Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 7, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
A Revision of Evaluation Chart and an Evaluation of Site-Based Environmental Education Programs
Park, Tae-Yoon ; Noh, Kyung-Im ; Jung, Cheol ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 1~11
The purposes of this study are to revise an site-based environmental education(EE) Program evaluation chart and to evaluate site-based EE programs using the chart. For revising the evaluation chart, several elements in the former chart were changed, infused, deleted, integrated, or split. The points of some elements in the former chart were also changed. The revised chart consist of 38 elements in 6 areas: purpose and goal, teaching and learning plan, teaching and learning process, educational effect and programs evaluation, Program characteristic, and program operation. Using the revised chart, the researchers evaluated 159 site-based EE programs, funded by the Korean Ministry of Environment in 2002. The result indicated that the mark of 'teaching and learning plan' area is higher than other areas, while the mark of 'educational effect and programs evaluation' is the lowest. On the basis of evaluation, the researchers offered some recommendations for the Korean site-based EE programs.
Ecological Network for Landscape Conservation and Restoration: from an International Perspective
Hong, Sun-Kee ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 12~25
Integration system of conservation ecology, ecosystem management and land planing in landscape scale is major principle strategy for national management system of environmental resource and biodiversity. Current conservation strategy is concerned with not only population and habitat level but also ecosystem and landscape level. In especially, ecological networking to link core areas or major habitat patches is most eminent and emerging issue in European Union (EU) and North America. Moreover, the promotion of national ecological network system in EU is focused on national cooperation to construct ecological corridor for key habitat that distributed in many countries. Integrating landscape ecology into conservation ecology and restoration have important role to stimulate the network system in regional and national level. In this review paper, comprehensive and necessary considerations arisen from the view of landscape ecology were discussed for the present situations of wildlife conservation and management in Korea compared with other countries. Especially, the conservation strategy and policy of biodiversity were addressed in broad sense including habitat protection, legal approaches, and ecological network programs. Finally, a national ecological network system was suggested for environmental policy in Korea in global consideration after the Korean Unification.
An Analytical Study of Foreign Researches and Examples on Ecological Restoration for the Small Stream
Kwon, Tae-Ho ; Park, Jae-Hyeon ; Kim, Dong-Wook ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 26~37
Most domestic small rivers and streams due to industrialization and urbanization have managed by concrete structures. The environmental functions of the river and stream are disappearing and urban streams play only the role of drainage systems. Also, the researches to restore natural streams are something yet to develop and not established the restoration for ecological functions of a small stream. Therefore the researches are required to develop ecological engineering system for watershed management system to handle various pollutants with restoration for ecological functions of a small stream. To develop this, the ecological engineering system for watershed management system could be developed with ecological conservation. In addition, ecological engineering system for watershed management system should be prior to conserve the habitat of biological resources and water conservation and applied to the original shape of streams. Also, it should be designed to restore the micro-topography of stream, the habitat of plant population in watershed. It is needed to develop the integrated researches to restore a small stream ecosystem.
Classification and Characteristics of Forest Community in Seodaesan, Geumsan
Ji, Yun-Ui ; Song, Ho-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 38~46
This study was carried out to analyze forest vegetation in Seodaesan of Geumsan, Chungnam Province. Employing the releve method of Braun-Blanquet and quadrat method, 36 plots were sampled in forest of Seodaesan. The sub-communities were classified into Pinus densiflora, Acer pseudosieboldianum, and Carpinus laxiflora sub-community of Quercus mongolica community. The importance values were 77.07 in Quercus mongolica, 40.79 in Pinus densiflora, 17.03 Fraxinus rhynchophylla, 14.06 in Fraxinus sieboldiana, 13.99 in Quercus serrata, 12.93 Acer pseudosiebotdianum. Coverage rate was 84.6% in tree layer, 52.8% in subtree layer, 29.1% in shrub layer, 27.9% in herb layer, respectively. Most of the DBH of Quercus mongolica and Pinus densiflora was between 5cm and 20cm. Therefore, Quercus mongolica and Pinus densiflora might be dominant species in the study area for several decades. Acer pseudosieboldianum and Carpinus laxiflora sub-communities were distributed mainly in a high-altitude and northern and north-western area. Pinus densiflora sub-community was distributed mainly in a low-altitude and western area.
Forest Vegetation of the Jangtaesan, Haetaesan, Ahnpyoungsan and Gubongsan area in Daejeon Metropolitan City, Korea
Kim, Hyo-Jeong ; Lee, Mi-Jeong ; Kwon, Oh-Won ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Lee, Kyoo-Seok ; Seo, Byung-Key ; Song, Ho-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 47~56
This study was carried out to analyze forest vegetation of the Jangtaesan, Haetaesan, Ahnpyoungsan and Gubongsan in Daejeon. Employing the releve method of Braun-Blanquet, 76 plots were sampled. The communities were classified into Quercus mongolica community, Quercus variabilis community, and Pinus densiflora community. Average coverage rate was 85% in tree layer, 44% in subtree layer, 37% in shrub layer, 25% in herb layer, respectively. The importance values were 58.76 in Pinus densiftora, 44.86 in Quercus monegolica, 44.06 in Quercus variabilis, 33.00 in Quercus serrata, 18.73 in Rhus trichocarpa, 18.07 in Prunus sargentii. DBH range of most Pinus densiflora, Quercus mongolica and Quercus variabilis was between 5cm and 20cm. Therefore, Pinus densiflora, Quercus mongolica and Quercus variabilis will be dominant species in the study area for several more decades. Quercus mongolica community was distributed mainly on the north and east slope in a high-altitude and relative good nutrition condition. Querucus variabilis community was distributed mainly on the south slope in a middle-altitude and medium nutrition condition. Pinus densiflora community was distributed mainly in a low-altitude and poor nutrition condition.
Growth Characteristics and Removal Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphoric Acid of Iris pseudoacorus at Waterway Soils of Mangyeong River
Seo, Byungsoo ; Choi, Sumin ; Park, Woojin ; Park, Chongmin ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 57~65
This study was carried out to measure the growth and photosynthesis of Iris pseudoacorus, the reduction rate of nitrogen(T-N) and phosphoric acid(
) from soils, and the increase rate of two substance into plants which cultivated at waterway soils of different concentration of two substance. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The contents of nitrogen and phosphoric acid at waterway soils of Mangyeong river showed the highest level in the around Samrye railway bridge where was located in the downstream and sewage of stock raising flowed in 2. The Iris pseudoacorus which cultivated at waterway soils showed the leaf and root growth of 43~50 and 9~13cm, respectively. And the growth was higher in the waterway soils contained high level of nitrogen The rate of photosynthesis was
ranges and this rate increased from the end of June to August and then decreased. The rate of photosynthesis was higher in waterway soils contained high nitrogen regardless of seasons. 4. The Iris pseudoacorus removed nitrogen and phosphoric acid from waterway soils about 19~21% and 13~15%, respectively. The Iris pseudoacorus was effective to remove nitrogen more than phosphoric acid. And the waterway soil which included high concentration of two substance showed highly removal 5. The results of Iris pseudoacorus vegetation in the waterway soils showed that nitrogen and phosphoric acid of inside plant increased with 0.2-1.0% and 0.01-0.10% ranges, respectively. The contents of nitrogen and phosphoric acid in plants were increase in the soils of higher contents of nitrogen and phosphoric acid, and the rate of increase of nitrogen and phosphoric acid was higher at roots than leaves.
Urban Stream Landscape Improvement After Natural-Style Stream Restoration - Case Study of Yangjae Stream, Seoul -
Kim, Sun-Gun ; Kim, Go Eun ; Lee, Ji Eun ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Lee, Kyoo-Seock ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 66~74
Since 1960s urban streams in Seoul have been dried and polluted because of urbanization. So, these devastated urban stream environment need to be restored for the better life of residents. Since 1995 stream restoration project which is called Natural-Style Stream Project have begun. However, some projects focused on the restoration of park-style open space rather than restoration of stream environment. As a result there are some stream landscapes to be improved. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the current status of urban stream landscape after Natural Style Stream Project and to propose the alternatives for the urban stream landscape improvement. The study site is Yangjae stream, Seoul.
Control of Cyanobacteria and Phytoplankton Using Physico-chemical Methods
Jheong, Weon-Hwa ; Jeon, Eun-Hyung ; Ahn, Tea-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 75~84
Loess, PAC, MACF and plants were applied to the control of the phytoplankton bloom in laboratory and in field, In field experiment using oil fence, 5ppm concentration of coagulant(PAC) was observed to be effective in controlling the cyanobacterial bloom, resulting in 90% removal of cyanobacteria and phytoplankton from the water column, hi case of Synedra sp., however, only 50% of biomass decreased with the same PAC concentration. MACF(micro-air bubble coagulation and floating), a kind of physicochemical method, was applied to the column of the Kyongan stream and resulted in over 80% chlorophyll a and 73.5% TP removal, Chlorophyll a and total phosphorus were effectively removed from water body when 2.0 g/L of loess with the particle radius of 125
was inputted. In case of experiments involving plants, big cone pine, gingko, and pine needle were observed to be effective in restraining phytoplankton bloom at 0.5g/200ml level. During a field test done at Kyungan stream, where Microcystis heavily occurred, Pine needle and big cone pine were observed to be effective on suppressing algal growth.
Effects of Cool-Season Turfgrass Overseeding onto Zoysiagrass
Shim, Sang-Ryul ; Jeong, Dae-Young ; Ahn, Byung-Joon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 85~93
This study was carried out to find out the effect of cool-season turfgrass overseeding onto zoysiagrass(Zoysia japonica L.) for extending green color and solving traffic problem during dormant periods. Overseeding rates of cool-season turfgrasses were
of Kentucky bluegrass(KB1),
of Kentucky b1uegrass(KB2),
of perennial ryegrass(PR),
of Tall fescue(TF), and
of Kentucky bluegrass +
of perennial ryegrass mixture(KB+PR) onto 2m
length) zoysiagrass plots with 3 replications.1 to 9-sca1e of visual quality and visual color were measured after treatment, Consequently cool-season turfgrass overseeding gave a good performances of extending the green periods and enhancing the turf grass quality. KB1 and KB2 were found to be excellent performances for visual quality and visual color compared to PR, TF, KB+PR and control. KB2 showed better turf performances than KB1 within Kentucky bluegrass overseedings. Turfgrass color was kept up for 10 months by overseeding of cool-season turfgrasses(KB1, KB2, PR, TP, KB+PR) compared to about 5~6 months by zoysiagrass(Control). The visual quality and visual color of PR and TF showed good performances during a green-up period of spring, but decreasing tendencies through the summer.Percent diseases data revealed also higher ratings for PR and TF compared to for KB1 and KB2.
A Study of Optium Condition of RAPD for the Analysis of Genetic Characteristics by Autumn Leaf Color of Zelkova serrata
Choi, Byoung Kon ; Bang, Kwang Ja ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 94~99
This study was carried out to find out what is the optimum conditions for RAPD of Zelkova serata. We changes the factors what affect to PCR band patterns, as a result, we established the optimum conditions as follows; template DNA 100mg, Primer 0.25uM, dNTP 100mM, Taq polymerase 1.0u, and total reaction volume was filled up to 10uL with distilled water. As the amount of primers went higher, PCR reaction rates were lowered. This reason was cause by exhaustion of primers during initial reaction. The amount of dNTP didn't showed noticable differtations between the range, but the optimum amount was 100mM for efficiency. Taq polymerase 1.0 unit was the best in the range. As the concentration of polymerase were increased, many non-specific bands were appeared, In primer selection, most Openron Random Primers are amplified in this experiment. The primers GC contents were 60, and set A, B, C, D, E, X were tested. Thermal cycler(ASTEC PC808, Japan) condition was,
, 5min, initial denaturation,
, 20sec, denaturation,
, 40sec, annealing,
, 1min, extention, 45cycle repeated and final extention
-N Removal of A Reed Wetland Cell Constructed for Purifying Effluent from A Night Soil Treatment Plant During Its Initial Operating Stage
Yang, Hongmo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 7, issue 5, 2004, Pages 100~106
-N removal was examined from July 2002 to December 2002 of a surface-flow constructed treatment wetland cell, which was a part of a treatment wetland system composed of four wetland cells and one distribution pond. The system was established on rice paddy near the Kohung Estuarine Lake located at the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The lake and the paddy were formed by a salt marsh reclamation project. Effluent from a secondary-level treatment plant was funneled into the system. The investigated cell was created in June 2002. Its dimensions were 87 m in length and 14 m in width. It had an open water zone at its center, which was equivalent to 10 percent of its total area. Reeds(Phragmites australis) were transplanted from natural wetlands into the cell and their stems were cut at about 40 cm height from their bottom ends. Average 25
/day of effluent from the plant was funneled into the cell by gravity flow and average 24.2
/day of its treated effluent was discharged into the Sinyang Stream flowing into the lake. Its water depth was maintained about 0.2 m and its hydraulic detention time averaged 5.2 days. The average height of the reed stems was 45.2 cm in July 2002 and 80.5 cm in September 2002. The number of stems averaged 40.3 stems/
in July 2002 and 74.5 stems/
in September 2002. The reeds were established initially well.
-N loading rate of influent and effluent averaged 173.7 and
, respectively. Removal of
and its removal rate by mass was about 50 %. Considering the initial operation of the cell and the inclusion of the cold months of November and December in the analysis period, the
-N removal rate was good.