature-reducing Effects by Irrigation Reservoir
Zheng, Hai-Yan ; Jin, Wen-Cheng ; Lee, Kyoo-Seock ; Oh, Sung-Nam ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 32~39
The air temperature-reducing effects by irrigation reservoir in urban area was investigated at Ilwol Pond (IWP). Air temperature and humidity data were observed at 10minute interval from September 1th, 2008 to August 31th, 2009. Air temperature of IWP and Sumsung Apartment (SAT) were analyzed to examine air temperature-reducing effects by IWP in terms of diurnal and seasonal variation. As a result, the average air temperature difference between IWP and SAT was
and the nighttime shows more air temperature-reducing effects. The dominant air temperature-reducing effects by IWP occurred at fall night and summer daytime. However, the air temperature-reducing effects by IWP is lower to that by Arboretum (ARB).
A Study on Nocturnal Inversion at Urban Area in Winter
Zheng, Hai-Yan ; Lee, Kyoo-Seock ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 40~46
In urban area, inversion layer prevents air pollutants from being dispersed. To determine nocturnal inversion characteristics at SookMyung Girls' High School near high-rise residential commercial complex buildings in Seoul, air temperature and humidity data were observed at 10minute interval from December 1st, 2007 to May 2nd, 2008. Temperature-Humidity (T-H) sensors were installed at SMG (SookMyung_Ground) and SMR (SookMyung_Roof), and then these two data were compared, analyzed and examined to illustrate air temperature differences of SMG and SMR. After the analysis, the maximum nocturnal inversion was observed by
at 18:10 on December 26th 2007, at that time the weather condition was clear and weak wind. Nocturnal inversions began 2-3 hours before sunset and it reached maximum inversion just after sunset and continued through nighttime until sunrise or 1-2 hours after sunrise. In terms of seasonal variation nocturnal inversions occurred dominantly in March and April rather than winter season.
A Study on the Use of Wood Waste for Slope Revegetation Techniques
Koh, Jeung-Hyun ; Hur, Young-Jin ; Lee, Yong-Koo ; Kim, Nam-Choon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~56
The main objectives of this comparative study were 1) to quantify the potential contribution of wood chips to revegetation on the cut slope in a constructed area, 2) to compare the floristic similarity of species composition whether existing of wood chips in the soil media or not. Wood chips were combined with soil media in the ratio of 30%. The thin layer (1 cm, 3 cm) soil media revegetation methods and the thick layer (10 cm) soil media revegetation method were constructed on the cut slopes by machineries respectively. Also, comparative experiments the existence of wood chips in the soil media were conducted to evaluate the effects of wood chips on revegetation works. The total size of quadrat was
). The results of monitoring for 3 years on cut slopes were as follows: 1) All the quadrat existed in the proper range for vegetation. 2) Species richness of quadrat including wood chips was 10% more than those of commercial soil medias. 3) The coverage rates of quadrat including wood chips were similar or superior to those of conventional methods. It can be concluded that the use of wood chips would be effective to promote establishment of diverse landscape and vegetation. However, it behooves to continue monitoring on succession of vegetation for ecological restoration. Finally, adequate wood chips deposit and gathering methods should be studied properly.
Analyses on Environment-friendliness of Waterproof Materials Based on Fish Toxicity Test
Kim, Sung-Kyun ; Woo, Ji-Keun ; Lee, Im-Gyu ; Yoo, Hy-Ein ; Jeong, Jae-Wook ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 57~68
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of environment-friendliness of waterproof materials based on comprehensive experiments on waterproofness in terms of coefficients of permeability, harmfulness of waterproof materials and fish toxicity of Oryzias latipes mortality to verify eco-toxicity of each method of construction and waterproof material, which are to be applied by taking eco-toxicity into account when building ecological flows in upper areas on natural and artificial grounds. As a result, the following conclusions have been reached in this study: 1. In regard of the harmfulness analyzed, each material showed a different result of analytical value in each lab tank. Compared to input water, pH, COD, SS, T-P, and T-N values increased a little, but DO value decreased. The value of turbidity analyzed independent of the water quality standard of aquatic ecosystem set forth by the Ministry of Environment increased a little compared to the value in input water. 2. In the experiment of fish toxicity, compacted quicklime, cement fluid waterproof material, cement mortar waterproof material and bentonite powder were found to have 100% of fish mortality, respectively, and membrane waterproof material showed 83.3% of mortality, indicating strong fish toxicity. Improved asphalt sheet (63.3%) and synthetic rubber sheet (53.3%) were analyzed to have medium fish toxicity, while bentonite sheet (6.7%), Hwang-toh (6.7%) and clay (3.3%) showed relatively lower mortality and fish toxicity. 3. Regarding the analysis on waterproofness in terms of the coefficient of permeability of each waterproof material, improved asphalt sheet, synthetic rubber sheet, membrane waterproof material, cement fluid and mortar waterproof material and bentonite sheet were found impervious in case no leakage takes place in construction. Bentonite powder was found practically impervious based on the analytical results from the experiment done in compliance with weight ratios. So were the clay and Hwang-toh from the experimental results. To sum up such results as found in the experiment mentioned so far, the values of harmfulness and waterproofness analyzed were different in each lab tank, but there was absolutely little correlation with the mortality gained from the experiment on fish toxicity. In the experiment of fish toxicity, environment-friendly waterproof materials were analyzed, and it was found that clay, Hwang-toh and bentonite sheet are highly environment-friendly. In contrast, synthetic rubber and improved asphalt sheets were found to have medium-level environment-friendliness. Also, membrane water-proof materials, compacted quicklime, cement fluid and mortar waterproof material and bentonite powder were analyzed to have low environment-friendliness.
Growth Characteristics of Korean Native Kentucky Bluegrass(Poa pratensis L.) Ecotypes
Shim, Sang-Ryul ; Jeong, Dae-Young ; Ahn, Byung-Joon ; Kim, Jae-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 69~81
The purpose of this study is to analyze the growth characteristics of native Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) collected in Korea. Out of Kentucky bluegrasses collected in 2000 and 2008, eight ecotypes ("Pyengchang," "Gongju," "Inje," "Donggang," "Hwasun," "Pureundle," "Cheongsong," and "Geumsan") were planted in experimental fields and pots on May 11, 2008 and May 3, 2009, respectively, for analyzing their growth characteristics. Data such as visual quality (1-9), visual density (1-9), visual color (1-9), plant height, leaf length and leaf width were analyzed. The visual quality of "Pyengchang," "Inje" and "Gongju" were enhanced compared to the rest native ecotypes of Kentucky bluegrass. "Pyengchang" showed the best visual density while "Gongju" and "Inje" showed almost evenly favorable density. However, "Pureundle," "Cheongsong," and "Geumsan" represented loose density due to the damage from the summer climate of high temperature and humidity in 2009. As for visual color, "Pyengchang" was also ranked first, maintaining high values of at least 7.6 even in the summer climate of high temperature and humidity. "Donggang" showed good color immediately after planting in the experimental field in 2008, however, undesirable color due to the damage from the summer climate of high temperature and humidity in 2009.
Comparison of Nitrogen Removal During Plant Growing Season with Non-Growing One in Free Water Surface Wetlands Purifying Stream Water
Yang, Hong-Mo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 82~92
Removal rates of NO3-N and TN in a free water surface wetland system during emergent plant growing season and non-growing were investigated. The system was established on floodplain in the down reach of the Gwangju Stream in 2008. Its dimensions were 46 meters in length and 5 meters in width. Typha angustifloria L. growing in pots about two years were planted on the half area of the system and Zizania latifolia Turcz on the other half. Water of the stream was funneled into it by gravity flow and its effluent was discharged back into it. Volumes and water quality of inflow and outflow were analyzed from October 2008 to September 2009. Inflow into the system averaged approximately 715
/day and hydraulic residence time was about 1.5 hr. Average influent and effluent
-N concentration was 3.37 and 2.74 mg/L, respectively and
-N retention amounted to 18.7%. Influent and effluent TN concentration averaged 4.67 and 3.69 mg/L, respectively and TN abatement reached to 20.9%.
-N removal rate (%) during plant growing season (
standard error) was significantly high (p<0.001) when compared with that during plant non-growing one (
). TN abatement rate (%) during plant growing season (
) was also significantly high (p<0.001) when compared with that during plant non-growing one (
A Study on Comparison of Slope Revegetation Methods Through Value Engineering Analysis
Kim, Nam-Choon ; Kim, Do-Hee ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 93~102
Greening sometimes fails because its method is not suitable for various site conditions, therefore the trend of selecting a revegetation method in Korea today is through test construction. However, due to enlargement, complication and diversification of domestic construction businesses, the importance of VE is gradually increasing as effective efforts over a whole life-cycle to obtain goals such as quality improvement and cost reduction, and not only quality and economic efficiency but also substantiality need to be considered in comparing revegetation methods. For this study, Sungnam~Janghowon (area1), where comparatively various slope revegetation methods are used, was selected the investigation site. The site was divided into three areas:blasting rock, ripping rock and earth sand. The revegetation methods used were six in the blasting rock area, five in the ripping rock area, and two in the earth sand region. 2007 monitoring data was analyzed, and Value (V) was calculated with LCC related ratio, and compared and contrasted with the evaluation of prior revegetation methods. Therefore it is believed that this analysis enables selection of the most appropriate method, unbiased towards one particular characteristic such as quality, vegetation growth and economy. When aiming for a durable effect, it shall be more efficient to select the most appropriate method focusing on LCC analysis, which deals with the economic aspect, as well as the design function aspect.
Difference in Visual Preference for Natural Landscape Between Urban and Rural Residents
Hong, Jeong-Kee ; Lee, Gwan-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 103~111
The study was conducted to examine the possible psychological difference in visual preference for natural landscape depending on the residence characteristic of the visitors, with the aim to use as the reference when creating space for natural landscape. Visitors were classified into three groups, namely, urban, suburban, and rural residents, and their preferred type of landscape was surveyed. The result showed that regardless of their residence the highest preference was to the place with superior natural landscape features, and among such features the common preference was toward the landscapes with horizons and those with animals. Urban and suburban residents showed similar preference pattern, and there was artistically significant difference with rural residents. In this respect, the difference in preference for natural landscapes could be induced between urban and rural residents. Rural residents had similar preference with urban residents in that they both preferred the place with superior natural landscape features, but differed in that the former had significantly higher preference toward the landscapes that have mixed artificial elements. From the above research, the following conclusions can be inferred:for regions that need to create natural landscapes, differentiated visual landscape plans and strategies need to be established taking into account, inter alia, the natural richness of the neighborhood natural environment; for regions that need to conserve and manage natural environment and landscapes, the measures to adjust the natural landscape management plans need to be established taking into account the neighborhood environment of the protected areas and the number of visitors to the region.
Development of Restoration Technology Using Native Plants Seed Chip for Various Disturbed Slopes
Suh, Hyoung-Min ; Kim, Dong-Geun ; Lee, Nam-Sook ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 112~120
This study was carried out to develop the environmental friendly restoration technique for various disturbed slopes using native plants seed chips. As the result of the separated seeding using the developed seed chips of native plant combination, average germination rate and survival rate of trees, shrubs, and herbs were higher than those of the direct seeding, as 79~70%, 83~73%, and 59~53% or so, respectively. Also, the germination rates and the survival rates of trees, shrubs, and herbs in the separated seeding by the native plants seed chips were 10~15 times higher than those of the direct seeding. Numbers of plants survived were at least 10 times of that of the simple seeding. The native plants seed chip technique is more efficient in soil slopes compared with stone slopes. The application of the native plants seed chip technique makes the restoration stabilized through the herbs dominant vegetation to the woody dominant 1 within 3 years, and the Landscapes also changed from herbs to variously combined herbs and woody. The technique using native plants seed chips that can be applicable to various disturbed slops is more efficient than conventional restoration techniques in the respect of economics and landscape.