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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Policy Decision Making Through Wildlife Habitat Potential With Space Value Categorization
Jang, Raeik ; Lee, Myungwoo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.1
Beginning of the human ecology in 1920s, the efforts for applying the environmental values to a policy have been embodied by the enactments of international agreement and relevant laws. The government has been struggling to adopt the environmental values for the policy by enacting the relevant laws and establishing the environmental value evaluation information (environmental conservation value assessment map, eco-natural map, biotope map). In spite of the efforts to apply the environmental value assessment information for the habitat potential of wildlife, the application is being challenged by the discrepancy in methods and criteria. Thus this study intends to measure the potential of wildlife habitat and apply it to the spatial value classification for the application plan of wildlife habitat potential in policy. Maxent was used for the habitat potential and the land types were classified depending on the surface and land use pattern of cadastral map. As a result, the policy matrix including conservation strategy(CS), restoration strategy(RS), practical use strategy(PS) and development strategy(DS) has been deduced as CS
(29.57%) and DS
(1.56%). CS was emerged mostly on forest valleys and farmlands, and RS was appeared in the road area near the conservation strategy areas. Boryung downtown and Daecheon Beach were the center of DS, while the forest and farmlands were presented as PS. It is significant that this study suggest the new approaching method by comparing the wildlife habitat potential with the land type. Since this study evaluated the environmental value by one species of leopard cat (Prionailurusbengalensis) with Maxent model, it is necessary to apply the habitat potential measuring method for various target species as further research.
Effects of Materials of Drainage Layer at the Reclaimed Soil Base on Tree Growth at the Open Space of Saemangeum Sea Dike
Lee, Hanna ; Lim, Joo-Hoon ; Koo, Namin ; Bae, Sang-Won ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 13~23
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.13
This study was performed to compare the effects of different drainage layers on tree growth at the exposed sites of Saemangeum sea dike. 4 types of drainage layers including control(dredged soil), specially prepared bark, gravel, and wood chip were set in 150~165cm depth of soil. Pinus thunbergii and Celtis sinensis were planted after 9 months of soil treatment. Electrical conductivity(EC) of soil in all treated plots were decreased under
, and NaCl(%) was decreased under 0.05% after 1 year from soil treatment. Soil moisture at the 120cm depth of the bark treated plot was higher than that of the 180cm soil depth, below the drainage layer. It is considered that vertical mobility of water was inhibited. Organic matter(OM) at the 120cm soil depth increased at bark and wood chip treated plots. Survival rates after 4 years of P. thunbergii and C. sinensis were 100% in all treatments. The height of P. thunbergii was not significantly different among the treatments while the height of C. sinensis was significantly different among the treatments and it was highest at the bark treated plot.
Effects of Mixed Seeding of Main Revegetation Plants Treated with Different Seeding Amounts of Pennisetum alopecuroides on Cut-Slope Revegetation
Ham, Kyung-Sik ; Shim, Sang-Ryul ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 25~35
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.25
Pennisetum aloperculoides is a key revegetation species mixed with other plants species and used for revegetating cut-slopes. The purpose of this research is to identify the effects of mixed seeding of revegetation plants on cut-slope revegetation with respect to the quantity of Pennisetum aloperculoides seeds. The coverage ratio and appearance frequency of Pennisetum aloperculoides, and other revegetation species were measured to assess the cut-slope revegetation. We divided Pennisetum treatments into four groups with different Pennisetum seed quantities of
. For each treatment group, we mixed identical quantities of seeds from herbaceous flowers (bird`s-boot trefoil, aster, chrysanthemums, golden coreopsis and china pink), cool-season turfgrasses, and woody plants (korean lespedeza, indigo and silk tree). The increase in the quantity of the Pennisetum seeds resulted in the higher coverage ratio for Pennisetum, but in the lower coverage ratio for herbaceous flowers, cool-season turfgrasses, and woody plants. We observed a short-term succession process in which the dominant species shifted in the following order: the initial species Pennisetum, herbaceous flowers, and then lastly woody plants. In case of the appearance frequency, we also observed the higher appearance frequency for Pennisetum and the lower appearance frequency for the other plants due to the increase in the quantity of Pennisetum seeds. Pennisetum, bird`s-foot trefoil and china pink showed the tendency to decrease the appearance frequency from one month after seeding while cool-season turfgrasses became extinct due to summer drought. In the woody plants, the appearance frequencies of korean lespedeza and indigo were high due to the decrease in quantity of Pennisetum seeds. The silk trees were damaged from winter frost and none emerged at all in 2013 (the following year after the seeding). Korean lespedeza and indigo appeared to have the short-term rapid dominance over other treated revegetation plants.
Analysis of Environmental Characteristics for Habitat Conservation and Restoration of Near Threatened Sparganium japonicum
Kim, Seohyeon ; Kim, Jae Geun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 37~51
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.37
Sparganium japonicum Rothert. is designated as a near threatened species by the National Institute of Biological Resources and is restrictively distributed in South Korea. To conserve and restore habitats of this plant, we investigated environmental characteristics and vegetation at five habitats during the growing season. Thirty plant species from seventeen families were found in the S. japonicum community. The species frequently found in this community included Utricularia vulgaris, Potamogeton distinctus, Phragmites japonica, Cicuta virosa, Persicaria thunbergii, Phragmites communis, Hydrilla verticillata. Maximum height of this plant reached at August and average height at five habitats is 120 cm at this time. Water and soil environmental factors showed low values compared with that of other wetlands. S. japonicum lived in not only shallow water level but also deep water level. These results can be helpful for S. japonicum habitat conservation and restoration.
The Status of Fruits Consumed by Brown-eared Bulbul (Hypsypetes amaurotis) as a Seed Dispersal Agent on Jeju Island
Kim, Eun-Mi ; Kang, Chang-Wan ; Won, Hyun-Kyu ; Song, Kuk-Man ; Oh, Mi-Rea ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 53~69
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.53
Plants and birds have symbiotic relationship as the birds eat the fruits and disperse its seeds from the different places. Because Brown-eared Bulbul eats various fruits, We investigated the fruits consumed by Brown-eared Bulbul and the distribution of these seeds. Surveys were conducted at several area throughout Jeju Island at least twice a month from 2013 to 2014. We identified the fruits consumed by Brown-eared Bulbul through observation, pictures and interviews from the local residents. Results showed that this species consumed fruits from 82 plant species, belonging to 38 plant families. Thirty nine percent(39%) of these plant species belong to the Rosaceae, Lauraceae, Moraceae, Aquifoliaceae and Vitaceae and 33 species were classified as warm-temperate and subtropical plant which is 40% of the total plant species consumed. Two feeding types, which were gulper type and pecking type were observed for the Brown-eared Bulbul. It was also observed that this species preferred eating fruits of gulping type compared to that of pecking type. The average size of the fruits consumed through gulping was
while it was
for the pecker type. This bird species also consumed more fruits with globular shape compared to those of fruits with ellipse shape. For the fruit color, red and black-colored fruits were more preferred than yellow-colored fruits by Brown-eared Bulbul. Eaten frequency varied from 0.04 to 0.58 and the 10 fruits species were eaten frequently by Brown-eared Bulbul. This study would provide information for the role of Brown-eared Bulbul in the ecosystem as a seed dispersal agent.
Habitat Analysis of Hyla suweonensis in the Breeding Season Using Species Distribution Modeling
Song, Wonkyong ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 71~82
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.71
Hyla suweonensis is an endemic species and is designated as the only endangered species I among amphibians in 2012 by the Ministry of Environment, however studies about its habitat are lacking. This study was carried out to analyze habitat of H. suweonensis based on the spatial information using Maxent (Maximum entropy model as a species distribution model. We detected 45 present points until 2013 and 10 environmental variables by literature review for the model. The results showed that
(0.95%) of the study area, which was about 7.75% of the total agricultural area, was high possible habitats of H. suweonensis. The habitat of H. suweonensis was analyzed by over
rice paddy fields that were lower elevations, flat slopes, and not fragmented. The distance from forests and rivers was identified as a factor that affects its habitat possibilities. In order to conserve H. suweonensis, a large area of rice paddy fields should be preserved, and especially the area around forests and rivers would be required more intensive management. In addition, to compensate for degraded habitats of H. suweonensis in urban areas like as Suwon city, considering integrated watershed management strategy could be effective in the perspective of ecological habitat network of H. suweonensis.
Effect of Fertilizer Levels and Shading Rate on Seeding Growth of Thalictrum Species Native to Korea
Lee, Wan-Hee ; Lee, Seung-Youn ; Kang, Jung-Hwa ; Lee, Taek-Joo ; Kim, Ki-Sun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 83~89
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.83
Thalictrum species belongs to the Ranunculaceae and are perennial landscape plants which are available in the garden and potted plants. This experiment was conducted to find out the basic data for the growth effects of fertilizer levels and shading rate in seedling plug cell tray in the Thalictrum rochebrunianum, T. uchiyamai and T. coreanum. For T. rochebrunianum and T. uchiyamai, growth increased by all fertilizer level treatments as compared to non-treatment. Hyponex 1000 times of treatment showed the highest growth. All growth increased in 35% shading as compared to other treatments for T. rochebrunianum and T. coreanum. But, for T. uchiyamai growth increased in 55% shading. In general, growth of three Thalictrum species was worse in 75% shading, as compared to other shading rates. Based on the results, Thalictrum species seedling can be produced by 35-55% shading and fertilization of Hyponex 1000 times by using plug tray.
A Study on Analysis and Utilization of Gardener Training Program in Korea
Lim, Hyeon-Ok ; Sung, Hyun-Chan ; Hwang, Eui-Shik ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 91~102
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.91
In connection with biodiversity that has recently become the topic, competition to secure biological genetic resources is being heightened all over the world. Korea also has a variety of efforts to secure and preserve plant genetic resources, and has recognized the importance of the function and role of arboretums. Arboretums in Korea, however, have the problems in terms of quality due to the rapid increase. One of the problems is shortages in experts who are essential for the proper functioning of arboretums. To solve the problem, the State introduced Gardener Training Program certification system and started to train gardeners. However, gardeners who have actually employed at arboretums are less than 20% and thus the problem of shortages in experts still exists. In this context, this study examined 44 registered arboretums in Korea to find out the current situation of experts; analyzed arboretum experts and the program certification system in view of relevant laws; and investigated the current situation of training programs being operated in three Gardener Training Program certification organizations. Finally, this study conducted a survey of 68 gardeners who completed the training program at Chollipo Arboretum and tried to suggest a plan for securing experts from the gardener training programs. The plan for utilizing the trained gardeners as experts in arboretums is as follows: First, legal standards for the employment of experts in arboretums should be strengthened. Second, it is necessary to evaluate training programs, in order to raise the reliability of arboretum experts` expertise. Third, official validity that can be honored in all arboretums should be granted to a certificate of program completion. Finally, networks of gardeners who completed the programs should be formed through follow-up management of them.
Anticipation of the Future Suitable Cultivation Areas for Korean Pines in Korean Peninsula with Climate Change
Choi, Jaeyong ; Lee, Peter Sang-Hoon ; Lee, Sanghyuk ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 103~113
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.103
Korean pines(Pinus koraiensis) are one of the major plantation species in the Republic of Korea and their natural habitats range from Japan and China to Siberia. The seed of Korean pines, pine nuts, are well know for good food reserves. Due to the global changes which drive the Korean peninsula into the semi-tropical climate, current plantations and natural habitats of Korean pines are faced with the change in the environmental conditions to some extent. To anticipate suitable sites for Korean pines in the future, the location of Korean pines were extracted from the `Map of suitable trees on a site` that provides the map of suitable trees on a site considering tree species for timber and special uses, and then MaxEnt modelling was used for generating a prediction map on the basis of statistical analysis. As a result, the order of predicted suitable sites were Kangwon-do, Kyungsangbuk-do and Chungcheongbuk-do provinces and sites with high elevation within those provinces were considered most suitable in common. The prediction map of suitable sites for Korean pines presented that suitable sites in the future decreased by 72.2% by 2050`s and almost disappeared with a decrease of 92.1% by 2070`s on a nationwide scale. In relation to the major production regions of pine nuts in South Korea - Gapyung gun and Yangpyung gun, Kyunggi province and Hongcheon gun, Kangwon province, suitable sites within their areas were predicted to increase by 2050`s but become extinct in South Korea by 2070`s. To establish a long-term countermeasures against the improvement on forest productivity quality in terms of managing national food security, the result from this study can be considered as a firm basis of predicting plantation suitability. Also, it can be used to predict the changes in supply of forest products and thereby market values in accordance with climate change scenarios.
A Comparative Study on Carbon Storage and Physicochemical Properties of Vegetation Soil for Extensive Green Rooftop Used in Korea
Lee, Sang-Jin ; Park, Gwan-Soo ; Lee, Dong-Kun ; Jang, Seong-Wan ; Lee, Hang-Goo ; Park, Hwan-Woo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 115~125
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.115
This study was carried out to analyze comparison of carbon storage and physicochemical properties of vegetation soil for extensive green rooftop established at Seoul National University in september 2013. For this study, 42 plots were made by 2 kinds of vegetation soil including A-type and B-type. A-type vegetation soil plots were made of 90% perlite and 10% humus and B-type vegetation soil plots were made of 60% perlite, 20% vermiculite, 10% coco peat and 10% humus. This study used 6 kinds of plants which are Aster koraiensis, Sedum takesimense, Zoysia japonica Steud, Euonymus japonica, Rhododendron indicum SWEET and Ligustrum obtusifolium. Field research was carried out in 11 months after planting. Physiochemical properties of B-type vegetation soil plots were better than A-type vegetation soil plots in every way and soil carbon content was also higher at B-type vegetation soil plots as well. B-type vegetation soil plots were maintained 10 to 20% higher soil water content than A-type vegetation soil plots of the study period. The species of herb which showed the best carbon storage was Zoysia japonica Steud at B-type vegetation soil plots. The species of shrub which showed the best carbon storage was Ligustrum obtusifolium at B-type vegetation soil plots. Plants generally showed better growth at B-type vegetation soil plots and B-type vegetation soil plots were higher than A-type vegetation soil plots in soil carbon stock.
Improvement of Forest Boundary in Landcover Classification Map(Level-II) for Functional Assessment of Ecosystem Services
Jeon, Seongwoo ; Kim, Jaeuk ; Kim, Yuhoon ; Jung, Huicheul ; Lee, Woo-Kyun ; Kim, Joon-Soon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 127~133
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.127
Interests in ecosystem services have increased and a number of attempts to perform a quantitative valuation on them have been undertaken. To classify the ecosystem types landcover classification maps are generally used. However, some forest types on landcover classification maps have a number of errors. The purpose of this study is to verify the forest types on the landcover map by using a variety of field survey data and to suggest an improved method for forest type classifications. Forest types are compared by overlaying the landcover classification map with the 4th forest type map, and then they are verified by using National Forest Inventory, 3rd National Ecosystem Survey and field survey data. Misclassifications of forest types are found on the forest on the forest type map and farm and other grassland on the landcover map. Some errors of forest types occur at Daegu, Busan and Ulsan metropolitan cities and Gangwon province. The results of accuracy in comprehensive classification show that deciduous forest is 76.1%; coniferous forest is 54.0%; and mixed forest is 22.2%. In order to increase the classification accuracy of forest types a number of remote sensing images during various time periods should be used and the survey period of NFI and the National Forest Inventory and National Ecosystem Survey should be consistent. Also, examining areas with wide forest patch should be prioritized during the field survey in order to decrease any errors.
Development of Evaluation Indices for Ecological Restoration of Degraded Environments Near DMZ in the Republic of Korea
Lee, Peter Sang-Hoon ; Lee, Sanghyuk ; Lee, Sol Ae ; Choi, Jaeyong ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 135~151
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.135
DMZ is considered as an ecologically sensitive landscape and one of the highest biodiversity regions in the Republic of Korea. There have been, albeit the significant value, increased interests in developing this region for a variety of purposes including tourism and commemorative events. As this region has been already facing a range of problems derived from previous development, natural disaster and invasive species, the necessity for active management of ecological health within this region has been increased, which weighs the importance of executing ecological restoration. The objective of this study was to develop evaluation indices as an effective management means of properly evaluating ecological restoration and sustainably maintaining the restored conditions on a long-term scale. Through literature review existing evaluation indices related to restoration were collected, and then the most suitable indices were selected based upon two interviews and one questionnaire survey targeting experts in the relevant field to ecological restoration. They were categorized by two major division and their subclasses (Ecological base - vegetation structure & composition, habitat characteristics, soil environment; landscape ecology - connectivity, landscape patch, boundary & surrounding) and 40 indices. These indices were considered helpful to comprehensively evaluate ecological restoration on degraded environments within ecologically sensitive areas, and sustainably manage target areas by employing a long-term monitoring approach. As this result played a meaningful role in providing the fundamentals of evaluating ecological restoration, it should develop a suitable evaluation system through further research.
Seed Germination Study to Determine the Feasibility of Local Resources as Materials for Ecological Restoration
Kim, Kyung-Hoon ; Kim, Young ; Joo, Paik ; Hur, Young-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2015, Pages 153~163
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.1.153
The study was conducted to develop ecological restoration method of damaged area in DMZ vicinities. As the material for the ecological restoration, forest soil and trees waste have been used. Forest soils were collected for experiments in Yanggu, Gangwon Province. Effect of ecological restoration was analyzed through germination experiment. Germination experiment was performed using 12 kinds of woody and herbaceous seeds. Woody and herbaceous seed germination in test pot was relatively evenly. Mixed material consisting of forest soil and trees waste seemed a possibility as the material for the restoration. The effects on seed germination were higher in the case of mixing more than 70% by volume ratio of local resources. Total number germinated individuals were different depending on the mixing ratio of soil sampling depth. Individual plants showed different trends depending on the experimental combination. Results of the woody seed germination were affected only in the soil sampling depth. Seed germination of herbaceous received a combined effect on soil sampling depth and mixing ratio.