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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Elastomers and Composites
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Rubber Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 46, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 46, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 46, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 46, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
Elastomeric High Barrier Materials for Vehicle
Kim, Jin-Kuk ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 46, issue 1, 2011, Pages 2~9
Permeability to gases and vapors is an important function in tires, rubber tubes and diaphragms. It mainly depends on the rubber material. Generally, permeability increases in the following order: silicone rubber > NR > EPDM > SBR > NBR > FPM > ECO > IIR. And, for an elastomer permeability is also very much dependent on compounding. Many research works are reported in the area of gas permeability for formed rubber,
however, few studies are found for unformed elastomer products. Incorporation of nano-particles, use of thermoplastic elastomers and applying high barrier multilayer coatings are the main approaches to obtain a high barrier elastomeric product. In this paper, barrier article for vehicle is introduced.
Materials Technology for Car Sound and Vibration Barriers
Kim, Ki-Seok ; Choi, Kyeong-Eun ; Ryu, Jeong-Seok ; Kweon, Young-Min ; Kang, Chang-Gi ; Youn, Woo-Won ; Park, Soo-Jin ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 46, issue 1, 2011, Pages 10~21
Recently, with developments in the automotive industry, sound and vibration damping have a considerable attraction with a diversified customer needs and advanced automobile. In general, among various materials, textile materials, such as felt and glass fibers, polyurethane foam, and PET fiber materials were used to reduce sound and vibration of the automobile. These materials were located in various main parts of the automobile to block sound and vibration, resulting in a comfortable ride. In addition, to improve fuel economy, weight reduction and cost saving for the automobile were also being considered together as well as the reduction of sound and vibration of the automobile. Therefore, in this paper, we focused on the need of interior sound and vibration absorption materials in the automobile and absorption materials-related technologies.
Technology of Electrical Barrier Material
Shin, Eun-Mi ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 46, issue 1, 2011, Pages 22~28
Various materials are used as electrical barrier materials, such as glass, insulating oil, gas, paper and polymer. These materials shut off electricity from conductor as a barrier and separate as well as support conductor from outside environment while using electrical equipment. Polymers are generally used for cable insulation material. Recently environmental regulation are reinforced and eco-friendly materials are in trend.
Introduction to Thermal Insulating Materials and Silica Aerogels
Hong, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Il ; Yun, Ju-Ho ; Shim, Sang-Eun ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 46, issue 1, 2011, Pages 29~36
The term 'thermal insulating materials' describes a class of materials which can improve the thermal efficiency by reducing the thermal conduction, convention and radiation between the inside and outside of the system. As a thermal insulating material, numerous industrial applications are possible including the automobile, aerospace, aviation, and petrochemical. Especially, the silica aerogel, with their superior thermal insulating behavior, has been widely used as thermal insulating materials. Because the mechanical properties of the silica aerogel cannot meet the industrial demand, use of the silica aerogel is limited. This article aims to review the thermal insulating materials and silica aerogel, and to introduce the silica aerogel/polymer composites.
Effect of Organo Nanoclay and Catalyst on the Polyesterification between Adipic Acid and Diethylene Glycol
Park, Kyung-Kyu ; Shin, Sung-Wook ; Oh, Min-Ji ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 46, issue 1, 2011, Pages 37~44
Effect of organo nanoclay (Cloisite 30B) on the polyesterification of adipic acid (AA) with diethylene glycol(DEG) was investigated with p-toluene sulfonic acid (p-TSA) (Br
nsted acid) and butylchlorotin dihydroxide (Lewis acid) catalyst at 383 and 423 K. The initial [OH]/[COOH] molar ratio was two and the concentration of the catalysts in the reactants was 0.14 mol% based on the total reactants. The kinetics of the polyesterification was interpreted with the conversion data that was calculated from the acid values of the reactant-product mixture. The reaction rate of the polyesterification, which was catalyzed with p-TSA, exhibited the second-order dependency on AA concentration. When Butylchlorotin dihydroxide was used, the reaction rate revealed the first-order dependency on AA concentration. The activation energy of the reactions catalyzed with p-TSA and Butylchlorotin dihydroxide were calculated at 42.2 and 63.8 kJ/mol, respectively. Addition of 5 wt% Cloisite 30B to the reactant significantly diminished the activity of p-TSA, so the reaction rate decreased and the activation energy was calculated at 72.9 kJ/mol. Butylchlorotin dihydroxide catalyst maintained its activity regardless of the addition of Cloisite 30B to the reactant and the activation energy was calculated to 61.8 kJ/mol. Lewis acid catalyst, butylchlorotin dihydroxide, was more effective than Br
nsted acid catalyst for the esterification of AA with DEG.
Effect of TESPT Silane Coupling Agent on Mechanical Properties of Precipitated Silica Filled NBR Compound for Oil Seal
Lee, Young-Seok ; Hwang, Ki-Seob ; Lee, Jong-Cheol ; Kim, Tae-Geun ; Ha, Ki-Ryong ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 46, issue 1, 2011, Pages 45~53
The effect of the silane coupling agent, bis(triethoxysilypropyl)tetrasulfide (TESPT), on mechanical properties of a silica-filled NBR compound for oilseal was investigated. Curing behavior and crosslinking density of the compounds were measured using ODR (oscillating disk rheometer) and swelling ratio in toluene. UTM (universal testing machine) and shore A hardness tester were used in order to study the characteristics of mechanical properties of original vulcanizates and aged ones with heated air and ASTM No. 3. oil. Recovery of elasticity which influences the performance and service life of oilseal was investigated by giving bending deformation to vulcanizates in aging condition. After bending aging test, recovery distance was measured and calculated angle of recovery from it. TR (temperature retraction) test was performed on these vulcanizates to determine the low temperature recovery behavior. Wear resistance was measured by Taber type abrasion tester. In addition, SEM was used to characterize the morphology of the worn surface of vulcanizates. The result showed that addition of TESPT into silica-filled compound improves not only compound flow-ability, interaction between NBR and silica and crosslinking density, but also hardness, 100% modulus, recovery of elasticity, wear resistance, heat resistance and ASTM No.3 oil resistance of vulcanizates.
Computer Simulation of Die Extrusion for Rubber Compound Using Simplified Viscoelastic Model
Kim, J. H. ; Hong, J. S. ; Choi, S. H. ; Kim, H. J. ; Lyu, M. Y. ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 46, issue 1, 2011, Pages 54~59
One of the viscoelastic flow behaviors during profile extrusion is the swelling of extrudate. In this study, die swell of rubber compound in the capillary die have been investigated through experiment and computer simulation. Simplified viscoelastic model and non-linear differential viscoelastic model such as PTT model have been used in the computer simulation. The simulation results have been compared with experimental data. Experiment and simulation have been performed using fluidity tester and commercial CFD code, Polyflow respectively. Die swells predicted by two models showed good agreement with experimental results. Pressure and velocity distribution, and circulation flow at the corner of reservoir have been well predicted by PTT model. Simplified viscoelastic model can not predict circulation flow at the corner of reservoir. However this model has an advantage in computation time compare with full viscoelastic model, PTT model.
Morphology of Poly(butyl acrylaye)/Poly(methyl methacrylate) Composite Latex Prepared by 2-stage Dispersion Polymerization
Lee, Ki-Chang ; Choe, Hyeon-Seong ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 46, issue 1, 2011, Pages 60~69
The various types of PBA/PMMA composite latexes were prepared by
PBA seeded batch and seeded semi-continuous dispersion polymerization. The morphology of the PBA/PMMA composite latexes by seeded batch process was found to be closely dependant on the weight ratios of methanol/water in polymerization medium and of PBA seed/MMA at the second stage. In general, egg, snowman, confetti, peanut-like nonspherical composite latex particles were formed with increasing amount of water and MMA as a result of the occurrence of the phase separation between PBA seed and PMMA. The morphology of the PBA/PMMA composite latexes by seeded semi-continuous process was controlled by the addition time of MMA, especially, spherical shaped core(PBA)/shell(PMMA) composite latex particles were prepared under the monomer-starved condition at the second stage.
The Study on the Slurry Wear Behavior of Rubber Vulcanizates
Chung, Kyung-Ho ; Hong, Young-Keun ; Park, Moon-Soo ;
Elastomers and Composites, volume 46, issue 1, 2011, Pages 70~77
A new piece of test equipment, the slurry wear tester (SWT), was proposed in this study to evaluate the wear behavior of rubber vulcanizate in environmental contact with slurry. Natural rubber (NR) and chloroprene rubber (CR) were chosen as the basic matrices to test the slurry wear. The fluids used to fill the chamber of the SWT were 35% HCl and NaCl solution. The Akron abrasion test was used for comparison with SWT. According to the results of the Akron abrasion test, CR vulcanizate abraded more rapidly than NR vulcanizate under same test condition. It was found that the hysteresis of rubber was key factor contribute to the wear behavior. However, the slurry wear rate of the NR and CR vulcanizates did not change significantly, even with changes in the concentration of acid and the immersion time in both HCl and NaCl solutions; the fluid decreased the friction between the abrasive paper and the specimen. It also reduced the heat generated from repeated deformation and wear debris at the surface of the SWT's abrasion arm. Thus, these phenomena affected the wear behavior of rubber vulcanizate and caused different results in the conventional Akron abrasion test. This outcome could have resulted in an incorrect analysis if the slurry wear behavior of the rubber vulcanizate was estimated by the conventional abrasion tests, which are operated under dry conditions.