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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Growth Characteristics of Herbaceous Plants by Soil Condition to Revitalize the Urban Agriculture
Park, Won Jei ; Han, Kyung Hwan ; Kwon, Soon Hyo ; Park, Mi Ok ; Koo, Bon Hak ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.001
This study is carried out to find the most optimal soil-plant combination in the urban agriculture by analyzing the association of soil base material which is being used in the urban agriculture with the growth of plants. 4 types of easily purchased soil (bed soil(A), animal vermicast soil(B), earth worm soil(C) and matured compost(D)) verified in aspects of effect and safety of soil in terms of growth of crop is selected as experimental soil and B, C, D type soils are mixed with granite soil at the ratio of 7 : 3. And granite soil(E) is set as a controlled soil and is compared to verify the effect of the experimental mixed soil. Herbaceous plants are classified into the fruit vegetables (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. and Capsicum annuum L.), leafy vegetables (Brassica campestris L. ssp. Pekinensis and Lactuca sativa L.), medicinal vegetables (Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum and Liriope platyphylla F. T. Wang & T. Tang). The results of comparison of growth of herbaceous plants in different soil types showed that fruit vegetables and leafy vegetables in general had excellent growth in D type soil mixture and A type soil in general and had the poorest growth in E type (controlled) soil. 'Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum' had the excellent growth in D type, B type, C type mixed soil and A type soil and E type (controlled) soil are followed in order. In the case of 'Liriope platyphylla F. T. Wang & T. Tang', the difference in growth by each soil was shown to be insignificant. Therefore, the soil applied in the urban agriculture varies depending on each species of herbaceous plants, but it is considered effective to cultivate herbaceous plant which is economical and productive by using D type mixed soil which can be recycled and inexpensive compared with other experimental soils in the urban agriculture.
Wind Characteristics of Urban Street Canyon at High Rise Building Area
Zheng, Hai-Yan ; Jin, Wen-Cheng ; Lee, Sung-Hee ; Lee, Kyoo-Seock ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 9~18
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.009
The street canyon forms the geometric unit of the built environment. The geometry makes up urban canyons and it influences the urban climate. In order to investigate the wind characteristics of urban street canyon at Dogok-dong, Gangnam-gu in Seoul, the wind direction and wind speed data were observed and analyzed by using 2-D ultra sonic and propeller wind monitor from May 5, 2010 to May 4, 2011. The results show that the prevailing wind direction was west at Station A(Military Mutual Aid Association Building), southwest at Station B(Sookmyung Girls' High School) and the wind speed of Station B was higher than Station A. There were diurnal differences about prevailing wind direction between two stations : it was westerly wind at Station A for a whole day, but at Station B only from 22 : 00 to 04 : 00. However, Station B is different from Station A at other time. At Station B, it was easterly wind from 04 : 00 to 12 : 00, southwesterly wind from 12 : 00 to 22 : 00. In terms of seasonal(except winter) frequency, the spring shows the highest frequency and fall was the next.
Relationship between fish assemblages community and Streamline complexity
Kim, Jin-Ah ; Lee, Sang-Woo ; Hwang, Gil-Son ; Kim, Chulgoo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 19~29
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.019
Numerous studies suggested that fish assemblage structure reflects the status of stream ecosystems. The status of streams integrity, including various trophic levels, water quality and habitat degradation, can be assessed by fish assemblages. In this study, we investigated the relationships between fish assemblages and streamline geometry of streams. Previous studies suggested that geomorphologic parameter can be a critical factor of permeability between adjacent two systems. From a landscape ecological perspective, edges may partially control the flow rate of energy between two adjacent systems. Thus, the Streamline geometry can be a geomorphologic parameter that exhibits the integrity of stream. We selected the Nakdong river for study areas, which is one of major rivers and the longest (525 km) River in South Korea. We used the revised IBI representing overall ecological characteristics of Korean fish assemblages and eight sub-assessment criteria of IBI, collected from 82 sampling sites in the Nakdong River. For calculating the Streamline geometry, we measured fractal dimension index that generally used in biology, ecology and landscape ecology. We used the digital land-use/land-cover map and generated a 1-km buffer for each sampling site and refined the shape of the Streamlines. Pearson correlation analyses were performed between Streamline geometry and IBI and sub-assessment criteria of IBI. The results show that IBI and eight sub-assessments of fish are significantly correlated with geometry of Streamline. The fractal dimension of Streamline geometry were related with IBI (r = 0.48) and six sub-assessments of IBI, including total number of native fish and native species, the number of riffle benthic species, sensitive species, tolerant species and native insectivore. Especially, the number of tolerant species(r = -0.52) and native insectivore(r = 0.52) show strong correlation with geometry of Streamline. These results indicate that lower Streamline geometry can result in poor fish assemblages, while higher geometry of Streamline can enhance fish assemblages by potentially supplying insects and better habitat conditions. We expect the results of our study to be useful for stream restoration and management. However, we see the necessity of study investigating the mechanisms how Streamline geometry affect fish assemblages.
Improvement of the Criteria on Naturalness of the Environmental Conservation Value Assessment Map (ECVAM)
Song, Wonkyong ; Kim, Eunyoung ; Jeon, Seong Woo ; Park, Sangho ; Lee, June ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 31~40
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.031
The Environmental Conservation Value Assessment Map (ECVAM) is a five grade assessment map created with nationally integrated environmental information and environmental values. The map is made through the evaluation of 65 items, including greenbelt area and naturalness. Naturalness means original state of nature, and it is one of the most important evaluation items for conserving nature. The criteria of naturalness includes the Degree of Green Naturality (DGN) made by MOE. Using the data which has been not updated is a problem of accuracy for ECVAM. Therefore, this study would like to improve the criteria of naturalness. To improve the criteria, the study examined the effectiveness of DGN using field survey. The results of analysis the naturalness without DGN, some area changed grade of naturalness have been already damaged or cleared for agriculture and industrial purposes. The grade of naturalness should be included the concept of vegetation transition like DGN. The study suggested a improved method using vegetation type (natural and planted forest), forest age, and the grade of vegetation conservation. The method was reviewed by experts and field survey. After applying the method in South Korea, the grade of naturalness were distributed evenly like GradeI is 38.87%, GradeII is 37.62%, GradeIII is 23.51%, respectively. From the results of field survey, over 4 grade of forest age in natural forest showed similar pattern of structure and composition in original forests. Therefore, the improved criteria explained the naturalness better than existing criteria, and the accuracy of ECVAM has been improved more.
Constructing Landscape as an Operational Multi-Environmental Control Utility and Green Infrastructure - Landscape Design for National Marine Biology Resource Institute -
Sung, Jongsang ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 41~56
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.041
Landscape space can and should play as a multi-functional agent : healing contaminated soil, reducing natural hazards, supporting living things, making comfortable environment for human, and appealing to human aesthetics, etc. This article aims to show the possibility and role of landscape space as such agent. In landscape design for National Marine Biology Resource Institute, distributed rain water treatment system and rain gardens are introduced to replace a mono-functioning large detention pond which was suggested by disaster impact assesment. Phytoremediation and vegetation filtering system with muti-cell wetlands are also adapted to heal the contaminated soil. This kind of landscape as a 'living machine' which can play as an operational control utility of multi-environment and thus can be combined effectively into green infrastructure is important for post-industrial city, especially in an era of climate change.
Flora of Three River Estuary Areas of the East Coast, Gangwon-do
Jung, Hee-Jin ; Cheon, Kyeong-Sik ; Ok, Gil-Hwan ; Yoo, Ki-Oug ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 57~75
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.057
This study was carried out to investigate the flora of estuary regions, Namdaecheon, Jusucheon, and Maeupcheon, placed in the east coast of Gangwon-do. The vascular plants were summarized as 441taxa, including 90 families, 277 genera, 388 species, 2 subspecies, 35 varieties, and 6 forms. Number of species in each investigated region was 271taxa of Namdaecheon, 247taxa of Jusucheon, and 285taxa of Maeupcheon, respectively. Among the investigated 441taxa, 7 Korean endemic, 5 rare plants and 37 specially designated plants by Ministry of Environment were also included. Aquatic and hydrophyte plants were collected 41taxa, and the thinophyte and halophyte plants were investigated 22taxa. The naturalized plants were 59taxa, and the percent of naturalized plant species was estimated as 13.3%. Based on the floristic composition, Maeupcheon was estimated as well conserved estuary region among the investigated 3 rivers.
Multi Layered Planting Models of Zelkova serrata Community according to Warmth Index
Kong, Seok Jun ; Shin, Jin Ho ; Yang, Keum Chul ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 77~84
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.077
This study suggested the planting model of Zelkova serrata communities in the areas with the warmth index of both 80~100 and
. Warmth index was calculated with 449 weather points using inverse distance weighted interpolation method. The planting species were selected by correlation analysis between Z. serrata and each species of four or more frequency among the 36 relev
surveyed for this study. The result of this study is summarized as follows : Warmth index of Z. serrata communities was among
. Results of the correlation analysis between Z. serrata and each species observed that the Z. serrata belongs to the tree layer with warmth index of 80~100 and
. On the other hand, the species of Carpinus laxiflora, Quercus serrata, Prunus sargentii and Platycarya strobilacea appeared only in the tree layer with warmth index of
. Z. serrata and Styrax japonica appeared in the subtree layer with the warmth index of 80~100 and
, while Acer pseudosieboldianum, Lindera erythrocarpa, Acer mono, Quercus serrata, etc. appeared in the subtree layer with the warmth index of
. Z. serrata, Ligustrum obtusifolium, Lindera obtusiloba, Callicarpa japonica and Zanthoxylum schinifolium all appeared in the shrub layer with the warmth index of 80~100 and
. Lindera erythrocarpa, Orixa japonica, Staphylea bumalda, Akebia quinata and Sorbus alnifolia appeared in the shrub layer with the warmth index of
and Styrax japonica and Stephanandra incisa appeared in the shrub layer with the warmth index of
, The numbers of each species planted in a
area of the Z. serrata community were suggested as follows : five in tree layer, five in subtree layer and nine in shrub layer. The average area of canopy are suggested to be about
for tree layer,
for subtree layer and
for shrub layer.
Management Plan and Vascular Plants in the Major Sites of Yangsan-si, Gyeongsangnam-do - Focusing on Mt. Cheontae, Nakdong River Wetland, Beopki Catchment, Yangsan Stream and Mt. Cheonseong -
Oh, Hyun-Kyung ; You, Ju-Han ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 85~102
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.085
The purpose of this study is to offer the raw data for conserving the biodiversity of urban ecosystem by objective surveying and analysing the vascular plants distributed in major sites of Yangsan-si, Gyeongsangnam-do. The results are as follows. The numbers of vascular plants were summarized as 522 taxa including 110 families, 314 genera, 459 species, 4 subspecies, 46 varieties and 13 forms. The rare plants were 5 taxa including Aristolochia contorta, Drosera rotundifolia, Potentilla discolor, Viola albida and Hydrocharis dubia. The endemic plants were 13 taxa including Salix koriyanagi, Carpinus laxiflora, Stewartia pseudocamellia, Weigela subsessilis and so forth. The specific plants by floristic region were 30 taxa including Caltha palustris, Caryopteris incana, Ilex macropoda, Monochoria korsakowii and so forth. The naturalized plants were 44 taxa including Phytolacca americana, Lepidium virginicum, Solanum americanum, Aster subulatus var. sandwicensis, Panicum dichotomiflorum and so forth. The invasive alien plants were 5 taxa including Sicyos angulatus, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Ambrosia trifida, Aster pilosus and Paspalum distichum.
A Study on Characteristics of Seed Germination of Native Plants for Revegetation on the Slope of River bank
Cho, Yong Hyeon ; Kim, Eun Su ; Kang, Hee Kyoung ; Cheong, Yong Moon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 103~115
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.103
To investigate the attributes of seed germination of the plants for greening of river bank slope, low-temperature treatment, chemical treatment, plant hormones treatment, and stratification were conducted using the seeds of 6 herbs growing naturally around river banks, such as Setaria glauca and faberii, Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii, Miscanthus sinensis, Pennisetum alopecuroides, Lespedeza cuneata and the seeds of 3 shrubs, such as Lespedeza bicolor., Rosa multiflora, Spiraea prunifolia for. simpliciflora. The findings are as follows. In case of herbs, Setaria glauca and faberii. have stone seeds. In the treatment with
, they were germinated through dormancy breaking, even though there were some differences depending on immersion time, and the germination rate of Setaria faberii was a bit higher than that of Setaria glauca. The germination rate of Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii was low in the treatment with
, NAA, and the plant hormone, but the seed germination rate has improved and the germination rate of Miscanthus sinensis and Pennisetum alopecuroides showed the improved seed germination rate in low temperature treatment. In case of Lespedeza cuneata and bicolor, the leguminous plants, the treatment with
was most effective for the improvement of seed germination and the decrease in germination time. Only Spiraea prunifolia for. simpliciflora, the rose among 3 woody plants showed the seed germination rate above 50% without any additional treatment. Thus, it was thought to be appropriate for greening. Rosa multiflora showed the attribute of germination in a dark condition at low temperature through stratification, despite its low germination rate. Based on the results as above, with respect to the greening using directly collected seeds, Miscanthus sinensis, Pennisetum alopecuroides, and Spiraea prunifolia for. simpliciflora are suitable for greening, because they do not need any additional treatment, and Lespedeza cuneata and bicolor are also suitable for greening because it is possible to improve the germination rate and reduce the germination time through the treatment on the seeds before sowing.
A Study of Rehabilitation for Limestone Quarry near the Baekdudaegan Mountains (2) - In Case Study for Planting Seedlings Experiment on Okke Quarry -
Kim, Kyunghoon ; Kim, Haksung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 117~125
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.117
The objective of this study was to investigate the possibility of planting seedlings for quarry rehabilitation. To achieve the objective, the experiment was designed for rehabilitation of quarry with planting seedlings and seeding types. Planting seedlings were categorized as target species, accompanied species and pioneer species. The study was conducted in limestone quarry (Lafarge Halla Cement Inc.) near the Baekdudaegan Mountains at Okke, Kangwon-do. The experimental planting bed was set in 2007 and field monitoring was carried out from 2007 to 2011. As the result of experiment, it was found that the early-phase pattern for surveyed species to establish was affected by the planting and seeding types. As years after planting and seeding, the percent of plant coverage also increased up to 90%. The methods of mixed planting and seeding were good for species diversity, but the growing of seedlings were affected by seeding plants. Accompanied species and pioneer species were superior to target species during first 2 years, but target species has gained predominance during last 2 years. The quality maintenance should be carried out annually to attain the goal of rehabilitation.
Comparing a Perspective on the Leaf Burst Timing and Leaf Growth Performance of Major Plants observed in Urban Forests
Jang, Gab-Sue ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 127~136
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.127
Global climate change and urban heat island have been the main factors which changed leaf burst timing and leaf growth performance in urban forests. Therefore, the ecosystem in urban forests were modified and the types and composition of wildlives, living in the urban forests, were desperately changed due to the urban heat island. This study was done to identify phenological phenomena appeared in urban forests due to the urban climate change by comparing the morphological changes of leaves due to the change of temperature in Spring. The study focused on nine urban forests distributed in Daegu city, where weekly temperature and the morphological changes of the plants were mainly observed. Urban forests had different temperature depending on where each was located in the urban area. The difference of temperature in forests in and outside the urban area was verified by SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences), which divided the urban forests into about three groups; the one located outside the city, another group located in the middle of the city, and the other located close to the outside forests. The forests located in the middle of the city were showing the earlier leaf burst timing and leaf growth performance, while forests, distributed outside the city, were showing relatively late leaf burst timing and leaf performance.
A study on thermal simulation for extensive green roof system using a plant canopy model
Kim, Tae Han ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 137~147
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.137
GRS is an effective urban ecology restoration technique that can manage a variety of environmental functions such as ecological restoration, rainwater spill control and island heat effect from a low-impact development standpoint that can be utilized in new construction and retrofits. Recently, quantitative evaluation studies, both domestic and abroad, in the areas related to these functions, including near-earth surface climate phenomenon, heavy rainwater regulation, thermal environment of buildings, have been actively underway, and there is a trend to standardize in the form of technological standards. In particular, centered on the advanced European countries, studies of standardizing the specific insulation capability of buildings with green system that comprehensively includes the green roof, from the perspective of replacing the exterior materials of existing buildings, are in progress. The limitation of related studies in the difficulties associated with deriving results that reflect material characteristics of continuously evolving systems due in part to not having sufficiently considered the main components of green system, mechanisms of vegetation, soils. This study attempts to derive, through EnergyPlus, the effects that the vegetation-related indicators such as vegetation height, FCV, etc. have on building energy load, by interpreting vegetation and soil mechanisms through plant canopy model and using an ecological standard indicator LAI that represent the condition of plant growth. Through this, the interpretations that assume green roof system as simple heat insulation will be complemented and a more practical building energy performance evaluation method that reflects numerical methods for heat fluxes phenomena that occur between ecology restoration systems comprised of plants and soil and the ambient space.
Forest Fragmentation and its impacts : A review
Kim, Eunyoung ; Song, Wonkyong ; Lee, Dong-Kun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 149~162
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.149
Habitat loss and fragmentation are ongoing major anthropogenic impacts on landscapes, which can strongly affect ecosystems, populations and species. The studies on forest fragmentation have been progressed, but the studies on definition of forest fragmentation and their synthetic trend in South Korea still leaves much to be desired. Therefore we set the definition of forest fragmentation and reviewed the related papers. We can give a definition that forest fragmentation is not only a process of spatial landscape transformation, but also a process of ecosystem change by it. The trend of studies on forest fragmentation divided into two fields, landscape and ecosystem changes. Forest fragmentation caused by land change altered the composition and configuration of forest patches. Most studies related on that analyzed the change using landscape index. The effects of forest fragmentation on ecosystem subdivided into three fields : biodiversity, edge effects, and invasive species, but the studies in South Korea is short. The study on relations between forest fragmentation and ecosystem change is necessary to face the Convention on Biological Diversity in South Korea. In addition, the fundamental studies on biodiversity is important to mitigate against forest fragmentation.
A Study on Evaluating the Conservation/Utilization Area and Establishment of the Guideline for Conservation of the DMZ Region
Song, Wonkyong ; Jeon, Seong Woo ; Kim, Eunyoung ; Lee, Dongkun ; Lee, June ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2012, Pages 163~175
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.2.163
In spite of the ecological value of the DMZ, there have not been established guidelines for sustainable conservation and use on the DMZ and adjacent area. In this study we suggested a method about zoning the conservation and utilization area considering environmental data and the characteristic of the DMZ region, and we make the guideline for conservation of the DMZ region based on the zone. Using 10 legal protection areas, the Environmental Conservation Value Assessment Map (ECVAM) and the boundaries of the DMZ region, we evaluated this region into conservation areas, management areas, and utilization areas. The results showed that as much as 91.8% of the DMZ region was evaluated as conservation areas, 6.9% as management areas, and 1.3% as utilization areas. After consultation with experts we suggested management principles, the direction, and the guideline based on the planning process considering the evaluation map. The study suggests principles and guidelines for management, and the guidelines could be a effective tool for the sustainable conservation and management strategy of DMZ region.