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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academic Society of Rehabilitation Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 2004
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 2004
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Stress and Emotional Status of Patients Undergone Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Their Families
Kang, Hye-Ryeong ; Hong, Yun-Jin ; Hwang, Kyung-A ; Park, Mi-Ra ; Chun, Sung-Sook ; Lim, Nan-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 115~126
Purpose: This study was carried out to accumulate basic data for nursing intervention development by evaluating the stress and emotional status of patients and their families after receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), illucidating and analysing related factors in order to decrease the negative effects of HSCT on their emotion. Methods: Data were collected using a questionnaire to 53 HSCT patients and 50 families, who were older than 18 at tertiary-care institutions in Seoul, from January, 2000 to August, 2003. Results: There was a significant score difference in stress (t=-2.302, P<0.05). Correlation between stress and emotional status was statistically significant (r=0.486, P<0.01; r=0, P<0.05). Economical burden of cost had significant effects on stress of patients (F=4.194, P<0.05). The series of emotional status of patients without jobs were higher (T=-2.583, P<0.05). The emotional status of families were influenced by monthly income (F=4.036, P<0.05) and patients' diagnosis (F=3.088, P<0.05). Conclusion : These results suggest that the cares for families should be considered with great concern as well as the ones for patients. In addition, such factors as economical burden by medical cost, monthly income and job status should not be excluded in transplantation nursing plans.
Body Image, Self Esteem and Quality of Life in Grown-up Congenital Heart Patients
Kim, Yu-Jeong ; Kim, Keum-Soon ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 127~139
Purpose: This study was to investigate the degree of body image, self esteem and quality of life, to identify general and disease of characteristics on influencing this factors with the intention of providing basal data for developing nursing intervention to promote body image, self esteem and quality of life. Method: Subjects of this study were 91 grown-up congenital heart patients over 18 years in 2 tertiary hospitals. The data on body image, self esteem and quality of life were collected through questionnaire from March to April 2004. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson's correlation, ANOVA and tukey test using SAS for Windows 8.1 program. Result: 1) The mean scores of body image, self esteem and quality of life were 63.01, 25.29 and 496.79. 2) Body image was correlated with age(p=.0239), educational level(p=.0182), diagnosis(p=.0066), number of operation(p=.0148), cyanosis(p<.0001), complication(p=.0096) and NYHA level(p=.0378). 3) Self esteem was correlated with education level(p=.0026), economic level(p=.0240), number of operation(p=.0113) and cyanosis (p=.0006). 4) Quality of life was correlated with age(p=.0432) and diagnosis(p=.0020), number of operation (p=.0063), duration of last operation(p=.0225), cyanosis(p<.0001), complication(p=.0090) and NYHA level(p<.0001). 5) There was significantly positive relationship between body image, self esteem and quality of life. Subjects with more positive body image had higher self esteem(r=.7897, p<.05) and subjects with higher self esteem had higher quality of life(r=.6091, p<.05).
A Comparative Study of Self-Esteem, Health Status and Self-Care in the Rural and Urban Elderly
Kim, Bong-Im ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 140~148
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the relationships of self-esteem, health status and self-care, and compare them between the rural and urban elderly. Method: The subjects were 126 persons with age over 65: rural(69 persons) and urban(57 persons). The data was collected from 1st Sep to 10th Oct, 2004 by questionnaires, and was analyzed with t-test, ANOVA, Least Significant Difference and Pearson's correlation coefficient in the SPSS-Win 10.0. Results: The level of self-esteem, health status and self-care of the elderly in rural were lower than those of the elderly in urban. The higher group self-esteem in the rural elderly shows more health status and self-care than the lower group. Significant differences between two groups in the urban elderly were not found. Self-esteem, health status and self-care were positively correlated each other in the rural elderly. Significant correlations were found between self-esteem and health status, and between self-esteem and self-care in the rural elderly. Conclusion: Self-esteem forms the foundation of psychosocial health and provides a measure for the quality of life of the elderly in long term care. As nursing is in a unique position to promote self-esteem, the nurse can plan and provide nursing intervention with the consideration of characteristics of the rural and urban elderly to promote the self-esteem, health status and self-care of the elderly.
A Study on the Activities of Daily Living, Self-efficacy and the Health Promoting Behavior in Stroke Patients
Park, Seon-Il ; Cho, Bok-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 149~158
Purpose: The purpose of this study to analyze the relationship the activities of daily living(ADL), self-efficacy, and health promoting behaviors. Method: The research was a descriptive survey study. The subjects of this study were 115 hospitalized stroke patients to two General hospitals and one Oriental treatment hospital in G. Metropolitan. Data was collected through questionnaires from December 1st, 2003 to January 30th, 2004. The survey instruments used in the study Shah, Vanclay and Cooper's MBI(11 items), and Sherer and Maddux's self-efficacy(10 items), Walker, Sechrist, and Pender's HPLP(23 items) was developed by the researcher. The obtain data were analyzed with an SPSS 10.0 program using frequency, percentage, Cronbach's alpha, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Result: The results were as follows; The level of ADL the score was 50.5, self-efficacy 40.4, and health promoting behavior 54.6. There were significant differences of ADL by general and disease related characteristics as follows : for monthly income(F=2.72, p= .048), duration of stroke(F=7.98, p= .001), number of attack(F=5.21, p= .007), operation (F=17.88, p= .000). There were significant differences of self-efficacy by general and disease related characteristics as follows : for monthly income(F=4.83, p= .003), number of attack (F= 6.20, p=. 003), operation(F=4.03, p= .047). There were significant differences of health promoti ng behaviors by general and disease-related characteristics as follows : for aphasia(F=4.24, p=.042). There were significant correlated between ADL and self-efficacy(r= .698, p=.000), self- efficacy and health promoting behavior(r=.398, p= .000), ADL and health promoting behavior(r= .235, p= .011). Conclusion: As a result, There was a significant correlation between ADL, self-efficacy and health promoting behaviors. There will be considered useful nursing intervention effect to progress, support health promoting behavior of stroke patients.
A Study on Effects of Tai-Chi Exercise Program on Joint Flexibility for Osteoarthritis Patients
Baek, Myung-Wha ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 159~168
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine effect of Tai-Chi exercise program on joint flexibility for osteoarthritis patients. To evaluate the effects, quasi-experimental study was used for pre and post test with a nonequivalent control group. Method: Fifty-tow subjects participated in the experiment(twenty-seven for experimental group and twenty-five for control group) and they were from two different senior citizen centers in J city. The experiment period was from April 2002 through August 2002. The experiment group took part in Tai-Chi exercise program for eighteen weeks(three times a week for four weeks and five times a week for fourteen week). The exercise was performed for 50 minutes at every time (15 minutes for warm-up, 30 minutes for Tai-Chi exercise, and 5 minutes for ending). In order to pursue study purpose, the SPSS/WIN 8.0 program was chosen for the statistical analysis; ANCOVA was employed in examining test hypothesis; t-test and
-test were used to examine homogeneity between experimental and control group. Result: The study results were as follows :Score of vertebral joint flexibility increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Score of wrist joint extension increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Score of wrist joint flexion increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Score of elbow joint extension increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Score of elbow joint flexion increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. There was a slight increase of knee joint extension in the Tai-Chi exercise group compared to control group, but without statistical significance. Score of knee joint flexion increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Score of ankle plantar flexion increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Score of ankle dorsiflexion increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Conclusion: As shown in the results, Tai-Chi exercise program can be effective nursing intervention for osteoarthritis patient to improve joint flexibility.
Health Status of Elderly Living in a City
So, Hee-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Li ; Liu, Ming Ren ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 169~178
Purpose: This study examined the health status of elderly. Method: This is a survey using cross-sectional design. The subject were 122 elders who were 65 and over in Daejeon. Instrumental activity of daily living, nutrition and Body mass index for physical health status, social engagement for social health status, and depression and loneliness for emotional health status were measured. Results: Independent level was medium, and nutrition and BMI were normal level. Social engagement score was 2.38 which means low. Mean depression level was 7.71 and mean loneliness level was 56.77, which means high. The risk factors for vulnerable health status were no spouse, lower pocket money, living at institution, poor subjective health status. Conclusion: This finding indicates that the elderly subjects were in normal physical health status, but social and emotional health status were poor.
Cognitive Function of the Urban Elderly
So, Hee-Young ; Ju, Kyong-Ok ; Jung, Mi-Ha ; Kim, Hae-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 179~187
Purpose: This study was performed to assess the degree of cognitive function of elderly by MMSE-K performances and of that effect. Method: The subjects were 185 aged over 65 in Daejeon Metropolitan city. Data were collected through personal interview using the questionnaire from 10 to 31, Jan. 2003. The measures were Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination(MMSE-K). Results: The mean score of MMSE-K was
. The prevalence of cognitive impairment was estimated as 48.6% by MMSE-K
and significantly age, gender, and education effect. The subtype score of MMSE-K were significantly lower in female group in each items : orientation in time and place, attention/calculation, language except registration and recall. And the scores were significantly lower in the older group and non-educated group in the all items of MMSE-K. Conclusion: Gender, age, and education showed significant effects on total and subtype MMSE-K score. Cognitive function decline were higher in female, older age group, and non-educated group. Therefore, those three factors are thought to be one of important risk factors for development of dementia, also it is assumed to be affected by other variables than age, gender, education effect.
Descriptive Study of Relationships between Depression, Family Support, and Rehabilitation-motivation in Patients with Cerebrovascular Accident
Lee, Hwa-Jin ; Yi, Myung-Sun ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 188~196
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify relationships between depression, family support, and rehabilitation-motivation in patients with cerebrovascular accident. Method: The data were collected from 'S' hospital in Seoul from Feb. 1, 2004 to Apr. 30, 2004. The data were analyzed using a SPSS 10.0 program for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Result: The results were as follows: The mean rehabilitation-motivation was 119.89, which was slightly high. The rehabilitation-motivation was influenced by religion, education level, occupation, economic status, treatment fee, duration of hospitalization, level of language ability and ADL. Rehabilitation-motivation has showed correlation with family support (r=.538, p=.000) and depression (r=-.417, p=.000). The variables related to rehabilitation-motivation were identified as family support, level of ADL, occupation, depression, and education level, using stepwise multiple regression. They were accounted for 57% of predictability of the rehabilitation-motivation, with the family support the highest at 29.3%. Conclusion: With increasing post stroke patients in Korea, we need to pay more attention to the rehabilitation of them. This study indicates that health professionals need to focus on the intervention especially in increasing family support and in decreasing depression of the patients with cerebrovascular accident.
The Relationship Between Activity Daily Living and Powerlessness of Spinal Cord Injury Patient's
Jeong, Hyeon-Suk ; Park, Hyoung-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 197~206
Purpose: This study examined the relationship between the level of activity daily living and powerlessness of spinal cord injury patients'. Method: The subjects for the study consisted of 68 persons agreed above twenty below seventy had had spinal cord injury. The data were collected from November 1, 2003 to January 30, 2004. The instruments used for this study were ADL check List and Powerlessness Scale. The data were analysed by using SPSS computerlized program and included number, percentage, t-test and ANOVA, Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Results: The mean of activity daily living was paraplegia
. The mean of powerlessness was paraplegia
. In the relationship between activity daily living and powerlessness were significant difference. Conclusion: in order to increase the level of activity daily living of rehabilization nurse should be helpful to provide them. Also, it could be identified that informational support was important, that is, the lesser the informational support, spinal cord injury patient don't feel the powerlessness.
A Study on the Relationship between Mastery and Activity of Daily Life in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Yoo, Kyung-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 207~212
Purpose: This study was to investigate the relationship between mastery and activity of daily life in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Method: The subjects for this study were 222 patients registered in H University Hospital Rheumatoid Arthritis Center, and the period of data collection was from August 15, 2003 to September 30, 2003. Reliability coefficients of instruments were found Cronbach's Alpha =.74~.94. In data analysis, SPSSWIN 10.0 program was utilized for descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Result: The results were as follows. 1) The range of total uncertainty scores was from 33 to 87 and the mean score of the uncertainty in rheumatoid arthritis patients was 63.27. 2) The range of total mastery scores was from 10 to 27 and the mean score of the mastery in rheumatoid arthritis patients was 18.70. 3) The range of total activity of daily life scores was from 22 to 80 and the mean score of the activity of daily life in rheumatoid arthritis patients was 72.56. 4) The level of mastery was significant correlation with activity of daily life(r=.395, p<.01).
Attitudes of Physicians and Nurses toward with Disabled Person
Jung, Hyun-Kyeong ; Kim, Myung-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 213~219
Purpose: This study was designed to explore the attitudes of physicians and nurses. Method: Attitudes were measured by using the korean version of the SADP(Scale of Attitudes toward the Disabled Persons : Choi, G. H., & Lam, C. S., 2000). A korean version SADP consist of 24-item, six-point Likert-type scale(the points are -3, -2, -1, +1, +2, +3, where -3 is disagree very much and +3 is Agree very much), measuring general attitudes toward people with disabilities. The sample included 90 physicians, 114 nurses at a university hospital in Busan. The data were collected using questionnaires, and were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean score, standard deviation, t-test and one-way ANOVA. Result: When studying the physicians group by itself, SADP scores tended to increase with women physicians, old age, married, higher educational level, more years of experience, medical unit. When studying the nurses group by itself, SADP scores tended to increase with the age of thirty, single, educational level, more years of experience, surgical unit. But not to a statistically significant degree. Conclusion: Findings suggest that the nurses had significantly higher score than the physicians(t=-4.63, p<.001). When studying the physicians group and the nurses group by itself, not to a statistically significant degree.
The Perceived Social Support of the Family with Pneumoconiosis Patient
Park, Young-Mi ; Yi, Sung-Eun ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 220~230
Purpose: The study has planned to find out the perceived social support of the families with pneumoconiosis patients. Method: The subjects of the study were the 300 family care givers of the pneumoconiosis patients who were hospitalized in Taeback, Donghae and Jeongsun Occupational Medical Center. The Social Support Survey Instrument developed by Park(1985) was adopted. Results: The Direct Perceived Supports showed statistically differences by the age(F=1.70 p=0.01) and the state of the disease(F=3.09 p=0.027) of the patients. The Health Situation Centered Support was different by the marietal situation(F=2.29 p=0.48) of the pneumoconiosis patients. The Indirect Perceived Supports were statistically different by sex(t=3.76 p=0.043) and relation with the patient (F=2.49 p=0.048), group joining(t=3.79 p=0.042) of the family care givers. The DPSs were statistically different by family income(F=2.25 p=0.025), family authority(F=2.81 p=0.031) and health insurance status(F=2.13 p=0.026). Recommendation: It is recommended to develop an active social support program at the pneumoconiosis care centers for the middle aged female family care givers of the pneumoconiosis patients with the support of Ministry of Labor, Ministry of Health and Welfare and other NGOs of pneumoconiosis.
Effects of the Aroma Massage on Shoulder Pain, Depression, Sleep Disturbance in Hemiparesis Patients
Jung, Hyang-Mi ; Jeon, Young-Sun ;
The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 231~237
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of the aroma massage on shoulder pain, depression, and sleep disturbance in hemiparesis patients. Method: The research design was a nonequivalent control group nonsynchronized design. The data was collected from July 1 to August 31, 2003 at D medical Center in Busan. The subjects were 37 patients that they were assigned to two groups, nineteen subjects in the experimental group and seventeen subjects in the control group. The oil made from a blend of lavendar, clarysage, bergamot at a ratio 3:1:2 used for relieving shoulder pain, depression, sleep disturbance. The instruments used for this study were Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) for shoulder pain, Zung' depression scale, 4 score's scale for sleep disturbance. The data were analyzed using SPSS and hypotheses were examined with ANCOVA. Results: Shoulder pain, depression, and sleep disturbance were significantly lower in the experimental group compared than the control group. Conclusion: The aroma massage using selected essential oils is an effective intervention for relieving shoulder pain, depression, sleep disturbance in hemiparesis patients. However differences between aroma massage and massage were not clear, further study needs to be done.