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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academic Society of Rehabilitation Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
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The Effect of Aerobic Exercise Program on Health Status and Physical Fitness in Patients after the Stem Cell Transplantation
Han, Shin-Hi ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 7~19
The Objectives of this research is to determine the effect of aerobic exercise program on health status and physical fitness in patients after the stem cell transplantation. This research design is one-group pretest-post test design. Sixteen subjects were selected from one university hospital in Seoul for the study, they was carried out aerobic exercise three to five times a week for 12 weeks. The period of data collection was from February to July, 2000. The collected data was analysed by descriptive analysis, paired t-test, content analysis SAS program was used for the statistical analysis. The results are as follows : 1. There was a significant improvement in the Physical functioning, Vitality and Reported change (t=2.39, p=0.03; t=2.35, p=0.03; t=2.58, p=0.02) but no change was observed in the Role physical, General health perception, Bodily pain, Social functioning, Role emotional and Mental health. 2. There was a significant improvement in the physical fitness (higher VO2 max, t=2.43, p=0.02; lower systolic pressure, t=-4.09, p=0.001; lower diastolic pressure, t=-3.43, p=0.002; lower pulse rate, t=-3.43, p=0.004; higher muscle sustaining power, t=2.79, p=0.015; higher muscle power, t=5.18 p=0.000; higher power of beginning, t=5.55, p=0.001; higher the sense of equilibrium, t=3.57, p=0.003; higher Hemoglobin, t=5.92, p=0.000; higher Hematocrit, t=5.38, p=0.000). Therefore, this study will provide a theoretical back ground for patients after stem cell transplantation to understand the importance of physical exercise and maintain physical exercise; and for other researches to refer to the results for exercise protocol of rehabilitation program.
Patients' Lived Experience in Rehabilitating from Stroke
Lee, Young-Ae ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 20~30
Stroke is known as a detrimental disease that leaves serious sequelae. The stroke patients suffer from limitations of physical and social activities. The patients try to adapt themselves to the limitations in order to achieve rehabilitation. This study was performed to clarify the lived experience of rehabilitation from the stroke patients. In collecting data for this study, in-depth personal interviews were made by a researcher from February to April in 2001 at rehabilitation clinics and physical therapy centers locate in Iksan city. The methodological approach was van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological methodology in order to understand the meaning and nature of stroke patients' experiences in rehabilitating their physical limitations. Collected data were analyzed with phenomenological way of study that was develope by van Manen. The 8 patients who agreed to participate in this research were inter viewed by researcher under the private and comfortable environment. Personal interviews were done three or five times per each patients and each interview took 70 to 90 minutes. The statements were analyzed and finally revealed three essential themes : Theme 1 - Desperateness to achieve freedom again Theme 2 - Seizing hope of recovering Theme 3 - Seeking support from family members, relatives and friends Based on these themes, stroke patients' rehabilitation experience are described as following. The stroke patients have strong desire to achieve freedom again in order to escape from social isolation. The stroke patients want to go back to the state of their previous health state. The stroke patients strongly try to do anything for their recovering and also to have positive thinking. In the other hand, they feel pity for themselves through desperation, fear, sorrow, and self-pity. The stroke patients have dissatisfaction about neighbors' rumor and attitude toward themselves. The stroke patients have experiences to rely on neighbors' support seeking a warm word of consolation. This research showed us that van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological methodology leads us to understand stroke patients' rehabilitation process more comprehensibly. Based on this research, it is suggested that further studies provide a foundation for the development of a rehabilitation theory for Korean stroke patients.
The Relationship Between Self-Concept and Self-Care Activities of the Cerebral Palsied Adolescents
Hong, Hee-Sook ; Lee, Myung-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 31~45
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-concept and self-care activities of the cerebral palsied adolescents and to gain the baseline data for development of effective rehabilitation nursing intervention program of the cerebral palsied adolescents. The design of this study was a descriptive correlational study. The subjects of the study were 160 cerebral palsied adolescents attending at special schools located in Seoul and Kyonggi and rehabilitation centers located in Seoul, Kyonggi and Kyongnam province. The data was collected from May 20 to July 20, 2000. The instrument used for this study were the self-concept scale(50items 4point scale) and self-care activities scale(29items 4point scale). Self-Concept Scale had developed by Fitt(1965), which was standardized by Chung(1968) and modified by Kim(1984). Self-Care Activities Scale developed by the researcher through out the consulting of expert and pilot study on the basis of ADL check list developed by Kang(1984) and LDSQ-3(Lambeth Disability Screening Questionnair-3) developed by Na et al. (1995). The data was analyzed by the SPSS/PC+program using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA & Scheffe test and Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results of this study were as follows; 1. The mean score of self-concept was
(range: 50-100), which the item mean score was
(range: 1-4). The score of subarea of the self-concept was the highest score in family self (
) and the lowest score in physical self (
). 2. The mean score of self-care activities was
(range: 29-116), which the item mean score was
(range: 1-4). The score of subarea of the self-care activities was the highest score in feeding(
) and the lowest score in walking(
). 3. There were statistically significant difference in the score of self-concept according to the age (F=3.24, P=.04), the grads (F=4.36, P=.01), and types of cerebral palsy (F=2.42, P=.03). 4. There were statistically significant difference in the score of self-care activities according to the age (F=8.29, P=.00), the grads (F=16.05, P=.00), types of living place (F=6.46, P=.00), types of cerebral palsy (F=48.92, P=.00), whether or not receiving a rehabilitation therapy (t=-3.64, P=.00), whether or not receiving a vocational training (t=2.14, P=.03), and whether or not using a device (t=-7.42, P=.00). 5. There was not significant correlation between self-concept and self-care activities (r=.081, P=.311).
A study on the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living and Quality of Life of Elderly Home Residents
Moon, Myeong-Ja ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 46~57
This study was done to investigate of instrumental activities of daily living(IADL) and quality of life and their relationships between the elderly. Data were collected from 150 elderly home residents. The data were collected from December 1st to December 20th, 2000. Structured questionnaires developed by Lawton & Brody and by Ro were adopted to measure IADL and Quality of life. Data were analyzed for percentage, means, t-test, ANOVA and Parson correlation coefficients using the SPSS program. The results were as follows: 1. The average score of the level of IADL was
) with a range of 7-26. 2. The average score of the level of Quality of life was 2.
). In the average score of each lower area, highest score was 3.22 for neighbor relationship and family relationship and then 3.00 for self-esteem, 2.95 for economic status, 2.86 for emotional status, and 2.85, lowest score, for physical condition and function. 3. Comparing IADL and Quality of life with general characteristics, IADL showed that there were significant difference in age(t=2.927, p=0.036) and separated children contact frequency(t=2.482, p=0.046), while Quality of life showed that there were significant difference in spouse existence(t=2.334, p=0.021), religion(t=4.089, p=0.008), family style(t=3.285, p=0.040), children number living together(t=5.332, p=0.006), communication with separated children frequency(t=4.129, p=0.003), and separated children contact frequency(t=3.908, p=0.005). 4. There was also significant positive correlation between IADL and Quality of life. The above results show that neighbor relationship and family relationship which have greatly an influence on IADL and Quality of life are very important. The elderly should be helped to satisfy their basic desire and show their potential living together with the younger generation interdependently without being isolated from family and society. Therefore, the nursing strategy that enhance IADL and Quality of life are needed and the nursing strategy that can improve IADL and Quality of life of Elderly Home Residents should be developed.
The Correlation between Perceived Social Support and Hope of Stroke Survivors
Kim, Kyung-Ok ; Cho, Bok-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 58~72
A Cerebrovascular accident(CVA), or Stroke is a medical emergency that occurred when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted or blocked. The stroke causes physical function disorder due to hemiparalysis and emotional disorder. Also the stroke patients experience helplessness, powerlessness, sense of alienation and loss of hope. These feelings make the rehabilitation difficult because they lose the will of life. The purpose of this study is to identify the correlation between perceived social support and hope of stroke survivors. The subjects for this study were 100 out-patients with stroke in one general hospital and oriental medicine hospital located in Mokpo. The data were analysed by frequency, t-test, ANOVA. Duncan test, Pearson's correlation, using the SPSS WIN 9.0 program. Data were collected from July 11 to September 9, 2000, using a structured questionnaire. The instruments used for this study : The social support scale developed by Park, Ji-won(1985) and the hope scale developed by Miller(1988). The results were as follows. 1. It was found that the higher the degree of perceived social support, the higher the degree of hope(r=.726, p=.000). Therefore hypothesis was supported. 2. The mean score of perceived social support was 77.8(SD=21.0) with a score range from 27.0 to 104.0. 3. The mean score of perceived hope was 117.0(SD=25.7) with a score range from 57.0 to 160.0. 4. The level of social support depending on general characteristics were significantly different in variables such as marital status(t=3.131, p=.010). degree of income satisfaction(F=16.027, p=.000). 5. The level of hope depending on general characteristics were significantly different in variables such as marital status(t=2.681, p=.040). current job(t=-2.055, p=.043) degree of income, satisfaction(F=11.363, p=.000). For these subjects, there was a significant relationship between social support and hope. The stroke survivors need social support to inspire their hope. Nurses should plan interventions to enhance social support for patients with stroke. The above results may be used as the basic data to seek more efficient way of elevating nursing practice and rehabilitation for the patients with stroke.
Descriptive Study on the Development of Educational Program for Mothers with Children who have had Open Heart Surgery in Congenital Heart Disease
Lee, Kun-Ja ; Jo, Hyun-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 73~83
The aims of this study were to identify the mothers educational needs when they have children who have had open heart surgery in congenital heart disease, to identify the children's characteristics with this problem, and also to provide the basic information on the development of the educational program for the mothers. The subjects of the study were 101 mothers of children and their children hospitalized with congenital heart disease in pediatric wards of G. University Hospital in Inchon and S. Hospital in Puch on from June to November 2000. The study used a Likert-type questionnaire with 39 questions which was based on a previous questionnaire developed by Lee Mi-ryun(1989) for adult open heart surgery patients. The reliability of the questionnaire was Cronbach'
=.9375. The data were collected directly from mothers of the patients in wards. The t-test, ANOVA was adopted for the data analysis. The key results of the study are as follows : 1) The average age of the children was 32.90 months. The majority of the children are male and weighted 3.0-3.5Kg at birth. Most of the children had VSD(29.7%), and 10.9% of children had a family history of heart disease. 2) An average score of 4.62 out of a maximum of 5.00 was recorded for the educational needs of the children's mother. The highest score of 4.69 was for home care after discharge followed by a score of 4.67 for diagnosis and prognosis on congenital heart disease. And pre-post operation care scored 4.51. The mean scores of single-question items of educational need were, in order, 4.81 for immunization after operation, 4.80 for recovery process, and 4.77 for prognosis of the disease. The score of 4.18 for measurement of intake and output was the lowest. 3) The analysis on the children's mothers educational needs by social-demographic characteristics such as sex, age of patient and mother, economical status, educational status, number of child, hospitalization times, and hospitalization cause showed no significant difference statistically, but there was a significant difference between mothers with jobs and with out jobs.
Effects of Brisk Walking & Muscle Strengthening Exercise Using Thera-band on Pain, Fatigue, Physical Function, and Disease Activity in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Lee, Eun-Nam ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 84~93
The effects of brisk walking & muscle strengthening exercise on pain, fatigue, physical function & disease activity were examined in 28 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Research design was a quasi-experimental study of non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. 14 for the experimental group and 14 for the control group were selected from the out patients on rheumatoid arthritis clinic of Dong-A University Hospital. The experimental group underwent 16 weeks of brisk walking and muscle strengthening exercise using Thera-Band. Pain, fatigue, physical function & disease activity was measured before and after 16 weeks of exercise. At baseline test, Fatigue & physical function score between groups were significantly different. So differences with in experimental group(baseline versus follow up) were compared with differences within the control group by Mann-Whitney test. There were significant differences between groups in the difference score on pain (U=6.50 p<.001) and fatigue (U=26.5 p<.01). For the experimental group, the score on the pain & fatigue was significantly decreased but no changed for the control group. Also there was a significant differences between groups in the difference score of the physical function (U=22.5 p<.001). For the experimental group, the score of the physical function has been significantly in creased. However, for the control group, it has been no changed. But there were no significant differences between groups in the ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) and the CRP (C-reactive protein)level. In summary, brisk walking & muscle strengthening exercise led to significant improvements in pain, fatigue, and physical function without exacerbating disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
A study of the Nursing Interventions performed by the ICU nurses to the patients with Cerebrovascular disorders
Park, Young-Rye ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 94~104
The purpose of this study was to analysis of nursing interventions performed by the ICU nurses to the patients with cerebrovascular disorder practically from one university hospital in Seoul. The data were collected from 15 nurses with 86 cerebrovascular disorder cases from one ICU with the questionaire to write frequency of nursing care done by the surveyee from May, 2, 2000 to July, 3, 2000 and the list of 66 nursing interventions selected out of 433 NIC(Nursing Interventions Classification) of Iowa University which were translated into Korean (44 items) and core nursing interventions by ICU nurses (22 items; KIm, Su-Jin, 1997). The data were analysed with SPSS program. The results are as follow : 1. The most frequently used nursing interventions were vital sign monitoring, fall prevention, cerebral edema management, dysreflexia management, neurologic monitoring, cardiac care, communication enhancement, technology management, bed rest care, respiratory monitoring in rank. 2. The most frequently used nursing intervention domains were 'Physiological : Complex', 'Physiological : basic', 'Behavior', 'Safty', 'Health system' in rank. In the domain of physiological : basic, the most frequently used nursing interventions were bed rest care, urinary elimination management, tube care : urinary, physical restraints in rank. In the domain of physiological : complex, the most frequently used nursing interventions were cerebral edema management, dysreflexia management, neurologic monitoring, cardiac care in rank. In the domain of behavior, the most frequently used nursing interventions were communication enhancement, touch, active listening in rank. In the domain of safty, the most frequently used nursing interventions were vital sign monitoring, fall prevention in rank. In the domain of health system, the most frequently used nursing interventions were technology management, specimen management in rank. 3. some difference of the frequency practicing the nursing interventions according to the shift of duties was found. For example, medication administration was common at day duty, touch was practiced at evening duty, temperature regulation was performed.
Comparision of Body Image between DM patients who used Insulin Pump and didn't use Insulin Pump
Lee, Myung-Hwa ; Woo, Kyung-Mi ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 105~118
The purpose of study was to compare body image between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy. The study design was comparative survey study the subjects were 60 diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and 60 diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy at B hospital in Busan The data were collected from 15th April to 20th August, 1998. The instrument used for this study were Osgood's body image scale. The collected data were analyzed frequency, percentage,
-test, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test. The results were as follows 1. Demographical characteristics between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy were no significant difference. 2. Characteristics related disease between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy were significant difference in paticipation of D.M. meeting, no of paticipation of D.M. meeting. 3. Body inmage score of diabetes mellitus patients was
. In body image, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were higher than that didn't use insulin pump therapy(t=1.964, P<.05) 4. In body image's each item, common-strange item, noble-humble item, competent-incompetent item, light-heavy item, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were higher than diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy(P<.05) 5. In body image according to economic status, marital status, occupational status were significantly difference. 6. In body image according to causes of regular hospital visiting, paticipation of diabetes mellitus class were significantly difference. In conclusion, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were more positive than diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy.
The Educational contents of Rehabilitation Nursing
Lee, Myung-Hwa ; Lim, Nan-Young ; Suh, Moon-Ja ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Jung-Hwa ; Suh, Yeon-Ok ; So, Hee-Young ; Jo, Bok-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 118~123
The purpose of this study was to provide fundamental data to propose further directions of education on rehabilitation nursing by investigating the adequacy of the educational contents of rehabilitation nursing. This study was a descriptive survey study. The data collected at 25 universities and 24 junior colleges through questionnaires to answer the research questions from August 10 to September 30, 2000. The questionnaire was consisted of 24 items. The contents of rehabilitation nursing education were developed by consulting with the rehabilitation nursing professionals. The results are as follows Rehabilitation nursing was taught as an independent class in 15 universities and 9 junior colleges. Most professors majoring in adult nursing (66.8%) were in charge of teaching the courses. For the adequacy of the teaching contents of rehabilitation nursing, conceptual bases for rehabilitation was the highest score (4.0), and interdisciplinary rehabilitation team, activities of daily living, clients of rehabilitation, nursing process in rehabilitation nursing, functional evaluation, movement and mobility, physical therapy, occupational therapy, sensation and perception, communication/language, eating and swallowing, bladder elimination, community based rehabilitation nursing, sleep, rest &, fatigue, bowel elimination, historical perspectives of rehabilitation nursing, sexuality, pulmonary rehabilitation, pain, cardiac rehabilitation, skin integrity, family care was ordered.