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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Elastomers and Composites
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Rubber Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Dec 1999
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Oct 1999
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Jul 1999
Volume 34, Issue 2 - May 1999
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Effects of Amine Catalysts on Structure of Polyurethane Foams
Furukawa, Mutsuhisa ; Takamatsu, Katsuhiro ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 34, issue 4, 1999, Pages 285~291
Effects of catalysts on network structure, hard segment length and distribution of polyurethane foams in the absence of catalysts were investigated. CFC free all MDI-based poly urethane foams were prepared from poly(ethylene adipate)glycol, 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, and water. Amino catalysts used were 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane(DABCO), N, N,N',N'-tetramethyl--hexane-1,6-diamine(MR), bis(2-methylamino ethyl)ether(ET), 1,8-diazabicyclo-[5,4,0]-undecene-7(DBU). Dibutyltindilaurate(DBTL) as control was also used. Hard segment components of polyurethane foams were obtained by a selective degradation of polyester chains with 0.01N KOH-methanol solution. The PUFs with DBU catalyst contained more amount of isocyanurate components than other PUFs. On the other hand, the PUFs with ET, MR, DBTL catalysts contained more amount of allophanate and biuret component than the other PUFs.
Degradable Oligolactide Terminated PTMG Based Polyurethanes
Furukawa, Mutsuhisa ; Wakiyama, Kiyotaka ; Shiiba, Tetsuro ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 34, issue 4, 1999, Pages 292~298
Lactide oligomer with number averagae molecular weight of 460 was synthesized and reacted with poly(oxyteramethylene)glycol(PTMG, Mn = 650) to obtain oligolactide oligomer-terminated PTMG. Polyurethanes were synthesized from the oligolactide-terminated PTMG, 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, and 1,4-butanediol. The mechanical and thermal properties of the polyurethanes and PTMG based polyurethane as control were measured by means of DSC and tensile tester. Degradation behavior of these polyurethanes put into a compost was evaluated by variation of mechanical properties, surface state, and weight loss. Modulus and weight significantly decreased with increasing time. The surface of the oligolactide polyurethane put into the compost during 6 weeks had a number of voids. On the other hand, These properties of the PTMG based polyurethane as control did not change. These results suggest that the novel polyurethanes incorporated oligolactide easily degrade under biodegradable condition.
Interfaces Between Rubber and Metallic or Textile Tire Cords
Ooij Wim J. Van ; Luo Shijian ; Jayaseelan Senthil K, ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 34, issue 4, 1999, Pages 299~314
Bonding metal and textile components to rubber has always posed a problem. In this paper, an attempt had been made to modify textile and metal surfaces for bonding with rubber. The metal surfaces were modified using silane coupling agents and textile fibers were modified using plasma polymerization techniques. Some results on adhesion of metals to a range of sulfur-cured rubber compounds using a combination of organofunctional silanes are given here. The treatment was not only effective for high-sulfur compounds but also for low-sulfur com pounds as used in engine mounts and even for some semi-EV compounds. Coatings of plasmapolymerized pyrrole or acetylene were deposited on aramid and polyester tire cords. Standard pull-out force adhesion measurements were used to determine adhesion of tire cords to rubber compounds. The plasma coatings were characterized by various techniques and the performance results are explained in an interpenetrating network model.
Surface Modification of Silicone EVD Tube by Low Temperature Plasma
Lee, Y.D. ; Cho, D.L. ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 34, issue 4, 1999, Pages 315~320
Surface modification of silicone rubber by low temperature plasma process was investigated to improve quality of silicone EVD tube by reducing tackiness and hydrophobicity. Treatment with nonpolymer-forming plasmas and thin film deposition with polymer-forming plasmas were tried. Tackiness could significantly be reduced, especially by thin film deposition. As a result, the tube became slippery and less vulnerable to contamination in laboratory environment. Inner as well as outer surface of the tube could be changed to be hydrophilic if the plasma contained oxygen. As a result, initial hydrodynamic resistance was reduced. The surface modification did not give any bad influence on mechanical properties of the silicone tube in most cases. Rather, some properties such as Young's modulus, ultimate tensile strength and elongation at break were improved.
Dynamic Optimization of o Tire Curing Process for Product Quality
Han, In-Su ; Kang, Sung-Ju ; Chung, Chang-Bock ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 34, issue 4, 1999, Pages 321~331
The curing process is the final step in tire manufacturing whereby a green tire built from layers of rubber compounds is formed to the desired shape and the compounds are converted to a strong, elastic materials to meet tire performance needs under elevated pressure and temperature in a press. A numerical optimization procedure was developed to improve product quality in a tire curing process. First, a dynamic constrained optimization problem was formulated to determine the optimal condition of the supplied cure media during a curing process. The objective function is subject to an equality constraint representing the process model that describes the heat transfer and cures kinetic phenomena in a cure press and is subject to inequality constraints representing temperature limits imposed on cure media. Then, the optimization problem was solved to determine optimal condition of the supplied cure media for a tire using the complex algorithm along with a finite element model solver.
Hydrogenations of Butadiene Rubber and Natural Rubber by Reactive Processing
Suchiva, K. ; Boonkerd, K. ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 34, issue 4, 1999, Pages 332~340
Hydrogenations of BR and NR performed by a noncatalytic method using p-toluenesulphonylhydrazide were carried out by reactive processing. The experimental procedures for carrying out the reaction were established. Two steps comprising premixing of the rubber with TSH followed by hydrogenation in compression mould were proved to be suitable. The percentages of hydrogenation attained by reactive processing were higher than those of the reaction carried out in solution at the same [TSH]/[C=C] ratio, reaction temperature and time. In-creasing the reaction temperature and reaction time resulted in increases of the percentage of hydrogenation. For BR, the maximum percentage of hydrogenation obtained was 36% at [TSH]/[C=C]=1/1.5. For NR, the highest percentage of hydrogenation was 34% at [TSH]/[C=C]=1/1.5. Cis-trans isomerisation was also observed to occur during hydrogenation of both BR and NR. Thermal stabilities of the hydrogenated BR and NR were shown to improve over those or the unhydrogenated counterparts.
Heat and Crack Resistance of Natural Rubber(NR) Compounds According to the Type of Antioxidants
Roh, Jong-Dae ; Shin, Jun-Geun ; Kim, Jin-Tae ; Hur, Jae-Young ; Kim, Won-Ho ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 34, issue 4, 1999, Pages 341~349
In this study, heat and crack resistance of natural rubber (NR) compounds was evaluated. To prevent the effects of the crosslinking system, a conventional vulcanization system was selected, where the accelerator/sulfur ratio was fixed to 0.25. Vulcanizates containing phenylenediamine showed high tensile strength and tear strength compared to other vulcanizates because phenylenediamine can cause additional crosslinking and high dispersion In the vulcanizates. In the pure shear test, vulcanizates containing phenylenediamine showed an excellent tearing energy which was due to the irregular crack path, and showed excellent heat and crack resistance which was also due to the good dispersity of antioxidant and additional crosslinks in the rubbber vulcanizates.
Liquefaction Characteristics in Supercritical Decomposition and Extraction of Used Automotive Tire
Kang, W.S. ; Kim, J.K. ; Kim, I.S. ; Park, P.W. ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 34, issue 4, 1999, Pages 350~359
Conversion and oil-yield of a used automotive tire sample in supercritical decomposition and extraction for three solvents such as water, 28% ammoina solution and ammonia, were compared. Supercritical extraction with ammonia gave the highest conversion and oil-yield at the same temperature and pressure. In this paper, supercritical ammonia was used as major solvent and tetralin acting as hydrogen-donor, was used as cosolvent. As the amount of tetralin increased, oil-yield was Increased. When a tire sample was extracted by supercritical ammonia, oil-yield was 48.8% at
, 22.3MPa. But when the weight ratio of tetralin to tire sample (weight of tetralin/weight of tire sample) was 5, oil-yield was 61.2% at
and 22.3 MPa. These phenomena indicate that as radicals produced in supercritical decomposition become stable, the polymerization and the second decomposition of products may be inhibited. Supercritical extraction of a tire sample swollen by tetralin gave high oil-yield although the amount of tetralin was a little.
Pressure Sensitive Adhesive Properties of Blends of Acrylic Quarternary Copolymer with Vinyl Chloride-Vinyl Propionate Copolymers
Oh, Dae-Hee ; Seo, Kwan-Ho ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 34, issue 4, 1999, Pages 360~365
In this study, the blends of acrylic quaternary polymer (PEBEV) which was co- polymerized from 2-ethylhexyl acrylate (2-EHA), n-butyl acrylate (BA) and ethyl acrylate (EA), vinyl acetate (VAc), and poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl propionate) (PVCVP) were prepared by solution blending. Pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA) properties of PEBEV/PVCVP blends were compared with those of PEBEV/poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate) (PVCVAc) blends. Compatibility of PEBEV/PVCVP was better than that of PEBEV/PVCVAc. Tackiness of both blend systems were similar, but holding power began to decrease at 15wt% or higher PVCVAc contents in PEBEV/PVCVAc blends. On the other hands, holding power of PEBEV/PVCVP increased as the contents of PVCVP increased. Failure modes of the blends were adhesive failure except 5wt% of PVCVP was blended.