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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Council on Tall Building and Urban Habitat Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 2016
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 2016
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
Selecting the target year
A Whole LCA of the Sustainable Aspects of Structural Systems in Tall Buildings
Trabucco, Dario ; Wood, Antony ; Vassart, Olivier ; Popa, Nicoletta ;
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, volume 5, issue 2, 2016, Pages 71~86
DOI : 10.21022/IJHRB.2016.5.2.71
This paper summarizes the results of a two-year-long research project conducted by the CTBUH on the life cycle assessment (LCA) of tall building structural systems. The research project was made possible thanks to a $300,000 contribution from ArcelorMittal and the support of some of the most important structural engineering firms and players in the tall building industry. The research analyzed all life phases of a tall building`s structural system: the extraction and production of its materials, transportation to the site, construction operations, final demolition of the building, and the end-of-life of the materials. The impact of the building structure during the operational phase (i.e., impact on daily energy consumption, maintenance, and suitability to changes) was also investigated, but no significant impacts were identified during this phase.
High-Rise Urban Form and Environmental Performance - An Overview on Integrated Approaches to Urban Design for a Sustainable High-Rise Urban Future
Yang, Feng ;
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, volume 5, issue 2, 2016, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.21022/IJHRB.2016.5.2.87
High-rise as a building typology is gaining popularity in Asian mega-cities, due to its advantages in increasing volumetric density with limited land resources. Numerous factors contribute to the formation of high-rise urban form, from economical and institutional, environmental to socio-political. Environmental concerns over the impact of rapid urbanization in developing economies demand new thought on the link between urban environment and urban form. Outdoor and indoor climate, pedestrian comfort, and building energy consumption are all related to and impacted by urban form and building morphology. There are many studies and practices on designing individual "green" high-rise buildings, but far fewer studies on designing high-rise building clusters from the perspective of environmental performance optimization.. This paper focuses on the environmental perspective, and its correlation with the evolution of the high-rise urban form. Previous studies on urban morphology in terms of environmental and energy performance are reviewed. Studies on "parameterizing" urban morphology to estimate its environmental performance are reviewed, and the possible urban design implications of the study are demonstrated in by the author, by way of a microclimate map of the iconic Shanghai Xiao Lujiazui CBD. The study formulates the best-practice design guidelines for creating walkable and comfortable outdoor space in a high-rise urban setting, including proper sizing of street blocks and building footprint, provision of shading, and facilitating urban ventilation.
Pedestrian Distribution in High-Rise Commercial Complexes: An Analysis of Integrating Spatial and Functional Factors
Xu, Leiqing ; Xia, Zhengwei ;
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, volume 5, issue 2, 2016, Pages 95~103
DOI : 10.21022/IJHRB.2016.5.2.95
One of the key problems in the design of high-rise commercial complex is how to guide reasonable pedestrian distribution in commercial space. In this study, pedestrian distribution in three high-rise commercial complexes in Shanghai and Hong Kong was studied using spatial configuration analysis software Space Syntax and quantification of physical elements in commercial spaces, such as functional attractiveness, entrances, escalators, level variations and passage width. Additionally, in an attempt to integrate functions with spatial integration and spatial depth, two combination variables, the spatial coefficient of function (IF) and spatial depth coefficient of function (F/D), were proposed. The results of the correlation analysis and multiple regression analyses reflected the following: (1) Regarding the influence on pedestrian distribution, there was a synergistic and complementary relationship between function and space; (2) The comprehensive flow distribution analytic model could successfully interpret flow distribution in high-rise commercial complexes and its R Square ranged up to about 70% in the three cases; (3) The spatial coefficient of function (IF) and spatial depth coefficient (F/D) could effectively integrate functions and spatial configuration, which could help close the gap between over-emphasis on function in commercial research and the lack of consideration of function in space-syntax analysis.
Exploring Synergistic Effect in Metro Station Areas: A Case Study of Shanghai, China
Zhuang, Yu ; Zhang, Lingzhu ;
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, volume 5, issue 2, 2016, Pages 105~115
DOI : 10.21022/IJHRB.2016.5.2.105
In the process of exploring sustainable development, major cities in China are expanding metro systems as a strategy to reduce the negative environmental and social consequences of fast-paced motorization. A metro station is not only a transportation node, but also a place where diverse activities can be performed. Therefore, the realization of the spatial potential for human interaction is the essence of the strategy for integrated development in metro station areas. For this paper, 10 well-developed metro stations in Central Shanghai were selected to investigate the correlation between accessibility and spatial performance in station areas. The spatial performance in station areas is significantly affected by metro configuration. However, both vehicle and pedestrian accessibility show weak influence on spatial performance. A synergistic model was then developed to provide quantitative support for transit-oriented development in metro station areas.
Three Points of the Residential High-Rise: Designing for Social Connectivity
Gang, Jeanne ;
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, volume 5, issue 2, 2016, Pages 117~125
DOI : 10.21022/IJHRB.2016.5.2.117
In this paper we discuss the terms "exo-spatial design," "solar carving," and "bridging" as strategies for creating more socially connective tall buildings. As a typology, high-rise residential buildings have a unique set of challenges to becoming fully activated urban participants in the cities in which they are located. While there is a general recognition and appreciation that tall buildings provide identity to a city, there is often criticism of how they relate to their surroundings. Critics have posited that tall buildings are insular and foreboding by their very nature. This paper explores several design avenues for architects to consider in order to improve the social aspect of tall buildings. As all cities become taller and denser to accommodate growth, the need to design social space in, on, and around tall buildings must be continually examined if we are to have cohesive urban fabric that supports communities.
The Vertical Corporate Campus: Integrating Modern Workplace Models into the High-Rise Typology
Britton, John ; Hargis, Steve ;
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, volume 5, issue 2, 2016, Pages 127~136
DOI : 10.21022/IJHRB.2016.5.2.127
As the great urban migration continues to drive the growth of cities worldwide, global companies are seeking new approaches to the urban workplace and corporate campus. In light of environmental and economic imperatives to develop taller and denser central business districts, a key challenge is merging contemporary workplace concepts, which emphasize large, open floors and high levels of connectivity, with high-rise typologies with smaller floor plates set around center cores. This paper traces the evolution of the corporate campus and emerging design strategies for translating contemporary workplace models into a vertical campus typology that allows companies to realize the benefits of urban locations, while contributing to a more sustainable future.
The Economics of Skyscraper Construction in Manhattan: Past, Present, and Future
Barr, Jason ;
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, volume 5, issue 2, 2016, Pages 137~144
DOI : 10.21022/IJHRB.2016.5.2.137
This paper discusses the economics of skyscraper construction in Manhattan since 1990. First the paper reviews the economic theory of skyscraper height. Next it documents the frequency and heights of skyscraper construction in the last 25 years. Then the paper reviews the relative movements of office rents, condominium prices, and construction costs. Statistical results suggest that the resurgence of Manhattan`s skyscraper construction is being driving by the rise in the average price of apartments, and is not being driven by rising office rents or falling construction costs. Statistical evidence shows that the height premium has not been rising over the last decade. Developers have been purchasing air rights (and bidding up the prices) in order to satisfy the demand for supertall buildings. In the next five to ten years, Manhattan is likely to see over thirty 200-meter or taller buildings, as compared to only four since 2010.
Research on the Effect of High-Rise Commercial Building Construction on Land Value of Shanghai in the 1920s
Sun, Le ;
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, volume 5, issue 2, 2016, Pages 145~154
DOI : 10.21022/IJHRB.2016.5.2.145
When the tall office building first appeared in the street of Chicago in the end of Nineteenth Century, this building type has become a commodity in the development of real estate and been defined as a machine that makes the land pay. With the investigation of land price samples of the high-rise commercial buildings and the overall land price development in the central district of International Settlement in Shanghai, this paper tries to examine the site selection and construction of high-rise commercial buildings have important positive effect on the land value development.