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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
Comparison of Survey Methods and Results for Natural Environment in Baekdudaegan Mountain System
Shin, Moon-hyun ; Kim, Jung-hwan ; Kwon, Jino ; Lim, Joo-hoon ; Choi, Hyung Tae ; Park, Chanwoo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 2, 2016, Pages 1~18
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.2.1
Baekdudaegan Mountain System (BDMS) is a unique and traditional concept in Korea that puts importance on the connectivity of energy when Korean people recognize their mountain system. Two main national organizations that are in charge of managing natural environment in Korea, Korea Forest Service (KFS) and Ministry of Environment (MoE), have been independently investigating the natural resources in protected areas of BDMS. Each organization released its first survey report for the whole protected areas in 2011. In order to provide better understanding of BDMS's natural environment, the results contained in the first reports of KFS and MoE were compared. It was found that KFS contains a wider variety of survey items, though many of the items are overlapped between the reports of KFS and MoE. It was noticeable that the survey results of KFS and MoE were not always matched even for the same or similar items in the identical target areas. The main causes of the different survey results are suggested to be the differences of the details of the survey conditions between KFS and MoE, such as the season of the surveys and the subjectivity of surveyors, and the type of literatures included in the indoor survey. As a result, it is difficult to directly compare the survey results of KFS and MoE, which leads to low usability of the data and low efficiency of the survey processes. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that the sections and methodologies of survey should be clearly set with consideration for the research purposes. The survey data and geographical information should be digitalized and opened to the public for better accessibility to BDMS information. Also, the survey reports should include English summary, thereby the results can be utilized globally for scientific, cultural and political purposes, such as designation of a heritage site.
Vascular Plants Distributed in the Naknam-Jeongmaek - Focused on Gilmajae, Mt. Muryang, Mt. Yeohang, Mt. Muhak, Mt. Cheonju and Mt. Sineo -
Oh, Hyun-Kyung ; Kim, Dong-Pil ; You, Ju-Han ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 2, 2016, Pages 19~39
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.2.19
This study was carried out to investigated the flora of Naknam-Jeongmaek, Korea. The survey sites were Gilmajae, Mt. Muryang, Mt. Yeohang, Mt. Muhak, Mt. Cheonju and Mt. Sineo. The flora were summarized, numbering 666 taxa including 112 families, 357 genera, 574 species, 4 subspecies, 73 varieties and 15 forms. The threatened species was Aconitum austrokoreense. The rare plants were 12 taxa including Asarum maculatum, Wikstroemia ganpi, Viola albida, Tricyrtis macropoda and so forth. The Korean endemic plants were 19 taxa including Salix koriyanagi, Thalictrum actaefolium var. brevistylum, Weigela subsessilis, Hosta minor and so forth. The specific plants by floristic region were 81 taxa including 38 taxa of grade I, 19 taxa of grade II, 16 taxa of grade III, 7 taxa of grade IV and 1 taxa of grade V. The naturalized plants were 32 taxa including Rumex crispus, Physalis angulata, Erechtites hieracifolia, Taraxacum officinale and so forth. The invasive alien plants were Ambrosia artemisiifolia and Aster pilosus.
The Effects of Soil Improvements on Growth and Tissue Nutrient Concentrations of Fraxinus rhynchophylla and Pinus densiflora Seedlings in a Nursery
Park, Byung Bae ; Byun, Jae Kyung ; Cho, Min Seok ; Han, Si Ho ; Jung, Mun Ho ; Kim, Se Bin ; Bae, Kikang ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 2, 2016, Pages 41~54
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.2.41
The production of high quality seedlings is a very important phase in silvicultural systems for successful reforestation or restoration. The purpose of this study was to measure both growth performances and nutrient responses of Fraxinus rhynchophylla and Pinus densiflora seedlings, which are commercially planted in Korea, according to soil improvement treatments. We applied 8 types of soil improvements: control with no treatment, compost B and compost Y as organic materials, vermiculite, perlite, two level of zeolite, and mix of vermiculite, perlite, and zeolite as inorganic materials in a permanent national nursery. Only compost B treatment significantly increased soil pH, organic matter, total nitrogen, available phosphorus, exchangeable potassium and calcium at the 0-10 cm soil depth. The growth of F. rhynchophylla and P. densiflora was the highest at the compost B treatment and the lowest at the vermiculate treatment. Compost B treatment allocated more carbon to aboveground than belowground by 39%, especially to foliage. On the vector diagnosis, there was 'shortage' on compost B treatment because of all increases of N contents, N concentrations, and growth and 'over accumulation' on vermiculite treatment because of more N uptake compared with dry weight increase. This study suggested optimal use of soil improvements is very important to improve soil quality in a permanently used nursery.
Comparison of Planting Types on an Extensive Green Roof Based on Summer Surface Temperature
Han, Yichae ; Lee, Binara ; Ahn, Geunyoung ; Lee, Eun-Heui ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 2, 2016, Pages 55~69
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.2.55
Significant efforts are being devoted in mitigating the urban heat island effect, and extensive green roofs are an option for mitigation. The purpose of this study was to compare the surface temperature, vegetation types, and plant species on an extensive green roof. Test beds were created in May 2015, and the surface temperature was monitored from June to August. The test beds comprised polyculture and monoculture. Polyculture was divided into three types, and monoculture comprised eight plant species. An extensive green roof is effective in reducing temperature by forming a shade and preventing sunlight from falling on the surface of buildings, which mitigates the urban heat island effect. Consequently, the surface temperature of the green roof and that of concrete during summer reduced from
. The temperature reduction was greater on using polyculture than on using monoculture, but monocultures of Sedum takesimense, Hemerocallis dumortieri, Allium senescens, Aster yomena, Belamcanda chinensis, and Aster koraiensis also produced good results. The temperature reduction effects of Polygonatum odoratum var. pluriflorum f. variegatum, Phlox subulata, and Thymus quinquecostatus var. japonica were excellent compared with those of concrete but were less than those of other plant species. Careful attention is needed for the management of extensive green roofs. Studies on the plant species and types of extensive green roof should continue to mitigate the urban heat island effect.
Germination Characteristics by Temperature and Production Time to Poaceae Plant Seed
Kang, Hee-Kyoung ; Yi, Ja-Yeon ; Cho, Yong-Hyeon ; Song, Hong-Seon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 2, 2016, Pages 71~81
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.2.71
This text was experimented and investigated the optimum production time and germination characteristics of seed that collect in Korean Chungnam, in order to offer the basic informations for slope restoration and revegetation using Poaceae plant. Optimum time of seed production was mid-late October of Miscanthus sinensis, Pennisetum alopecuroides, early November to late October of Themeda triandra var. japonica and M. sacchariflorus, and mid November of Phragmites communis. Epiphytic amount of seed full ripe was the most times in mid October of M. sinensis, P. alopecuroides and M. sacchariflorus, early November of T. triandra var. japonica, and mid November of P. communis. Seed rate of maturity was the highest times in early November of M. sinensis, P. alopecuroides and M. sacchariflorus, and mid November of T. triandra var. japonica and P. communis. Germination rate by seed collection time was the highest times in early October of M. sacchariflorus, mid October of T. triandra var. japonica, early November of M. sinensis and mid November of P. communis. Germination days by seed production time was the shortest times in early November of M. sinensis and M. sacchariflorus, mid November of T. triandra var. japonica and P. communis. Optimum temperature of germination was
in M. sinensis and P. alopecuroides,
in T. triandra var. japonica, and
in P. communis.
Experimental Analysis of Water Retention Characteristics in the Litter of Different Deciduous Trees
Li, Qiwen ; Choi, Hyungtae ; Lee, Eun Jai ; Im, Sangjun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 2, 2016, Pages 83~93
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.2.83
This study purposed to examine the water retention capacity of floor litter in deciduous forests. Water holding capacity(WHC) and interception storage capacity of Alnus hirsuta Turcz. ex Rupr., Quercus acutissima, Quercus mongolica litters were experimentally estimated. Physical characteristics of litters were also obtained to understand the relationships between water-retention capacity and litter characteristics. Experiments showed that WHC increases with specific volume of litter, varying 244.4% to 416.8% of its dry mass. Interception storage have estimated with rainfall simulation experiments. Maximum interception storage (
) and minimum interception storage (
) of litters were 220% and 138% of dry mass in Alnus hirsuta Turcz. ex Rupr., 218% and 137% in Quercus acutissima, and 240% and 156% in Quercus mongolica. Both
increased linearly with litter mass, and the values of
in broadleaf litters have also linear relation to leaf area.
A Study on the Improvement Plan for a Habitat of 'Gold-spotted Pond Frog (Pelophylax chosenicus)' in Danger of Regional Extinction in the Urban Area - Case on the Abandoned Railroad Site on Su-in Line -
Yang, Deok-Suk ; Koo, Bon Hak ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 2, 2016, Pages 95~107
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.2.95
The gold-spotted pond frog(Pelophylax chosenicus) classified as an Anura in Amphibia is sharply decreasing due to various changes of habitats environment, and designated as IUCN Red List Threatened species(VU; Vulnerable) internationally and domestic endangered species Class-II; therefore, it's in urgent need of the research on habitats restoration of the gold-spotted pond frog in order to prevent its extinction. This study was carried out to verify the effect after restoration by introducing the inhabitation elements deducted by the literature research and a field survey on the habitats for the gold-spotted pond frog in danger of regional extinction in the urban area of Ansan city, Gyeonggi-do, Korea. Accordingly, the capacity for bio-species was increased by expanding the area of habitats into
, and securing the place for hibernation and corridors and discharge within the habitats, etc. As a result of the monitoring the number of individuals increased by 9.5 times as the reproductive success rate of the gold-spotted pond frog got higher, and by virtue of improvement in the habitats, biodiversity increased to 183 species(4 species of amphibians and reptiles, 4 species of mammals, 17 species of birds, 53 species of insects(terrestrial/Benthic), 4 species of fish, and 102 species of plants). It might be possible to verify the restoration effect of the habitats through continuous monitoring, and suggest the restoration model on the habitats for continuously survivable the gold-spotted pond frog in the urban area by deducting the matters to be improved.
Prediction of Fragmentation Impact Range of Forest Development Analyzing the Pattern of Landscape Indexes
Ji, Seung-yong ; Choi, Jaeyong ; Lee, Sang-hyuk ; Lee, Peter Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 2, 2016, Pages 109~119
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.2.109
In South Korea the need of sustainably managing development on forest lands has required to develop a new approach to estimating environmental impacts on forest surrounding development sites in a scientific manner. As for forest-related development, two types of development were selected: golf courses and industrial complexes. Using Fragstats 4.2, the fragmentation effects and patterns of each type by forest area within project sites and buffer zones ranging from the outside of project sites up to 2,000 meters were analyzed. As a result, golf courses were strongly related to a group of fragmentation indexes: CA, NP, PD, TE, LSI, TCA, NDCA and CONNECT, whereas industrial complexes were associated with CA, NP, PD, TE, LSI and CONNECT. Among them, NP, LSI, TCA and NDCA of golf courses were considered as representative indexes reflecting the average impact ranges of each sub-group by forest area, and focussing on the size of core areas. In the case of industrial complexes, PD, TE and LSI were the representatives, vulnerable to the composition of given landscape. For two case studies, one for golf courses and the other for industrial complexes, they showed there existed a difference between the average of a group and the individual results. Therefore, to minimize the variations in impact range within a group, it is needed to analyze more individual cases. This study proved there was a distinction between project types in terms of the range of environmental impact. To effectively and comprehensively manage forest development, further research on analyzing other development types related to forests with more cases is needed.
The Study on the Selection of Revegetation Methods on Weathered Granite Cut-soil Slopes
Kim, Nam-Choon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 2, 2016, Pages 121~135
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.2.121
The present study is an analysis of the monitoring results of the four areas that underwent the experimental construction of Straw-net+seedspray, Vegetation media spray method(t=2cm), and Vegetation media spray method(t=3cm), with the purpose of selecting the adequate revegetation of cutting slopes in weathered granite soil. Cutting slopes are mostly designed in the Straw-net+seedspray method, but since weathered granite soil slopes tend to have an infertile soil quality that runs down, it is difficult for seed germination and growth. It is difficult to apply Straw-net+seedspray to weathered granite soil slopes considering the germination rate and coverage rate of the Straw-net+seedspray method, which accompanies erosion and scouring. The final conclusions are summarized as follows. First, Straw-net+seedspray has difficulty recruiting plants to infertile weathered granite soil, which results in a lower coverage rate and fewer species, so it is not adequate construction method. Second, Vegetation spraying methods with wet media are more advantageous in early revegetation. The wet construction methods are faster than the dry construction methods in terms of early germination and its early growth are more excellent. Third, when constructing Vegetation spray methods with dry media, it were more advantageous if the thickness was thicker. When the soil-media is thicker, the soil is resilient to droughts, so the thickness must be flexibly applied according to the soil quality and slant of the weathered granite soil slope. The present study is a monitoring result for some areas of Gangwon-do, so its results may differ from other areas.