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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Conservation Measures of Korean Whitebeam Community in Bongsan Ecological and Scenery Conservation Area
Lee, Sook Mee ; Oh, Choong Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~14
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.001
This study was carried out for the purpose of presenting basic data bases for conservation and management measures of Ecological and Scenery Conservation Area in Bongsan. The analysis results of the actual vegetation showed that rate of vegetation cover were composed of 72.3% of Robinia pseudo-acacia Forest, 10.7% of Sorbus alnifoila Forest, and Sorbus alnifoila was founded as a dominant woody plant species in the Core Zone of Bongsan Ecological and Scenery Conservation Area. To investigate the vegetation structure of Sorbus alnifolia Community in Bongsan Ecological and Scenery Conservation Area, twelve
sized plots were set up in Bongsan. According to the classification by TWINSPAN, the communities were divided into the three groups of Sorbus alnifolia Community, Pinus koraiensis Community and Robinia pseudo-acacia Community, To analyze annual diameter growth rate for major tree species, nine sample trees from research plots were measured. Expected ages of Sorbus alnifoila trees were 27~37years, Robinia pseudo-acacia trees were 17~26 years, Pinus koraiensis, Pinus rigida, Prunus sargentii, and Quercus mongolica trees were 27~38 years. As a result, annual diameter growth rates of Robinia pseudo-acacia and Pinus rigida tended to remarkably decreased, Sorbus alnifoila had the wood on inter-specific competition of the woody plant species. Importance values of Sorbus alnifoila in the three layers of Sorbus alnifoila communities were evenly high.
Vegetation of Arundinaria munsuensis Population
Jang, Hyung-Tae ; Lee, Ji-Hye ; Park, Chong-Min ; Kim, Nam-Choon ; Park, Won-Je ; Song, Ho-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 15~25
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.015
Arundinaria munsuensis population were classified into Lespedeza maximowiczii dominant population and Spiraea prunifolia for. simpliciflora dominant population in the habitat of Jiri Mt. In the study sites, soil organic matter, total nitrogen, available phosphorous, exchangeable K, exchangeable Ca, exchangeable Mg contained, cation exchange capacity, and soil pH were ranged from 14.52~16.13%, 0.57~0.59%, 5.57~10.24 (mg/kg), 0.44~0.49 (
), 0.62~0.92 (
), 0.31~0.32 (
), 28.26~32.44 (
) and 4.33~4.48 respectively. DCCA ordination analysis showed that Lespedeza maximowiczii dominant population dwells where pH, exchangeable Ca and exchangeable Mg content are high and Spiraea prunifolia for. simpliciflora dominant population is placed where CEC, total nitrogen and organic matter content are high.
Biological Control Against Aphids Using Natural Enemies in Tropical Plants Resources Research Center of Korea National Arboretum
Jin, Hye-Young ; Ahn, Tai-Hyeon ; Song, Jeong Hwa ; Lee, Junseok ; Choi, Ha Yong ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 27~33
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.027
This study was performed in the Tropical Plant Resources Research Center of Korea National Arboretum to assess the effects of natural enemy attack on aphid population feeding on tropical plants. We measured the density of leaf-feeding aphids, Myzus persicae and Aphis gossypii, cohabiting with 5 types of tropical plants at intervals of approximately 2 weeks after introducing their natural enemy, Aphidius colemani. The density of aphids cohabiting with 4 types of tropical plants-Sanchezia parvibracteata, Hibiscus rosa-chinensis, Ficus kurzii, and Aloysia triphylla-started decreasing after 2 weeks of observation and was completely in control after 4 weeks of observation; however, the density of aphids cohabiting with the tropical plant, Hamelia patens, increased during 22 weeks of observation but decreased after the
week of observation. We suggest that a banker plant is necessary for the maintenance of A. colemani in tropical greenhouses, and monitoring studies on H. patens, which was weakest against the aphids, should be performed. Our results indicate that biological pest management strategies using their natural enemies were formulated for the construction of new tropical greenhouses.
Vascular Plants of Major Sites in Bukhansan National Park -A Case Study on Bukhansan Dulegil, Jingwan-dong Wetland, Bukhan-dong Cheolgeoji-
Oh, Hyun-Kyung ; Han, Yun-Hee ; Cho, Woo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 35~51
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.035
The vascular plants in Bukhansan Dulegil, Jingwan-dong Wetland and Bukhan-dong Cheolgeoji were listed 432 taxa (8.9% of all 4,881 taxa of vascular plants); 95 families, 274 genera, 345 species, 2 subspecies, 69 varieties and 16 forms. Divided into woody plants were 145 taxa (33.6%) and herbaceous plants were 287 taxa (66.4%). The Bukhansan Dulegil were listed (Myeongsang-gil 159 taxa, Huingureum-gil 227 taxa, Wooyiryeong-gil 216 taxa, Banghakdong-gil 139 taxa, Boru-gil 199 taxa), Jingwan-dong Wetland were listed 147 taxa and Bukhan-dong Cheolgeoji were listed 129 taxa. Based on the list of rare plants by Korea Forest Service and Korea National Arboretum were Viola albida Palibin (Violaceae), Iris minutiaurea Makino (Iridaceae) and Korea National Arboretum were endemic plants, Philadelphus schrenkii Rupr. var. schrenkii (Saxifragaceae), Weigela subsessilis L.H. Bailey (Caprifoliaceae). Based on the list of floristic regional indicator plants by Korean Ministry of Environment were total 22 taxa; Wisteria floribunda DC. for. floribunda in class IV, 3 taxa (Betula davurica Pall., Mukdenia rossii Koidz., Glechoma grandis Kuprian., etc.) in class III, 5 taxa (Acer triflorum Kom., Viola orientalis W. Becker, Heloniopsis koreana Fuse & Al., etc.) in class II and 13 taxa (Camptosorus sibiricus Rupr., Clematis patens C. Morren & Decne., Cirsium pendulum Fisch. ex DC., etc.) in class I. Based on the list of naturalized plants, 16 families, 35 genera, 37 species, 3 varieties, 1 form, total 41 taxa (Rumex crispus L., Abutilon theophrasti Medicus, Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx. etc.), naturalization rate was 9.5% of all 432 taxa of vascular plants and urbanization index was 13.3% of all 309 taxa of naturalized plants. Ecosystem disturbing wild plants were 5 taxa; Rumex acetocella L., Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., Ambrosia trifida L. var. trifida, Eupatorium rugosum Houtt., Aster pilosus Willd.
Growth Characteristics of Cutting Culms Sectioned at Different Positions from Three Reed Populations
Hong, Mun-Gi ; Kim, Jae Geun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 53~62
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.053
Culm cutting is very effective and convenient method for asexual propagation and even much less destructive than the other ways such as excavation of rhizomes. Despite that culm cutting is such a useful method, only few investigations for raising its efficiency have been carried out. We tried to examine the effect of different geographical populations and cutting sections on the shoot emergence, biomass production and its allocation in terms of cutting efficiency. Culms were sampled from three environmentally distinct wetlands : riparian marsh, salt marsh and montane fen and then they were cut separately into four sections from the bottom to the top part. Both factors of different population and section affected the shoot emergence together. Middle parts on the culm always showed more shoot emergence irrespective of different population. On the other hand, first section from salt marsh and fourth section from the montane fen did not exhibit any shoot emergence. Significant difference in increase of shoot emergence between different sections during investigation period was confirmed only from salt marsh population. Not only different population but also appropriate cutting section should be considered together for better efficiency in cutting of reed culms.
A Study on Air Temperature Difference between Windward and Leeward Side at High-rise Buildings
Jin, Ri ; Cui, Hua ; Yu, Jin-Hang ; Ku, Hee-Yeong ; Zheng, Hai-Yan ; Jin, Wen-Cheng ; Lee, Kyoo-Seock ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 63~71
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.063
To investigate the air temperature difference between windward and leeward side at high-rise building area, the air temperature and relative humidity data were observed for 10 minute interval from July 9, 2011 to November 30, 2011. The observed data were compared, analyzed and examined to illustrate air temperature between windward side (H Apartment) and Leeward side (W Apartment). The diurnal and seasonal variation of air temperature difference between windward and leeward site were also investigated. After the analysis, the overheat of windward side by
irrespective short distance of two observation positions. It was also lower than those of surrounding air temperature observing stations. It is mainly due to the air temperature decreasing effects of leeward side of high rise buildings.
A Study on Domestic and Foreign Research Movement of the Eco-tourism Certification/Designation System and Its Application in Korea
Choi, Hee-Sun ; Kim, Hyun-Ae ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 73~87
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.073
This study was conducted to provide sustainable measures for conservation and management to protect valuable natural/ecological resources, offer differentiated quality assurance services for eco-tourism products, and explore measures for eco-tourism certification/designation systems. To achieve its goals, the study discussed domestic and overseas trends and literatures that concern eco-tourism certification/designation system and investigated case studies that were presently operational. A group of experts and a group of non-experts were surveyed separatedly to investigate the awareness of the national eco-tourism certification/designation system. The results from the investigation indicate that Europe, since the late 1990s to early 2000, has actively introduced a system that establishes and operates a dedicated institution, and European members have created a cooperation framework to formulate international partnerships and develop standardized assessment benchmarks to adhere to the goals of the system, the period for certification was designated from one year to five years, and renewals were granted based on periodic monitoring and reassessment. In Korea, from early 2000, the Ministry of Culture, Sorts and Tourism and other organizations have certified product quality and assessed travel products and national park tour programs. The certification period was established to be set between one and three years, and the vast majority were not reassessed. Upon investigating the results for awareness of national eco-tourism certification/designation system, a high number of respondents agreed with the need to establish a eco-tourism certification/designation system (90% of respondents), and the respondents cited eco-tourism quality assurance, conservation of value, means to maintain established institutions, and environmental education and information as reasons for needing a certification/designation system. In Korea, a certification/designation system for the eco-tourism industry is presently in operation, but the system regulates target institutions based on their characteristics. Therefore, this study proposes its suggestions via various categories, including designated institutions, designated purpose, designated subjects, designated organization, laws, regulations, and incentives.
Management Plan and Vascular Plants of the Jusan Reservoir Watershed in Juwangsan National Park
You, Ju-Han ; Jung, Sung-Cheol ; Chung, Chul-Un ; Mun, Sung-Ju ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 89~105
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.089
This study is carried out to survey and analyse the vascular plants distributed around the Jusan Reservoir, Juwangsan national park. The results are as follows. The numbers of vascular plants were 377 taxa; 85 families, 253 genera, 332 species, 3 subspecies, 37 varieties and 5 forma. The endangered plants designated by Ministry of Environment were 2 taxa; Berchemia berchemiaefolia (Makino) Koidz. and Iris odaesanensis Y.N.Lee. The rare plants designated by Korea Forest Service were 6 taxa; Eranthis stellata Maxim., Aristolochia contorta Bunge, Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom., Berchemia berchemiaefolia (Makino) Koidz., Scopolia japonica Maxim. and Iris odaesanensis Y.N.Lee. The endemic plants were 4 taxa; Carpinus laxiflora (Siebold & Zucc.) Blume, Pseudostellaria coreana (Nakai) Ohwi, Philadelphus schrenkii Rupr. and Weigela subsessilis (Nakai) L.H.Bailey. The specific plants by floristic region were 38 taxa; Juglans mandshurica Maxim., Salix chaenomeloides Kimura, Hylomecon vernalis Maxim., Lonicera praeflorens Batalin, Erythronium japonicum (Baker) Decne., Potentilla dickinsii Franch. & Sav., Celtis aurantiaca Nakai, Anemone reflexa Steph. & Willd., Cimicifuga heracleifolia Kom. and so forth. The naturalized plants were 20 taxa; Fallopia dumetorum (L.) Holub, Chenopoidum album L., Lepidium apetalum Willd., Veronica persica Poir., Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist, Taraxacum officinale Weber and so forth.
Estimation of the Potential Area for Roof Greening in Gyeonggi-do and Its Implications
Park, Eun-Jin ; Nam, MiA ; Kang, Gyui ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 107~117
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.107
We estimated the potential area roof greening in Gyeonggi-do that will mitigate the heat island effect. The estimation was based on building age, roof shape, and building use which were recorded in the building register from "Sewoomteo, the Building Administration System in the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs. The estimated potential roof greening area in Gyeonggi-do was approximately
assuming that the buildings for residence, public, education(school), office, shopping mall are appropriate for roof greening. The area occupied by apartment buildings over six-story was 76.3% of the potential roof greening area 10.2% for individual houses, 5.9% for under five-story apartment buildings, and 3.7% for school buildings. The result indicated that it is residential buildings that we need to pay attention for roof greening, especially high-rise buildings over six-story. Greening of the whole estimated area,
, in Gyeonggi-do will result in the increase of green space per capita by
. This is 1.65 times greater than the area of current urban parks, and 1.97 times greater than the total area of neighborhood parks, children's parks, and pocket parks. Greening of the estimated roof area will increase green coverage of urban area by twice, adding to current green coverage of the urban areas, 11.3%, in 10 major cities. In particular, the effect of roof greening would be remarkable in inceasing the green space of Anyang City, Gwangmyeong City, and Guri City where neighborhood park area falls short.
Applicability Evaluation of Tetrapod Debris Barrier -A Case of Honggyeri Area in Sanchung County-
Kim, Ki Heung ; Park, Jae Hyeon ; Ma, Ho Seop ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 119~132
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.119
In order to connect eco-corridor and to harmonize with natural environment, it is necessary to construct small debris barrier. Therefore, we will evaluate applicability of small debris barrier which made of tetrapod utilized in construction of seashore protection facilities and breakwater. From result compared with the adaptation processes in fields, tetrapod were stabilized to critical tractive force. Stability evaluation method on sliding and overturn of tetrapod debris barrier was developed, and hereafter could be applied to similar debris barriers. According to results analyzed to continuity on sediment supply in debris barrier, boulders were deposited in upstream and gravels were deposited in downstream. Therefore, tetrapod debris barrier will be able to prevent in the long-term the erosion of river bed in down-stream, and the maintenance is easy because dredging is not necessary. Current were formed in between the tetrapod provided eco-corridors for fishes and shellfishes.
Use of Arundinaria munsuensis Y. Lee as Revegetation Plant Materials of Damaged Slopes
Jang, Hyung-Tae ; Park, Won-Je ; Kim, Nam-Choon ; Park, Jong-Min ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 133~140
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.133
The study of Arundinaria munsuensis Y. Lee to this day was limited to the field of morphological species classification since its first discovery at Jiri mountain in the late 1990s. This native plants, one of Korean endemic species found in Jiri Mt. necessitates further studies about its use as revegetation plants or groundcover plants in urban areas. This study was launched from this need followed by summaries of results below related to its usage. This targeted species is a native Korean species which its natural distribution on the subalpine zone has merit for the wide range of climatic adaptation. Also, the coverage rate reached 78.3% in three years mostly by rhizome growth with an expectation of full coverage in four years providing less maintenance needs after planting. The net price for the construction of pot seedling methods of this plants is relatively economical than other normal revegetation construction methods. For these reasons, drilling for the plants on cut and fill soil slopes driven from pot seedling adapts Arundinaria munsuensis Y. Lee as efficient revegetation plant. Total construction cost for pot seedling work(
) of Arundinaria munsuensis was approximately 21,000won which is in reasonable price range when compared to other revegetation construction methods of disturbed slopes. As a native Korean plant, Arundinaria munsuensis has wide range of climatic adaptation with less maintenance requirement after planting. This study may suggest a strong possibility of Arundinaria munsuensis as a pot planting material in sloped area.
A Study of Characteristics of Seeding Plants through Improvements of Dredge Vegetation-Base -Focus on Site 14 in Nakdong-gang-
Kim, Nam Choon ; Ann, Phil Gyun ; Nam, Sang Jun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 141~154
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.1.141
This study was launched to verify the effective composition of plant species and its management program most suited for the dredged soiled area near Nakdong River Site 14. The improvement methods of planting base and the composition of plants such as silver grass, reed, and some colonies in aesthetic effect were studied. To search the management methods to decrease the confining pressure risen from the burried seeds which would consequently harm the previously seeded plants, experimental construction process was measured on the site. The purpose of this experiment was to figure out which part of the improvement on the plant base has the most significant effect for the revegetation of infertile, dredged soil, to verify the easily seeded, developing plants among seeded plants, and finally, to find the restoration model using plants near the dredged soil around riverside. 8 seeded plants and 23 invaded species were appeared which among the emerged plants, development of Aster yomena MAKINO, Lotus corniculatus var. japonica Regel, Trifolium repens L, and Dianthus longicalyx Miq were proved to be brought up well. Difference risen from the seed composition were not noticeable until 150day since the germination was proceeded mainly by Aster yomena MAKINO. The experimental plot with dredging sand+organic fertilizer method of construction and dredging sand+soil conditioner method showed most development while the effect of the plot with only the soil base of dredging sand stayed low. Another important method for the management of infertile, dredged soil base would be the removal of disturbing species which the experiment showed the tied relationship between the removal of disturbing species and development of seeding plants. Although this study was carried out focused on the Nakdong River Project, the study suggests the general management program that the removal of disturbing species such as Humulus japonicus Sieboid & Zucc. and Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi in times around rainy season(60days after seedling) would be effective for the easy growth of revegetation plants.