Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Comparison of Bird Communities Between Ecological Restoration Area and Non-restoration Area in the Yangjae Stream, Korea
Kim, Jungsoo ; Koo, Tae-Hoe ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 1~11
Yangjae stream was divided with Seoul and Gwacheon reach. Seoul reach was ecologically restored; however, Gwacheon reach was not. Similarity index of the bird communities between the two areas was relatively high, 79.9%. The dominant species in Seoul reach were Passer montanus, Pica pica, Paradoxornis webbianus and Anas crecca. The dominant species in Gwacheon reach were Passer montanus, Pica pica, Paradoxornis webbianus and Streptopelia orientalis. The different species was Anas crecca in Seoul and Streptopelia orientalis in Gwacheon. An eco-park was constructed along the stream of Seoul reach since 1996 but was not in Gwacheon reach; the number of species has increased in Seoul area(
=0.846, p<0.01), but Gwacheon was not change(
=0.023, p>0.05) since 1996. The number of individuals, however, was almost constant in both reaches(Seoul :
=0.211, p>0.05, Gwacheon :
=0.032, p>0.05). In Seoul reach, the ecological restoration of stream was helpful to increase bird diversity. The number of waterbirds such as herons, plovers, sandpipers and wagtails was higher in Gwacheon reach than in Seoul reach, but the number of ducks and songbirds was higher in Seoul reach than in Gwacheon reach. We suggest that the ecological restoration in Seoul area might have negative effects on sandpipers, plovers and wagtails inhabiting on the flood plain in stream, but positive effects on other species such as herons, ducks and songbirds. Especially, the increasing number of ducks was attributed to an artificial pond in flood plain. The difference in the number of Streptopelia orientalis between both reaches was owing to the habitat differences such as forest trees playing a role as patch in high revetment. From the present investigation, it could be concluded that the ecological restoration of the local stream must be carried out with consideration of water channels, sand banks and water front in addition to the high revetment for birds to attract diverse bird communities.
Soil Mixtures and Depths Selection for Mat-Type Rooftop Greening
Lee, Eun-Heui ; Kang, Kyu-Yi ; Shin, Sang-Hee ; Nam, Mi-A ; Lee, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 12~22
The purpose of this study is to select suitable planting base for the mat-type rooftop greening in order to popularize rooftop greening system easily. The experiment was conducted from 2004 June to 2005 May under several conditions; 4 soil depths under mats(2cm, 5cm, 10cm, 15cm), two soil mixtures(natural soil 80%+leaf mold 20%, artificial soil) and two light conditions(full sun place, 20% shaded place). In this experiment, 3 types of mats were used ; the herbaceous plants mat(11 plants inclusive of Lotus corniculatus L., Silene armeria L.), the lawn mat with Festica arundinacea and Sedum mat with Sedum kamtschaticum, Sedum sarmentosum, Sedum oryzifolium, Sedum middendorffianum. The result is as follows; in the mat-type rooftop greening, the herbaceous plants mat, lawn mat and sedum mat are the similar number of plant and effect of greening on soil depth 2cm, 5cm and 10cm, 15cm. So suitable soil depth of rooftop greening is 10cm for the load and economical factor. Thus the mat-type rooftop greening possible planting base depth of all 13cm as soil depth 10cm and mat depth 3cm. As soil mixtures, the number and growth of plants were better mat and 'natural soil 80% +leaf mold 20%' than mat and artificial soil. In herbaceous plants mat, Silene armeria L., Dianthus chinensis, Centaurea cyanus L., Lotus corniculatus L. are survival in full sun place and Silene armeria L., Dianthus chinensis, Centaurea cyanus L. are survival in 20% shaded place. In conclusion, selection of suitable soil mixtures and plants is possible extensive management rooftop greening with effect of continuous greening. The mat-type rooftop greening are lightweight and simple preparation without management and can popularize readily.
The Study on Native Plants and Planting Soil for Extensive Rooftop Greening
Kang, Kyu-Yi ; Lee, Eun-Heui ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 23~31
Green spaces in cities were insufficient and decreased as artificial structures increase. Accordingly, greening rooftop space contributed to urban ecosystems as green space. Especially, since 2002 Seoul supported rooftop greening and introduced 'Ecology-area rates'. Thus rooftop greening had the potentiality of extension. This prepared the extensive rooftop greenings within planting-base for extensive management rooftop greening system to be easily popularized. The extensive rooftop greening conducted from 1997-2005 reported that soil depth was 8cm and soil mixtures were 5 types. And plant were Crysanthemum zawaskii var. latilobum, Aster hayatae, Crysanthemum zawaskii herb. ssp. coreanum, Sedum sarmentosum, Sedum rotundifolium, Sedum oryzifolium, Sedum takemensis, Sedum middendorffianum, Sedum telerium var. purpureum, Sedum spectabile, Carypteris incana, Dianthus superbus, Hosta minor. As a result, for nine years after the modular type rooftop greening established, survival plants were Sedum takemensis, Sedum sarmentosum, Sedum spectabile, Sedum middendorffianum, Carypteris incana, Crysanthemum zawaskii var. latilobum, Sedum telerium var. purpureum, Sedum rotundifolium, Dianthus superbus. Also effect of greening was possibled soil depth 8cm. And growth of plants from 1997 to 2005 were fine on two soil mixtures of 'perlite+peatmoss+vermicompost+moisturizer' and 'perlite+moisturizer+bark(mulching)'. Invasive plants are Ixeris dentata Nakai, Ixeris chinensis var. strigosa, Youngia sonchifolia, Eragrostis ferruginea, Aster pilosus Willd., Ixeris japonica Nakai, Valpia myuros, and Setaria viridis. In conclusion, selection of suitable native plants was possible extensive management rooftop greening with effect of continuous greening. The extensive rooftop greening were lightweight and simple preparation without management and can popularize readily.
Plants Invasion in Large-scale Cutting Slopes in the Part of Jeollanamdo
Park, Moon-Su ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 32~42
To investigate the plants invasion process and dominant species in large-scale cutting slopes, slopes elapsed one year to thirteen years after construction had been selected in five counties. The obtained results are summarized as follows : The species of high appearance frequency were Alnus firma, Arundinella hirta, Miscanthus sinensi var. purpurascens, Erigeron cancdensis, Artemisia princeps var. orientalis, Oenothera odorata, Lactuca raddeana, Lactrca indica var. laciniata, Lespedeza bicolor, Youngia sonchifolia, Populus albaglandulosa, and so on. The biological type of identified vascular plants was
. In time, plant coverage was increased gradually and average of plant coverage was 1.17% in slopes which elapsed one year, 42.44% after six years, 56.67% after eight years, and 69.17% after ten years. The dominant species in the surveyed slopes were covered with Alnus firma, Artemisia princeps var. orientalis, Erigeron cancdensis, Miscanthus sinensi var. purpurascens, Arundinella hirta, Lactuca raddeana, Oenothera odorata, Boehmeria spicata, Kummerowia striata and Artemisia montana of the 59 species. The conditions of location in large-scale cutting slopes are hard to fix and germinate of seeds, and extend plant roots in the slope soil. Hence, the highly appearance species and dominance species of the area will make plant coverage quick and slope stable.
Study on the Classification of Gyeonggi-Do's Conservation Areas by Improvement of National Land Environmental Assessment
Lee, Dong-Kun ; Sung, Hyun-Chan ; Jeon, Seong-Woo ; Lee, Sang-Dae ; Kim, Kwi-Gon ; Kim, Jae-Uk ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 43~51
Due to rapid and reckless economic development, natural resources of the national land have been damaged and polluted. Accordingly, the necessity for environment-friendly development has been on the rise and many have made efforts to assess the environmental value of the national land. This study divides the conservation areas by means of using relative elevation, slope, and development of housing land based on environmental evaluation of the national land. The relative elevation is obtained by the difference of altitude at the edge of the forest patch extracted from the land cover classification map based on the ridgeline, and the slope is obtained by environment-oriented land suitability analysis. The development of housing land is classified in accordance with the progress of each project. Twenty-six evaluation criteria are divided into five different grades using the minimal indicator approach and then sub-divided into ten grades by means of using the following two scenarios. The first one uses the weight of input materials while the second one relies on the size of patches that are emphasized in landscape ecology. Consequently, such a study demonstrated the following results. The method relying on the weight of input materials revealed the limitation of emphasizing input materials excessively, whereas the method of considering the size of patches resulted in the division of conservation areas that embody regional characteristics. This study is meaningful in that it classifies the conservation areas by reflecting the regional characteristics and the ecological values of animals and plants.
Dominant Floristic Composition and its Distribution in the Upper Keum River Basin
Beon, Mu-Sup ; Oh, Hyun-Kyung ; Kim, Young-Ha ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 52~67
The flora of the studied basin in the upper Keum River was listed as 237taxa; 63families, 162genera, 212species, 22varieties and 3forms. Based on the list of the ecosystem disturbance plants by the Ministry of Environment, 4taxa were recorded in the studied basin : Paspalum distichum(Gramineae), Paspalum distichum var. indutum(Gramineae), Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior(Compositae), Ambrosia trifida(Compositae). Naturalized plants was listed as 54taxa; 16families, 41genera, 51species, 3varieties and naturalization index was 22.8percent of 1/4 the vascular plants. Upper Keum River was dominant floristic : indicator species were Salix gracilistyla community, Phragmites japonica community, native plants were Morus alba community, Spiraea prunifolia for. simpliciflora community, planting plants were Populus euramericana community, naturalized plants were Solidago serotina community, Helianthus tuberosus community.
A Study on Improvements of Landscape Impact Assessment - EIA and PER in Priority -
Choi, Hyung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 68~80
This study intends to analysis problems and propose of EIA(Environmental Impact Assessment) and PER(Pre-Environmental Review) especially on division of landscape impacts. The problems of EIA and PER are first, on analysis of existing conditions side, insufficiency of the list of landscape elements and their descriptions and presentations, and the number of viewpoints and each validity second, on estimation of landscape impacts, the methods and techniques of estimation and simulation, and the process of impact estimation, third, on suggestion of reduction plans, reduction devices covering impacts, the lack of influence reduction forecasting devices, the deficiency of execution power of reduction plans, finally, the systematic connection of impact estimation with existing conditions analysis and reduction plans. Therefore, on each step from existing condition analysis to reduction plan suggestion, the solutions to each problem are proposed.
Study on the Seeding Mixtures of the Restoration and Revegetation Works for making of Environmentally Friendly Road Slopes -Using the Thin-Layer-Soil-Media Hydroseeding System-
Kim, Nam-Choon ; Heo, Young-Jin ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 81~90
This study aimed to address problems and suggest solutions in applying seed mixture design criterior of the slope revegetation works according to "The guidelines of Slope revegetation design and construction" proposed by the Ministry of Construction and Transportation. To do this, the planting thickness was set to be the same 2cm while the composition of seeds was made different, which was planted in artificial slopes and fields. The main results were summarized as follows. In the test, when applying the provisional standards of the plant mixtures proposed by the Ministry of Construction and Transportation, tree seeds and native plants were found poor coverage effect in the early stage in all test plots due to introduced grasses. This was because introduced winter grasses which grew well in the early stage, could grow densely, so it might hamper the growth of other plants. Therefore, it was found desirable that standards for seed mixing should be adjusted down by 10% and the ratio of introduced grasses in the mixture should be lowered to 25% while native plants should increase to 20-25%.