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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academic Society of Rehabilitation Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Relationship between Hope and Self-Care Agency in Hemodialysis Patients
Han, Kyung-Hye ; Kim, Myung-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 137~145
This study examined and identified the relationship between the level of hope and self-care agency in hemodialysis patients. The purpose of the study was to reveal that hope is an essential factor to enhance self-care agency and to prepare the basic materials to help nurse the patients. The subjects for this study consisted of 108 persons who undergoing hemodialysis from 2 hospital, 2 hemodialysis center in Pusan, Korea. The degree of hope was measured by the questionnaire that has been developed by Miller. The self-care agency was measured by the questionnaire that has been developed by Kearney B.Y & Fleisher B.J. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and t-test. one-way ANOVA and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient with SPSS WIN program. Results were obtained as follows: 1) The mean scores of hope were
(range 67-195). The rate of hope classified said that the lowest hope was 2.8% and low hope was 27.8%. 2) The mean scores of self-care agency were
(range 74-187). The degree of self-care agency classified said that the rate of self-care agency deficiency was 0.9% and low self-care agency was 12.0%. 3) The hope was significantly related to self-care agency. That is, the higher the hope score was， the higher the level of self-care agency score(r=0.668，p=0.001) was. In this result, there were hemodialysis patients who have very low hope score and self-care agency score. In this cases self-care agency can be increased by encouraging the patients to be more hopeful. Conclusively nurses should access the degree of hope and self-care agency of hemodialysis patients individually and apply the hope therapy in order that the patient have higher hope than before.
The Effect of Exercise for Activity of Daily Living and Depression in Stroke Patients
Song, Kyoung-Hwa ; Park, Hyoung-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 146~154
The purposes of this study was to determine the effect of exercise in stroke patients and to define to strategy to promote their activity of daily living, decrease to their depression. The experiemental design was designed nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. The study method had been done by investigating the experimental group and control group through the questionaire on 60 patients who had been in patient department in D University hospital and K University hospital in Busan from November 5th, 2000 to the end of February 28th, 2001. Exercise was conducted by the researcher and was carried out experimental group once per day for 20 minutes for daily fourteen days. ADL check List tool by Kang and Center of Epideilogic Studies-Depression (CES-D) were used for measurement in this study. The data was analyzed by means of freqency, percentage,
, t-test, chi-square test and ANOVA with SPSS/PC. The results were summarized as follow; 1. The experimental group which received exercise should be higher in activity of daily living than the control group was supported (t=2.70, P=.009). 2. The experimental group which received exercise should be lower in depression than the control group was not support(t=-1.120, P=.267) but experimental group post-pre depression score support(t=7.247, P=.000). 3. Factors influencing the activity of daily living measured are payer of medical expenses (F=3.98, P=.018) and complications(t=3.97, P=.056). 4. Factors influencing the depression measured are economic status(F=5.71, P=.009) and caregivers (F=3.09, P=.045). In conclusion, the exercise incresed the activity of daily living and effect on depression of stroke patiens. Based upon these results, it is recommended that the nurses who take care of stroke patients such as exercise.
The Effects of Kyongrak Massage in the Elderly with Chronic Pain
Jun, Jum-Yi ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 155~164
Purpose: this study was implemented to develop new nursing intervention, Kyongrak massage, and to examine its effect on chronic pain in elderly women. Method: Kyongrak massage is a manipulation massaging on Kyonghyul site, and Duboo, Kyongchoo, Chucksoo, Hajee, Sangjee Kyongrak massages were used in this study. The subjects(11persons) took Kyongrak massage on head, neck, spinal cord, upper extremities and back lower extremities for 25minutes daily during 5days. The dependent variables were subjective health state, paid, blood pressure, pulse and body temperature. This study was carried out, at 10-12 o'clock, from August 7th, to 22th, 2000. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, paired t-test by SPSS PC. Results: subjective health state((t=-3.560, p=.005), body temperature(t=-2.557, p=.029) were increased, and pain level(t=7.884, p=0.000), systolic blood pressure(t=2.923, p=.015) were decreased significantly by Kyongrak massage. Conclusions: The above results have informed us that this Kyongrak massage program(Duboo, Kyongchoo, Chucksoo, Hajee, sangjee) for 25minutes is a useful nursing intervention to decrease chronic pain in each life styles.
Effect of Diabetes Education Program on Glucose Metabolism and Lipid Metabolism, Self-efficacy in NIDDM Patients
Park, Hyong-Sook ; Lee, Yun-Mi ; Choi, Youn-Ok ; Bae, Eun-Suk ; Na, Jung-Hyun ; Kim, Mi-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 165~178
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of diabetes education program on Glucose Metabolism(blood sugar, HbA1c) and Lipid Metabolism(total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein), Self-efficacy in non-insulin independent diabetes mellitus. The study design was a non equivalent control group pre-test post-test design. Data for the study were collected from March 12 to June 19, 2001. Sixty-two research subjects were assigned to experimental(36) and control(26) groups. The collected data was analyzed using the Chi-Square test, t-test by spsswin program The results are as follows : 1. Experimental group had higher level of glucose metabolism than control group(FBS ; t=-3.317, p=.002, HbA1c; t=-4.956, p=.000). 2. Level of lipid metabolism were partly a significant different between experimental group and control group(Triglyceride ; t=-2.108, p=.039). 3. Experimental group had higher efficacy score than control group(t=4.651, p=.000). In conclusion, the study supported the effects of diabetes education program to increase metabolism an d self-efficacy. Further study with a longitudinal design is suggested to verify the effect of diabetes education program in NIDDM and standardized diabetes education program.
Development of a Curriculum for Rehabilitation Nurse Specialist Program
Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Suh, Yeon-Ok ; Lee, Myung-Hwa ; Kim, Jeong-Hwa ; Lim, Nan-Young ; Suh, Moon-Ja ; Lee, Jeong-Ja ; Park, In-Joo ; Cho, Bok-Hee ; Kim, In-Ja ; So, Hee-Young ; Song, Chung-Sook ; Lee, Sung-Sook ; Hwang, Ok-Nam ; Park, Sang-Yeun ; Yoo, Yang-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 179~186
The purpose of this study is to develop a systematic and efficient curriculum for the rehabilitation nurse specialist program. This research was carried out as a group work of 15 experts in order to share various opinions about the curriculum, and also through literature review. Articles, curriculums of other Clinical Nurse Specialist Programs, medical laws guidelines, as well as Clinical Nurse Specialist Program from the Korean Nurses Association were reviewed, and the issue was discussed throughly via group meetings. The developed curriculum is as follows: 1. Educational philosophy lies in the fact that the rehabilitation nurses support the patients to maximize their potential and functional level, so that they could maintain healthy state and re-adapt to changed environment. Furthermore the rehabilitation nurses are disposed of arbitrary decision power under their own responsibility, thus they take charge of welfare and healthy environment of the local society through the patients(subjects) and local resources. 2. Educational goals are to train rehabilitation nurse specialist, who correspond to the social needs, so to say, those who have the knowledge and skills for nursing practice, education and research. 3. The curriculum consists of 37 credits, of which 24 credits are based on lectures and 13 credits based on clinical practice. General courses are 3 subjects (5 credits) ; nursing theory, nursing research, and laws/ethics. Mandatry courses are 8 subjects with 19 credits; advanced physical assessment, pharmacology, pathophysiology, issues in rehabilitation nursing, advanced rehabilitation nursing intervention I, advanced rehabilitation nursing intervention II, sports physiology, special rehabilitation nursing intervention. As for the clinical practice courses, assessment and evaluation for rehabilitation(64 hours), community and home based rehabilitation nursing(128 hours), hospital based rehabilitation nursing(128 hours), institution based rehabilitation nursing(96 hours) would be treated. 4. Contents of the curses were developed to correspond with the courses' objectives and specific items. 5. Evaluation would be carried out both in the lecture and in the clinical practice. The knowledge and skills of the students would be measured to ensure full validity and credibility. However this developed curriculum should be continuously modified and updated in more desirable direction.
The Effects of Community-Based Self-Help Management Program by Strengthening Self-Efficacy of Post Stroke Elderly Patients
Yu, Su-Jeong ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Keum-Soon ; Baik, Hwan-Gum ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 187~197
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of self-help management program which strengthens self-efficacy for post stroke elders who attend day care center in Chongju. One group pretest-posttest design was used, and the subjects were 7 post stroke elders with hemiparesis. The self-help management program consisted of 5 sessions and each session included group education on stroke, ROM exercise, recreation and self-care strategies. Those strategies for encouraging and reinforcing self-efficacy provided verbal persuasion, performance accomplishment and vicarious experience. All subjects were questioned before and after the program about ADLs, IADLs, self-efficacy, self-care behavior and depression. The analysis of data revealed that the program was effective to increase the IADLs, self-efficacy and self-care behavior. However, there was no significant difference between pre and post ADLs and depression. The results indicated that this program may be adopted to improve the physical and psychological function of post stroke elderly patients in community settings.
A Comparison of the Sexual Concerns of Men and Women with Spinal Cord Injuries
Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Suh, Yeon-Ok ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 198~206
The purpose of this study is to compare sexual concerns and adjustment between men and women with spinal cord injuries. A total of 108 persons (67 men and 41 women), registered to the Spinal Cord Injury Organization or admitted at rehabilitation unit from February 1999 to February 2000, were selected as subjects of the study. Participants answered the questionnaires concerning importance of life events, sexual concern, sexual adjustment, relationship with a sex partner, and depression. The results are as follows : 1) There were no significant differences between men and women in the general characteristics except sexual dysfunction. 2) With respect to eleven different life areas, sex life ranked the fifth among men, whereas it occupied the lowest position for women among the 11 areas. However economic status was the most highly-ranked for both sex. 3) Men took much interest in the "methods and techniques for achieving sexual satisfaction", "Helping a partner cope emotionally with limitations on sexual activity", whereas women were interested in "Helping a partner cope emotionally with limitations on sexual activity" and "Ability to have children". 4) The means of sexual adjustment, relationship with a sex partner, and depression among men were higher than women. But there was no significant difference between two groups. As a result, the study suggests that there are no significant differences in the general characteristics between men and women with spinal cord injuries except sexual dysfunction. Men evaluated the sexual events highly compared to women, and differences were also shown in terms of sexual concerns between men and women. Therefore differential approaches to sexual rehabilitation are required; in both socio-psychological and physical aspects for men and particularly in socio-psychological respect for women.
The Need for Rehabilitation Day Care Program Service of Stroke Survivor's Family
Suh, Moon-Ja ; Kim, Keum-Soon ; Kim, In-Ja ; Cho, Nam-Ok ; Choi, Hee-Jung ; Jeong, Seong-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 207~218
This study was carried out to find out the basic data required to plan and develop Rehabilitation Day Care Program for the stroke survivor's family in Korea. The subjects comprised of 92 stroke survivor's family who discharged from 4 hospitals in Seoul during the past 2 years. The data were collected from August 3, 1998 to September 18, 1998, through interviews with questionnaires about general characteristics, activities of daily living, depression and service need of rehabilitation day care program at the outpatient clinics by trained nursing graduates. Data were analyzed with descriptive analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis, and Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis using SPSS/WIN 10.0 program. The results obtained are as follows; 1. The mean score of the general need of rehabilitation day care program of stroke survivor's family was 3.10(range 1-4). The highest need among the service categories of the rehabilitation day card program was self-care and restorative activities category(3.30), and health services referral category, recreation category, psychosocial activities category in order. The needs of each category are as follows. In the health services referral category, the need for dental examination and medical examination were highest, followed by the need for physical therapy and occupational therapy. In the psychosocial activities category, the need for family counselling was highest. In the self-care and restorative activities category, the need for ROM exercise training was highest, followed by bowel training, and ambulation training. 2. The need of family for rehabilitation day care program service displayed a correlation with the level of education, ADL, and the level of depression, and a reverse correlation with age, illness intrusiveness, depression, knowledge, subject and object burden and relationship with stroke survivors. 3. The stepwise multiple linear regression analysis revealed following results. For the need for rehabilitation day care program service, 22.6% of the variance was initially explained by level of family's knowledge about caring method for stroke survivors, 8.8% was the level of subjective burden and 5.4% was relationship with stroke survivors. In conclusion, above characteristics should be considered to develop stroke survivors' rehabilitation day care program.
The Relationship among Percieved Social Support, Hope and Quality of Life of Cancer Patients
Tae, Young-Sook ; Kang, Eun-Sil ; Lee, Myung-Hwa ; Park, Geum-Ja ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 219~231
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among percieved social support, hope and quality of life of the cancer patients and to gain the baseline data for development of nursing intervention program for promoting quality of life in cancer patients. The design of this study was a cross sectional correlational survey. The subjects were 220 out and in-cancer patients in 5 general hospitals in Pusan. The data were collected from July 2 to August 1, 2001. The instruments were the Percieved social support scale(16 items, 5 point scale) had developed by Tae(1986), Hope scale(12 items, 4point scale) developed by Nowotny(1989) and Quality of life scale(31 items, 10 point scale) developed by Tae et al.(2000). The data was analyzed by the SPSS/PC+ program using frequency & percentage, item mean & standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA & Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results of this study was as follows: 1) The item mean score of quality of life was
(range 0-10). The highest score of subarea of the quality of life was the spiritual wellbeing area (
) and the lowest score was social wellbeing area (
). The mean score of perceived social support was
(최저 1, 최고 80). The mean score of family support was
(range 1-40) and the mean score of medical team support was
(range 1-40). The mean score of Hope was
(range 1-48). 2) There were statistically significant difference in the score of quality of life according to the life effect of religion(F=3.97, p=0.00), treatment method(F=2.94, p=0.01), area of diagnosis(F= 3.48, p=0.01), stage of disease (F=13.74, p=0.00). 3) There was significant correlation between perceived social support(r=0.44, p=0.000 ; family support ; r=0.334, p=0.000, medical support; r=0.395, p=0.000), hope(r=0.563, p=0.000) and quality of life. In conclusion, there was a significant relationship among perceived social support, hope and quality of life. Therefore perceived social support, hope intervention programs should be developed to improve the quality of life in cancer patients.
Translation and Validity test of the FIM instrument and Guide
Hwang, Ok-Nam ; Cho, Kap-Chul ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 232~239
Current Status and the Future Prospect of Rehabilitation Nursing in Korea
Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Suh, Yeon-Ok ; Lee, Hae-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 240~247
The history of rehabilitation of disabilities in Korea began with the foreigners and missionaries who were interested in it after Korean War. In 1981, Disabled Persons Welfare Act was enacted and the 88 Paralympics brought the nations attention to the welfare and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. Since then, the facilities and the services for the disabled persons have expanded rapidly and the rehabilitation treatment and nursing intervention are drawing more attention. Against this background, the survey on the current status of disabilities, welfare service, facilities, and rehabilitation nursing was conducted. The results of this survey are as follows. 1. According to the 2000 census of disabilities, the number of persons with disabilities in Korea is estimated at 1,449,500, or 3.09% of the entire Korean population, 0.74% up from 2.35% in 1995. 2. Disability Types in 2000 The 2000 census showed that the persons with disabilities numbered 1,449,496 out of the total population and 1,024,371 persons are registered for disability, making up 70.7% of the estimated disabled population. Among them, physically disabled persons accounted for the largest 41.7% (605,127) and mentally retarded persons stood at the smallest 9% (13,481). 3. Percentage of Disability Presence The survey showed that more than 90% of disability were acquired. However, 44.8% of mental disability and 61.4% of hearing/speaking disability were not acquired after birth. This means that these disabilities happened by congenital cause or birth accident. 4. Yearly Figure of Registered Disabled Persons In 1989, 218,601 persons registered for disability and, in 2000, the number increased by 4.7 times to 1,024,371. These figures are different from the actual number of disabled persons. According to the 1995 census, 1,053,486 were disabled persons but only 378,323registered for disability. And, in the 2000 census, 1,024,371 out of the 1,449,496 of disabled persons registered for disability. 5. Welfare Service for Persons with Disability 62.6% of the total disabled people are registered and physically disabled persons accounted for the highest percentage of 96.7%. 26.5% of non-registered disabled people said that they didnt know the registration procedure. The rest of them replied that they didnt think they were disabled or that registration didnt seem to give any benefits. 6. Welfare Policies for Disabled Persons The welfare benefits given to the disabled are as follows: Issuance of disabled sign for car drivers, Permission to use LPG fuel, Communication fee reduction, Tax exemption related to cars, Reduction of public facility fees, Household allowance, Tax reduction or exemption, Medical allowance and education subsidy for children, and Housing. 7. Current Condition of Welfare Facilities by Disability Type The welfare institutions for disabilities numbered 188 in total and they can accommodate 16,823 persons. Categories of these institutions are physical disability(37), visual disability(10), hearing/speaking disability(14), mental retardation(59), and sanatoriums(68). 8. Human Resource of Rehabilitation of Disabilities Advanced education programs include rehabilitation nursing in its curriculum and this was selected as the program of Korean Academic Society of Nursing in 1990. In November 1997, Korean Academic Society of Rehabilitation Nursing was launched and many academic meeting and seminars were held. This organization is also making efforts to develop the education program for qualified rehabilitation nursing professionals and to develop the standards of rehabilitation nursing practice. In the professionals of the rehabilitation, there are rehabilitation specialist, physical therapist, speech therapist, occupational therapist. It is needed to come up with the measures to supply stable human resources following the demand of disabled persons and to recognize the private certificates for rehabilitation professionals as official ones after reviewing the education and training programs of private institutions. 9. Rehabilitation Nursing 1) Rehabilitation nursing was taught as an independent subject in 11 undergraduate programs and 9 graduate programs. 2) Research on rehabilitation nursing in Korea were 24 experimental research and 11 non-experimental research. The intervention of experimental research were mostly education and exercise rehabilitation programs. 3) In the three rehabilitation hospitals, nursing is divided into two categories, direct nursing and education & counseling. Direct nursing includes tracheostomy or nasogastric tube care, urination and defication, skin care, pain control, complication prevention and care, prevention of injury from a fall, etc.
Comparision of Body Image between DM Patients who used Insulin Pump and didn't use Insulin Pump
Lee, Myung-Hwa ; Woo, Kyung-Mi ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 251~264
The purpose of study was to compare body image between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy. The study design was comparative survey study the subjects were 60 diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and 60 diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy at B hospital in Busan. The data were collected from 15th April to 20th August, 1998. The instrument used for this study were Osgood's body image scale. The collected data were analyzed frequency, percentage,
-test, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test. The results were as follows 1. Demographical characteristics between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy were no significant difference. 2. Characteristics related disease between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy were significant difference in paticipation of D.M. meeting, no of paticipation of D.M. meeting. 3. Body inmage score of diabetes mellitus patients was
. In body image, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were higher than that didn't use insulin pump therapy(t=1.964, P<.05) 4. In body image's each item, common-strange item, noble-humble item, competent-incompetent item, light-heavy item, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were higher than diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy(P<.05). 5. In body image according to economic status, marital status, occupational status were significantly difference. 6. In body image according to causes of regular hospital visiting, paticipation of diabetes mellitus class were significantly difference. In conclusion, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were more positive than diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy.