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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
A Study on Constructed Wetland Ecological Park Design with Multiple-cell FWS Layout -focus on Structural Design of Sustainable Structured wetland Biotope(SSB) Park-
Byeon, Wooil ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 9, issue 5, 2006, Pages 1~9
The purpose of this study is to make a design guideline in designing constructed wetland which can treat water quality both of point and nonpoint source water pollution. It focuses on structural aspects of two case studies of constructed wetland applying SSB(Sustainable Structured wetland Biotope) system in Korea. The constructed wetland of Lake Ju-am which was constructed in 2002 by Environmental Management Corporation, was designed by applying SSB system. It shows higher removal efficiency than expected - 56% of BOD removal efficiency, 60% of T-N removal, and 76% of T-P removal efficiency. In two cases, total wetland areal extents were calculated referred to treatment efficiency. The system is consist of micro-cell structures : inflow channel, forebay, multiple wetland cells and micro-pool. When designing constructed wetland appropriate in local area, the total organic system of vertical and horizontal structure : geology, hydrology, land use, and ecological surroundings of the sites should be considered totally.
Analytical Technique and Load Transfer Features on Pile Using Finite Difference Method
Han, Jung-Geun ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 9, issue 5, 2006, Pages 10~21
For analyze of the bearing capacity, skin friction and settlements of pile on axial compressive loading, both Load transfer tests of pile and pile loading test in field have application to commonly before pile installing. A bearing capacity of pile was affected by the characteristics of surrounding ground of pile. Especially, that is very different because of evaluation of settlement due to each soil conditions of ground depths. The ground characteristics using evaluation of bearing capacity of pile through load transfer analysis depends on N values of SPT, and then a bearing capacity of pile installed soft ground and refilled area may be difficult to rational evaluation. An evaluation of bearing capacity on pile applied axial compressive loading was effected by strength of ground installed pile, unconfined compressive strength at pile tip, pile diameter, rough of excavated surface, confining pressure and deformation modules of rock etc and these are commonly including the unreliability due to slime occurred excavation works. Load transfer characteristics considered ground conditions take charge of load transfer of large diameter pile was investigated through case study applied load transfer tests. To these, matrix analytical technique of load transfer using finite differential equation developed and compared with the results of pile load test.
Estimation of Nonpoint Pollutant Removal Capacity in the Buffer Strip with AnnAGNPS Model
Park, Yun Hee ; Kim, Tae Geun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 9, issue 5, 2006, Pages 22~31
AnnAGNPS model would be applied to simulate the pollutant removal capacity with the buffer strip in the Deachung reservoir watershed. In 2002, 2,270 tons of TN and 221 tons of TP were discharged from the nonpoint source pollutants in this watershed. During the rainy season, from June to September, 66.4% of TN and 71.9% of TP resulted from nonpoint source loads. AnnAGNPS model was also used to simulate the nutrients removal capacity from the buffer strip under the condition that the present landuse would be changed to forest. As the result of simulation, the removal rates of nutrients from the buffer strip of Daecheong reservoir watershed are 406 tons of TN, 39 tons of TP, which means reduction rates are TN 17.9%, TP 17.8%, respectively.
A Study on the Vulnerability Assessment of Forest Vegetation using Regional Climate Model
Kim, Jae-Uk ; Lee, Dong-Kun ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 9, issue 5, 2006, Pages 32~40
This study's objects are to suggest effective forest community-level management measures by identifying the vulnerable forest vegetation communities types to climate change through a comparative analysis with present forest communities identified and delineated in the Actual Vegetation Map. The methods of this study are to classify the climatic life zones based on the correlative climate-vegetation relationship for each forest vegetation community, the Holdridge Bio-Climate Model was employed. This study confirms relationship between forest vegetation and environmental factors using Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis. Then, the future distribution of forest vegetation are predicted derived factors and present distribution of vegetation by utilizing the multinomial logit model. The vulnerability of forest to climate change was evaluated by identifying the forest community shifts slower than the average velocity of forest moving (VFM) for woody plants, which is assumed to be 0.25 kilometers per year. The major findings in this study are as follows : First, the result of correlative analysis shows that summer precipitation, mean temperature of the coldest month, elevation, soil organic matter contents, and soil acidity (pH) are highly influencing factors to the distribution of forest vegetation. Secondly, the result of the vulnerability assessment employing the assumed velocity of forest moving for woody plants (0.25kmjyear) shows that 54.82% of the forest turned out to be vulnerable to climate change. The sub-alpine vegetations in regions around Mount Jiri and Mount Seorak are predicted to shift the dominance toward Quercus mongolica and Pinus densiflora communities. In the identified vulnerable areas centering the southern and eastern coastal regions, about 8.27% of the Pinus densiflora communities is likely to shift to sub-tropical forest communities, and 3.38% of the Quercus mongolica communities is likely to shift toward Quercus acutissima communities. In the vulnerable areas scattered throughout the country, about 8.84% of the Quercus mongolica communities is likely to shift toward Pinus densiflora communities due to the effects of climate change. The study findings concluded that challenges associated with predicting the future climate using RCM and the assessment of the future vulnerabilities of forest vegetations to climate change are significant.
Ecological Resource Assessment for Spatial Decision Support on Private land Policy inside National Parks, Korea
Lee, Gwan-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 9, issue 5, 2006, Pages 41~49
Private land within national parks has raised acute questions for impact assessment practitioners as to whether it is ecologically resourceful enough to be conserved or whether it should be removed from national parks and compensated accordingly. The purpose of this study is to provide a framework for spatial decision support through assessing ecological resource of private land within national parks. In order to assess the ecological resource, private land within national parks was analyzed and quantified based upon topography, flora and fauna. National parks, according to the ecological resource assessment, have been divided into three groups : the parks in need of careful attention for conservation; the parks needed to be retained as buffers, and; the parks that can be released to private land. According to the analysis, part of Mountain Joowang is the third-tier land that does not require conservation efforts. This case study intends to help policy-makers decide whether some private land within national parks can be released and, after the release, what should be done to prevent reckless development of the released land.
Differences in Soil Chemical Properties Under Multi-layer System, USGA System and Mono-layer System for a Sports Turf
Kim, Kyoung-Nam ;
Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, volume 9, issue 5, 2006, Pages 50~59
This study was initiated to investigate soil chemical properties under different soil systems. Data such as soil acidity(pH), electrical conductivity(EC), organic matter content(OMC), and cation exchange capacity(CEC) were analyzed with samples from multi-layer, USGA, and mono-layer systems. N, P, K and micronutrients were also measured. Multi-layer system was built up to 60-cm depth with rootzone layer, intermediate layer and two drainage layers. USGA system 45 centimeters deep was constructed with rootzone layer, intermediate layer and drainage layer. Mono-layer system, however, was made only with a 30-cm rootzone layer. Differences were observed in soil pH, EC, OMC, CEC and micronutrients. Soil pH was acceptable for turfgrass growth a year after establishment, being 5.5 to 6.5 in the study. Differences were greatly observed for EC among soil systems. Values of EC for multi-layer, USGA, and mono-layer systems were 39.79, 31.26 and 103.54 uS/em, respectively. The increase rate was approximately 4 to 8 times greater with mono-layer system than those with other two systems. Therefore, it was necessary to avoid micronutrient deficiency such as Fe, Mn etc. through an effective management program in mono-layer system because of its faster potential feasibility of salt accumulation. The greatest OMC was associated with USGA system, being 0.97% which was 11% over that of the other systems. Slight differences were observed for CEC among them. Mono-layer system produced 1.45 me/100g, 10.3% and 8.9% lower in CEC than those of multi-layer and USGA system, respectively. Micronutrients such as Fe, Zn, and Mn etc. were below the level required for turf growth, regardless of soil systems. It was considered that one year after turf establishment was not enough to build up micronutrients in sand-based soil systems to the normal level for a turf growth. These results demonstrate that intensive management program including grow-in concept fertilization should be integrated into sand-based soil systems, even after a year in establishment. Regular nutrient monitoring by soil analyses is a strong necessity to decide the kinds and amount of fertilizer. Also, strategic management program must be selectively employed according to sports turf soil systems.