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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Nov 2012
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Aug 2012
Volume 14, Issue 2 - May 2012
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Residential using of Socially Vulnerable in Rural Areas
Ko, In-Ho ; Lee, Dong-Suk ; Youn, Chung-Yeul ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 1~8
Due to difficulty of marriage with women in Korea, unmarried men in countryside tend to have an international marriage. A ratio of international marriage was 3.7% in 2004, but increased by over 10% in 2004 due to the change of population composition in countryside. Without social or national preparation on a multicultural family and an increase of elder who lives alone made problems such as changes of population composition in countryside, a high rate of divorce due to differences on culture and society. These problems are becoming critical problems in countryside, not only for a family. This Study has a purpose as below, Firstly, this study will examine living place of elder who live alone and multicultural families. Secondly, characteristics of using each space will be analyzed and then surveyed efficiency and satisfaction. The result of survey will be provided to space planning for improvement of living standard. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: The characteristics of the surveyed households, the elderly ratio of 70 to 80 units high, and when the elderly become less than 10 years, 51.6%, 77.4% of women were overwhelmingly high. The characteristics of multicultural families in the in the middle or early 2000s when immigration is concentrated and national origin in Vietnam was 66.7 %. Housing characteristics of households with elderly housing type, the ratio improved to 61.3% is Majority. Type strain and 29% in traditional houses, traditional housing type is 9.7%. And house of multicultural families improve housing type is 87.5% Majority. The main space of the housing for the elderly, most are usually satisfied. But generally low level of self-determined housing survey confers real. These results have lived a long time because of space adaptation and can be viewed as attachment. For the elderly passive use of space and simplify the Act and heating cooling at the expense of the use of housing space due to the reduction, but multicultural families is the space required for the growth of their children because there are more modifications required.
An Analysis for the Changing Trends of Residential Environment Based on the Change of Residents in Rural Areas
Choi, Myung-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 9~16
Both internally and externally environmental changes surround the rural areas such as rapid growth of the early-retired employee under the WTO, the Asian financial crisis in 1997, and the financial crisis in 2007 brought about much transformation in our rural residential environment. According to this changes and demands, the rural areas have been transformed from the area for farmer to the area for farmer and non farmer, that is, peoples that to leave the city to go back to farm or return to home village. Of this time, there needs a change in rural development policies which can make the urban residents migrate and settle in the rural areas as they are naturally embracing the rural life according to the social background and demand. In this point of view, we attempted, in this paper, to survey and analyze the changing trends of residential environment following the spatial composition with house types and rural villages in rural areas. The result of this study will be expected to be a reference for the direction of desirable residential environment in rural areas.
A Study on the Environmental Analysis of Home for the Elderly in Care Service of Senior citizen who lives alone - A study on the model of co-housing for senior citizen who lives alone in the rural and fishing village (IV) -
Cho, Won-Seok ; Kim, Heung-Gee ; Kwon, Young-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 17~24
This study is to propose the dwelling planning of collective housing for the senior citizen who lives alone in rural and fishing villages. and this paper analyzed a change element regarding the field of care service for the elderly. The results of research are as follows: First, the range a village unit of "Home for the Elderly" was investigated most primarily. Second, on the lifestyle of a bedroom, proper using person per a room was investigated to two people to use with one room and life style of using bed preferred more in life style of sitting on the floor(ondol). Third, most necessary facilities were examined into bathroom and steam-room, and the separation of man and woman space, toilet was investigated to 1 ranking. Fourth, to be most difficult care service was investigated by long-distance circulation. This is the item which can be reduced naturally in case of service activity caring for a visit in a collective housing.
The Analysis of Present State and Improvement Way according to the Installation of Electric or Plumbing Equipments of Traditional Folk Houses - Focused on Yongdong, Gangwon Province -
Jin, Jae Hyung ; Choi, Jang Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 25~32
Traditional folk houses in Yongdong, Gangwon province play important roles in figuring out natural, human, and social value in the past time including housing life. However, according to the introduction of electric or plumbing equipment in housing life styles, many conventional architectures have been changed by installations of new electric or plumbing equipment, convenience facilities, and etc. Therefore, this study aims to make basic data to prepare for standardized installations of the electric or plumbing equipment, and convenience facilities by surveying of the present installation status, such as electric lights, outlets, switches, wiring, pipe laying, or monitoring devices for crime, disaster prevention facilities, and home appliances etc. Additionally, this paper is related to the meaning and usage, which are connected with the electric or plumbing equipment installations of the traditional folk houses to be prepare for the proper solutions between preservations of the original form and convenient lives for residents.
A Basic Study on the Directions for Reorganization of Small Elementary School in Kumi and Uiseong
Yang, Kum-Suek ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 33~40
This study is to clarify the actual conditions of small elementary school facilities in depopulation areas. The aim of this thesis is to present the directions for Reorganization of small school facilities. Research area was kumi and uiseong, the number of students decreased rapidly. And small elementary school facilities were surveyed. The results are as the follows; 1)After consider living zone, commuting distance, opinions of residents, it is advisable that the small size school(the number of students under 60) will be combined stronghold school. 2)In the case of relocation, first of all, should consider the characteristic of living zone, exchanging training programs between elementary schools. 3)The closed school facilities will be used consistently as public facilities with priority consideration of environmental characteristic and users' demand.
A Study on the Sustainability in the Making Rural Villages considering Regional characteristics and leaders
Park, Kwang-Bum ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 41~49
The purpose of this paper is to seek the Sustainability in the Rural living considering Regional characteristics that would be referred the natural heritage in the rural areas and the different particular natural environment. In addition, based on this results, the local peoples who live in rural villages, will be possible to maintain and improve their life by their own effort continuously. Research methods are as following. At the first, The case study carried out for Japan's rural village, that how the residents would be participated of the town development and What is the motivation to participate to make their town well. and then, this paper analyzed the causing and problems the decline and developing possibilities of village targeting 'Bosanwonri' which is traditional rural village located in Kwangdukmean, Cheonansi, Korea. and in its final analysis, this paper proposed an possible alternatives which can retains the sustainable development.
A Study on the Location and Spatial Characteristics of Gwangju Folly
Park, Yong-Kwan ; Kim, Yun-Hag ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 51~60
Gwangju Metropolitan City has implemented a creative regeneration project of Gwangju Folly in the site of Gwangju-eup Fortress as part of the Gwangju Design Biennale by inviting well-known international architects. This study examined and analyzed the characteristics of location, place, and space through actual survey. The results were as follows. Gwangju Folly were mainly located at the four gates and corners of Gwangju-eup Fortress, main entrances of Asia Culture Complex, and historical places where the May 18 Democratization Movement occurred. The common place of Gwangju Folly was a footpath and common location types were the full location of footpath width and the partial location of footpath width. For the spatial types of Gwangju Folly, the practical type which people can stay was the most common(2/3). In the partial location of footpath width, the type which people take a rest and look out over the surroundings accounted for a half. In the full location of footpath width, the gate type which people pass accounted for 2/5. However, as footpath width was minimum for walking, both partial and full occupation types were narrow in place. It influenced the image of Gwangju Folly. Gwangju Folly did not play as a figure and show architects' intentions clearly because of their narrow locations. Therefore, it is very necessary to make a plan to maintain places so that Gwangju Folly do not have a cramped image and architects' intentions become clear with citizens' cultural competence. Also, urban property which creates the identity and attraction of Gwangju continuously should be settled down through helping citizens recognize the intention and value of artistic works.
A Study on the Attractive Items of Hanok in Urban Area focused on Preceding Studies
Min, Sae-Rom ; Kim, Tai-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 61~68
The purpose of this paper is to derive attractive items of 'Hanok' in order to preserve 'Hanok' in urban area, focused on the 13 preceding studies which have got in respect of image, satisfaction, preference, awareness and advantage of 'Hanok' in urban area revolved around the latest studies. This study is analysis of questionnaire items and results of 13 preceding studies. And attractive items are classified with general and overall survey items, advantage of 'Hanok' in urban area, and image of Hanok-density urban area. These can also be classified with 5 items which are space, health, material, form, and image of 'Hanok' in urban area. As a result, Space items are composed with 'use of a space', 'cosiness', 'garden' and 'floor and ondol(korean floor heating system). Health items are composed with 'lighting and ventialtion', 'a sense of the season' and 'natural material'. Material items are composed with 'natural beauty', 'wooden', 'changhoji(traditional Korean paper made from mulberry bark for doors and windows) and hanji(traditional Korean paper handmade from mulberry trees), 'rafter' and 'new materials'. Form items are composed with 'attractive appearance', 'simply decoration' and 'traditional elements'. Image items are composed with 'crowding', 'traditionality and historicity', 'dichroism' and 'warmth'.
A Study on the Characteristics of Site Planning in Traditional Village - A Case Study of Asan Oeam Village -
Kim, Hun-Jong ; Lee, Ho-Jung ; Ryu, Soo-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 69~76
This study aims to investigate the mechanism that analysis of the layout-structure of the Traditional Village Oeam. It can identify through the division of area, the properties of layout residential type, the relationship between buildings and roads and location of buildings and a gate. Traditional Folk Village is our precious cultural heritage. However, now is time for our disappearing heritage due to the indiscriminate development. This study will good references for residential Complex in modern society. As a result of this study road in the center of village is divided into two areas. The road and stream plays an important role in the housing layout and composition of the village. Oeam village houses are separated by scale as large, middle, small scale housing. The courty yard is formed widely through a various of housing plan. So that ventilation and light is favorable even if the main house is high. Each house has the individuality with avoiding the village roads and using the byroads and stone wall. Therefore, each house can protect the privacy of houses.
A Study on the Revitalization of Yangyang conventional market with Architectural aspect
Suhr, Myong Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 77~84
The Conventional market located in Yangyang, Gangwon is currently facing the crisis, so it needs a new strategy to break a slowdown. Nevertheless, the local residents are looking forward to activating Yangyang conventional markets. To this end, the associates shall utilize their advantages of Yangyang conventional markets to supply cheap and good quality to guests with differentiated strategies. The purpose of the study is to analyze Yangyang conventional markets with architectural aspect and to provide conventional markets in each region with alternatives for revitalization.
A Study on Extraction of Factors and Evaluation of Satisfaction on the Visual Environment of an Urbanized Area in a Local City - Focused on Nohyung Area, Jeju-Do -
Byun, Kyeong Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 85~92
This study aims to evaluate the residential exterior environment and ascertain the factors having an effect on the visual environment viewed through the living room window. This study is based on a questionnaire on the exterior environment targeting residents living in the area of Nohyunng in Jeju city, Jeju-do. The results are as follows. First, residents are satisfied with the exterior environment as a whole; however, the longer-term residents' level of satisfaction is found to be relatively low while dissatisfaction is high. Additionally, there is a difference in satisfaction and dissatisfaction levels between the residents in their own housing and those in rental housing. The residents living in rental housing were found to have a relatively low level of satisfaction and high dissatisfaction. Second, in the case where the living room window faces roads, low satisfaction and high dissatisfaction levels with the visual environment were found, where the living room is on the first or second floor. Third, satisfaction and dissatisfaction with the exterior environment have a close correlation to the impression or nature elements of 26 questions but they show low correlation in size, height, color, design, traffic, artifact elements. Finally, as a result of extracting the factors influencing satisfaction and dissatisfaction with the visual environment, four factors were extracted including "Impression & Nature factor", "Building factor", "Design factor", and "Traffic volume & Artifacts factor". "Impression & Nature factors" is the most influencing factor with satisfaction and dissatisfaction and "Traffic volume & Artifacts factor" was found to have an effect on satisfaction, but not as clearly on dissatisfaction.
Transformation Characteristics of Inner Road and Communal Space in Old Settlements of Downtown Cheong Ju
Chae, Su-Min ; Byun, Kyeong Hwa ; Kim, Tai Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 93~100
The purpose of this study is to examine the change of inner roads responding to the street system and to examine the how to influence to communal space of village focused on 22 existing old settlements in downtown Cheong Ju. This study examined the types of inner roads based on advanced research. For the research on communal space, interviews with the residents living in the village were conducted to figure out the location and function of it. Also, it was analyzed comparatively with the present communal space. The results are as followings: the width of an inner road has a effect to function of an inner road when flow of an inner road has kept. The function of inner road has been kept when the width of an inner road expanded as pedestrians should be given priority to vehicular traffic. However, the function of inner roads has been changed and the community has been separated when the width of inner roads expanded for vehicular. Because the location of the communal space in the village is affected by the change of the inner road, when the inner road is maintained, the location of the communal space is also maintained, but when the inner road is changed, the location of the communal space is also changed. The communal spaces such as public wells and wash spaces have lost and they have been substituted with senior citizen centers or community centers.
A Feasibility and Survey Study on the Hanok housing complex project within Seoul Metropolitan Area
Kim, Yong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 101~108
The purpose of this study was to set and analyze the feasibility and survey of the Hanok(The traditional Korean style house) housing complex project within Seoul metropolitan area. The results of this study were as follows. First of all, a survey was carried out to find out the optimum Hanok style. The survey showed that many people chose a frond and back yard garden as a merit of Hanok and pointed out the weak crime prevention as a weakness of Hanok. The optimum size for a Hanok was from
and living space was from
. And people considered about 120% of what the apartment sells for as the reasonable price of a Hanok. Based on the survey, this study planned a Hanok housing complex on a lot that has competitive price and analysed the feasibility of the housing plan. The result was that Hanok's construction cost per
to be a marketable product has to be below about 6 million Won. As a result, the construction cost-saving through the advanced technology and planning to meet the changing customers' needs are needed to vitalize Hanok's supply.
A Study on the Architectural Characteristics of Modern Railway Station in Gyeongju
Choi, Moo-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 109~119
This study aims to analyze architectural characteristics of railway station facilities which were built with development of railroads from Japanese Colonial Period to 1950's. To achieve this goals, 7 railway stations in Gyeongju area that are worth preserving were set up as research targets. For this study, I analyzed literature of the railway station and drawings which the KORAL Daegu Branch is keeping. Railway stations without a construction drawing investigated a direct visit. After analyzing the railway station facilities, the architectural properties such as plan, elevation and section have been identified. The results are as follows. First, Each modern railway station is usually consisted of waiting room and office, and ancillary spaces have been added. Over the years, however, the space was expanded horizontally. In that case, the structure and finish materials have been changed, like now. Second, Most of the roof shape is 'Matbae'(gable roof), especially Gyeongju station and Bulguksa Station are 'Woojingak roof. The roof structure is truss structure, especially as Pratt and Scissors type, but Gyeongju Station's structure is a reinforced concrete. Third, main doorway of waiting room is located in the center of the front gable. However, small stations like 'Ahwa' and 'Ipsil' station to ensure the passengers' waiting area are placed next to the office area.
The Interpretation of Jung-Hwan Lee's
in the Decision Making of a Returnfarm Place - Focused on the Comparison with Contemporary Guide Books -
Heo, Seong-Je ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 121~128
In recent years, the number of returnfarmer is increasing in Korea, interlinked with baby boomer's retirement. One of the returnfarmer's serious problems is the decision making for his returnfarm place. This study intends to get information about a ideal returnfarm place by interpreting Jung-Hwan Lee's
written in the Choseon Dynasty, and to use it for returnfarmer's decision making as a lesson in the present age. In the results, this study could finds 8 evaluation criteria in his book except his 4 requirements for a ideal place to live : Ji-ri(地理, geographic), Saeng-ri(生理, physiology), In-sim(人心, popular mind), and San-su(山水, landscape), which are (1) distance from seoul, (2)multi-habitation, (3)convenient transportation, (4)a natural disaster, (5)thief(public order), (6)refuge from a war & escaping from a troubled society, (7)feeling from a place, and (8)Jang-gi(poison coming from earth).