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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Vegetation Characteristics in Ecological Forest Site on the Mt. Jangsan
Kim, Seok-Kyu ; Nam, Jung-Chil ; Park, Seung-Burm ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1~16
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.6.001
The research has analysed the targeted land situation, the composition of species, legally controlled plants, vegetation distribution, dominance, species diversity, and the similarity to evaluate the plant characterization of the eco forest in Jangsan, Busan. The results of the research is as following. The number of the plants that belongs to the area is 63 families, 126 genuses, and 163 species. Among them the fern plants : 4 families, 5 genuses, 5 species, and the egg species : 5 families, 8 species, 10 species, and angiospermae : 54 families, 113 genuses, 148 species have been checked. Monocotyledoneae of angiospermae : 7 families, 20 genuses, 22 species (13.5%) and dicotyledoneae : 47 families, 93 genuses, 126 species (77.3%) have been totally checked. The endangered wildlife species by the standard of the Ministry of Environment and the rare plants by the standard of IUCN evaluation realesed by the Bureau of Forest and National Plant Institution has never been checked but one species of Weigela subsessilis has been checked as an approving plant in being delivered abroad, the 8 imported plant by the standard of National Plant Institution checked, some disturbing ecosystem plants released by the Ministry of Environment (2009) not emerged. The succession into the oak trees is occurring to the biodiversity of the researched area, the number of species and their species diversity.
Climatic and Environmental Effects on Distribution of Narrow Range Plants
Kwon, Hyuksoo ; Ryu, Jieun ; Seo, Changwan ; Kim, Jiyeon ; Tho, Jaehwa ; Suh, Minhwan ; Park, Chonghwa ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 6, 2012, Pages 17~27
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.6.017
Climate is generally accepted as one of the major determinants of plants distribution. Plants are sensitive to bioclimates, and local variations of climate determine habitats of plants. The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors affecting the distribution of narrow-range plants in South Korea using National Survey of Natural Environment data. We developed species distribution models for 6 plant species using climate, topographic and soil factors. All 6 plants were most sensitive to climatic factors but less other factors at national scale. Meliosma myriantha, Stewartia koreana and Eurya japonica, distributed at southern and coast region in Korea, were most sensitive to precipitation and temperature. Meliosma myriantha was mostly effected by annual precipitation and precipitation of driest quarter, Stewartia koreana was effected by annual precipitation and elevation, and Eurya japonica was affected by temperature seasonality and precipitation of driest quarter. On the other hand, Spiraea salicifolia, Rhododendron micranthum and Acer tegmentosum, distributed at central and northern inland in Korea, were most sensitive to temperature and elevation. Spiraea salicifolia was affected by mean temperature of coldest quarter and annual mean temperature, Rhododendron micranthum and Acer tegmentosum were affected by mean temperature of warmest quarter and elevation. We can apply this result to future plant habitat distribution under climate change.
Comparative Analysis of Windbreak Effect and Installation Cost of Sand Barrier with Different Height and Porosity on Sand Land in China
Park, Ki-Hyung ; Ding, Guo-Dong ; Fang, Guang-Ling ; Kim, Chan-Beom ; Wu, Bin ; Bao, Yan-Feng ; Gao, Guang-Lei ; Jung, Sungcheol ; Moon, Kangmin ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 6, 2012, Pages 29~41
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.6.029
This study was conducted in Ningxia Hui autonomous region, located at southern part of Mu Us sand land in China. To investigate relationships between windbreak effect and installation cost of sand barriers, plastic net is utilized by using four kind of heights (0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5m) and four kind of porosities (20, 30, 50 and 70%). These heights and porosities are measured for estimating distances for effective windbreak. It is shown that porosity and the distance have a positive relationship at same heights and porosity on ground indicates a constant figure when height reaches a certain level, regardless of the porosity. This implies that there is a difference of level of windbreak with different porosities; however, distance of windbreak effect is same at the same height of sand barrier. As a result of comparison between porosity of sand barrier on the ground and installation cost in each sand barrier with various heights and porosities (16 combinations), 0.4m and 0.5m height sand barriers describe highest economical efficiency. Within two variables, we concluded that height has a higher impact on windbreak effect than porosity.
Bird Species Diversity Analysis According to the Type of Forest Vegetation
Park, In-Hwan ; Kim, Yu-Hoon ; Cho, Kwang-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 6, 2012, Pages 43~52
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.6.043
For this paper, a study targeting 9 forest patches in Dangjin to suggest for the wild birds, was conducted. The correlation between the emergence of wild birds and the forest vegetation was analyzed, and the patterns of forest vegetation for the improvement of species diversity were suggested by classifying wild birds and foraging guild by the type of forest vegetation. As for the characteristics of the wild birds emerged, more species and bigger population appeared in the vegetation type of mixed stand forest where the natural deciduous broadleaf trees and evergreen needleleaf trees coexisted in the large scale vegetation area. Thus, it was known that the advent of summer migratory birds and resident birds were affected the most by forest patches and vegetation types. As for foraging guild, the larger the forest paches the more the species and the population of the wild birds inhabiting in shrubs and bushes.
A Study on Application and Verification of Heavy Water Treatment Effects Using Plant Cultivation (Vegetation) on Floating Island
Kwon, Dong Min ; Kwon, Soon Hyo ; Koo, Bon Hak ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 6, 2012, Pages 53~59
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.6.053
This this study was conducted with the aim of doing experiment on the effect of water purification by using an artificially built plant island, which is one of the eco-techniques, and aquatic plants as a plan for the reuse of water for obtaining water resources, thereby analyzing the removed quantity, and applying the experimental results to the reuse of water. As a result of doing experiments, this study obtained a good measured value of BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) 4.7mg/L, and COD (chemical oxygen demand) 7.2mg/L below the heavy water standard of BOD 10mg/L and COD 20mg/L, respectively. The chromaticity showed 89.2% removal efficiency, but final treated wastewater was found to show chromaticity 58 degrees exceeding chromaticity 20 degrees which are the water quality standard of the reuse of water. The results revealed that T-N produced 27% removal efficiency on an average while T-P produced 38% removal efficiency on an average, showing that the removal effect of N & P wasn`t big. According to the currently enforced "Water Quality Standard of Heavy Water by Use", the use of water for sprinkling and landscaping was found to be available. Accordingly, this study suggested a nature-friendly, economically-efficient, and eco-technological water treatment technique which will make it possible to overcome the limit of the existing physio-chemical water treatment technology, reduce the costs for maintenance and facilities, and also reduce the limit of space restraint for installation of facilities.
Effects of Soil Covering Depth and Vegetation Base Materials on the Growth of Lespedeza cyrtobotrya Miq. in Abandoned Coal Mine Land in Gangwon, Korea
Kim, Jeong-Hwan ; Lim, Joo-Hoon ; Yi, Koong ; Lee, Im-Kyun ; Jeong, Yong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 6, 2012, Pages 61~67
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.6.061
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of soil covering and vegetation base materials implementation on the growth of Lespedeza cyrtobotrya Miq. in abandoned coal mine land. We compared the biomass of L. cyrtobotrya at the study plots of four different soil covering depth (control, 10cm, 20cm, and 30cm) and four different compounds of vegetation base materials composed of soil conditioner (S), erosion control (E), and peat moss (P) (control, S+P, E+P, and S+E+P). The result showed that the biomass of L. cyrtobotrya was higher in the study plots implemented with soil covering than control plot, although the increase in biomass was not constant with soil covering depth. In case of the vegetation base materials treatments, the biomass was highest in S+E+P plot, and S+P and E+P plots showed higher biomass than control plot.
A Study on the Management and Improvement of Purchased Land in the Youngsan·Seomjin-River Riparian Area - Focusing on the Suncheon City Region -
Byon, Seong-Soo ; Lee, Sang-Houck ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 6, 2012, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.6.069
This study observes the purchased lands in riparian areas of Suncheon City region and proposes a reasonable management method. For the study, the site surveying and analysis on the neglected purchased lands is executed, then, based on the site analysis result, the appropriate management method for each neglected purchased land is established. Each management method is approached from the ecological restoration perspective. According to site surveying and analysis of the neglected purchased lands, most of the sites were bare and agricultural lands. The reason for this is thought to be as when purchasing a land, the areas with higher nonpoint source pollution are bought preferentially. As for the dominant species coverage, 26% (
) of the total neglected purchased land area in Sucheon City was covered with the dominated species, and for the exotic species coverage, 17% (
) of the total neglected purchased land area in Sucheon City was covered with the exotic species. The survey site constituted of five different invasive species such as Japanese Hop (Humulus japonicus), Daisy Fleabane (Erigeron annuus), and Evening Primrose (Oenothera odorata). As for the natural succession on site, about 47% of the area showed poor natural succession process. The reason for this outcome is understood as having a lack of appropriate management for purchased lands. Based on the site surveying and analysis, especially the current management state of the and its location, the research site was categorized into preservation, restoration, and improvement sites. During the establishment of the ecological riparian belt, the comprehensive management for preservation, restoration, and improvement of the purchased lands should be executed.
Comparison of Vegetation between Cutting Slope Revegetation Area and Adjacent Nature Area in Korea
Kang, Hee-Kyoung ; Song, Hong-Seon ; Cho, Yong-Hyeon ; Park, Bong-Ju ; Kim, Won-Tae ; Shin, Kyung-Jun ; Eo, Yang-Joon ; Yoon, Taek-Seong ; Jang, Kwang-Eun ; Kwak, Moo-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 15, issue 6, 2012, Pages 79~89
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2012.15.6.079
This study was compared to the differences in the habitat, species composition and community structure of revegetation and nature area in Korea. Plant number in plot of revegetation and nature area was 10.3 and 15.0 taxa, respectively, and coverage was 90.6 and 88.1%, respectively. Revegetation and nature area was very heterogeneous, due to low similarity index (0.38) and less common plants. Festuca arundinacea frequency (56.7%) was highest in revegetation area, and Oplismenus undulatifolius frequency (66.7%) was highest in nature area. Plant appearing of revegetation and nature area was 111 and 136 taxa, respectively. Herb appearing of revegetation and nature areas was 93 (83.3%) and 72 (52.9%) taxa, respectively, tree was 18 (16.2%) and 64 (47.1%) taxa, respectively. Plant communities of revegetation area was classified into Lespedeza bicolor, Indigofera amblyantha, Alnus sibirica, Festuca arundinacea, Eragrostis curvula, Miscanthus sinensis, Humulus japonicus, Setaria faberii, Rudbeckia bicolor, Pueraria lobata community. Plant communities of nature area was classified into Pinus densiflora, Quercus aliena, Quercus acutissima, Quercus variabilis, Quercus serrata, Castanea crenata, Pinus rigida, Robinia pseudoacacia, Populus tomentiglandulosa, Phyllostachys bambusoides community. Habitat, species composition and community structure of revegetation and nature area showed a large difference.