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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Editor in Chief :
Hyun Chan Sung
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Characteristics Analysis of Site Condition and Disturbance Resistance of Tree Species for Damaged Forested Land in South Korea
Kang, Young-Ho ; Lee, Chun-Yong ; Bae, Yeong-Tae ; Kim, Chan-Beom ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 14, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1~15
We recently witnessed increasingly more natural disturbances on forested land. On the other hand, only limited number of nursery grown tree species are available for restoration projects. At the same time, so little on the disturbance resistance of species has been studied that a selection of right species for right site condition becomes very difficult. This study is a compilation of the site specificities and disturbance resistance of each species native to South Korea. Each species was surveyed for 11 items related to site specificities, and 12 items related to disturbance resistance including the resistance to snow damage. This study was conducted for 161 tree species from 44 families : 21 evergreen conifer species, 2 deciduous conifer species, 18 evergreen broad-leaved species, 118 deciduous broad-leaved species, and 2 monocotyledon species. This study suggests that native species in South Korea show resistance to all types of natural disturbances except drought.
Study on Nitrogen·Phosporus Absorption and Growth of Seedling of Prunus serrulata var. serrulata f. spontanea(E.H. Wilson) C. S. Chang by Treatment with Dried Swine Excrement
Yeum, Chang-Ho ; Lim, You-Mi ; Chae, Seung-Min ; Lee, Chang-Heon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 14, issue 6, 2011, Pages 17~27
Prunus serrulata var. serrulata f. spontanea (E. H. Wilson) C. S. Chang was treated with dried swine excrement at various concentration levels, and their growth reactions and the contents of total kjeldahl nitrogen and total phosphoric acid were analyzed. The result is as follows; 1. When the plants were treated with 0.25% of dried swine excrement, the seed germination rate of Prunus serrulata var. serrulata f. spontanea was higher than that of the control. However, it showed a tendency to decrease when the treatment concentration got higher than 0.25%. 2. The growth rate of species was highest when they were treated with 0.25% of dried swine excrement. It tended to decrease with higher treatment concentration than 0.25%. Significant difference was clear between the control and the experimental plants of Prunus serrulata var. serrulata f. spontanea. 3. The contents of nitrogen and phosphoric acid in Prunus serrulata var. serrulata f. spontanea also got higher as the concentration of dried swine excrement increased. However, the content of total kjeldahl nitrogen was highest in the leaves, and followed by the roots and stems. In contrast, the content of total phosphoric acid were highest in the roots, and followed by the leaves and stems. Therefore, stems had the lowest contents of both nitrogen and phosphoric acid. 4. The contents of total kjeldahl nitrogen and total phosphoric acid in the soil were measured before and after the growth experiment of Prunus serrulata var. serrulata f. spontanea treated with dried swine excrement. The contents of nitrogen and phosphoric acid significantly decreased after the experiment. In conclusion, the contents of total kjeldahl nitrogen and total phosphoric acid accumulated in the plants increased as the concentration level of dried swine excrement got higher. The seed germination and plant growth rates were best at 0.25% treatment of dried swine excrement. The treatment of dried swine excrement may bring high effects on increasing the plant growth rate but could damage the plants with higher concentration than they need. Different optimal concentration levels of dried swine excrement for different plants should be found before it is used as fertilizer.
Use Situation Analysis of Evergreen Broad-Leaved Trees as Landscape Trees in Kyushu Area, Japan
Park, Seok-Gon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 14, issue 6, 2011, Pages 29~39
This study aimed to select evergreen broad-leaved trees (EBT) that can be produced and planted in Korea by analyzing the current use of the trees for landscaping in the Kyushu area of Japan, a warm temperate region. The results revealed the total production of EBT was higher than that of conifers and due to the suitable growth environment of the area and the subsequent high demand for them. The landscape tree production methods in Japan were divided into container nursery and outdoor nursery, and the uses and species of the trees varied depending on the method; a variety of native species were produced in container nursery rather than in outdoor nursery, whereas trees used as ornamental, gardening, and shade plants were produced in outdoor nursery rather than in container nursery. The results also showed that in Fukuoka, a major city in Kyushu that is adjacent to Korea, the planting rate of EBT, used as ornamental, gardening, and shade plants, was higher than that of deciduous broad-leaved trees and conifers. In the city, the planting rate of Cinnamomum camphora was the highest, Elaeocarpus sylvestris var. ellipticus, Ternstroemia gymnanthera, Ilex rotunda, Quercus glauca, Camellia sasanqua, Eurya emarginata, Pittosporum tobira, Raphiolepis indica var. umbellata, Hedera rhombea, Kadsura japonica, Trachelospermum asiaticum var. asiaticum. These species were verified in Kyushu area for their application as landscape trees and are expected to serve as landscape trees in Korea if the planting areas of them are expanded by global warming, urban heat island and regional microclimate.
Analysis of the Transition of Landscape Plants on an Apartment Complexes since 1990's
Kim, Hyunjun ; Lee, Taeyoung ; Park, Junglim ; Kwon, Younghyoo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 14, issue 6, 2011, Pages 41~55
This study was carried out to survey and analyze the transition of landscape plants on an apartment complexes in the 1990's and 2000's. The results are summarized as follows; The ratio of landscape area was increased from 30.0% to 34.7%. The number of trees per 100 square meter decreased from 22.5 to 15.7. The number of shrub per 10 square meter increased from 19.3 to 38.7. Species of Evergreen tree were increased 21 to 39. The species that a lot of use continuously were Pinus densiflora, Pinus strobus and Taxus cuspidata. The species that increase use were Abies holophylla and Pinus densiflora for. multicaulis. The species that decrease use exceedingly, were Pinus parviflora, Juniperus chinensis, Pinus koraiensis and Thuja orientalis. The species that do not use were Cedrus deodara. Species of deciduous tree were increased 42 to 68. The species that a lot of use continuously were Zelkova serrata, Acer palmatum, Diospyros kaki, Prunus armeniaca and Prunus yedoensis. The species that increase use were Lagerstroemia indica, Chionanthus retusa, Cornus officinalis, Styrax japonica, Sorbus alnifolia, Prunus mume, Cercidiphyllum japonicum, Acer triflorum, Prunus sargentii, Chaenomeles sinensis and Cornus kousa. The species that decrease use exceedingly, were Acer buergerianum, Sophora japonica, Malus spp., Ginkgo biloba, Zizyphus jujuba var. inermis, Platanus orientalis and Albizzia julibrissin. The species that do not use were Liriodendron tulipifera, Acer saccharinum, Ailanthus altissima and Paulownia coreana. Species of shrub were incresed 39 to 65. The species that a lot of use continuously were Buxus koreana, Rhododendron schlippenbachii for. albiflorum, Rhododendron schlippenbachii, Syringa dilatata and Euonymus japonica. The species that increase use were Rhododendron indicum, Ilex serrata, Spiraea prunifolia var. simpliciflora, Taxus cuspidata var. nana, Kerria japonica, Rhododendron yedoense var. poukhanense, Euonymus alatus, Sorbaria sorbifolia var. stellipila, Nandina domestica, Cornus alba, Hydrangea serrata for. acuminata, Prunus tomentosa, Deutzia parviflora and Pyracantha angustifolia. The species that decrease use exceedingly, were Hibiscus syriacus, Rosa multiflora var. platyphylla, Chaenomeles lagenaria and Rosa spp. The species that do not use were Juniperus chinensis var. sargentii, Jasminum nudiflorum and Sasa borealis.
Life form of the Plants and Vegetation in the Habitat of Endangered Parnassius bremeri in Uiseong, Gyeongsangbuk-do
Lee, Nam-Sook ; Kim, Chang-Hwan ; Kim, Do-Sung ; Choi, Young-Eun ; Park, Yool-Jin ; Lee, Kyeong-Bo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 14, issue 6, 2011, Pages 57~69
The present paper deals with a research of life form and vegetation of the plants extant in the habitat of endangered Parnassius bremeri in Uiseong, Gyeongsangbuk-do with a view to restore their habitat and create substitute habitats. The research found that there are a total of 130 vascular plants including 47 families, 96 genera, 113 species, 1 subspecies and 16 varieties. In terms of their life form, hemicryptophytes (H) is the majority of dormancy form with 41 species or 31.54%, while
is majority of radicoid form with 72 species or 55.38%, gravitational disseminule form (
) is majority among the disseminule forms with 68 species or 52.31% and erect type (e) is majority of growth form with 57 species or 43.85%. Major constituents of the habitat are Sedum kamtschaticum, Selaginella tamariscina, Orostachys japonica, Arundinella hirta, Cymbopogon tortilis var. goeringii, Themeda triandra var. japonica, Carex humilis, Indigofera kirilowii, Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii, Festuca ovina, Artemisia capillaris, etc., all of species which are in the initial stage of succession and show simultaneously features characteristic of vegetation on the rock. In the habitat 1. Sedum kamtschaticum- Selaginella tamariscina community and Pinus densiflora community are distributed whereas, in the habitat 2. Sedum kamtschaticum-Selaginella tamariscina community, Sedum kamtschaticum-Carex humilis community, Sedum kamtschaticum-Cymbopogon tortilis var. goeringii community and Sedum kamtschaticum-Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii community are growing and in the habitat 3. Sedum kamtschaticum-Selaginella tamariscina community, Selaginella tamariscina community, Sedum kamtschaticum-Indigofera kirilowii community and Quercus acutissima community are seen distributed there, too. Typical of food plants growing in the habitat is Sedum kamtschaticum, found mostly in the rocky area and its surroundings. Absorption plants are those that usually bloom in the season when imagoes emerge. From the research, it becomes evident that the blooming season of Sedum kamtschaticum, obviously a food plant, corresponds exactly to the emergence timing of imagoes. Cirsium japonicum var. ussuriense, Rosa multiflora, Erigeron annuus, Spiraea prunifolia var. simpliciflora are found to belong to these plants.
A Study on Management of Vegetation and Restoration in Abandoned Coal-Mine Waste Areas by Phytoremediation
Jun, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Jong-Kyu ; Park, Kill-Ok ; Choi, Nam-Hee ; Hong, Sung-Wook ; Jung, Byoung-Hak ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 14, issue 6, 2011, Pages 71~85
In Okdong coal mine abandoned area, every year large amount of mine wastes have been swept away due to heavy rains in summer. Because pH of coal-mine waste is in the early 4, plant naturally does not grow there due to unfavorable condition for growing plant. This study had an experiment to grow plant for 6 months using Mycorrhizae which can be adapted well in acid soil. As a result of Experiment, In the infected experiment pot, 90% of the plants survived but in case of uninfected experiment pot, only 25% were alive. From Growth Experiment, it appeared that average stem length increase (cm/month), average fresh weight increase (
), average dry weight increase (
) were increased by 60%, 21%, 31% respectively. Especially, Mycorrhizae plays an important role in providing nutrients and water when seeding are established. Mycorrhizae prevents death caused by lack of nutrients and water and helps growth and development of plant when seeding are established in the early stage. This study proved that Mycorrhizae is comparatively effective in plant growth and prevention of erosion in coal-mine abandoned area.
The Analysis of Physical and Chemistry Properties on the Reclaimed Area for Replantation - A Case Study on the YOULCHON 1'st Industrial Complex -
Jun, Hyung-Soon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 14, issue 6, 2011, Pages 87~95
This study investigates Youl Chon Industrial Complex 1 by dividing into three regions : the drainage site, the area inside the complex, and the seaside. Then each region was subdivided into three areas resulting in a total of nine areas for soil sampling and analysis. After analyzing the physical and chemical properties of the soil, all nine area's pH and EC readings indicated that the soil condition is not suitable for vegetation growth (according to the previous study, the pH level was 5.8 and EC was 2.0dS/m). Therefore, for Youl Chon Industrial Complex 1 to become green, the neutralization and reduction of pH and EC level is needed; first, vegetation through dredging soil, and second, introduction of halophytes is suggested. This study finds out that vertical changes in physical and chemical properties of soils in reclaimed sites are very variable and the result depends on surrounding environments, so it suggested the basic data for building vegetation or reclaimed sites. However, the additional study aiming at various reclaimed sites is required as this study was conducted only to limited areas, and this study has left monitoring analysis as the follow-up task to check the relations between a plant community and soils.
A study on Improvement and Invigoration of Cooperation Charge on Conservation Ecosystem Fund
Kim, Gyung-Ho ; Lee, Sang-Houck ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 14, issue 6, 2011, Pages 97~109
Korea introduced the cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem for minimizing damage of ecosystem due to development projects and their effects and for preparing resources for natural environment conservation projects. Advanced countries have made efforts by expanding investment in natural environment conservation and restoring projects to promote prevention of global warming and improvement of biological diversity, are establishing nationwide strategies and plans. To examine the reality of projects by returns of the cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem, microsite projects in schools and public facilities take the largest share while their project budgets are only about 100~300 KRW, relatively small, which might be attributable to budget restrictions in accordance with the calculating method of levying cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem and problems of project proceeding in the system of returning fund for projects in general. The conclusion which this study suggests on invigoration of cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem and its operation are as followings. First, although the cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem has been introduced in 2001, the amount of imposition per unit area remains unchanged. It is desirable to increase the amount into
as of August, 2011 as the price index has been continuously rising for the past 10 years and the upward adjustment of imposition per unit area should be notified by the decree of the Ministry of Environment every January. Second, the ceiling amount of the cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem should be abolished. Now the ceiling amount is defined as 1 billion KRW but it was found that there was not any ceiling amount specified according to the comparative analysis of similar systems with the Korean environmental improvement fund. The ceiling should be abolished so that medium level businesses are carried out and ecosystem recovering projects in the true sense of the word can be made smoothly. Third, weight should be introduced in calculating amounts in accordance with ecologic and economic values. Harmony between development and environment can be achieved by applying differentiated weights of constant regional coefficient by use zone and ecologic and economic values. Continuous efforts of improving cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem should be made more than anything else so that projects by returns of cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem get effectiveness.
Spatial Planning of Climate Adaptation Zone to Promote Climate Change Adaptation for Endangered Species
Lee, Dongkun ; Baek, Gyounghye ; Park, Chan ; Kim, Hogul ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 14, issue 6, 2011, Pages 111~117
This study attempts to facilitate climate change adaptation in conservation area by spatial planning of climate adaptation zone for endangered species. Spatial area is South Korea and select leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) as a target species of this study. In order to specify the climate adaptation zone, firstly, Maximum entropy method (Maxent) was used to identify suitable habitat, and then core habitat was selected for leopard cat. Secondly, land use resistance index was evaluated and least cost distance was analyzed for target species. In this step we choose dispersal capacity of leopard cat to reflect species ecological characteristic. Finally, climate adaptation zone is described and adaptation measures are suggested. The presented approach could be generalized for application into conservation planning and restoration process. Furthermore, spatial planning of climate adaptation zone could increase heterogeneity of habitat and improve adaptive capacity of species and habitat itself.
Analyzing the Future Land Use Change and its Effects for the Region of Yangpyeong-gun and Yeoju-gun in Korea with the Dyna-CLUE Model
Lee, DongKun ; Ryu, DaeHo ; Kim, HoGul ; Lee, SangHouck ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 14, issue 6, 2011, Pages 119~130
Land-use changes have made considerable impacts on humans and nature such as biodiversity and ecosystem services. It is recognized as important elements for land use planning and regional natural resources conservation to identify the major causes of land use changes and to predict a process of changes and effects. This study, by using a spatially explicit Dyna-CLUE model, analyzed correlations between driving factors, quantified location characteristics of different land use types using logistic regression analysis and examined future land use changes and its effects in Yangpyeong and Yeoju region. We expected land use changes based on the three scenarios with different future land demands and simulated future changes for spatial variations of land use for the 20 years. The outcomes shows that larger change was found in agricultural areas than forest areas, based on the change in built-up areas. The changes in forest areas, which were mainly occurred in edge area, were expected to affect a large impact on its ecotone. It was found to be the importance of the management of forest edge and the necessity of the environmentally sound and sustainable development in order to conserve natural resources of the region.