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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Nov 2012
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Aug 2012
Volume 14, Issue 2 - May 2012
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Improvement of the Public Environment for Activation in Local Small or Medium-sized City -Focused on the Geochang-Gun, Gyeongnam Province-
Kim, Dong-Jin ; Kang, Seok-Jin ; Park, Eun-Ah ; Lee, Yoo-Jik ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 1~9
Recently, the central and local government support various improvement projects on existing public buildings and areas. Improving public use and environment of these areas is adequate because financial condition of local city is not enough to build new infrastructures. As one of the projects, Geochang-Eup(Geochang-Gun, Gyeongnam Province) is selected as the project site since most of the public buildings and areas of the city are located close each other in downtown but not streamlined in function and use nor easily accessible. The purpose of this study is to analyze the causes of decline in local city and to present strategies to vitalize the city through improving environment of public areas. And we analyzed the problems by discussion with local officer, field investigation on the site and paper survey. The analysis shows that public infrastructures are grouped by function: administration, education, life support, culture, health, etc, but not well-connected, easily accessible, adequately located, various in use nor enough in quantity. This study summarized the problems into five categories: Access&Linkage, Safe&Comfort, Identity&Image, Usage&Activity and Ownership&Management and proposes strategy in three phases. The first phase is to improve functions and design of public places per each area: more consistent design on public buildings, better civil facilities and better accessibility to public areas. The second is to vitalize of the areas and to improve efficiency in use through linking each other physically and sharing uses. The third is to encourage citizen's participation and by developing civil programs to streamline public areas each other.
A Study on the Dwelling Principle of Indian Community and Space of Housing in North America - Focused on Powhatan Indian Community in U. S. A. -
Chong, Geon Chai ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 11~18
This study is to establish the dwelling principle and architectural characteristics of Powhatan Indian Community in Eastern part of North America. To find a pattern and dwelling principle of town building and housing, I have researched both site survey of Powhatan at Jamestown Settlement in Virginia and a related references of North America Indian. In addition of study, I have tried to understand their life style in 17C, a spatial characteristics of space composition, and a using materials of Yehakin which means Powhatan's house in the exhibition hall of Jamestown Settlement. The results of this paper are as follows: First, the form of Powhatan house is like a longhouse which has two types that are oblong and rectangular house. Usually they had lived in the style of oblong house. Second, there are three patterns to set up the semi-permanent settlement of Powhatan, which are circle-type, street-type, and free-type of village. Third, the fire place of interior space that is most importance element to heat and cook is put it into the center of room, and the other beds and shelves are arranged by the side of wall which is covered of rush matt.
A Study on the Changes of Living Activities and the Use of Spaces of the Recuperating Elderly with Dementia in Skilled Nursing Facilities in Rural Area
Yang, Kum-Suek ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 19~26
The purpose of this study is to clarify the actual condition of the daily living activities of the elderly with dementia in skilled nursing facilities. The thorough investigation and observation works were made from the view points of daily living behaviors and behavioral places of the recuperating elderly with dementia in skilled nursing facilities. This article discusses about the basic characteristics of the elderly and the actual condition of the daily living activities of the elderly with dementia in 3 skilled nursing facilities. The results of this study are summarized as follows; There is no wide difference between skilled nursing facilities on the characteristic of living behaviors of the elderly with dementia. Daily living activities and the use of spaces are largely influenced by the daily program and the operation policy of each skilled nursing facilities in addition to human relationship of the elderly with dementia. Common spaces such as day room, dining room plays an important role for their daily living activities, because that most of the elderly with dementia stay long during daytime. Layout of each private room and common space seems very crucial point in designing these facilities, in order to enable demented people to live their lives more independently.
A Study on the Development of Type & Planning Criteria for the Senior citizen who lives alone in Home for the Elderly - A study on the model of co-housing for senior citizen who lives alone in the rural and fishing village (VI) -
Cho, Won-Seok ; Kim, Heung-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 27~35
The purpose of this study was to establish planning criteria and development of type for the senior citizen who lives alone in home for the elderly at rural and fishing villages. In order to take most suitable co-housing, this analysis is progressed various building types based on aging in place and aging in health; self care, nono care, service care and community care. This paper is to suggest collective housing with 10 types in large scale and extracted 19 types in detail scale. The basis of classification are location condition; aging in place, building condition, health care condition; aging in health and possession & operation condition. In viewpoint of dwelling welfare 'Home for the Elderly' is to concerned with systematic methodology and architectural typology for senior citizen who lives alone in the rural and fishing village.
Characteristics on Transformation of Community Space in Gapa Island
Byun, Kyeong Hwa ; Lee, Jeong Lim ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 37~45
The villages in island were established overcoming natural environment through Shamanism and changed by developing various industrials like transportation. Gapa Island located in southern part of Jejudo is flat topography different from the other islands. The purpose of this study is to clarify characteristics on transformation of community space in Gapa Island. For purpose, community spaces in Gapa Island are researched such as establishment, function, change, and use of community space. Spatial components in Gapa Island are like as spaces in faith, residential area, area for production, commercial zone, community space, education facilities, public offices, port, and roads. The methods of this study are literature research and interview survey for residents in Gapa Island. The results are as followings: First, community space is in charge about social, industrial, and religious function. Second, for traditional spaces separated for male and female, demarcation of space does not exist in industrial side but the demarcation has still been exist in religious side. Finally, by development of tourism new community space has been charge in festival function as well as function of space like agora for meeting with people freely, which is relatively various in function of community space in social side. Role of the dock for ship, main transportation of island, is being increasing as square.
A Survey of study on the architectural planning for the Liquor Museum
Lee, Deog Yong ; Kim, Il Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 47~54
Since ancient times in Korea, in spite of the ranks of high and low, drink was like a all sorts of human emotions. In particular, the drought, or any weapon except when wages found the ball back to God or to buy a drink to celebrate the sixtieth birthday or marriage and feasting like mails, and the priests or the funeral, such as consciousness raising in this procedure. The country had strict rituals in ceremonial events were thereby is living up to deep. The history of the drink in the history of the past, given that the main grain farming culture has already begun since the era of gojoseon was launched remains to be seen. This has been a long history of traditional attention to clean up and organize the showing to the public hall is a nationally scarce in some areas of that era, or the facility is not large. Therefore, in this study, alcohol-related exhibits and Museum recognizes the reality of the future sake Museum architectural plans: the Foundation provides materials for that purpose.
A Study on the Periodical Characteristics of Urban Traditional House in Gyeongju -Focused on Hwang-Nam Hanok Conservation Area-
Choi, Moo-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 55~65
Urban traditional housing is a type of the urban housing which have developed by itself from the traditional vernacular houses and it has continued with a traditional feature in the westernization and modernization affection of Korea. Also, the urban traditional housing is still one of the housing in the present and it makes a urban village with a rich culture benefit and fresh natural environment. The purpose of this study is to analyze the periodical characteristics of urban traditional house in korea's provincial town Gyeongju. The local range is Hwang-Nam Hanok Conservation Area in Gyeongju and the period range is 1874~2000s. So the first period from 1874 to 1909, the second period is 1910 to 1945, the third period is 1946 to 1969, the fourth period is 1970s, and the fifth period is since the 1980s. This classification will be considered of the social phenomenon at the time. The total number of target houses are 8 houses. They were analyzed by layout, floor plan, and elevation characteristics of urban traditional house. For structure of this study, Chapter 1, establishes the goal and range of study. Chapter 2, 3, examines distinctions of urban traditional house with traditional house, and meaning of urban traditional house, and transition of urban traditional house. Chapter 4, establishes formality to analysis, and performed from plan to elevation analysis, observation survey, and interview through door-to-door survey, and clarifies trend and characteristic of urban traditional house's change by integrating the results, and Chapter 5, is results integrating the above studies.
A study on the Secondary Stations of Catholic Church in Jeju
Kim, Hyung Nam ; Shin, Suk Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 67~76
The main purpose of this study is to understand the existing and the architectural characteristics of the Secondary Stations of Catholic Church in Jeju. The method of this study is to research all the literature and to visit. The time of establishment of the Secondary Stations of Catholic Church in Jeju was mostly 1950's, and that time was the heyday of the Secondary Stations of Catholic Church that was built in Korean. Catholicism was spread throughout Jeju during this time, and in the process, the Secondary Stations of Catholic Church was built. The Secondary Stations of Catholic Church in Jeju are sited mostly in coastal villages, and especially Catholicism was actively spread throughout the west of Jeju and the a large number Secondary Stations of Catholic Church were built in the west of Jeju. The Secondary Stations of Catholic Church were built between the mid-1950's to the mid-1960's. The plan type is kept as plan shaped of straight shape. When made an enlargement of the interior space and altered, framework of the Secondary Stations of Catholic Church was generally maintained. The head of the side window and the front door have the same design characteristics. When the belfry is located, it is attached to an outer wall of the Secondary Stations of Catholic Church, or is located to the left or the right the front of the Secondary Stations of Catholic Church. The design of belfry found expression in various forms. The buttress are not located in the others but in Young-su Gong-So, and it has not the structural functions but the design functions.
A Study on the Architectural Characteristics of Lighthouses in Marine area
Park, In-Kyoo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 77~87
This study aims to analyze architectural characteristics of lighthouse which were built in marine area. For achieving this goals, 78 lighthouses were set up as research targets, as they major lighthouses nationwide selected by the Korea Association of Aids to Navigation. The lighthouse of our country with a long historical time, as well as the value aspect in the construction of wooden centered way to the construction of buildings with brick, concrete, granite, that have influenced building. However, has so far not been actively in research on Lighthouse. For this study, site investigation was carried out measurement survey, photography and visual inspection of the lighthouse for the work of recording pixels lighthouse facility. Based on surveyed results, architectural characteristics of lighthouses were examined.
The Effects of Urban Land Use and Housing Form on Residents' Mental Health - Focusing on the Mental and Behavioral Disabilities Expense (F-code) in Jeonju-city
Yu, Hyun-A ; Kim, Young-Suk ; Yang, Seung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 89~96
The purpose of the study is to identify land use characteristics which have influence on residents' mental health. Land use and housing types indicators including green areas and parks were selected by analyzing the related environment and health researches. Research database for every variable from 33 neighborhoods in Jeonju city were established through National Health Insurance Corporation, where is available for getting mental and behavioral disabilities (F code) expenses. The relation between those indexes and mental health were analysed. The findings of this study are as follows : First, the higher price area like apartments and raw houses the residents lived in, the more expenditure of F-code was paid. It could be interpreted by the relatively high frequency of medical treatment and interests on the health. Second, the more green area except park were there, the more F-code expenditure was given, which could be explicated with the spatial co-relation between location of green area and apartments of Jeonju city. It was very high, and apartment element's affect on the F-code was much more than the green zone. Third, the nearer to park were the residents, the less F-code expenses was paid.
A Study on Process of Change and Assumption of Archetype of Winsborough Hall at Speer Girls' School in Gwangju
Shin, Woong-Ju ; Sung, Dae-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 97~105
Winsborough Hall built by Martin L. Winehart who was the missionary of the Presbyterian Church of America in 1927 was built by Mrs. Winsborough's birthday contribution. Winsborough Hall was clearly divided into the original form built in 1927 and remodelled form by extension. Most of walls were constructed with several kinds of bricks for both sides and opening in the original form and remodelled form. Each room divided by inner wall was kept with original form because it is difficult to remodel it on the characteristics of building. But, it was confirmed through the related literatures that security of opening at some rooms and annexation of rooms through removal of the wall on the 2nd floor which was relatively easy to transform wall compared to the first floor were made. Variability of the wall affected the truss structure of roof and it created rare double truss structure. Architectural value of Winsborough Hall was in its first architectural trial using red brick in Gwangju region since 1920s. It suggested that it was differential architectural trial from Korean-Western mixed building constructed by the missionaries from 1940 to 1910 and buildings made of gray bricks prevailed from 1911 to 1920 and it showed the advancement in the architectural structure and materials.
A Study on the Image of the Private Hospital Buildings in Small and Medium-Sized Cities
Lee, Woong-Gu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 107~116
This study aims to investigate what degree do the hospital buildings carry out their role in regional scenery. To carry out this study the existing theoretical and field survey was conducted to the 44 private hospitals in small and medium-sized cities - Jeonju city, Kunsan city and Iksan city in Jeonlabukdo district. The contents of the survey are the general aspect of the polled, the image of the buildings, that of medical treatment parts, the relations to the regional scenery. And they are questionnaire surveyed to the 44 private hospital buildings. In questionnaire survey, the 35 professional architects who major architecture and related design and 118 citizens who doesn't major architecture are participated. The results of this study are as follows: 1. Those surveyed who answered those private hospital buildings which have their functional images are barely 20%. Some of 27% answered they have images of the commercial building. Especially in professional architects, 5% of them answered thet have their hospital images. It showed that they don't have their identity in the architectural expression in the processof architectural design. 2. The architectural facade elements that express their images in surveyed buildings are answered that architectural building form is 62%, architectural color is 27% and architectural material is 10% in turn. And the architectural elements that express their images in surveyed buildings are answered that building wall is 56%, architectural decoration is 32%. In this article, the reason why the ratio of the architectural decoration is high is that they don' have their identity in building itself. And they expressed their identity by their decoration, sign system not their buildings. 3. As the preference level for their images, some of the 49% of the total surveyed answered common. The general surveyed answered a little preference. But the architect professional group answered preference is 14%, not preference is 29%. The reason of this article is that the general surveyed are familiar with their buildings. So the questionnaire of the harmony with the surrounding scenery, 25% of the general surveyed answered that they are in harmony with surrounding but 22% of them answered that they are not in them. But In professional group, they answered 6% oh them are positive 37% of them are negative. This results suggests that the identity of the private hospital buildings are established in the process of archiectural design.
A Study on typhoon damage prevention measures about the facility of the rural areas - Focused on Jeollabuk-do area -
Lee, Deog-Yong ; Kim, Il-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 117~124
The purpose of this study is the impact of the typhoon damage to housing and facilities in rural areas. House of damage, as well as the only including damage of facilities in rural areas, particularly greenhouse(Glass greenhouse, Plastic greenhouse, Vinyl greenhouse) leads to damage of crops the scale of the damage increases. In this study, focused on Jeollabuk-do area, accompanying him, the number of gale damage and evaluate the extent of the damage to the typhoon. And aims to provide basic data for the rural areas of strong winds and typhoons preparedness and facility design based on the results. Judging from the results of the analysis of natural disasters caused by typhoons and strong winds, the city formed mainly in the area than in the plains or coastal rural areas compared to other areas more damage can appear. In recent years, many design maximum wind speed of 40m/s wind over because disaster type, even if the standard installation, preferably determined through a precise structural analysis to ensure the structural history of acting urgently.
A Study on the Interpretation of Cultural Landscape Value - Focusing on Urban-rural Complex Area, Gwangsan-gu -
Park, Ik Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 125~133
This study intended to interpretate the current value of the cultural landscape resources in Gwansan region, Gwangju-si. The 35 significant cultural landscape resources in Gwangsan region appear education, people in history, living residence, religion & belief, distribution of cultural site, tomb, industry, topographic scenery characteristics. They are classified such as 22 traditional landscape resources, 7 modern landscape resources, 6 natural landscape resources. The significant cultural landscape resources were evaluated by value items of 4 natural landscape, 4 social, and 5 cultural. As a result of value evaluation on the cultural landscape resources in Gwangsan region, the highest value were appeared on the cultural items, while the lowest value were appeared on the social items. And high evaluation were appeared on regional identity, cultural preservation, regional monumentality, visibility, while low evaluation were appeared on unique naturality and connectivity of assets.
A Study on the Feature of the Dimension Plan at Happy Village - Focused on the Comparative Traditional House in Chonnam Province -
Sung, Dae-Chul ; Shin, Woong-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 135~142
This study is aimed to investigate the dimension feature of the plane about the economic type farming village Korean-style house progressed in the Chonnam province and Longitudinal feature and tries to reveal this feature through the comparing analysis with the traditional house positioned in the Chonnam province. This result is as follows. First, the main feature in plane is the setting up the column interval in front when comparing the house of Happy Village and traditional house. In case house of the Happy Village, after firstly fixed the limited scales, sizes are determined, this is due to control the set up in the post interval in this in range. Second, in the case of the traditional houses, 0.68 ratio of the building height about the side length and 0.19 ratio of the eaves extrusion about the side length are consistent ratio about dimensions. However, there is no consistent ratio or fixed law, the various dimensions show up in case of the house of Happy Village. It will be inevitable that space of the post increases for the convenience of life of the modern people. However, it has to sublate and to disregard as the identity of the morphological shown up in the Korean-style house the more various construction standards will need to be presented.
The Patterns of Return and Getting Housing of Returners-to-village according to Their Experience of Rural life - Focused on Returners-to-village in Chungbuk Area -
Park, Kyoung-Ok ; Lee, Sang-Un ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 14, issue 4, 2012, Pages 143~152
The purpose of this study was to provide practical data for proposing the housing environment support policy, fit for returners-to-village. For the purpose, this study focused the patterns of returners-to-village according to their experience of rural life, and their ways of settlement like planning and getting land and house. The questionnaires were answered by 91 persons who were living in Chungbuk area, and were analyzed chi-analysis on their socio-demographic characteristics according to experience of rural life, preparation of settlement and construction. The ANOVA were used to analyze their pattern of return according to experience, the period for getting house, and their satisfaction level of house size. The results were as follows. First, the returners showed differentiated tendency according to their experience of rural life, in their age, family life cycle, education level and income source after return. The experience of rural life explained the purpose of return and the living pattern after return. Direct experience group was mostly occupational farmer; indirect experience group mostly pursued good health & green life; non experience group mostly pursued green life. Second, the experience of rural life also explained differentiated tendency of returning preparation. In raising money, direct experience group mostly raised it privately but indirect or non experience group mostly used bank loan. Third, the returners mostly constructed new houses; non experience group almost constructed newly, but there were cases to utilize existing or vacant house in direct experience group, and indirect experience group favored existing house or remodeling of vacant house.