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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
The Management Methods of Multi-Purpose Ecological Reservoir by System Thinking - Focused on Anteo Eco Park -
Lee, HyunJi ; You, Soojin ; Chon, Jinhyung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 1~17
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.1
Ecological reservoir is a multifunctional space where provides the functions of retention, animal habitat and improvement of ecosystem health and landscape. The ecological reservoir of Anteo Eco Park located in Gwangmyeong-si has established to functions for water purification, maintenance of healthy aquatic ecosystem. Because the Anteo Eco Park is located in the site where nonpoint pollutant materials flow in, Anteo Eco Park has potential factors which aquatic ecosystem health deteriorates and damages the habitat of golden frog(Rana plancyi chosenica) which is restoration target species. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to suggest the plan to manage the variables which impede the right functions of aquatic ecosystem by understanding the causal loop diagram for the change of water quality environment and the interaction of predator-prey through system thinking. The results are as follows. First, the study showed that the individual number of golden frog which is an indicator species of Anteo Eco Park is threatened by snakeheaded fish, which is an upper predator. Therefore, balanced food chain should be hold to protect golden frog by capturing the snakeheaded fish which is individual number's density is high, and the monitoring management of the individual number for predator(snakeheaded fish)-prey(golden frog) should be performed. Second, the study represented that water pollution and carnification is caused by the sediment as the dead body of the large emergent vegetation in the winter cumulates as sediment. Ecological reservoir in Anteo Eco Park has been managed by eliminating the dead body of the large emergent vegetation, but the guideline for the proper density maintenance of vegetation community is additionally needed. Lastly, the study showed that aquatic ecosystem of Anteo Eco Park where is contaminated from the inflow of nonpoint pollutants affects the individual number's decline of golden frog and snakeheaded fish. Accordingly, the creation of a buffer area and a substitution wetland is needed in the periphery of the Anteo Eco Park to control the inflow of nonpoint pollutants including organic matters, nutrients and heavy metals. This study will be helpful that Anteo Eco Park improves the regional landscape and maintain healthy aquatic ecosystem space for the park visitors including local residents.
Selecting Core Areas for Conserving Riparian Habitat Using Habitat Suitability Assessment for Eurasian Otter
Jeong, Seunggyu ; Park, Chong Hwa ; Woo, Donggul ; Lee, Dong Kun ; Seo, Changwan ; Kim, Ho Gul ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 19~32
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.19
In Korea, significant riparian areas have been developed due to river maintenance projects. Introduction of new riparian facilities can negatively affect wildlife in the riparian areas. This study focuses on selecting core conservation areas for Eurasian Otter(Lutra lutra) to support decision making process for development of riparian areas. For the study, first of all, field data of study site were collected by field surveys. Secondly, stream naturalness was assessed to understand physical environments of the study sites. Thirdly, habitat suitability was assessed using occurrence data of Eurasian Otter and environmental data. Lastly, core areas for conservation was selected by comparing and synthesizing stream naturalness map and habitat suitability map. The selected core areas showed several characteristics. The number of artificial facilities is low in the core areas. Rocks which are preferred by Eurasian Otter to eat and excrete are plentiful in the core areas. Also, the ratio of adjacent farmland is high. Based on the analyses, it is expected that this study can contribute to decision making process for environmental spatial plans to better conserve habitats of Eurasian Otter.
Site Selection of Narrow-mouth Frog(Kaloula borealis) Habitat Restoration Using Habitat Suitability Index
Shim, Yun-Jin ; Cho, Dong-Gil ; Hong, Jin-Pyo ; Kim, Duck-Ho ; Park, Yong-Su ; Sung, Hyun-Chan ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 33~44
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.33
This study was performed to propose the site selection plan for the restoration of the target Narrow-mouth Frog(Kaloula borealis) habitat, and has developed the AHP model to select the optimal site for narrow-mouth frog habitat restoration on the basis of the narrow-mouth frog Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) items (factors and variables). The assessment areas were established by the narrow-mouth frog HSI factors such as space, feed, cover, water(breeding), threatening factors and others, and the sub-assessment items by each assessment area were established based on the narrow-mouth frog HSI variables. The weighting values of the assessment areas and items were calculated by the developed AHP method. The weighting values of the 5 assessment areas were arranged in order as cover(0.283), water(breeding)(0.276), feed(0.230), space(0.147), and threatening factor(0.064). The final weighting values of the 14 assessment items were arranged in order of height as low-rise grassland(0.190), soil quality(0.178), and stones and between the stones(0.105). The scoring criteria according to the assessment items and factors were marked and applied by equal intervals considering the criteria by HSI items of the narrow-mouth frog and finally the scoring criteria diagram has been proposed for the optimal site selection of the narrow-mouth frog habitat restoration.
Flooding Tolerance of Cool-Season Turfgrass for the Revegetation of Waterside Slopes
Shim, Sang-Ryul ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.45
Cool-season turfgrass is a rapidly increasing of usage for the revegetation of waterside slopes in dams, lakes and rivers. The purpose of this research is to identify the flooding tolerance of cool-season turfgrass with respect to the flooding periods of 0(control), 2, 4 and 6 days, respectively. The surface coverage ratio, turfgrass injury and soil moisture content were measured to assess the flooding tolerance of cool-season turfgrass. The increase in the flooding periods with 4 and 6 days resulted in the lower surface coverage ratio for cool-season turfgrass while no significant difference was found in the 2 days flooding when compared to 0 day (the control plot) flooding plot. In case of the turfgrass injury and the soil moisture content, however, the higher values were found with the increase of flooding periods in 2, 4 to 6 days. We observed that the higher the turfgrass injury and soil moisture content increased, the lower the surface covrage ratio decreased. In these regards, we also observed that the tolerance of cool season turfgrass were high in the 2 days flooding condition, medium in the 4 days flooding condition and low in the 6 days flooding condition. The flooding tolerance of cool-season turfgrass was gradually weakened in over 2 days flooding periods due to
deficiency in the anaerobic soil condition. Therefore, we could suggest cool-season turfgrass within 2 days flooding periods for the revegetation of waterside slopes in dams, lakes and rivers.
The Analysis of Sedum Suitable for the Effect of Modulability the Temperature of the Rooftop Greening
Lee, Bitnara ; Kim, Ye-Seul ; Lee, Eun-Heui ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 53~64
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.53
Rooftop greening is the alternative of urban heat island. The purpose of this study is selecting Sedum to the effect of temperature reduction of the rooftop greening. Since the state of growth is excellent, Sedum kamtschaticum, Sedum takesimense and Sedum middendorffianum surveyed as coverage. It was investigated that there is the effect of reducing the temperature. The effect of temperature reduction of Sedum counted compound was found to be associated with state of growth. When you construct a rooftop greening, planting Sedum kamtschaticum, Sedum takesimense and Sedum middendorffianum is helpful to the effect of temperature reduction. Also, the ingredients various types of Sedum in order to reduce the effective temperature, it must be densified. It must demonstrate an additional effect of temperature reduction of Sedum through complementary and continuous monitoring of the future temperature monitoring method.
A Study on the Openness of Landscape in Urban Cross Intersections
Shin, Yu-Kyoung ; Sung, Hyun-Chan ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 65~78
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.65
An important factor in assessing the beneficial qualities of a city's intersection spaces can be measured by examining a pedestrian's approach to the space and calculating the openness observed in the overall design of adjacent buildings. These spaces are influential, since they offer opportunities for pedestrians to spend time and take in views of the surrounding environment. The intersection of horizontal components in cities such as Bundang-si and Suwon-si can provide a sense of openness or greenness. We believe that there is a need for careful analysis and study of such components, as defined by designations in Bucheon-si research, and that this study can give important insights for future urban planning and design. When assessing the openness of an intersection, a key variable is the reported rate of perforation, which factors into the greenness of a space. Because of the large and varied scope of this research, this rate is highly variable, as there were many differences between each site. In descending order of average ratios: Seongnam-si, 41.79% > Bucheon-si, 35.40% > Suwon-si, 30.42%. The data compared for each city was divided into study sites selected at downtown locations as well as in urban outskirts. Openness and greenness were analyzed at each downtown and outskirt site. A summary of the results shows a decreased openness average of -2.63% in downtown locations versus outskirt. The greenness ratios in urban outskirt areas were 4.86% greater than downtown locations on average. As it relates to the results of this analysis of openness, the comprehensive property zoning for each city was determined as a ratio of residential to commercial designations. This study analyzes view points within urban cross intersections in the downtown landscape. It presents basic data and research directions to promote a better environment with regard to openness, and consists of an analysis of the relationship between a variety of physical components.
Predicting the Potential Distribution of Korean Pine (Pinus koraiensis) Using an Ensemble of Climate Scenarios
Kim, Jaeuk ; Jung, Huicheul ; Jeon, Seong Woo ; Lee, Dong-Kun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.79
Preparations need to be made for Korean pine(Pinus koraiensis) in anticipation of climate change because Korean pine is an endemic species of South Korea and the source of timber and pine nut. Therefore, climate change adaptation policy has been established to conduct an impact assessment on the distribution of Korean pine. Our objective was to predict the distribution of Korean pine while taking into account uncertainty and afforestation conditions. We used the 5th forest types map, a forest site map and BIOCLIM variables. The climate scenarios are RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 for uncertainty and the climate models are 5 regional climate models (HadGEM3RA, RegCM4, SNURCM, GRIMs, WRF). The base period for this study is 1971 to 2000. The target periods are the mid-21st century (2021-2050) and the end of the 21st century (2071-2100). This study used the MaxEnt model, and 50% of the presences were randomly set as training data. The remaining 50% were used as test data, and 10 cross-validated replicates were run. The selected variables were the annual mean temperature (Bio1), the precipitation of the wettest month (Bio13) and the precipitation of the driest month (Bio14). The test data's ROC curve of Korean pine was 0.689. The distribution of Korean pine in the mid-21st century decreased from 11.9% to 37.8% on RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5. The area of Korean pine at an artificial plantation occupied from 32.1% to 45.4% on both RCPs. The areas at the end of the 21st century declined by 53.9% on RCP 4.5 and by 86.0% on RCP 8.5. The area of Korean pine at an artificial plantation occupied 23.8% on RCP 4.5 and 7.2% on RCP 8.5. Private forests showed more of a decrease than national forests for all subsequent periods. Our results may contribute to the establishment of climate change adaptation policies for considering various adaptation options.
Applicability of Supervised Classification for Subdividing Forested Areas Using SPOT-5 and KOMPSAT-2 Data
Choi, Jaeyong ; Lee, Sanghyuk ; Lee, Sol Ae ; Ji, Seung Yong ; Lee, Peter Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 89~104
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.89
In order to effectively manage forested areas in South Korea on a national scale, using remotely sensed data is considered most suitable. In this study, utilizing Land coverage maps and Forest type maps of national geographic information instead of collecting field data was tested for conducting supervised classification on SPOT-5 and KOMPSAT-2 imagery focusing on forested areas. Supervised classification were conducted in two ways: analysing a whole area around the study site and/or only forested areas around the study site, using Support Vector Machine. The overall accuracy for the classification on the whole area ranged from 54.9% to 68.9% with kappa coefficients of over 0.4, which meant the supervised classification was in general considered moderate because of sub-classifying forested areas into three categories (i.e. hardwood, conifer, mixed forests). Compared to this, the overall accuracy for forested areas were better for sub-classification of forested areas probably due to less distraction in the classification. To further improve the overall accuracy, it is needed to gain individual imagery rather than mosaic imagery to use more spetral bands and select more suitable conditions such as seasonal timing. It is also necessary to obtain precise and accurate training data for sub-classifying forested areas. This new approach can be considered as a basis of developing an excellent analysis manner for understanding and managing forest landscape.
A Study on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Cornus kousa Treated with Livestock Manure
Lee, Chang-Heon ; Kang, Hag-Mo ; Kim, Mi-Ja ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 105~118
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.105
This study was conducted to obtain proper amount of solid swine manure and poultry manure in the beginning phase of Cornus kousa growth by investigating the initial germination, seedling growth increment, dry weight, chlorophyll content change, body nutrient uptake and chemical changes of soil according to the concentration of solid swine manure and poultry manure fertilization. When treated with solid swine manure and poultry manure, seed germination rate was the highest in the control. However germination rate showed a tendency to decrease when treated with high concentration of swine manure and poultry manure. The survey results of the growth increment were all higher than that of the control. At the 1.0% treatment of both swine and poultry manure, the seedling height growth was highest. Poultry manure treatment made higher result than swine manure treatment at each treatment. Dry weight was the highest at the 1.0% treatment by both swine and poultry manure. Dry amount declined sharply at the 2.0% treatment. Poultry manure was higher in weight than swine manure at every treatment. Chlorophyll content was the highest at the 1.0% treatment by both swine and poultry manure, but declined sharply at the 2.0% treatment. The survey content was higer than that of the control. The amount of nutrients absorbed in the seedling body was generally high at the 1.0% treatment of swine manure and poultry manure. For the planting soil of Cornus kousa the higher concentration of swine manure and poultry manure was, the lower pH became. However, nitrogen, got higher. available phosphoric acid, exchangeable K, Na, and Mg got higher.
A Study on the Ecological Attributes Assessment and Comparison of Urban Parks according to Types of the Surrounding Green Areas
Sung, Hyun-Chan ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 119~131
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.119
The purpose of this study was to compare the differences of the ecological attributes in the two types of urban park at Suwon and Goyang city. 'Directly linked park' is forests and rivers in the vicinity, it is capable of re-supply of the species and 'Isolated park' is forests and rivers apart, it is a difficult re-supply of the species. The result of assessment of the ecological attributes in the two types of urban park was analyzed as the percentage of 'Forest zone' was high, but the percentage of 'Area of permeable pavement' and 'Bush area' was low. 'The planting structure' was mostly 1-layer structure(47%) and 'Foreign tree species' is high by half the proportion. 'Age classes' were a 2-3age classes level, and 'Water body' could barely. Thus, ecological attributes degree was very low. In addition, results of investigation whether the difference of ecological attributes degree between the two types of urban park, also statistically analyzed that there is no difference. Therefore, when establishing the composition of the future plans of the city park, to take full account of the ecological situation in the surrounding parkland, and identify the ecological potential with the parkland. Next, it should be designed and planned of the park that fully utilizing the potential of this ecological attributes.