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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
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Effect of Hydrophilic Polymer on Early Stages of Plant Growth of Euonymus fortunei `Emerald and Gold` and Hedera japonica in a Vertical Greenery System for Low Maintenance
Ju, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Hea-Ran ; Xu, Hui ; Kim, Won-Tae ; Choi, Eun-Young ; Yoon, Yong-Han ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 3, 2016, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.3.1
The objective of this study was to exam early stages of plant growth of Euonymus fortunei `Emerald and Gold` and Hedera japonica grown in fabric felt bag attached on vertical greenery system with the ratio of hydrophilic polymer to substrate, 0(referred as Control), 0.1, 0.2, or 0.4% (v/v), in order to effectively utilize rainfall for low maintenance. After rainfall, the increase in volumetric water content of substrate amended with the hydrophilic polymer was between 13% and 87%, compared to that in Control. During drought period, higher ratio of hydrophilic polymer to substrate slowly decreased the volumetric water content, and increased plant height, leaf length, leaf width, number of leaves, branch number, and stem diameter of both Euonymus fortunei `Emerald and Gold` and Hedera japonica with the highest fresh and dry weights of shoots or roots under the 0.1% ratio of hydrophilic polymer.
Study on Flora Distributed of Nearby Island and Yubu-do in Seocheon, Chungnam
Oh, Hyun-Kyung ; Son, Byeong-Yul ; Yun, Sang-Gi ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 3, 2016, Pages 11~27
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.3.11
This study is a survey of the flora distributed in Seocheon tidal flat wetland protected area of nearby island (Daejuk-do, Tokki-deung, Muk-do) and Yubo-do Seocheon-gun Chuncheongnam-do, Korea. The numbers of vascular plants were summarized as 231 taxa including 65 families, 167 genera, 204 species, 2 subspecies, 23 varieties and 2 forms. The halophytes were 33 taxa including 15 families, 29 genera, 29 species, 3 varieties and 1 form (Chenopodium album var. stenophyllum, Cnidium japonicum, Juncus haenkei and so on). The rare plants were 4 taxa including Pseudoraphis ukishiba (VU), Belamcanda chinensis (VU), Phacelurus latifolius (LC) and Polygonum bellardii (DD). The Korean endemic plants were 2 taxa including Salix pseudolasiogyne and Forsythia koreana. In the specific plants by floristic region were 24 taxa, a degree I were 19 taxa (Rhodotypos scandens, Zanthoxylum planispinum, Cynodon dactylon and so on), 2 taxa of a degree III (Elymus mollis and Asparagus oligoclonos), 3 taxa of a degree IV (Polygonum bellardii, Wisteria floribunda and Pseudoraphis ukishiba) and degree II, V were not found. The naturalized plants were 40 taxa including Phytolacca americana, Sicyos angulatus, Lactuca scariola and so on. Naturalization rate (NR) was 17.3% of all 231 taxa of vascular plants and urbanization index (UI) was 12.5% of all 321 taxa of naturalized plants. This study was performed to used as a basic data to identify the protected from plant ecosystems of type classify into analyze the vegetation characteristic of based on flora distributed in Yubu-do and nearby islands.
Fragmentation Analysis of Daejeon City`s Green Biotope Using Landscape Index and Visualization Method
Kim, Jin-Hyo ; Ra, Jung-Hwa ; Lee, Soon-Ju ; Kwon, Oh-Sung ; Cho, Hyun-Ju ; Lee, Eun-Jae ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 3, 2016, Pages 29~44
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.3.29
The purpose of this study is to quantitatively and visually analyze the degree of green biotope fragmentation caused by road construction and other development work using FRAGSTATS and GUIDOS tool. Moreover, linking of the endangered species research, we mapped "Biotope Fragmentation Map" of Daejeon-city. The findings of the study are summarized as follows: First, as the result of FRAGSTATS, landscape indices : number of patch(NP), mean patch size (MPS), edge length(TE), mean nearest neighbor distance(MNN), edge shape(LSI) showed meaningful change from fragmentation. Moreover, the result of GUIDOS analysis, middle core-small core-bridge-branch-edge-islet-perforation showed increase of area percentage without large core. Lastly, analysis result of `Biotope Fragmentation Map` revealed that changing site of large core`s size appeared eighteen-site and designated as the special protection area appeared forty-one site. As the result of the two data, overlapping areas that showed both change of core size and revealed special protection areas revealed four site. For example, five species of endangered species appeared on the NO. 4 site in `Biotope Fragmentation Map`. The findings of this study as summarized above are considered to play an important role in basic data preventing green biotope fragmentation at the planned level from various development work.
The Study of Distribution Changing and Community Characteristics of Daphniphyllum macropodum (National Monument No. 91) in Naejangsan National Park
Shin, Jin-Ho ; Jeon, Yong-Sam ; Son, Ji-Won ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 3, 2016, Pages 45~57
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.3.45
This study was focused on the northernmost limit of the distribution changing of Daphniphyllum macropodum and studied characteristic of plant communities of natural monument No. 91 in Najangsan national park, Korea. The results of this study were as follows : 1. The highest importance percentage(I.P.) value at tree layer in Quercus. mongolica community was Q. mongolica, 37.8%. But the highest value of mean importance percentage(M.I.P.) was D. macropodum, 32.8%. 2. The highest I.P. value at tree layer in Carpinus laxiflora community was C. laxiflora, 47.4%. The highest M.I.P. value was C. laxiflora, 28.8% and M.I.P. value of D. macropodum was 24.0%. 3. The highest I.P. value at tree layer in D. macropodum community was D. macropodum, 55.6%. C. laxiflora and Q. mogolica I.P. value was 14.8% and 6.8%, respectively. The highest M.I.P. value was D. macropodum, 47.9%. Sapium japonicum and C. laxiflora M.I.P. value was 11.4% and 10.7%, respectively. 4. The highest I.P. value at tree layer in Quercus variabilis community was C. laxiflora, 20.8%. Q. variabilis and Acer pseudosieboldianum I.P. value was 15.3% and 12.5%, respectively. The highest M.I.P. value was D. macropodum, 21.5%. It needs to the continuous monitoring of vegetation and importance percentage change in tree layer and subtree layer of D. macropodum. The researching results of D. macropodum distribution, the distribution range of D. macropodum showed expanded more than range of Lim and Oh` result(1999). In other words, it was distributed low density level between Najangsa temple and Byeokryeonam, and distributed in upper Keumsun waterfall and Wonjeok upper valley. D. macropodum was appeared on hiking trails around from Wonjeokam to Bulchulbong. Especially, it was found in this study that D. macropodum was distributed on Seoraebong`s north which placed outside area of Naejangsa region. In this study, it was considered that distribution range of D. macropodum was expanded. Also, it is expected to be used as a result of the field study of changing distribution study of broad leaved evergreen forest due to global warming.
The Development of Evaluation System for the Sustainable Conservation of Old Tree in Agricultural Landscape
Son, Jinkwan ; Kim, Mi-heui ; Lee, Siyoung ; Kang, Donghyeon ; Kim, Nam-Choon ; Kang, Banghun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 3, 2016, Pages 59~69
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.3.59
This study was conducted to develope an evaluation system for sustainable conservation of old trees with historic and traditional values in rural areas. Existing evaluation system was modified through field application of 10 old trees and expert research twice for development of new evaluation system. 4 evaluation items in 10 evaluation items were deleted by first expert research. Some items are proposed to offer a figure explanation by second expert research. End-developed evaluation items are consisted of 6 items ((1) Ground State, (2) Blight, Harmful Insects, (3) Tree Form, (4) Canopy Vitality, (5) Bark, (6) Damage) reflecting the order of importance evaluation. Old trees evaluation system developed in this study is expected to be utilized continuously to conserve the old trees in the rural areas and gradually help to increases the historic and traditional values.
Flora Distributed in Juwangsan National Park, Korea
You, Ju-Han ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 3, 2016, Pages 71~91
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.3.71
The purpose of this study is to offer the raw data for conservation of natural resources by surveying the flora distributed in Juwangsan National Park. The numbers of flora were summarized as 575 taxa; 99 families, 333 genera, 507 species, 4 subspecies, 56 varieties and 8 forms. The threatened species was Eleutherococcus senticosus, and the rare plants were 17 taxa; Anaphalis sinica, Jeffersonia dubia, Hylotelephium ussuriense, Berchemia berchemiaefolia and so forth. The Korean endemic plants were 13 taxa; Salix pseudolasiogyne, Carpinus laxiflora, Pseudostellaria coreana, Thalictrum actaefolium var. brevistylum, Corydalis albipetala and so forth. The specific plants by floristic region were 69 taxa; 31 taxa of grade I, 16 taxa of grade II, 8 taxa of grade III, 7 taxa of grade IV and 7 taxa of grade V. The naturalized plants were 27 taxa; Fallopia dumetorum, Rumex crispus, Chenopoidum album, Amaranthus patulus, Lepidium apetalum and so forth, and the invasive alien plants were Ambrosia artemisiifolia and Aster pilosus. The target plants adaptable to climate change were 18 taxa; Anemone reflexa, Eranthis stellata, Hylomecon vernalis, Lathyrus vaniotii and so forth. The plants with approval for delivering oversea were 31 taxa; Dianthus longicalyx, Thalictrum ichangense, Spiraea blumei, Glycine soja and so forth.
Current Status of Invasive Disturbance Species and Its Habitat Characteristics in Urban Forest
Kim, Eunyoung ; Kim, Jiyeon ; Song, Wonkyong ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 3, 2016, Pages 93~102
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.3.93
An invasive disturbance species has caused harm to biodiversity and ecosystem. To address the issue, identifying the characteristics of a habitat for invasive disturbance species is considered for forest management. This study analyzed a status of plant species by field survey based on belt transect method in the capital areas and established a predictive model for invasive disturbance species by logistic regression. As results of the study, the number of herb, vine, and invasive disturbance species and a canopy cover of tree would decrease from the forest edge to core areas (p<0.001). The predictive model was derived with variables of altitude, Topographic Wetness Index, distance to forest edge, and canopy cover of tree. It can be useful in estimating the presence or absence of species and predicting its spatial distribution. Further studies are needed to identify the pathway of introduction, spread, and possibility of germination for understanding the status of invasive disturbance species in more depth.
Relationship between Abundances of Kaloula borealis and Meteorological Factors based on Habitat Features
Rho, Paikho ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 19, issue 3, 2016, Pages 103~119
DOI : 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.3.103
This study aims to assess habitat feature on the large-scale spawning ground of the Boreal Digging Frog Kaloula borealis in Daemyung retarding basin of Daegu, and to analyze the relationships between species abundance and meteorological factors for each habitat. Fifty-seven(57) pitfalls were installed to collect species abundance of 4 survey regions, and high-resolution satellite image, soil sampling equipment, digital topographic map, and GPS were used to develop habitat features such as terrain, soil, vegetation, human disturbance. The analysis shows that the frog is most abundant in sloped region with densely herbaceous cover in southern part of the retarding basin. In the breeding season, lowland regions, where Phragmites communis and P. japonica dominant wetlands and temporary ponds distributed, are heavily concentrated by the species for spawning and foraging. Located in between legally protected Dalsung wetands and lowland regions of the retarding basin, riverine natural levee is ecologically important area as core habitat for Kaloula borealis, and high number of individuals were detected both breeding and non-breeding seasons. Temperate- and pressure-related meteorological elements are selected as statistically significant variables in species abundance of non-breeding season in lowland and highland regions. However, in sloped regions, only a few variables are statistically significant during non-breeding season. Moreover, breeding activities in sloped regions are statistically significant with minimum temperature, grass minimum temperature, dew point temperature, and vapor pressure. Significant meteorological factors with habitat features are effectively applied to establish species conservation strategy of the retarding basin and to construct for avoiding massive road-kills on neighboring roads of the study sites, particularly post-breeding movements from spawning to burrowing areas.