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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Elastomers and Composites
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Rubber Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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Analysis of Steady Heat Conduction for Rubber Pads of a Tank Track Subjected to Dynamic Loading
Kim, Hyung-Je ; Kim, Byung-Tak ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 36, issue 3, 2001, Pages 153~161
The rubber pads era tank which undergo dynamic deformations with the sufficient amplitudes and frequencies lead to a considerable internal temperature rise due to the heat generation. The heat generation which is dependent on the viscoelastic characteristics or a rubber is due to the conversion of partial mechanical energy into thermal energy identical to the area oi hysteresis loop. Heat generation without adequate heat dissipation leads to heat build-up and the excessive temperature rite exerts a bad influence upon the performance and the life of rubber products. In this paper, temperature distributions of the rubber pads of a tank track subjected to dynamic loads are obtained under the assumption of the steady state. Heat generation rates used in this finite element analysis are acquired through experiments and the computed temperature fields are displayed in isothermal contour regions.
Influence of Molecular Size of Liquid BR on Properties of Silica-Filled SBR Compounds
Choi, Sung-Seen ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 36, issue 3, 2001, Pages 162~168
Low molecular weight polybutadiene (liquid BR) improves the filler dispersion in a silica-filled styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) compound. In the present work, influence of molecular weight or the liquid BR on properties of a silica-filled SBR compound was studied. Minimum and maximum torques in the rheocurve for the compound containing the liquid BR with higher molecular weight (HLBR) are lower than those for the compound containing the liquid BR with lower one (LLBR) while the delta torques are nearly the same. Mooney scorch time of the compound containing HLBR is faster than that of the compound containing LLBR. Modulus or the compound containing HLBR is lower than that of the compound containing LLBR while tensile strength of the former is higher than that of the latter. The elongation at break of the former is also longer than that of the latter. Stability for the thermal aging at
for 3 days is less favorable for the former than for the latter.
Miscibility and Properties of Ethyl-Branched Polyethylene/Ethylene-Propylene Rubber Blends( I )
Cho, Ur-Ryong ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 36, issue 3, 2001, Pages 169~176
Ethyl-branched polyethylene[PE(2)] containing 2mole% ethyl branch and three ethylene-propylene rubbers(EPR's) haying the same ethylene(E)-propylene(P) molar ratio(E/P=50/50) with different stereoregularity, that is, random EPR(r-EPR), alternating-EPR(alt-FPR) and isotactic-alternating-EPR(iso-alt-EPR) were mixed for the investigation of their properties depending on the stereoregurarity. The three blends were immiscible at room temperature, and showed the simple additivity effect in density behavior. The melting point depression with blend composition increased in order of PE(2)/r-EPR>PE(2)/alt-EPR>PE(2)/iso-alt-EPR. In the tensile test, this blend systems have the lowest value or the breaking strength at FE(2) fraction of 0.5. This phenomenon results from the greastest separated phase morphology at this blend composition.
Morphology and Properties of PP/PU Blends Prepared by Compositional Quenching
Lim, Gyeong-Taek ; Ju, Min-Hyuk ; Kim, Do-Heyoung ; Song, Ki-Chan ; Kim, Su-Kyung ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 36, issue 3, 2001, Pages 177~187
Polypropylene(PP)/polyurethane(PU) blends with reactive compatibilizers were prepared by the compositional quenching process. Maleic anhydride grafted PP(MPP) and hydroxyethyl maleimide grafted PP(HPP) were introduced as reactive compatibilizers. The formation of HPP and the reactions of compatibilizers with the PU components were confirmed by FT-IR spectroscopy. The morphology, tensile properties, thermal stability, and surface property were studied. The blends prepared by the compositional quenching showed better dispersed domain morphology than the melt blends. The PU domain size became more uniform and reduced in size with increasing the amount of compatibilizers. The blends with HPP showed sightly smaller domain sire than the blends with MPP. The blends with compatibilizers all showed improved tensile properties, surface property. and thermal stability due to the interfacial adhesion effect. The blends with MPP showed higher surface energy than the blends with HPP, but the latter showed better thermal stability compared to the former.
Effect of Transoctylene Rubber(TOR) on the Properties of Natural Rubber/isotactic Polypropylene Blends
Yang, Yung-Chul ; Nah, Chang-Woon ; Chang, Young-Wook ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 36, issue 3, 2001, Pages 188~194
Thermoplastic elastomers based on dynamically vulcanized NR/TOR/PP (rubber/PP=70/30) blends were prepared in a Haake banbury mixer. Effect of TOR content on the mechanical, dynamic mechanical and thermal stability of the rubber/plastic blends was characterized by UTM, DMTA, and TGA. On the addition of trans-polyoctylene rubber(TOR) to the rubber phase, there was a decrease in compression set and increase in tensile properties, hardness and dynamic properties as well as thermal stability or the elastomeric blends. Improvements in the properties were believed to be due to an increase in crosslink density of the rubber phase and increase in homogeneity of the blends.
Surface Modification of Low Density Polyethylene and Adhesion Characteristics of Low Density Polyethylene/Aluminum Laminate
Jung, B.Y. ; Ryu, S.H. ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 36, issue 3, 2001, Pages 195~200
Ultraviolet photografting of acrylic acid onto low density polyethylene was characterized using XPS and contact angle measurement. Effects of surface modification at LDPE and aluminum on LDPE/Al laminate were also investigated. Contact angle decreased significantly at initial state arid tends to level off with increasing UV irradiation time. The improvement of hydrophilicity was due to the presence of acrylic acid on LDPE surface. Graft of acrylic acid onto LDPE was also identified from O1s/C1s ratios in XPS spectrum. Adhesion strength of LDPE-g-AAc/Al laminate showed about 30 times higher than LDPE/A1 system and it could be attributed to the increase of polarity of LDPE surface. Chemical treatment of Al surface using sulfuric acid/sodium dichromate also increased the adhesion strength of LDPE/Al laminate. Adhesion strength of LDPE/Al laminate decreased significantly under acetic acid.