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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 12, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Factors affecting Satisfaction of Street-scape -Focused on the Street of Central Market, Pohang City-
Choi, Moo-Hyun ; Hyun, Taek-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~8
The purpose of this study was to explore the factors affecting satisfaction of street-scape. According to this purpose, in chapter 2, by inspecting conservation of street environment and streetscape, deduce the frame for analyzing streetscape in commercial district. In chapter 3, analyzing present condition and problems of selected streets in Pohang City, derive the primary factors to induce desirable streetscape through problems and their reason between the analyzed elements of building form. Analyzed elements are composed pavement of road, street furniture, height of buildings, color and material of building and outdoor advertisements, etc. In chapter 4, by conducting a questionnaire survey of pedestrians about street images and the preference, propose the direction of improvement about streetscape in commercial district. As the study method, level of satisfaction was analyzed using the components of street-scape. The collected data was analyzed through Reliability Analysis, ANOVA, Factor Analysis, Regression Analysis. A regression analysis for deriving main factors affecting the satisfaction level of street-scape showed that signboard, sign color, width of street, paving materials, street furniture, open space were found to be the most important.
The Characteristics and Spatial Configuration for a Nurse's Office in an Elementary School in a Rural Area -Focused on Cheongwon Gun Area-
Lee, Jae-Hyung ; Jung, Jin-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 9~16
As the importance of health and school health grows, the purposes of this research are to investigate the differences between the characteristics and the utilization of the nurse's office of an elementary school in an urban area and the nurse's office of an elementary school in a rural area, and to provide the data for the planning of construction of a nurse's office convenient for students to use after grasping the regional characteristics. The methods of this research include the interview and the survey conducted to the heath teachers after visiting 20 nurse's offices in 13 eups and myeons, and examined and analyzed the differences between the characteristics and the utilization of the nurse's office of elementary schools in an urban area and the nurse's office of an elementary school. The nurse's offices of the elementary schools in Cheongwon, a rural area, are worse in access to health care institutions and in the connection to the placement than those of the elementary schools in urban areas, so most of eups and myeons were not allowed for easy access to medical service. Depending on the bad personal surroundings of each elementary student, mental stress and the lack of heal care of each student should be taken care of along with the educating of the parents and the children. Also because of the difficulties in access to the health care institutions, it is suggested that a lot of support and interest should be provided for the nurse's offices and that a lot of changes with functions should occur to the nurse's offices so that the nurse's office of an elementary school can play the role as a local health care institution. Besides, the health teachers also should be able to provide more professional medical services by taking in-service training courses.
Spatial Construction and Functional Characteristics of Market Place in Seomjin River -Focused on Gokseong, Gurye, Soonchang, Okgok Market Place-
Park, Chung-Shin ; Kim, Tai-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 17~24
This paper aims to clarify the spatial form and functional characteries of traditional market place in Seomjin river. The objects of this study are Gokseong, Gurye, Soonchang, and Okgok market place. The results are as follows. First, the form of the traditional market that it was open focusing on large open space of a village was maintained until now. Second, the spatial form of a market place surrounds market-shop located at the center of a market, and a permanent market-store is located in a line. Spatial element important for constituting a market place is three, market-shop, stall, and the mall of market place, and each spatial element is functioning in linkage. The unit space of market-shop is mainly determined by between pillars, and a store is opened. And the same type of industry adjoins, and market-shop's forms a fixed domain and is distributed. The stall is located with many kinds and forms at street mall, and it is taking charge of the important function of trade.
A Study on the Causes for Declining of Business Area in the Old Downtown of Jeju-si - Focused on a Physical Situation of Land Use and Buildings -
Cha, Ho-Cheol ; Park, Chul-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~32
The aim of this thesis is to present why the business district of old downtown in Jejusi collapsed and what sort of problems caused by that as collecting objective data, which help us to comprehend how the commercial zone has been decaying, on the physical state of the specific area near 'Sinheungro' and 'Chilsungro', which are main commercial sites in the downtown, and analysing it. Firstly It was revealed that most land investigated was property in which structure was able to built or poor land within
. This was caused by increasing in land value and high density in space use so that the area did not develop. Secondly, In addition to be low density, most of buildings in 'Sinheungro' and 'Chilsungro' were so old and inefficient - the old buildings were abandoned without improving due to expensive rent and complicated property rights. Thirdly, According to the survey accomplished, major commercial facilities in the area have struggled with the continuous recession in their business. It was the inevitable result of not having an effective alliance with surrounding retail shops and a lack of a strategic action for satisfying consumers desire or adapting to new shopping patterns. Fourthly, Infrastructure in the site was ruining the beauty of the urban landscape as well as bringing on bad access to the inner city as not having improved enough. Furthermore, many administration departments which were in charge of each infrastructure existed. This was resulted from not considering unification between each infrastructure and regional characteristics of the local community.
A Study on each Building's Constructional Characteristics of Daejeong-HyangGyo in Jeju
Ji, Tae-Seung ; Park, Chung-Keun ; Park, Chul-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 33~40
HyangGyo had been built for teaching peoples as a place of educational practice, and also for the order and stability of country through Confucianism. This study analyzed and researched the building structure of Daejeong-HyangGyo in Jeju Island In Daejeong-HyangGyo, unique architectural characteristics are shown as they have been built in an island independent from the mainland. Also up-down system was well reflected in detailed architectural styles. The main temple of Daejeong-HyangGyo was built in the type of one-Chulmok(a subsidiary material of Gongpo and a piece of wood to support the eaves) of which ancon supports a purline from the center of a pillar and two-Ikgong(a piece of wood engraved to put on an ancon), but in the case of the lecture hall, its Gongpo(a piece of wood to support the eaves) was inferior in quality. In the case of Jeju abutments were used in main temples and fire walls were mostly used. In particular, their abutments are difficult to be observed in HyangGyo in the mainland. It is presumed that the abutment and the fire wall used in Jeju Island might be the best solution to protect structures from rain and moisture. To sum up, local characteristics and traditional rules were thoroughly reflected in Dajeong-HyangGyos built in Jeju Island from the aspect of arrangement and detailed style. In conclusion, it is significant that architectural styles, not to mention the other aspects of Jeju culture, were suitably adapted to Jeju Island.
A Study on the Continuity of Traditional Elements and Contemporary Change of Japanese Houses -Focused on the Change the Interior Space-
Son, Kwang-Ho ; Kim, Kang-Sub ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 41~48
A house is basic unit of human being living space and it reflects an occupation, family relation, a life style and sense of value of resident. The purpose of this study was to research the continuity of traditional elements and contemporary change of Japanese houses by field study and literature research. The subject of this study was sixteen houses of Miyashiro, Saitama pref. in Japan. The results of this study are as follow as. First, the traditional elements of contemporary Japanese houses are tatami floor room, tsuzukima, zashiki, dokonoma, butsudan, amado. Second, the tatami is symbol of Japanese living space. Wasizus maintains a traditional characteristic, but it is developed and fixed properly change in contemporary life. Third, the traditional elements of Japanese houses are continuing in the modern houses, and they are continuously changed the feature from recreate. It can be a connection of a hereditary factor of residential culture. Four, the continuity of modern change and traditional element of the Japanese houses can be understood the change of the structural and spatial responding method to accommodates a life.
Field Technique of Non-Educated Constructors in Timber Structure of Korean-Style Secondary Station(Gong-So) -Focused on the Sin-Sung and Su-Bun Secondary Stations-
Park, Kwang-Hyun ; Kim, Tai-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 49~56
This paper is aimed to clarify field technique of non-educated constructors in timber structure of korean-style secondary station(Gong-So) on the annex of catholic church. The main object of this study is Sin-Sung and Su-Bun secondary stations which post-lintel structure was 2high columns(Go-Ju) 5beams(Ryang) in Jeon-Buk area of Korea. We reached the following conclusion. Firstly, these secondary stations are required a lots of space for number of persons with the introduction of basilica plane. These plans have different intervals in the layout. Secondly, they constructed the holy space by using high columns(Nae-Jin-Go-Ju). The former problems of plan layout are sloved by reinforcement and replacement eaves and rafter of logitudinal. Thirdly, the elements showed the natural feature such as irregular wooden floor, arch-type head pentrating tie and a ceiling. In the end, we knew that non-educated constructor had found a way in the problem for accepting unreasonable work.
A Case Study on the Actual Conditions of Ecological Environment of the High School Facilities in Gyeongnam Area
Yang, Kum-Suek ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 57~64
This study is to clarify the actual conditions of high school of environment friendly architecture per ecological environment elements through extracting ecological environment elements which is possible to analyze in quantity certification standards of environment friendly architecture. As the method of the study, First, certification as an examination on certification system of environment-friendly architecture, summary of certification system of environment friendly architecture and certification high school, ecological environment elements which is possible for quantitative analysis of ecological environment certification standards were extracted. Second, actual condition of ecological environment elements per non-certification high school by collecting actual data of certification schools environment friendly architecture were analyzed and the results are as the follows. The average of ecological area ratio was 17.8 percent in case of non-certification school facilities it was analyzed that the natural based green area ratio was 17.5 percent, continuous green axis length ratio was 19.0 percent and roof green garden area ratio was 0 percent.
Landscape Assessment and Interpretation in Rural Area Through Analysis of the Physical Housing Environments -Focused on the Province Gyeonggi-
Lee, Sang-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 65~74
Physical housing environments of the rural area including houses and its connected facilities have much changed for decades. Such changes had an effect on the landscape of the rural area to much extent. As houses were renovated or rebuilt in rural area, the landscape were also remade. It could be expected that these changes of the physical housing environments are related with both urban developments and demands of the rural area itself. Thus, some rural areas in Gyeonggi province as the most related cases with urban area were chosen for a case study. On the methodology of the landscape assessment, the landscape factors related with housing environments were reviewed and some connected queistions were also interviewed. Landscape Assessment should include various social and cultural aspects, but in this thesis the visible factors are integrated. So considering many support policy oriented for physical investment and improving in rural areas, landscape assessment and interpretation are very helpful and meaningful.